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crest, a mailed arm embowed, holding a cutlass. It is not in my power to give any information respecting Mary J. Jourdan, except that she was the daughter of Colonel Holcombe, not Halcombe. Z. Z. TURQUET DE MAYERNE (5th S. ii. 48.)-Is this, or Turquet Mayerne, the real name? It appears, I believe, in the latter form in a volume of his works in the British Museum Library. T. W. WEBB.

TO PROAT (5th S. ii. 49.)-To proat is the G. protzen, to show one's ill will or displeasure by a surly silence.-Küttner. A somewhat different form of the word is given by Halliwell, "Prutten, to be proud, to hold up the head with pride and disdain." The origin of the foregoing, as well as of the G. trotzen, is to be found in the interjection of displeasure, prut! trut! representing a blurt of the mouth with the protruded lips. See Pout in my Dictionary. H. WEDGWOOD.

character, the crosses of the figures being filled with lead. The figure of Sir William Fynderne to the knees is in Boutell's Brasses and Slabs, p. 71, London, 1847. A description of the monument will also be found in the Oxford Manual, No. SAMUEL SHAW. 168, p. 61. Andover.

THE WILLOW PATTERN (5th S. ii. 69.)-See the Family Friend (Houlston & Stoneman, London), vol. i. p. 124. H. FISHWICK, F.S.A.

Vide Bentley's Miscellany, vol. iii., p. 61, published in 1838, where will be found "A True History of the Celebrated Wedgwood Hieroglyph, commonly called the Willow Pattern," by Mark WILLIAM WING. Steeple Aston, Oxford.


HISTORY OF SCOTLAND (5th S. ii. 68.)-If MR. MASON, who is good enough to appeal to me as to this work, will turn to that admirable Catalogue of the Printed Books in the Advocate's Library, now printing, on p. 680 of vol. ii. he will young child," and this, I take it, is a form of the find that William Duff, M.A., was the author of word for which F. H. inquires.

Halliwell has prute,

Shinfield Grove.

66 to wander about like a

W. T. M.

MARY OF BUTTERMERE (5th S. i. 47.)-In "N. & Q." 1st S. viii. 26, under the heading of "Gossipping History," is a note of mine on De Quincey's account of Hatfield. I have nothing to add or alter, but wish to withdraw an opinion too hastily formed. I said, "I do not blame Mr. De Quincey, having no doubt that he believed

what he was told." When I wrote that I was

reading the Boston edition of his works. Long before I came to the end I felt that the compliment was entirely undeserved, for which, I think, satisfactory reasons are given in "Leslie and Dr. Middleton," 1st S. x. 33. H. B. C.

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Allibone, in his Dictionary, says that Sir James Porter died at Bath. C. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

THE FYNDERN MONUMENT IN CHILDREY CHURCH (5th S. ii. 68.)-P. will find a description of the Fynderne brasses, with a copy of the inscriptions on them, in Ashmole's Berks, vol. ii., pp. 208, 209, and 210, of the edition of 1719; also in Clarke's Hundred of Wanting, pp. 76 and 77. C. J. EYSTON.

See Relton's Sketches of Churches, London, 1843, for a plate and full description in the accompanying text. It is a brass of a peculiar

the work he inquires for. See also Lowndes by Bohn, p. 2215. Allibone mentions an edition of 1750, probably after Watt, to whose Bibliotheca I cannot refer here. I take this opportunity of thanking MR. MASON for his reply on p. 70.

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"Said I for this the girl was like to him." So in the passage from Pericles:—

"And knowing this kingdom is without a head,

Like [unto or to] goodly buildings left without a roof." In Cowden Clarke's Concordance there is a reference, Tempest, Act i. sc. 2, "like to a nymph." In the only Shakspeare that I can refer to, being away from home, I find the to is omitted, "Enter Ariel like a water nymph." To what edition did the writer of the Concordance refer? CLARRY.

"HUDIBRAS" (5th S. i. 489; 5th S. ii. 35.)— The Rev. Dr. T. R. Nash, in his edition of Hudibras (1835), remarks in a note to these lines (11. 559-562, Part I. canto i.):—

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"Thus Cleveland, page 110. The next ingredient of a diurnal is plots, horrible plots, which with wonderful sagacity it hunts dry foot, while they are yet in their causes, before materia prima can put on her smock.'"

Nichols (Literary Illustrations, edition 1822,

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'Sphear'd in a radiant cloud (for yet the sun was not).”

