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and MR. BOUCHIER have lately, but in no detracting spirit, pointed out important omissions from Mrs. Cowden Clarke's Shakspeare Concordance of auxiliary words, such as "having" and "thus," when used substantively. With the like feeling, I copy from my note-book the following omissions:

1. “If,” As You Like It, Act v. sc. 4, 1. 106 :-"Your if is the only peacemaker."

And again in Richard III., Act iii. sc. 4, 1. 77:— "Talkst thou to me of ifs?"

2. "Shall," Coriolanus, Act iii. sc. 1, 1. 88:"Mark you

His absolute shall."

3. "But yet," Antony and Cleopatra, Act ii. sc. 5, 1. 52:

"But yet is as a jailor to bring forth

Some monstrous malefactor."

dough and seeds, not round, but elongated, after the fashion of a tea-cake when it sees its face

-"looking wofully long in a spoon." But wigs are not necessarily restricted to carraway attractions. Five and twenty years ago all Grantham juveniles knew "Mrs. B- the wig woman," who sold the most delicious pennyworths of indigestion I can now call to mind; and these were what we should in these days call plum buns. I remember her being excessively indignant with a servant of our family who called her, as I believe everybody else did, "the wig-woman." ST. SWITHIN.

This word is not so extinct as MR. BLENKINSOPP

supposes. In Hants, a small oval cake, with honey in the middle, is called a wigg. On St. Andrew's Day, at Leighton Buzzard, in Bedfordshire, small buns (something like Good Friday buns) are

4. "Why" and "wherefore,” Comedy of Errors, yearly made, and confectioners go round for Act ii. sc. 2, 1. 45:—


'Every why hath a wherefore."

5. "Nay," "a woman's nay," Richard III., Act iii. sc. 7, 1. 51:—

"Play the maid's part, still answer nay, and take it."

Et seq. I heartily second MR. RULE's suggestion that the number of the line, or, as I would add, even the page or column, of a recognized edition of Shakspeare would make Mrs. Clarke's Concordance a still more "faithful guide."

Rockmount, Rainhill.


"Your ages, of what having," &c.

The line is 875.

orders, some days beforehand, for Tandry Wigs, or St. Andrew's buns. Unde derivatur "wig" with T. W. R.

this meaning?

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DRURY HOUSE (5th S. ii. 48, 75.) - Drewry House is mentioned by Stow (see Stow's Survey, I omitted to number the line of the second by W. J. Thoms, p. 113), and so called of Sir Drewe Drewrie, example of the word having:a worshipful owner thereof," and was of old time the town house of the Abbot of Ramsey. J. T. Smith has left a view of all that remained of the old house in 1796. I do not think there is any print of it at so early a date as Charles II. There is no evidence of it ever having belonged to Rupert. Cunningham says only that he lived there. I should have thought that the Committee for Sale of Sequestrated Lands would have sat rather at Drury House, Drury Lane. It appears to have been a grand house, and is mentioned by Strype as the seat of Lord Craven. The Olympic Theatre occupies the site.

As regards the numbering of lines being omitted in Mrs. Cowden Clarke's Concordance, the lady writes to me, and says :-

"I think you will cease to feel any regret when I tell you it was an omission advisedly made. No two editions of the plays can possibly have the lines numbered alike, and, as a proof of this, two editions, published by the same house, and superintended by the same editors, who advocate the system, have not their lines numbered alike. Now, the Concordance, being intended for adaptation to all editions of Shakspeare's Plays, properly gives no numbering of lines. We ourselves, having superintended various editions of Shakspeare, have ample experience of how worse than useless for reference is numbering the lines in his Plays."


"WIGGS" (5th S. i. 261, 474.)-If "wigs" be extinct in Durham and Northumberland, I wot of a shop at Grantham, in Lincolnshire, where, unless I greatly mistake, toothsome cates under that title are still to be had. If you ask for a tea-cake you will be served with the ordinary disc of currant bread, which, save in the presence of "N. & Q.," I should say is current everywhere; but express a wish for a wig, and you will get a confection of



A view of this house, taken in 1796, and some mention of the occupants, will be found in Brayley's Londiniana, London, 1829, vol. iv. p. 301.

W. E. B.

"PUT TO BUCK” (5th S. i. 228, 293; ii. 76.)—I have many times heard the word bucking used in Oxfordshire by old men. The expression "I have had a good bucking" meaning a good sweating. "Put to buck" I have never heard in Oxfordshire in the sense in which E. V. uses it. G. J. DEW.

Lower Heyford, Oxon.


PRONUNCIATION OF ACHES" (5th S. ii. 68.) The pronunciation of aches as a dissyllable seems to have been retained to the close of the century In Young's Compleat English Scholar, Lond., 1687, we are told that

"Ch in words purely English have a peculiar sound with them both before and after vowells. Before a vowell in chance, cheap, chine, choke, churl: after a vowell in ach, reach, sich, roch, such: But in words of a Hebrew or Greek derivation ch sounds like k," &c.


