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Commencing TUESDAY, July 21, 1874, and ending TUESDAY, July 28;
President of the Meeting.

The Most Hon. the MARQUESS OF RIPON, K.G.
Presidents of Sections.

Antiquities-G. T. Clark, Esq., F.S.A.

Architecture-A. J. B. Beresford Hope, Esq., M.P. F.S.A.

Hatory-The Rev. W. Stubbs, Regius Professor of Modern History,


Director of the Museum-The Rev. W. C. Lukis. F. S. A.
Director of Excursions-Fairless Barber, Esq., F.S.A.
Hon Secretaries for the Ripon Meeting.

Joseph Burtt, Esq.; C. Drury E. Fortnum, Esq., F.S.A.


The TOWN HALL, RIPON PUBLIC ROOMS, TEMPERANCE HALL, &c., have been placed at the disposal of the Institute.

The RECEPTION ROOM will be at the ToWN HALL, where Tickets can
be procured, and information will be given. It will be opened on
Monday, July 2, at 10 A.M. The MUSEUM will be in the RIPON
PUBLIC ROOMS. Meetings of Sections will be held in the Town Hall,
Temperance Hall, or Mechanics' Institute.

TUESDAY, July 21.-At 1 P M., Reception by the Mayor and Cor-
poration at the Town Hall. Visit to the Cathedral. where a Dis-
course will be given by Sir G. Gilbert Scott, R A. F.S.A., and to
other objects of interest. In the Evening, an Inaugural Address
will be given by the President of the Meeting.
WEDNESDAY. July 22.-Meetings of Sections at 10 A M. In the
afternoon, Excursion to Markenfeld Hall (where a Discourse will
be given by Mr. J. H. Parker, C. B.), Fountains Abbey and Hall.

ASYLUM CORPORATION, at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate
Street, on WEDNESDAY, July 15th.

JOHN WALTER. Esq. M.P., in the Chair,
Supported by

Mr. Ald. and Sheriff Whetham.
W. H. Smith, Esq. M. P.
Sir Charles Reed, F.S.A.

William Blades, Esq.
R. K. Burt, Esq.

G. F. Carden, Esq.
Joseph Causton, Esq.

William Clowes, Esq. F.R.G.S.
Horact Cox, Esq.

G. H. Davis, Esq. LL.D.
J. B. Dellagana, Esq.
Edward Dicey, Esq.
Charles Dickens, Esq.
Thomas Dix. Esq. F.R.G.S.
G. E. Eyre, Esq.
Stephen Fiske, Esq.

A. B. Fleming & Co., Messrs.

H. W. Foster, Esq.

John Francis, Esq.

Thomas Dixon Galpin, Esq.

Daniel Grant, Esq.
Edward Harrison, Esq.
John Hodge, Esq.
J. S. Lee, Esq.

William Longman, Esq.

John C. Macdonald, Esq.

A. Mackie, Esq.

G. H. Mason, Esq.

Miller & Richards, Messrs. (per

R. M. Gill, Esq.)

John Mitchell, Esq.

Sir William Mitchell, F.R. G.S.
John Murray, Esq F.K.G.S.
George J. Palmer, Esq.

J. T. Palmer. Esq

George Wm. Petter. Esq,
William Smalley, Esq.
George Smith, Esq.

G. A. Spottiswoode, Esq.

Tickets, One Guinea each, may be had of the above-named Stewards, or of Mr. J. S. HODSON, Secretary.

Gray's Inn Chambers, 20, High Holborn.


sellers having Books on Tobacco, Snuff, &c., or Magazines, Journals, or Newspapers containing articles on the subject. are invited to report such to the Office of COPE'S TOBACCO PLANT, 10, Lord Nelson Street, Liverpool.

Reception by the President of the Institute. Conversazione in the CHINESE and JAPANESE COINS.-For SALE,

at P. M.

THURSDAY, July 23.- Meeting of Members at 9 A. M. Excursion to
Kichmond and Easby Abbey. Reception by the Mayor and Cor-
poration of Richmond. In the evening, the Most Honourable the
Marchioness of Ripon will hold a Reception at Studley Royal.
FRIDAY, July 24-Meetings of Sections at 10 A.M. In the afternoon,
Excursion to Thornburgh, Tanfield, &c. Mr. Pulleine has kindly
invited the Institute to Luncheon at Clifton Castle.
SATURDAY, July 25.-Excursion to Bolton Castle, Wensley, Middle-
ham, and Jervaulx Abbey.