In a very rare little book, Notes upon Hudibras, by Zachary Grey, LL.D., 1752, there is a note (p. 23), signed M. B. (Montagu Bacon), which after quoting the above line from Regnier continues :"And 'tis manifest, from the Context, that Butler means only a Ridicule on the Hermetick Gibberish, where there is much Talk of First Matter, and Chaos, and First Mass, and such Stuff: And by First Matter they mean Materia and Forma; which appears from a Book entitled A short Inquiry into the Hermetick Art, P. 79." The lines, then, are not "supposed to point to a particular individual," but are "only a Ridicule on the Hermetick Gibberish."


but I have seen it on sale at much less prices than
those named by MR. BUCKLEY, the copy in my
possession having been bought for about one-fifth
of the sum. It appears to have been acquired by
Mr. Mitford in 1824, and he has added the date
when he read it, viz., "Sept. 1836," with the note,
"See Brit. Bibliog., vol. i. p. 478." The engraved
front. has been most cleverly imitated by pen and

SONGS IN "ROKEBY" (5th S. i. 428, 515.)—
Writing my former note on this subject hurriedly,
I omitted from it the most beautiful of the songs:-
"O Brignall banks are wild and fair,
And Greta woods are green;
And you may gather garlands there
Would grace a summer queen."

Canto iii. stanza 16. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A.

KNIGHT BIÖRN: DÜRER'S ETCHINGS (5th S. i. 167, 215, 356.)—I suppose the "snare" mentioned Knight by MR. HOLT and MR. ADDIS in the " and Death" is the curious twisted line near the hoof of the horse's off hind leg. I have the autotype of the etching before me, and believe that Mr. Ruskin and MR. ADDIS have undoubtedly explained it. I think the readers of "N. & Q." would be glad to have the picture in question and the Melencolia, its companion, interpreted on MR. ADDIS'S theory by that gentleman. The one seems to me the type of "The Steadfast Will," the Melencolia of " The Intermittent, too versatile SINGLE EYE-GLASSES (5th S. i. 489; ii. 50.)—he were not more than human, must have felt and Will," tendencies to which latter the artist, if I fully endorse what E. D. F. says. I have used a deplored in himself. glass in the left eye only for about twenty years, and now find that in shooting I invariably fire too much to the left. I have tried to counteract it by shutting the left eye, at the recommendation of an eminent gunmaker, and as that is very difficult always to do, he now recommends me to blacken the left glass of my shooting spectacles, we shall see with what result.

18, Kensington Crescent, W.


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"THE GLORY OF THEIR TIMES" (5th S. i. 408; ii. 33) is a book that is often priced according to a scale set upon it at the sales of famous collections; but it is occasionally to be had at its proper value. My copy cost me a few shillings. The same peculiarity in paging as is in D. C. E.'s copy appears in mine. This I take to be a dishonest printer's device for making the book seem bigger than it is. The companion volume about the Moderne Protestant Divines is of far greater rarity,


FIELD-LORE CARR, ING, &c. (4th S. xi. xii.; 5th S. i. passim; ii. 71.)—M. inquires what is the meaning of Flash, and suggests it may be reclaimed bog. In this parish, there is a marshy place in the hills known as the Flush-moss, in which peats were formerly cast, but it has been surface-drained, and is now grazed by sheep. There is a farm of the same name near Stewarton

in Ayrshire, and the name Flosh occurs as the designation of two or three places in Annandale. Halliwell (fifth edition) has Flosche, "a pit or pool"; but, in the old English couplet quoted as an example, the word will apply equally well to a marsh. See, too, Flash, Flosh.

term here for the hollows made by casting peat. Peat hag, also mentioned by M., is a common

Another name applied here to marshy places is corse, which appears to be the same as carse, and

to have some connexion with carr.
Rulewater, Roxburghshire.

W. E.

"SITUATE" (5th S. i. 407; ii. 53.)—SIGMA asks, "Are there any examples of the use of the word as a verb by any respectable writer?" In Love's Labour's Lost, Act i. sc. 2, Armado says,—

"I will visit thee at the lodge.

Jaq. That's hereby.

Arm. I know where it is situate."

by Archdeacon Cotton in his Typographical Gazetteer, of which the following is a collation:"Modest and Candid Reflections on Dr. Middleton's

Again, Comedy of Errors, Act ii. sc. 1, Luciana Examination of the Right Reverend the Lord Bishop of


"Why, headstrong liberty is lash'd with woe.
There's nothing situate under Heaven's eye
But hath his bound."

I should be glad to know whether grammarians
would call "situate" in these two passages an

FALCONET, THE ARTIST (5th S. ii. 8, 54.)-MR TRIMMER will find some interesting and authentic facts about the Falconets in Jal's Dictionnaire Critique de Biographie et d'Histoire. See the second edition, and refer also to the corrections at the end of the volume. OLPHAR HAMST.