In Spenser's Shepherd's Calendar, the following lines commence "August" :

"Tell me, Perigot, what shall be the game,

Wherefore with mine thou dare thy music match?
Or be thy bagpipes run far out of frame?

Or hath the cramp thy joints benumb'd with ache?"





are enough to render the most amiable of experienced printers temporarily insane. There is no lover of Dickens the most mercenary peruse both volumes for less than so ardent as to willingly read a page through, nor would their weight in gold. Added to a microscopic chirography is erasure after erasure, such as, I am told, cannot be found in his earlier manuscripts, marking either greater care or less fluency of thought. Descriptions undergo most correction, and so deftly does Dickens cancel himself, that I defy the greatest expert to decipher what the author does not wish to have read. . . The erasures at the beginning of Podsnappery' are absolutely appalling. The entire first page looks as though it had been cut into as many pieces as there are lines, and then been carefully darned."

Miss Field gives several examples of how Dickens worked through his story and its difficulties to the end; and she summarizes the examples thus :

"Most interesting of all are the nine notes preceding the novel in each volume. Dickens takes the world into his confidence, opening the door of his workshop; and a curious, well-regulated shop it is. After thinking out his plot and characters, Dickens puts down on the righthand side of his page the chapters with dramatis persona, on the left he tells himself what he shall do, or asks himtively or negatively, either at the time or after."

THE MS. OF OUR MUTUAL FRIEND," BY CHARLES self questions about the doing, which he answers affirma



These matters are of interest to us all.


much interest also attaches itself to the story of
the original manuscript. We should much like to
In these
know if any other "original" exists.
days, when original letters are supplied according
to demand of the market, a somewhat fuller story
as to Mr. Child's manuscript (which we do not
mean to disparage) would be very acceptable.

The Architecture of the Cistercians. By Edmund Sharpe,
M.A., F.R.I.B.A. (Spon.)

In the August number of Scribner's Monthly (Warne & Co.), Miss Kate Field tells a curious story respecting the above-named MS. The first fact in this story is, that by a favourable review in the Times the sale of the book was greatly increased, and its success established ; for even genius," says Miss Field, "can be made or marred by the pointed criticism of clever quills." It is then stated that Dickens presented to the writer the MS. of the book which the latter is supposed to have "made" by his "clever quill" in "grateful acknowledgment" of that service. The writer of the IN a quarto form, beautifully illustrated, and printed in review in question does not seem to have appre-principles which guided the Cistercians in planning their a bold, clear type, Mr. Sharpe discusses and explains the ciated the MS. as highly as he did the merits of conventual buildings and in designing their churches. the story in it. Mr. Dallas, the critic, who is said This work is the substance of a lecture which Mr. to have received this valuable honorarium for the Sharpe delivered, four years ago, at the Royal Institute The views which he then laid services rendered to the author, parted from the of British Architects. treasure. "And now, with one of those strange general public, who, by the aid of the illustrations, will open to his professional brethren he now offers to the turns of Fortune's wheel, whereby everything, thoroughly comprehend the text, and, perhaps for the sooner or later, gets upside down, this manuscript first time, will have a clear idea of the grandeur of some crosses the Atlantic, to find a welcome home in of the material works of the once famous Cistercian the library of Mr. Child." This gentleman, well Order. Shortly before the Reformation the number of known and much esteemed in this country, resides dependencies possessed by the Abbot of Citeaux is stated to have been 3,200 ! in Philadelphia, and is proprietor of the The Philadelphia Ledger. Miss Field thus describes Dickens's way of employing his pen, ink, and paper :

"Almost always writing on thick blue note-paper and with blue ink, Dickens has been faithful to his rule in this manuscript. By unfolding his note-paper he has converted it into large-sized letter-paper, and by pasting this on still larger-sized and thicker white paper, he has made the two volumes as durable as possible. Towards the end of Volume First there is one bit of manuscript in black ink. All the rest is in blue ink, but not always of the best, and the fineness and closeness of the writing

History of the Christian Church, from the Apostolic Age
to the Reformation, A.D. 64-1517. By J. C. Robertson,
M.A., Canon of Canterbury. Vol. IV. (Murray.)
THIS new and revised edition of Canon Robertson's work
is now half-way towards completion. The period covered
in the present book is from the death of Charlemagne,
814, to the death of Anselm, 1109. Anselm's method of
proving the existence of God by a single argument (the
object of his Faith in Search of Understanding) is shown
in the prelate's words:-"God is that than which
nothing greater can be conceived; and he who well
understands this will understand that the Divine Being
exists in such a manner that His non-existence cannot

even be conceived." Gannilo, a freely inquiring monk of the time, objected to this, "that the conception of a thing does not imply its existence." Canon Robertson does not touch, or does not more than touch, on the knowledge Anselm is said to have had of the catastrophe by which Rufus was got rid of.