Concluding Meeting.

MONDAY, July 27.-Excursion to Coxwold, Byland, and Rievaulx
Abbeys (under the guidance of Mr. E. Sharpe), Helmsley, and
Gilling. Conversazione in the Museum at 9 P. M.
TUESDAY, July 28.-Meetings of Sections.
Excursion to Aldborough or Knaresborough.
WEDNESDAY, July 29.-Special Visit to York, in union with the
Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association, under
the guidance of Mr. Clai k.

A Unique Collection of CHINESE and JAPANESE COINS of over 9,000 pieces. Apply to BOVENSCHEN, Ethelburga House, Bishopsgate Street, E.C.

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The principal Hotels at Ripon are "The Unicorn." "The Crown," MESSRS.

and The Bull." Table d'Hôtes will be arranged. A List of Apartments will be prepared.

PRICE of TICKETS.-For Gentlemen, One Guinea (not transferable; for Ladies, Half-a-Guinea (transferable), entitling the Bearer to ake part in all Meetings and Proceedings of the Week. Purchasers of Guines Tickets may receive Two extra Tickets of admission to hear the President's Address; Purchasers of Half Guinea Tickets may receive One such Ticket.

Special facilities will be afforded to Visitors by the Railway Com. panics on presenting a Voucher from the Office. ffices of the Institute, By order,

16, New Burlington Street, London. 5TH S. No. 28.


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Illustrated with Specimen Pages. By post, free.
SAMUEL BAGSTER & SONS, 15, Paternoster Row.

New Edition, Illustrated with Full-Page Engravings, imperial 16mo. cloth gilt, 58.


to HER GRAVE, with a short Account of Steamships, and of their Introduction into the Mercantile Marine and the Royal Navy. London: WILLIAM TEGG, Pancras Lane, Cheapside.


Third and Cheaper Edition now ready, price 7s. 6d.




China, Drawings, Pictures, and Miscellaneous Effects (the
Property of a Gentleman, deceased).


AUCTION, at their House, 47, Leicester Square, W C.. on MONDAY, July 13, an ASSEMBLAGE of MISCELLANEOUS EFFECTS (the Property of a Gentleman, deceased). including the COLLECTION of CHINA, comprising Specimens of Dresden. Bow, Furstenburg, Derby, Lowestoft, Oriental and other Ware-Curiosities and Antiquities-Useful sud Decorative Articles-a Handsome Screen, beautifully worked in Col ured Silks-a 5 ft. Astronomical Telescopea Double-barrel Guu, by Harrison-a few lots of Jewellery-15 Quuces of Silver Plate-a very handsome Tea and Coffee Service, &c -a Cabinet of Coins, chiefly English, in Gold, Silver, and CopperAncient and Modern Engravings-a Portfolio of Water-Colour Draw. ings, including Original Illustrations to Southey and Campbell, by Westhail and F. Danny-a few Miniatures and Paintings, &c. Catalogues ou receipt of stamp.

A Magnificent Screen, beautifully worked with Groups of Exotic
Birds, Insects, Trees, ani Flowers, in Coloured Silks on White
Satin Ground, mounted in clegant Ormolu Frame.

the above in their SALE by AUCTION on MONDAY, July 15th

Rare and Valuable Books, Important MSS., &c.

Giving the Source, Derivation or Origin of about MESSRS. PUTTICK & SIMPSON will include TWENTY THOUSAND Familiar Words, Expressions, Sayings, Allusions, Proverbs, Pseudonyms, Popular Titles, Local Traditions, Literary Blunders, Vulgar Errors, &c.

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WEDNESDAY, July 15, and Two Following Days, a COLLECTION