INVERTED COMMAS (5th S. i. passim; ii. 37, 56, 97.)-I differ very much from JABEZ I have proved (from Timperly) that these marks were originally used (1496) for the purpose of quotation only. Other writers have shown that they were afterwards employed for emphasizing also, but not before the time of Queen Elizabeth; and when they ceased to be used in this latter way, has not been


As to the "modern instance" from the Times, it is quite clear that the word "accomplished" is not used there according to its real meaning, but according to its misapplication; and it is therefore quoted in this sense, and marked accordingly. MEDWEIG.

CHARLES I. AS A POET (5th S. i. 322, 379, 435; ii. 93.)-Before this subject is dismissed, I would beg leave to quote a passage from the late Professor Craik's Literature and Learning in England, ed. 1845, vol. iv. p. 66:—

"It is not easy to understand the meaning of Horace Walpole's judgment on Charles's style, that it was formed between a certain portion of sense, dignity, and perhaps a little insincerity.' What he says of a copy of verses said to have been written by his majesty during his confinement in Carisbrook Castle, is more to the purpose: The poetry is most uncouth and inharmonious; but there are strong thoughts in it, some good sense, and a strain of majestic piety.' Though not very polished, in deed, or very like the production of a practised versifier, which goes so far to furnish a presumption of its authenticity, this composition, which is entitled Majesty in Misery, or an Imploration to the King of Kings,' indicates poetic feeling, and an evident familiarity with the highest models."

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The above quotations from Horace Walpole are out of his Royal and Noble Authors. J. W. W.

REV. STEPHEN CLARKE (5th S. i. 208, 255, 298, 438; ii. 77.)-Provincial printing is a subject that has claimed my attention for a year or two past, but I have at present failed to discover an earlier specimen of Malton printing than a tract quoted

London's Use and Intent of Prophecy: In a Letter to the Honourable G. Lyttelton, Esq., from Thomas Comber, A.B.

"Malton: Printed by J. N. for Messrs. Knapton, Booksellers in St. Paul's Church yard. M,DCC,L. [Price from East-Newton, Feb. 3d, 1750." One Shilling and Six-pence.] 12mo. pp. 100. Dated

The second edition of Rev. Stephen Clarke's Discourses, being posthumous, may be as late or later than this; it is certainly after 1746, for in that year I find Mr. Clarke subscribing 11. 6s. to the Yorkshire Association.

Mr. Robert Davies, in his Memoirs of the York Press, tells us that Nicholas Nickson, printer, became a freeman of York by patrimony in 1754, and carried on business till 1777. What relation was he, if any, to Joshua Nickson, of Malton? W. H. ALLNUTT.


REV. SAMUEL HARDY, B.A. (5th S. ii. 8, 55), the author of many astronomical and theo logical works, was born in 1720, and became a Fellow of Emanuel College, Cambridge. From a sermon of his, entitled The Eucharist prov'd to be a Material Sacrifice; and the Necessity of Constant Communion; prov'd from the Nature "Good of the Christian Covenant, preached on Friday, April the 8th, 1748," I find he was then Curate of Layham." He was afterwards Rector of Blakenham Parva, Suffolk, and Lecturer and Master of the Free School at Enfield. His most important work seems to have been an edition of the New Testament, "cum Scholiis Theologicis et Philologicis," published anonymously in 1768, and again in 1778. A third edition appeared in 1820. He died in 1793.



18, Kensington Crescent, W.

In my copy of the Account of the Nature and Ends of the Holy Eucharist, 12mo., 1763, I find the following, in the handwriting of the Rev. Wm. Layton, fifty years rector of St. Matthew's, Ipswich :

"Hardy, Sam. Eman. A.B., 1741; rector of Blakenham Parva 1764; many years lecturer and master of the Free School at Enfield. He died at Tottenham, Dec. 14, 1793, aged 73."

On the title of his book on the Eucharist, he is believe he was resident in this town many years, said to be curate of St. Clement's, Ipswich. I consequently he comes into my collection of Ipswich authors. I find I have the following :—

"An Answer to Mr. Chubb's Enquiry concerning Redemption: the Substance of Nine Sermons at Layham, Suffolk. 8vo. Ipswich, 1744."

"Nov. Testamentum Græcum: cum scholiis Theol. et Phil. 2 vols. 8vo., 1768."

"A Translation of Scherffer's Treatise on the Emendation of Dioptrical Telescopes; with Explanatory Notes. 8vo., 1768."

"The Principle Prophecies: compared and explained. 8vo., 1770.'