MR. CHR. COOKE writes:-"The useful list of news

papers, 1824, published in "N. & Q.," No. 32, pp. 119, 120, reminds me that an accurate and carefully-catalogued index of all newspapers is required in the British Museum Library, showing distinctly what newspapers are now therein. The catalogues now used there are, as The to newspapers, incomplete and badly arranged. collection of these periodicals is valuable and extensive."

Notices to Correspondents. OUR CORRESPONDENTS will, we trust, excuse our suggesting to them, both for their sakes as well as our ownThat they should write clearly and distinctly—and on one side of the paper only-more especially proper names and words and phrases of which an explanation may be required. We cannot undertake to puzzle out what a CorTHE MURITHIAN SOCIETY.-This Swiss Botanic Asso-respondent does not think worth the trouble of writing ciation held their fourteenth annual assembly on the 29th of July ult., at Orsières, a small town between Martigny and the Great St. Bernard. Dr. Fauconnet, of Nyon, M.D., the President, presided at the business meeting, and was the chairman at the dinner. Numerous interesting papers were read. About a hundred members were present; fifty were at the dinner. The death of Dr. Husenbeth was mentioned, and a deep regret was expressed. The Association is in a healthy condition, though it has sustained some heavy losses by deaths. Many new members were admitted, and one honorary and corresponding member-Mr. William Gomersall, of Otterburn, in Craven. The third part of the Transactions was delivered to the members, and the fourth was said to be in preparation. It was resolved that a photograph of Murith, the "Linnæus of the Alps," should be taken from the oil painting at St. Bernard, for the use of the members and the public in general. One of Dr. Husenbeth's last acts was a transmission to St. Bernard of some very interesting letters on geology and botany that Murith addressed to him. It is much to be regretted that they were not given to the British Museum. I can speak on the value of these documents, as they were sent to me to hand over, and, being open, I perused them. One was a very elaborate account of the bursting of the Dranse glacier in 1818. Murith visited every part of the devastated scene, and described it most accurately and scientifically to his friend the "young priest," as he then called Dr. Husenbeth. I will endeavour to have the above important letters given to the world. A brief biography of Murith has been inserted in "N. & Q.," vide General Index.

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Particulars of Price, &c., of every book to be sent direct to the person by whom it is required, whose name and address are given for that purpose:

GUILLIM'S HERALDRY. Edit. 1679. An imperfect copy, containing the Portraits of Lord Belasyse of Worlabye, and Sir William de la More.

ROGERS, THOMAS. The Catholic Doctrine of the Church of England. (Parker Soc.)

THE INNOCENT CLEARED, or a Vindication of Captain John Smith. 4to. Pamphlet, circa 1649.

Wanted by Edward Peacock, Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

PARKINSON'S Paradisus Terrestris, or Garden of Pleasant Flowers.
London, 1629-56.

LINDLEY'S Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants.

Wanted by F. W. Burbidge, 37, Southamton Street, Strand, W.C.

CON. AL.-The father of Sophie Cruvelli (Baronne Vigier), the opera-singer, to whom the Pope is said to have sent the Golden Rose, was a Protestant minister named Cruwel, of Bielefeld, in Prussia. The lady's husband, Baron Vigier, is grandson of the M. Vigier who made a fortune by establishing those famous baths, the "Bains Vigier," on the Seine. MALVERN :

"The childhood shows the man As morning shows the day."

Milton, Par. Reg., iv., lines 220-1. GASTON DE BERNEVAL for his kind reply, and wish to WATER-MARKS (5th S. i. 88; ii. 94.)-I thank MR. know the price and publisher's name of Sotheby's Principia Typographica.


SOUTHWARK.-You will find that and a second epitaph on Hobson, the Cambridge carrier, in Wit Restored, v. i., p. 201, Camden Hotten's reprint.

W. GRIMALDI.-For the personal history, life and death, and "prophecies" of Mother Shipton, see the General Index of our last series. With regard to the lines quoted, see "N. & Q.," 4th S. x. 450; xi. 355.

PRINCE. Copies of the work are to be found at the dealers in old books; any publisher of classical works would answer the query fully.

J. H. H.-It refers to the old custom at this time of the year of making a pilgrimage to the grotto of St. James of Compostella.

P. S.-Lavinia Fenton, Duchess of Bolton, the original "Polly Peachem," lies in Greenwich Churchyard.

B. on T.-To "drink tobacco" was the earliest form of expressing the act of smoking.

A. R.-The List is of papers existing in 1824, not of papers which began to exist in that year.

F. J. V. "Mars his sword," see p. 2, and " Had be," p. 34, of present volume.

HERMENTRUDE.-Letter forwarded.