AUCTION, at their House, 47, Leicester Square, W.C.. on

of VALUABLE BOOKS, including a Portion of the Library of Sir CHARLES ISHAM, Bart., of Lamport Hall. Northampton; comprising the Foke of Eneydos, compiled by Vyrgyle, rausiat i by W. Caxton, Lond. 149-Whittingtout (R.) De Syllabarum Quanti tatibus Opusculum, &c., printed by Wynkin de Worde, unique cony, with rough edges-Missale ad Usum Ecclesiæ Sarishuriensis. Paris. F Byrekinan, 1515-Newe Testament, with Notes and Exposicions of the dark places thereis (Tyndale's Version), black letter, Lond by Richard Jugge, 1553-New Testament (Beza's) Englished by Lawrence Tomson, first edition, a remarkably large and fine copy. Loud. C. Barker, 1576- Bohemian P-alter and Hymnal, printed at Prague in 1572-Whole Booke of Psalms, by Sternhold and Hopkins, in old em broidered binding-Milton's Paradise Lost, first editiou, 1669-Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories and Tragedies, the first and third folto editions (impft -Josselyu's New England Rarities discovered-The Kit-Kat Club Portraits, original impressions-Poliphili Hypnerotomachin, Aldus, 1545- Russell's Marriage of the Prince of Wales, printed in gold and colours-Boydell's Splendid Edition of Shakespeare's Works. 9 vols purple morocco extra-Stowe's Survey of London, best edition, 2 vols. -Gullim s Heraldry, best edition-Works relating to London and Kent-Caricatures by Gillray,, ruik shauk, Rowlandson, &c.-Specimens of Early Typography, printed at Nuren berg, Strasbourg, &c.-Books of Emblems-Stafford Gallery, 4 vols the plares coloured Important Manuscripts: The Chronicle of John Lydgate, Monk of Burye, written on 570 pages; on the last leaf appears the following inscription. This boke perteyneth to John Stowe, and was by hym wryten in ye year of our lorde, m d. lviij," an interesting relic of the famous Chronicler-Alexander ab Alexandri. Mook of Hales, Gloucestershire-Suma de Casibus, MS. on vellum, dated A.D. 1310-The Album Amicorum of Jacobi Lauri, the celebrated Sculptor of Rome-A Life of St. Barbara, with beautiful illuminations-Books of Hours, with Miniatures-and other curious Mos. An Ebonized Bookcase, &c.

Catalogues on receipt of four stamps

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Provide against these losses by a Policy of the


The Oldest and Largest Accidental Assurance Company.
Hon. A. KINNAIRD, M.P., Chairman.
Paid-up Capital and Reserve Fund, £140,000.
Annual Income, £160,000.

£810,000 have been paid as Compensation.
Bonus allowed to Insurers of Five Years' standing.
Apply to the Clerks at the Railway Stations, the Local Agents, or
WILLIAM J. VIAN, Secretary.

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CONTENTS. - N° 28.

NOTES:-Archer Family of Worcestershire, 21-A Picture

Sale in 1758, 22-"British and Continental Titles of Honor.'


Traveller, 23-Lord Wellesley and Lord CornwallisPurgation by Fire, 24-Parallel Passages-The Latest Irish Bull-A Strange Epitaph-Lines on a Sun-Dial, 25-The O'Malconry-A Conjecture, 26.

QUERIES:-Family of Alexander, or Zinzan, 26-Gipsy

Names-Christy Collections-The Judges on Circuit-Queen Anne and the Duchess of Marlborough, 27"Yange Monday"-"The Bonny House of Airlie" French Dictionaries-Tintern Abbey-Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu Kirkstall Abbey, Yorks.-A Canterbury Foundling-Henry James Bellars-The Brig "Temple," of Lordon-Mrs. J. A. Sargent, 28" Master"-Jonathan Edwards, of America, 29. REPLIES:-Spelling Reforms, 29-Ralph de Cobham: Mary de Roos, 30-Byron: Wycherley-"Twas at the Birthnight Ball," &c., 31" Prester John" and the Arms of the See of Chichester-John Luson, 32-Cerevisia-"The Glory of their Times," &c.-"The Lighthouse"-The Swift Family, 33St Verdiana-Sheridan and "The School for Scandal"

"Had be"-The "Vengeur," 34" Yale College Magazine" -David Lloyd-" Hudibras"-Register of Jews-Heraldic Sprinkling Rivers with Flowers-The "Jacobus"-La Vienville-"The Private House in Drury Lane," 35-Buda-The Emperor Alexander II.-"Sele"-Arithmetic: Casting out Nines, 36 Mortimer of Wigmore-" Whele"-Princes of the Blood Royal-The Use of Inverted Commas-Isaac (and John Fransham-The Population Two Hundred Years Ago -Marmion Herbert in "Venetia," 37-"Desier"— Rigby, Paymaster of the Forces in 1768-Poets and Proper NamesA Jew's Will-Rancke Riders, 38-Duns Scotus-Heraldic

Pedigree Tracing, 39. Notes on Books, &c.


