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every one who may be in any way connected B. B. But there is, also, an advertisement, which, with the cultivation of land. The following extract perhaps, is not in any other edition; it seems so bears on the question of the "Gule of the Garioch," likely to come from a writer making himself known lately discussed in "N. & Q." Mr. Donnelly is to the world. It is on the last leaf of the Introquoting "that eminent man and real patriot, Sir duction, on the same page as Abbreviations made John Sinclair, first President of the Board of use of in this following Work." It is as follows:Agriculture." He says,―

"In Denmark there is a law to oblige the farmers to root up the corn marigold, chrysanthemum segetum. But the oldest regulation for that purpose was probably in Scotland: a statute of Alexander II. about the year 1220 having been directed against that weed, which was considered to be peculiarly pernicious to corn-fields. It denounces that man to be a traitor who poisons the King's lands with weeds, and introduces into them a host of enemies.' Bondsmen who had this plant in their corn were fined a sheep for each stalk. Under the authority of that law, Sir William Grierson, a Scottish baron, was accustomed to hold Goul courts, for the express purpose of fining the farmers in whose crops three heads or upward of that weed were found." W. H. PATTERSON.


OLD ENGRAVINGS (5th S. ii. 47, 135.)-I have both the engravings described by MR. PATTERSON, and both have been cut pretty close, but enough margin is left on each to furnish the particulars asked for, viz.:

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"Youth Boarded and Taught the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin Languages, in a Method more Easy and Expeditious than is common; also other School-Learning by the Author of this Dictionary, to be heard of at Mr. Batley's, Bookseller at the sign of the Dove in Pater-noster-Row," S. S. S.


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TOWN'S HALL" (5th S. i. 285, 439.)-They say "Town Hall" in Manchester, but they say, and write, and print "the town's water" when speaking of the water supplied by the Corporation. The sign of the possessive case is commonly left out in Lancashire, in the West Riding, and in the Peak of Derbyshire. I once wanted some information from a Mrs. Taylor, who lived a little way north of Buxton, and on inquiring for her residence, I was answered by a rustic youth, "Dun yo want Jonathan Taylor wife or Samwell Taylor widow ?" ELLCEE.



No. 1. "Iac, Iordaens invent:-Iacobus Neefs sculpsit: passim; ii. 76.)—I return my best acknowledg

-A. Bloteling Excudit Cum Priuilegio,"

and the following motto

"Quem mirabaris flatu modo pellere frigus
Agricolam Capripes, nunc quid inepte fugis:
Sic opus est, flatu simili fugat ecce calorem:
Os animusque duplex sunt inimica mihi."

My copy is also of a deep brown tint, and I think from its uniformity that it is the original colour of the paper.

No. 2. "I. Iordaens pinxit:-Vorsterman, Sculp:" and the following motto:

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ments for the kind replies concerning the bittern, and am sorry that my memory does not retain the names of the authors of the first two quotations; the last was from Henry Kirke White's poem, GEORGE R. JESSE.



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Mr. Grove, in Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, refers to the tradition as derived from Josephus, and remarks that it is " a Jewish tradition, at least as old as the time of Josephus, and which may very well be a genuine one." ED. MARSHALL.

"Being,” writes Bishop Patrick, "the person (as the Jews say in Midrasch Tehillim) who drew a bow at adventure and killed Ahab."-(Comment. on 2 Kings v. i.) EDMUND TEW, M.A.

SUFFOLK CHARTERS (5th S. ii. 188.)-The conjecture of S. D. G., respecting the origin of the name "le Deneys " is in accordance with the remarks of the latest authority on the subject.

MR. C. W. BARDSLEY, in his careful treatise on Surnames, observes :

"Entries, like 'William le Norris,' or 'Walter le Norreis,' or 'Roger le Daneis,' or 'Joel le Daneys,' are of constant occurrence. These, added to the others, may be mentioned as bringing before our eyes the broadest limits of European immigration, and with scarcely an exception they are found among the English surnames of to-day."-On_English_Surnames, their Sources and Significations. (London, Chatto & Windus; n.d.; Preface dated Nov., 1873.)