R. H.-Picton was killed at Waterloo, June 18, 1815.
W. T.-Unavoidably deferred till next week.


Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The Editor"-Advertisements and Business Letters to "The Publisher "at the Office, 20, Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return communications which, for any reason, we do not print; and to this rule we can make no exception.

To all communications should be affixed the name and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith.

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The various type of Ports and Sherries, in Butts and Pipes, exhibited by me in No. 5 Vault at the Royal Albert Hall, are Shipped direct from the Lodges of Messrs. SILVA & COSENS, Villa Nova (Oporto), and from the Bodegas of F. W. COSENS, Jerez de la Frontera (Cadiz, and can be Tasted by any gentleman giving his Card to the Attendant. Half-Pint samples can also be taken away on Payment. HENRY HOLL, 18A, Easinghall Street, E.C.




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ranteed the finest imported, free from acidity or heat, and much superior to low-priced Sherry (vide Dr. Druitt on Cheap Wines), 238 per dozen. Selected dry Tarragona, 208. per dozen. Terms eash. Three dozen rail paid.-W. D. WATSON, Wine Merchant, 373, Oxford Street (entrance in Berwick Street), London, W. Estab- MONEY, TIME, AND LIFE

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prepare this exquisite COSMETIC with the greatest care, fresh daily, in jars, 18.-Laboratory of Flowers, 2, New Bond Street, London.

OPOPONAX, the Flower King.-"Sweet issue of

a more sweet-smelling sire."-Shakespeare. Price 28. 6d. None genuine but by PIESSE & LUBIN, 2, New Bond Street, London.

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4to. bound in cloth, price 12s. 6d.; mounted on roller, 158. 6d.; or calf extra, price 218.


"Nothing can say more for the exceeding interest attaching to this fac-simile than the fact that we have filled our allotted space without having got beyond the foreground of the picture, and every square inch of what remains would have afforded equal matter for illustration and comment. The reproduction has been effected most successfully. No moderately good library should be without it.”—Saturday Review.

"Of this Map there are only two copies now known to be in existence, one in the Pepysian Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and the other at Guildhall, which copy was bought, in 1841, by the Library Committee of the Corporation of London, for the small sum of 261. This Map is not a mere curiosity to be bought only by collectors, but should be in the hands of all those who feel an interest in the city where the chief incidents of English history have been enacted, and the public are therefore greatly indebted to Mr. Overall for his careful and interesting account of the map, and to Mr. Francis for the conscientious care he has taken in making his copy."—Examiner.

"By the process through which the fac-simile before us has been produced, the Map is placed within the reach of every purchaser. A year's reading about the metropolis of the Tudor days would not convey anything like so good an idea of the capital as an hour spent over this faithful presentment of the London not only of Elizabeth but of Shakspeare. It is a perfect delight to find ourselves wandering about the streets of this old London, and tarrying by the river or on Bankside. The mere spectator is in a short time familiar with the scene. The Thames is really a silver Thames, with Elizabeth's barge floating on it."-Athenaeum.

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"This is a publication for antiquaries to linger over."—Graphic.

"The map should be interesting to every reader of antiquarian taste.”—Illustrated London News. "No praise could overstep the merits of this work. There is nothing like it extant, by way of illustration of how London looked above three centuries ago. All who have any curiosity in so curious a matter-and to be 'incurious' would be a confession of love for ignorance-should obtain this picture of our old capital. It is more than six feet long by above two feet wide, made to fold in a tasteful and appropriate wrapper, and is fitted alike for library, drawing-room, or boudoir, for a present to intelligent friends, and a prize for the most distinguished pupils of both sexes, and, we might add, of all ages."-Notes and Queries.

"Messrs. Adams & Francis have done a wise and a generous thing in undertaking to issue in all its entirety, and of its full size-6 feet by 2 feet 4 inches-a perfect fac-simile, even to the most minute details, of the grand old map of London attributed to Ralph Agas. This important Elizabethan map possesses a national, and an historical interest which attaches itself to no other work of the kind, and it is the authority to which every student of London history, or of history generally, must turn for elucidation of many points of importance. It gives, at one glance, the London of the time of Elizabeth, the London of the stirring Tudor period, the London of Shakspere !-the very London, in all its integrity, drawn to the life,' just as it appeared to the 'immortal Will,' as he wandered about its streets, or wended his way to the 'Globe." Of the execution of the fac-simile the least we can say is that it is perfect."-Reliquary.

London: ADAMS & FRANCIS, 59, Fleet Street, E.C.

Printed by EDWARD J. FRANCIS, at No. 4, Took's Court, Chancery Lane, E.C.; and Published by
JOHN FRANCIS, at No. 20, Wellington Street, Strand, W.C.-Saturday, August 15, 1874.

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