ARCHER FAMILY OF WORCESTERSHIRE. My attention bas lately been drawn to the question of the origin of the Archer family of Barbadoes in the seventeenth century from having seen a work on this surname, which, although a useful guide to inquirers, is, nevertheless, embarrassing from the recurrence of misprint or typical errors, which might have been obviated by the slightest effort in the correction of the proof sheets. In this work, although frequent suggestions are thrown out in favour of the Worcestershire origin of this family, it is evident that the author had a preference for Suffolk. A careful analysis of the contents, however, and collation with other sources of information, will, I think, show that there were Archers in Barbadoes from London, Suffolk, and Lincoln, but that Edward Archer, who died there in 1693, was none of these, but was of a distinct and Worcestershire origin. I am well aware how little reliance can be placed on family traditions, yet, to a certain extent, they possess some value as clues. The descendants of this Edward Archer are still to be found, not only in Barbadoes, but in Jamaica, where two of his grandsons settled about 1753. In both branches of the family, notwithstanding the lapse of time since their separation, the tradition still exists

that their English progenitors were Royalists, and of Umberslade descent; and this, too, in face of the facts that Sir John Archer of the De Boys, or Essex, family was himself in Barbadoes, and that he had relatives in Jamaica in the seventeenth century, and they still treasure an heirloom transmitted from generation to generation, which would seem to strengthen the first part of the tradition, viz., a locket set in gold of the period, containing a portrait of Charles I. reading!

That the Worcestershire Archers were Royalists there can be no doubt; the children of Edward Archer of Hanley Castle, eldest son of John Archer, of Welland, by his wife Eleanor, daughter of Richard Frewen of Hanley Castle, were dispossessed of their estates by Cromwell. We find, about 1652, "William Archer and William Walter petitioning on behalf of the children, being minors, Thomas, George, and Anne, of the late Edward Archer of Hanley Castle." There is no mention of his elder children in this petition; they, no doubt, had equally incurred the Protector's displeasure. Thomas, George, and Anne, being minors, might be presumed to be guiltless of political sympathies. These Welland Archers appear to have broken up entirely about 1649, and to have dispersed in all directions, their large possessions passing into the hands of their Cromwellite neighbours-the Lechmeres and others. Presumably, the Frewens-maternal ancestors of Edward of Hanley-were also Royalists, for we find them settled in Barbadoes at the same period as Edward Archer of 1693, as well as the Thornes, Moores, and other families, with whom the Welland Archers had intermarried. It is a curious and suggestive fact that the first Barbadian ancestor of Edward Archer of 1693 called his estates Cleobury," "Oldbury," and "Gretton." Now, if we refer to Dugdale's "Pedigrees of Archers of Umberslade," we find that Thomas le ArcherEdward III.-married Margarita, daughter of Cleburie, and Rowland Archer of Umberslade quartered the arms of the Mortimer-Cleburie family. Again, Oldbury is a town in Worcestershire. I cannot but think that a deep significance lies in the names chosen by this branch of Barbadian Archers for the first properties held by them in the land of their exile. They would serve, not only to keep alive the cherished memory of the mother country, but act as landmarks to their posterity, showing the line of Umberslade from which they derived, as in the case of Cleoburie, and their Worcester origin from Oldbury. Taking all these circumstances together, I think I am justified in my preference for a Worcester instead of a Suffolk descent for Edward Archer of Barbadoes.


The earliest Archers mentioned in the Parish Registers of Barbadoes are Richard, Leonard, and Nicholas. They were undoubtedly sons of

Nicholas Archer of Hustropp, co. Lincoln, and of "foreign pts." His will is recorded in London. Sons, Richard Leon (qy. cont. Leonard), Nicholas, and Christopher. That they were also Cromwellites and Puritans, I think we may infer from the baptismal names of their children, when we consider the mania, at that period, for Biblical appellations among the followers of the Protector. Nathaniel, Joseph, Joshua, and Peter, are the Christian names we find bestowed on the offspring of these early Archers, and they were perpetuated in their descendants. The name of Edward appears but once amongst them; one Peter Archer, grandson of Leonard, called his son by this name, but he was born in 1703, ten years after the death of Edward Archer of 1693.

It is morally impossible that the latter could be descended from either of the three brothers, Richard, Leonard, or Nicholas, since the only member of their respective families who bore the name of Edward was born after his demise.

reason for believing that this younger Robert was
a brother of Edward of Barbadoes. That Edward
Archer's father was named Robert, I myself
believe, though I readily admit that my reasons
for this preference will not satisfy genealogists;
but, in the absence of proof, let the following fact
weigh for what it is worth. During the hurricane
of 1831, in common with many other ancient
mansions of the old settlers (or "Planters," as
they were called), the ancestral home of this
branch of the Barbadian Archers was destroyed;
beneath the foundation-stone was found, by Mr.
Edward Archer (the owner), an exquisite porcelain
cup, on which were the initials R. A. in gold. It
is necessary to explain that Mr. Edward Archer
was innocent of all genealogical precise informa-
tion, and, like many others, merely relied on a
family tradition, without any misgiving, and, at
the same time, without any interest in such
R. C.