For the occurrence of Danish names of places in Norfolk and Suffolk, Mr. Isaac Taylor's Words and Places may be consulted, p. 165, Lond., 1865.


EPIGRAM (5th S. ii. 188.)-The following footnote occurs at p. 16 of A Sketch of the History of the Oxfordshire Militia, by John M. Davenport, Esq. (1869):

"In a Criminal Trial in 1831, which ensued upon the Otmoor Riots, one of the counsel for the defence facetiously quoted the following stanza:

The fault is great in man or woman
Who steals a goose from off a common;
But who can plead that man's excuse
Who steals the common from the goose?'
Conveyancer's Guide."
G. J. DEW.

Lower Heyford, Oxon.

The correct lines are:

"The crime is small in man or woman,
Should they a goose steal from a common;
But what can plead that man's excuse
Who steals a common from a goose?"

—and form the reply of "Hodge" (the commoner)
to "the Justice who inclos'd the waste' from
which Hodge "stole a goose by famine led"; see
"The Cottager" (anon.) in the Humourist's Mis-
cellany, "Crosby & Co., London, 1804." There is
an answer to "The Cottager" commending the
cultivation of wastes, ending something like this:-
"And twenty (cattle) feed where one goose fed before."
But I cannot lay my hand on it.
G. S.

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a bit." "He did so, because he understood nothing about the matter." Featley (A Case for the Spectacles, London, 1638) uses, at p. 5, the Greek idiom in its Latinized form, "But as touching the controversie, Ne gry quidem." I do not remember to but, probably, some correspondent, better read in have met with the phrase fully Anglicized as here; early seventeenth-century literature, may be able to give an example. JOHNSON BAILY. Pallion Vicarage.



Journal of the Royal Historical and Archæological Association of Ireland. Proceedings and Papers of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland; originally founded as the Kilkenny Archæological Society in the Year 1849. Vol. II., Part II. Fourth Series. (Dublin, M'Glashan & Gill.)

THERE is no historical and archæological society that furnishes more valuable results, or more interesting accounts of how those results were attained, than the above "Association of Ireland." Here is a large 8vo. volume of about 400 pages; it is filled with "Proceedings" very well condensed, and "Papers" exceedingly well written. One, "A Ramble round Trim,” by Mr. Eugene Conwell, contains as much as an ordinary volume, and is much more amusing than many volumes which chronicle similar rambling experiences. Much of the history of Ireland, ancient and modern, is to be found here, including church and social history, manners and customs. We observe it recorded that Digby, Bishop of Elphin, ob. 1720, flourished as a successful amateur painter of miniature portraits in water-colours, and that his talent for taking likenesses helped him to the bishopric! A curious custom is noted as prevailing in County Wexford, namely, the hanging on old trees, near churchyards and at cross roads, wooden crosses, formed by nailing together the corner pieces cut off the top and bottom of coffins in the making. Some trees are laden with such crosses. Among epitaphs, there is one in the old burying-ground at Newtown, Trim, which merits notice for its quaintness. It is in the form of a cross, and is as follows:


I. H. S. Edmond Max An His Mary.



Lf And

His Wif

Bes Fox

Who Dyed

In 1713.

It is not said who " His Mary" was. The volume
is admirably illustrated; particular praise is due
to the portrait of the Fair Geraldine.
An Explanation of Ancient Terms and Measures
of Land. With some Account of Old Tenures.
Collected and Compiled from Various Sources,
and Arranged in Alphabetical Order.
Philip H. Hore, of Pole Hore, Co. Wexford.


MEMOIRS of the Rev. John Hutchinson. Either the Original Edition
or the Reprint of 1816.
R. A. HORNBY'S Statistical Account of Winwick.

IRWELL and other Poems by "A." 1843.

EARBURY'S (M.) History of the Clemency of our English Monarchs. 1720.

Wanted by Lieut.-Col. Fishwick, Carr Hill, Rochdale.



SHEREATON'S Drawing-Book Dictionary.