"Nov. Test. Græcum, editio secunda, 2 vols., 8vo., 1778." JAMES READ.

Ipswich, 31, Cornhill.

MORTIMER OF WIGMORE (5th S. i. 188, 234, 358, 476, 498; ii. 37.)-The chief object of MR. STONE'S inquiry seems to be whence such a singular title as Mortimer De Mortuo Mari could have been derived; an interesting question, and one which none of your correspondents has attempted to answer. MR. EYTON says that Ralph de Mortemer, to whom William I. gave Cleobury and Wigmore, came from castle Mortemer, in Normandy. How so named, I did not attempt to explain, except that I pointed out that there was at this time a connecting link between the ducal family of Normandy, of which Ralph de Mortimer was a scion, and the East. Duke Robert, father of William, went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and died at Nicæa, in Bithynia; some of the junior members of the family may have accompanied him. The great Earl Roger de Montgomery, another member of the family, was so called from his castle of Montgomeri, in Normandy, the ruins of which are, I believe, still standing. The name of this castle, the Mount of Gomer, written in Latin De Monte Gomerico, may also have resulted from this pilgrimage. Asia Minor, where Duke Robert died, is said to have been peopled by the descendants of Gomer, the son of Japheth. Gaul took its name from Gallicia, one of the provinces. The connexion here suggested may be fanciful and far-fetched; and I should much rejoice if a more satisfactory one could be supplemented. I have thought much about it, and, a short time before I saw MR. STONE'S query, I wrote to "N. & Q.," asking if it were known how Mauley or Mawley came to be written in Latin De Malo Lacu. This, I thought, must have some relation to De Mortuo Mari. MR. EYTON says that the Saxon name of Mawley, near Cleobury, was Melela, and that it was granted with other manors to the Mortimers at the Conquest. Dr. Ainsworth, who was a bit of an antiquary, gives the Latin synonyms of these three surnames, with others, at the end of his Latin Dictionary; and I have no doubt they are all to be found in Latin chronicles, though I have only

Saxons called this city Cant-wara-byrg, i. e., the Kentish men's city. The Latins afterwards modelled it to Cantuaria, and the English to its present name of Canterbury, by which it has been in general called, from about the time of the Norman Conquest."

Of the others, two are quite clear, namely, "Sciraburnensis civitatis," and "selesego ecclesiæ episcopus," meaning respectively, as your correspondent supposes, the bishops of Sherborne and Selsea.

In Dugdale (Monasticon, vol. i. p. 137, fol. 1682) we have an account of certain episcopal sees founded in the kingdom of Mercia-five in number-among which occur the names Leogora and Syddena, which seem in some degree to answer to legorensis and syddensis, but to what towns these refer I am quite unable to say. On "dammuca civitatis episcopus," unless it be Domnoe-Dunwich, I can throw no light at all. Other readers better informed may do better for your querist. The document I quote from is headed,"De pontificali sede, quomodo primitus statuta sit Wigorna; et de possessionibus quæ a regibus, subregulis, et à bonæ recordationis viris data sunt Wigornensi ecclesiæ." EDMUND TEW, M.A.

GODWIT (5th S. i. 129, 212.)-After having been so buffeted by MR. TEW and others for my explanation of Milton's "Grim feature," I very humbly venture to suggest that as the Knot, the shore-companion of the Godwit, is undoubtedly named after Canute, so the Godwit carries on the fame of the famous Earl Godwin, of the Goodwin Sands. Morris (Brit. Birds) gives "Godwyn" as a synonym of Godwit. PELAGIUS.

ELIZABETH CANNING (5th S. ii. 27, 75.)—A good summary of the chief points of the evidence on both sides is given in the Gentleman's Magazine,


It is singular that Mr. Paget, who has evidently read the account in the State Trials most carefully, should have overlooked the note at the end of the volume, in which the date of Canning's death is given. Mr. Paget says (Judicial Puzzles, p. 336), "the last notice we find of her is contained in the Annual Register for 1761"; whereas, in the State Trials, he might have seen a reference to the Gentleman's Magazine for August, 1773 (vol. xliii. PP. 412, 413), which mentions Canning's death as occurring at "Weathersfield, in Connecticut, North America," on the 22nd of July in that year.

met with Demortuomari. WILLIAM PURTON. By-the-way, the extract from the Annual Register, quoted by Mr. Paget, represents that ANCIENT ENGLISH EPISCOPAL SEES (5th S. ii."Elizabeth Canning is arrived in England, and 47.)-According to Hasted (History of Kent) we may conclude that the Archbishops of Canterbury ceased to describe their sees as "dorobernensis civitatis" about the time of the Norman Conquest, for he tells us that,—

"Bede, and others, call it (Canterbury) Dorovernia, and Dorobernia, which is said to be its old name. The

received a legacy of 500l. left her three years ago by an old lady of Newington Green"; whereas the Gentleman's Magazine says, "In August, 1754, she was sent by her friends to New England, where she has resided ever since."