Robert Archer, son of Anne
John Archer and Elea-Skinner.
nor Frewen, b. 1616.


The Rev. Robert Ar--*Hannah, daugh, of
cher, Parson of Castle Edw. Moore of Suck-
ley Court.

Timothy. Edward.


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Edward Archer of tElizabeth.
Barbadoes, ob. 1616.


At the present time, baptismal designations have no signification; it was not thus, however, in the days of our forefathers. Let us, then, turn from these Lincoln Archers to Edward Archer, of 1693, and his descendants. In no single instance do we find a Scriptural name amongst them, but in their stead we do find the baptismal names borne for centuries by the Umberslade Archers— Thomas, Edward, Robert, John, and Williamnames, moreover, borne by the sons of John Archer of Welland, from whom I claim descent for Edward Archer, who died in Barbadoes in 1693, either through his eldest son, Edward, of Hanley Castle, or through Robert, a younger son, born 1616. We know that the former's eldest son, John, was in "foreign pts" (see Nash); it is Robert, Edward possible, nay, probable, that his other "dispos- herited. sessed" elder sons were also emigrants. Edward, of Hanley Castle, was born June, 1600. Allowing thirty years for a generation, Edward Archer, of Barbadoes, might clearly have been his son; were he born about 1630, he would only have been sixty-three at the time of his death in 1693. That some members of the Worcestershire Archers did emigrate is an undoubted fact; for among the wills of Archers in "foreign pts" we find those of "John of Worcester," Humphrey Archer, &c. The former, I presume, was the son of Edward of Hanley. I am more disposed, however, to think that Edward Archer of Barbadoes was the son of the younger brother, Robert, son of John Archer of Welland and Eleanor Frewen of Hanley.

Robert Archer was baptized at Hanley, April, 1616. He married Anne Skinner of Ledbury, and was the father of many children. His son Robert was "Parson of Castle-Morton": he married, 1677, Hannah Moore, daughter of Edward Moore of Suckley Court. Two short tabulations will show more clearly than I can do by words my

Other children,



Tho- Eliza- *Hannah,—— Ashby mas. beth.

Edward. John.


called after
his brother's


It may be interesting to compare with some recent picture sales the results of a sale by auction of the collection of Sir Luke Schaub, which took place on 26th, 27th, and 28th April, 1758. The three days' sale comprised 118 lots, and the sum realized was 7,7841. 5s. Out of the 118 lots, as recorded in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xxviii. p. 225, &c. (1758), I shall select the names of about forty works of the most celebrated masters, with the prices and purchasers :—

First Day's Sale.

Lot 9. W. Vandevelde-A calm, 5l. 15s. 6d. Pur chaser, Governor Saunders. Lot 10. Kuyp-A landscape with rocks, 91. 9s. Pur chaser, Fitzwilliams.

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Lot 20. Sal. Rosa-Soldiers, &c., 171. 17s. Purchaser, Mr. Townsend.

Lot 22. P. Veronese-A woman's head, 127. 12s. Purchaser, Mr. Vernon.

Lot 25. Domenico-St. Barba, 587. 168. Purchaser, Richard Grosvenor.

Lot 38. Fr. Mieris-Boy with a jug, small oval, 67. 10s. Purchaser, Mr. Steward.

Lot 39. P. Potter-A landscape and figures, 117. Os. 6d. Purchaser, Mr. Reynolds.

Lot 43. Albano St. Catherine, 421. Purchaser, -Thompson, Esq.

Lot 44. Titian-A sleeping Venus, 181. 7s. 6d. Purchaser, Mr. Masterson.

Lot 52. Guercino-St. Sebastian, 54l. 12s. Purchaser, Lord Cooper. Lot 54. Giordano-A sleeping Venus with Cupids

attending, 117. 11s. Purchaser, Mr. Holditch

Lot 55. Rubens-A landscape with Our Saviour healing the lame, 797. 16s. Purchaser, Duchess of Portland. Lot 59. Correggio-Sigismunda weeping over the heart of Tancred, 4041. 5s. Purchaser, Sir T. Seabright.