Wanted by J. W. Jarvis, 15, Charles Square, Hoxton, N.

WITHIN Six dozen pages Mr. Hore has comprised
one of the most useful of handbooks explanatory UNSEEN REALITIES. Rev. W. Traill. 1830. Collins, Glasgow.
of ancient terms and measures of land. The com-

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Wanted by J. F. Elwin, 7, Redcross Street, Bristol.

Wanted by Simpson & Son, Newport Pagnell.

piler has the rare quality of condensation; he
packs a large amount of matter into a very small HOGARTH'S Works. State Size of Illustrations.
space, which reminds one of the packing of a pair
of Limerick long gloves into a walnut shell.
Measures of land varied much in different counties;
sometimes in the same district of one county. There
are ancient measures which are now unascertainable;
for example, "Worthine," which is derived from
the Saxon Weorth, a farm or country house. Dr.
Cowel thinks that we get from Weorth the noun
so often used in the plural to distinguish men of
useful and estimable qualities." When we re-
member that "pecuniary" comes from pecus, and
that in Low Latin "baccularius," as Professor
Stubbs tells us in the Glossary to his Select Char-
ters, was originally the owner of a "baccalaria," or
grazing farm, from bacca vacca, a cow, we get
quite a new idea of the old meaning of a worthy
bachelor with pecuniary means!

Notices to Correspondents.

MR. J. O. PHILLIPPS.-Our esteemed correspondent, at p. 248, asks a question with reference to the meaning of "fyemarten." We venture to suggest that the "fyemarten" is akin to the pinemarten (Martes Abietum), and, if not identical, may, perhaps, be the Fou-mart of northern England, a name often applied to the ferret (Mustela Furo), and to the polecat-ferret. The latter comes especially under the designation of a "scurvy" thing.

M. P. T.-The "Angelic Constantinian Equestrian Order of St. George," of which the late Prince Comnenus Palæologus was "Grand Master," was otherwise called "The Angelic Knights of St. George." This order is said to have been founded by Constantine (ob. 337). Another order, the Angelici, was founded by the Emperor Angelus Comnenus, 1191.

MR. MORTIMER COLLINS directs attention to an error Reform')-the words serge and surge are identical in in punctuation (5th S. ii. 231):-"I wrote (Spelling pronunciation, and the vowel in both is neither e nor a, but the urvocal vowel. I and u, as sounded by elementary grammarians, are diphthongs."

fronte patet, Vir pectore, carmine Musa." It is said to EULALIE. The line inquired for runs thus: "Fæmina have been written by Jules Janin on George Sand (Mme. Dudevant).

WE have the greatest gratification in referring our readers to the announcement on the back page of the present number. The name of "Halliwell has long been honourably connected with that of Shakspeare. Increase of reputation is likely to result, if the rich promise contained in the list of contents to the first part of Mr. Halliwell's Illustrations of the Life of Shakspeare be, as we do not doubt it will be, realized to the letter. The list itself is full of information, and whets the appetite for the feast we are to enjoy in a few weeks. MR. F. RULE kindly writes:-"I shall be happy to OUR old correspondent, MR. R. W. DIXON, of Seaton-copy Richard Fletcher's biography, if your correspondent Carew, Durham, informs us that many of his best efforts cannot obtain it, and forward it, if W. G. D. F. will are about to be incorporated in The Burnley Tune Book, favour me with his address." under the editorship of Mr. Thomas Simpson, of Burnley, organist and choir-master. This work will be pub-"vain," &c. lished early next year.

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F. G. W.-" Again" rhymes properly with "pain,"

IN. DON.-A drama, in five acts, entitled Bothwell, was acted at the Théâtre Français in 1824.

EVER INQUISITIVE.-Next week. We have many articles in type, and hope to find room for all in turn. CUTHBERT BEDE.-Many thanks.


Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The Editor"-Advertisements and Business Letters to "The Publisher "-at the Office, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.

To allcommunications should be affixed the name and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication,but as a guarantee of good faith.