Letters addressed to Thomas Hearne, M.A., of Edmund Hall. Edited by Frederic Ouvry, M.A. (London, Privately Printed.) THE late Rev. Joseph Stevenson having made copies of certain letters among the Rawlinson MSS. which are preserved in the Bodleian Library, presented those transcripts to Mr. Ouvry. This gentleman, whose literary and antiquarian tastes are well known to all who enjoy his friendship or have the honour of his acquaintance, believing that these letters are of considerable interest, has, in liberal spirit, printed them, and given copies to his friends.

The collection consists of fifty-five letters, extending in date from January, 1705, to November, 1730. Among the writers are the names of Bishop Wilson, Henry Dodwell, Hilkiah Bedford, Dr. Richard Mead, John Anstis, and George Hearne. The last was the father of Thomas. His letters are by far the quaintest in the book. The old parish clerk had a hard time of it. His only pride was in the scholarship and the comparative success in life of his son, from whom the sire occasionally asked for the gift of a pair or two of stockings, a shirt, and some comfort against winter.

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Thorough Jacobite, sincere and savage Tory as Hearne was, he was on very good terms with numerous Whig friends, some of whom appear also to have been on equally good terms with all who would help them to make life not merely tolerable, but 'jolly." Among the illustrations of the manners and morals of the day, there is a striking one in a letter of old George Hearne's, in which he says:-" At Kerscomb, Squire Aldworth having invited some Gentlemen to dinner on Sunday the 6th of March, which, I think, they said was his Birthday, there was, among the rest, Owen Buckingham, Esq., of Reading; it so happened that in the evening Mr. Aldworth and he had som words, and went out from the house som distance and, they say, drew, and Mr. Aldworth's hard fate was to kill Mr. Buckingham on the spot." Hospitable dinners and angry disputants often came to this conclusion. It only remains for us to congratulate those who possess copies of this book through the generosity of the editor.

Macmillan's Magazine. No. 178, August. (Macmillan & Co.) THIS is a capital number. The leading article on "Victor Hugo's Dramas" (by Camille Barrère) will please dramatic readers generally, and the ghost of Madame de Sévigné in particular; for M. Barrère speaks disparagingly of Racine, for which we too are profoundly thankful. For example:-"The tragedies of Racine are absolutely dull; and the few spectators 'Britannicus can muster now-a-days are those who suppose that Racine is admirable, and must, in consequence, be yawned

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"C'est une lettre,

Qu'entre vos mains, Monsieur, l'on m'a dit de remettre."

M. Barrère, in the course of the above article, mistakes Edmund Kean, "the great English actor," for his son Charles.

DR. KARL ELZE has published, at Dessau (London, Williams & Norgate), a pretty and, we might add, a perfect edition of Rowley's chronicle-history play, When You See Me, You Know Me. Dr. Elze supplies an Introduction and Notes; and he states of Rowley's play, with its boisterous Henry VIII., that it "in all probability served Shakespeare as an inducement to dramatize the life of Henry VIII." The whole volume reflects the greatest credit on Dr. Elze as a dramatic scholar, chronicler, and critic.

WE have only space to make further record here of Mr. Cornelius Brown's Notes upon Notts (Nottingham, Formen), which is a most amusing volume, and one to be used for reference as well as amusement. To books on London, Messrs. Bemrose have added a very graceful one, illustrating the history of St. Bartholomew's Priory Church, with pictorial illustrations by G. L. Evans: and last, but not least, Messrs. King & Co. have published of Tennyson. the second volume of their handy and handsome edition

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The Times, as we know, was established in the machinery became a study, and improvement at From the first the question of year 1788. repeated intervals has been the result. The machinery employed fifty years ago, 1824, could not give out more than twelve to fifteen hundred copies per hour. The Applegarth, or mangle machine, introduced, we believe, about the year 1830, was a great improvement upon its predecessors, and gave a decided stimulus to the sale. With the present machinery (the "Walter") the speed is at the rate of twelve thousand per hour. It was, however, the fiscal restriction imposed upon the press that retarded its progress. We have looked carefully over a copy of the Times for the 1st of January, 1824, a small sheet of four pages only, and have arrived at the conclusion that for that one day's issue its proprietors paid no less

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