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Purchaser, H. Fox, Esq.

Lot 12. M. A. Caravaggio-A man playing on a flute, 7. 78. Purchaser, Mrs. Child.

Lot 25. Albert Dürer-A crucifixion, 15l. 15s. Purchaser, Governor Saunders.

Lot 31. Metzu-A Dutch lady at her toilet, 221. 11s. 6d. Purchaser, Mr. Gould.

Lot 38. P. Brill-Sea view, figures by Caracci, 651. 28. Purchaser, Duchess of Portland.

Lot 39. Rembrandt-Admiral Ruyter, 167. 58. 6d. Purchaser, Mr. Steward.

Lot 50. Ann. Caracci-Venus at her toilet, 631. Purchaser, Lord Cowper.

Lot 51. Guido-Our Saviour asleep and the Virgin watching over him, 3281. 13s. Purchaser, Richard Gros

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Lot 44. Rigaud-Cardinal Dubois, half-length, 337. 12s. Purchaser, Mr. Thompson.

Lot 46. Murillo-Beggars, 321. 11s. Purchaser, Richard Grosvenor.

Lot 52. Carlo Maratti-A Holy Family, 331. 1s. 6d. Purchaser, Vandergutch.

Lot 60. Raphael-A large and capital picture of a Holy Family, 7031. 10s. Purchaser, Duchess of Portland. The largest purchasers at the sale were (1) the Duchess of Portland, who secured fourteen pictures, as follows:-Cl. Lorain, 105l.; Rembrandt, 321. 11s.; Bamboccio, 211.; Elsheimer, 171. 17s.; Guido, 1577. 10s.; Rubens, 797. 16s.; Vandyke, 126l.; P. Brill, 65l. 28.; Vandyke, 2117. 18.; View of Antwerp by P. Brill, Rubens, Gillis, and Brueghel, 5511. 5s.; Titian, 431. 1s.; Eliz. Sirani, 231. 2s.; Tintoret, 661. 3s.; Raphael, 7031. 10s.-Total, 2,2021. 18s. (2) Richard (first Earl) Grosvenor, seventeen pictures, &c. :-Crescentia, 10l. 10s.; Domenico, 581. 16s.; Jordaens, 161. 5s. 6d.; F. Laura, 361. 15s.; an antique bronze, 42l.; Guido, 3281. 13s.; Sir P. Lely, 4l. 7s. 6d.; P. Veronese, 791. 16s.; Holbein, 31. 38.; Do., 31. 13s. 6d. ; Polydore, 36l. 15s.; Rubens, 25l. 4s.; Borgognone, 231. 2s.; F. Bassano, 115. 10s.; Murillo, 321. 11s.; Teniers, 1571. 10s.; Le Brun, 1277.-Total, 1,1017. 11s. 6d. (3) Sir J. Seabright, A. Correggio, 4041. 5s. (4) Governor Saunders, fourteen pictures :--Antolini, 7. 15s.; Vandevelde, 5l. 15s. 6d.; Baddalocio, 15l. 15s.; Gentileschi, 441. 28.; Albert Dürer, 15 15s.; A. Kuyp, 26l. 15s. 6d.; Rubens, 281. 178. 6d.; Do., 15l. 15s.; Gofredy, 61. 68.; Watteau, 87. 188. 6d.; Do., 91. 9s.; Sal. Rosa, 71. 78.; Do., 4l. 4s.; Rottenhamer, 167. 5s. 6d. Total, 2131. Os. 6d.

St. John's Wood.

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"BRITISH AND CONTINENTAL TITLES OF HONOR." BY A TRAVELLER, 1842. This interesting work was written to show the real value of foreign titles of nobility (some of which were purchasable at the moderate figure of class of travelling Britons of the idea that Con301.!), and to disabuse the minds of the ordinary tinental Counts and Barons are on a par with our Earls and Barons, and therefore superior to Baronets and the nobiles minores of Great Britain, the fact being that the majority of these titled gentlemen can scarcely be considered equal in rank to our Esquires. The following conclusions, drawn by the author from his arguments and facts, are worthy of a place in the Peerages, Baronetages, and other works of a similar character:

"I. That, notwithstanding the popular distinction between Nobility and Gentry, no one who goes abroad, and who really belongs to the nobiles minores of England, should deny that he is Noble.

"II. That it is a vulgar error* to suppose that a Commoner may not be Noble.

* Conclusively proved by the fact that all the sons of Peers (in their fathers' lifetime), though by courtesy

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