The New Revised Editions of




And may be had through all Booksellers in Great
Britain and the Continent.

Belgium and the Rhine, including Ten Days

in HOLLAND, with Maps, Town Plans, &c. 58.

France, with Maps, Town Plans, &c. 5s.

Germany, North and South, with Maps,

Town Plans, &c. 58.

Italy, North and South, with Maps, Town

Plans, &c. 78. 6d.

Spain, by Dr. Charnock, F.S.A., with Maps,

Town Plans, &c. 78. 6d.


&c. 38. 6d.

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The various types of Ports and Sherries, in Butts and Pipes, with Maps, Town Plans, exhibited by me in No. 5 Vault at the Royal Albert Hall, are Shipped direct from the Lodges of Messrs. SILVA & COSENS, Villa Nova (Oporto), and from the Bodegas of F. W. COSENS, Jerez de la Frontera (Cadiz), and can be Tasted by any gentleman giving his Card to the Attendant. Half-Pint samples can also be taken away on Payment.

Switzerland.-Pedestrian's Route Book for
Do., CHAMOUNI, and the ITALIAN LAKES, with numerous
Pass, Road, and Local Maps, &c.: Hotel and Pension Guide, in-
cluding the best centres for Excursions. 58.

HENRY HOLL, 18A, Basinghall Street, E.C.


ranteed the finest imported, free from acidity or heat, and

The Tyrol, or Notes for Travellers in the much superior to low-priced Sherry (vide Dr. Druitt on Cheap Wines),

Tyrol and Vorarlberg, with Illustrations from Original Sketches,
Maps, &c. 28. 6d.

Normandy and the Channel Islands. 1s. 6d.

238. per dozen. Selected dry Tarragona, 208. per dozen. Terms cash. Three dozen rail paid.-W. D. WATSON, Wine Merchant, 373, Oxford Street (entrance in Berwick Street), London, W. Established 1841. Full Price Lists post free on application.

Brittany, with Notices of the Physical FURNISH your HOUSE or APARTMENTS

Features, Agriculture, Language, Customs, History, Antiquities, and Sporting, with a complete Itinerary and Guide to all the Objects of Interest, with Maps. Cloth, 28. 6d.

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Handsomely Bound in Cloth,


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allowed by upwards of 500 Medical Men to be the most effective invention in the curative treatment of HERNIA. The use of a the steel spring, so often hurtful in its effects, is here avoided; a soft bandage being worn round the body, while the requisite resisting power is supplied by the MOC-MAIN PAD and PATENT LEVER fitting with so much ease and closeness that it cannot be detected, and may be worn during sleep. A descriptive circular may be had, and the Truss (which cannot fail to fit) forwarded by post on the circumference of the body, two inches below the hips, being sent to the Manufacturer,

Price of a Single Truss, 168., 218., 268. 6d., and 318. 6d. Postage free.
Double Truss, 318. 6d., 428., and 528. 6d. Postage free.
An Umbilical Truss, 428. and 528. 6d. Postage free.
Post-Office Orders payable to JOHN WHITE, Post-Office, Piccadilly.


-Overland Guide and Handbook to India, Turkey, Persia, Egypt,
Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan, the Cape, and Mauritius.
A Complete Traveller's Manual. How to Reach and how to Live
in the Three Presidencies of India, and the Australian Settlements.
This indispensable little Handbook contains Twenty-five Outward
and Homeward Through Routes between Great Britain and her
Indian and Australian Dependencies, with Practical and In-
teresting Descriptive Guides to each Route. The Railway Time
Tables of India; Steam Navigation, Coasting, Coach, and other
Conveyances; Telegraph Communications; Tables of Distances;
Tabular Forms of Expenses; Time of Journey, &c. Advice to the
Eastern Traveller-Hints as to the Purchase of Outfit-Luggage-
Currency, &c.; with a most useful Vocabulary of Hindoostanee.
Illustrated with Maps of India, the various Routes to India, &c.
Panorama of the Nile. Plans of Calcutta, Madras, Bombay, and
Constantinople; and other Illustrations.

London: W. J. ADAMS, 59, Fleet Street, E.C.

VEINS, and all cases of WEAKNESS and SWELLING of the LEGS, SPRAINS, &c. They are porcus, light in texture, and inexpensive, and are drawn on like an ordinary stocking. Prices, 48. 6d., 78. 6d., 108., and 168. each. Postage free. JOHN WHITE, MANUFACTURER, 228, PICCADILLY, London.

HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.-Excellent Pills.-The

resources of Medicine and Chemistry were long and fruitlessly tried before they yielded a remedy which could overcome disorders of the stomach and nerves, till Professor Holloway discovered his purifying and tonic Pills. They are the safest and surest correctives of indigestion, heart-burn, flatulency, torpidity of the liver, twitchings, nervous fancies, despondency, low spirits, and declining strength. Holloway's Pills supersede all irregular action in the body, and so strengthen and support the system that disease departs, and leaves the patient not at all shaken. This is the grand aim and object of medical art, to regulate disordered functions without damaging the constitution by the remedy; and admirably is this end attained by Holloway's Pills.

In a few weeks will be published, in Folio, price Two Guineas,





surname of Shakespeare; families of that name in most parts of England from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century; especially abundant in Warwickshire; mistakes in identification; the Shakespeares of Rowington not connected with the poet's family; the mulberry-tree tradition; Shake

Scarcity of materials; a knowledge of the customs and appliances of the early stage esssential to an effective study of Shakespeare's dramatic art; the chronological order not determinable by internal evidence; period of Shakespeare's arrival in London; his poverty; entered the theatre in a very low rank; the London of his day, with fac-speare's rural life; early history of New Place; similes of old plans; reasons for believing that the horse-holding story is founded on truth; only two theatres at that time in London north of the Thames, one called the Theatre, the other the Curtain, both situated in Shoreditch; the poet commenced his theatrical career in one of those theatres; historical accounts of them; their exact sites and various other particulars respecting them; the Theatre pulled down in 1598, and its materials used in the erection of the Globe Theatre in the following year; Romeo and Juliet produced at the Curtain; notice of Shakespeare acting with the Lord Chamberlain's Company before Queen Elizabeth at Greenwich in 1594, with fac-simile from the original manuscript; alteration in the constitution of that Company about 1593; the plays which were acted at the Globe in 1599; fac-simile of view showing the first Globe Theatre; the Two Gentlemen of Verona, its date of composition and sources of plot; observations on the old English religious drama; probability that Shakespeare witnessed some of the later representations of the Coventry mysteries; the characters of Herod and the Black Souls; description of the pageant and the actors; religious uses of the early drama; moral-plays in the time of Shakespeare; the first secular drama; origin of the

the Guild Chapel and its gargoyles; New Place either rebuilt or restored by Shakespeare; no authentic view of it known to exist; reasons for believing that a parcel of Shakespeare's manuscripts may be concealed in an ancient house belonging to Lord Overstone; contract for the erection of the Fortune Theatre; Bill of Privy Signet, Writ of Privy Seal and Patent licensing Shakespeare and others to act, 1603; curious theatrical anecdote from Ratseis Ghost; transactions between the actors and proprietors of theatres; a collection of papers respecting shares and sharers in the Globe and Blackfriars Theatres ; the story of Felix and Felismena; Tarlton and the fiddlers; Flecknoe on the stage; licence to the Queen's Players, 1609; Privy Council orders and letters respecting actors and theatres; indenture giving a minute description of the house which was converted into the Blackfriars Theatre; other papers relating to that theatre; the Master of the Revels and the drama in 1581; Nathaniel Field and the preacher at Southwark; the Queen's Players at Norwich in 1583; Bill of Complaint, 1589, containing the only positive notice of Shakespeare between the years 1585 and 1592 which has yet been discovered.


Printed by EDWARD J. FRANCIS, at No. 4, Took's Court, Chancery Lane, E. C.; and Published by
JOHN FRANCIS, at No. 20, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C.-Saturday, September 26, 1874.

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