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will be then named " East" in reference to its situation with respect to Jerusalem) and this is the east side. And the South side southward, from Tamar even to the waters of strife in Kadesh, the river Nile to the great sea, the Mediterranean, and this is the south side southward. The West side also shall be the great sea, the Mediterranean, from the south border till a man come over against Hamath; this is the west side. So shall ye divide this land unto you, according to the tribes of Israel.” Ezek. xlvii. 13-21. This is an extent of territory vastly beyond what Israel has ever yet enjoyed. Their land, as formerly possessed, is even given as one of the marks by which the new boundary on one side is to be ascertained : “ From the land of Israel by Jordan," ver. 18.
NEW DIVISION OF THE HOLY LAND.
The enlargement of Israel's inheritance will necessarily occasion a new division of the land. Accordingly, the divine allotments to the various tribes, after their restoration, are distinctly recorded in the interesting and important prophecy, concerning the Latter Day, with which the book of Ezekiel concludes. It is a regular division, altogether different from that made in the days of Joshua, the lots of the tribes being proportioned to the extent of the enlarged inheritance. It embraces the whole land, as marked out in the 47th chapter, already cited at the end of the preceding Section-having the same boundary marks assigned on the North and on the South. It begins “from the North end to the coast of the way of Hethlon, as one goeth to Hamath, Hazarenan, the border of Damascus northward, to the coast of Hamath, (for these are his sides east and west, a portion for Dan.” “ And by the border of Gad, at the South side southward, the border shall be even from Tamar unto the waters of strife in Kadesh, and to the river toward the great sea.” Ezek. xlviii. 1, 28. Dis
tinct specification is made of the relative situations of the whole, all running parallel to each other from east to west. In this, the New Division differs entirely from that made by Joshua ; and we know of nothing better calculated to convince the inquirer of its reference to future times, than a careful examination of the prophecy, and the perfect contrast which its division presents to any which has ever yet obtained. The utmost regularity is here prescribed, each lot lying alongside of the others; while the most casual inspection of any map of Palestine will show that the Division by Joshua was regulated by no principle of regularity or order. That division was made evidently with a respect to what territory had already been acquired, and which could therefore be made available for possession by the different tribes. It was exceedingly irregular, and the manner in which the allotments were made gives pretty striking indications of the division not having been designed to be permanent. The lot of the tribe of Manasseh is divided into two, the parts of which do not lie contiguous; the extensive country to the east of Jordani was given to the two tribes and a half, at their own request, before any of the rest of the land was conquered ; (Numb. xxxii.) and after Joshua's lot was fixed, it was found to be too large for them, and Simeon's lot was taken out of it, (Josh. xix. 1, 9.) These circumstances sufficiently show, that however necessary it was to have some division at the time, that the one made was only temporary. But when Israel shall be restored and converted, and receive the whole of the land promised to their fathers, a New Division will be made more in accordance with their happier circumstances, and to remain as the fixed boundaries of their several tribes, as fully and minutely predicted by Ezekiel. (xlviii.) The distinction of tribes having long been lost, it can now be regained only by miraculous information : but it will ndoubtless be supplied, otherwise the specification contained in this chapter had never been given. But besides the portions allotted to the Twelve Tribes, nearly in the centre of these a large portion, called the Holy Oblation, is also reserved as an offering unto the Lord :
* Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for an inheritance, ye shall offer an Oblation unto the Lord, an Holy Portion of the Land ; the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, (the reed being six cubits long, Ezek. xl. 5, or nearly eleven feet English,] and the breadth shall be ten thousand. This shall be holy in all the borders thereof round about. Of this there shall be for the Sanctuary five hundred in length, with five hundred in breadth, square round about ; and fifty cubits round about for the suburbs thereof. And of this measure shalt thou measure the length of five and twenty thousand, and the breadth of ten thousand : and in it shall be the Sanctuary, and THE MOST HOLY PLACE.” Ezek. xlv. 1–3. This is farther described, and its relative situation determined, in another chapter : “ And by the border of Judah, from the east side unto the west side, shall be the offering which ye shall offer of five and twenty thousand reeds in breadth, and in length as one of the other parts, from the east side unto the west side, and the Sanctuary shall be in the midst of it." Ezek. xlviii. 8. Concerning this it is said, * The Holy Portion of the land shall be for the priests, the ministers of the Sanctuary, which shall come near to minister unto the Lord; and it shall be a place for their houses, and an holy place for the Sanctuary.” Ezek. xlv. 4. Another portion of equal size with that described above, is reserved for the Levites, who formerly had no inheritance: “ And, over against the border of the priests, the Levites shall have five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in breadth; all the length shall be five and twenty thousand, and the breadth ten thousand. And they shall not sell of it, neither exchange nor alienate the first fruits of the land : for it is holy unto the Lord.” Ezek. xlviii. 13, 14. This is also confirmed in the 45th chapter: " And the five and twenty thousand of length, and the ten thousand of breadth, shall also the Levites, the ministers of the House, have for themselves, for a possession for twenty chambers.” Ezek. xlv. 5. It is worthy of remark that this portion called the Holy Oblation, which, as we shall afterwards show, is to contain the New Jerusalem, the residence of the Redeemer.
and glorified saints, is situated between the lots of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, which formed the Kingdom of Judah. Christ himself belonged to the tribe of Judah, of the seed of David; and the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, having respect to the promise of God that he would give to the Seed of David his father's throne, remained faithful in their allegiance, when the kingdom of Israel revolted. This passage gives a more peculiar significance to the inscription over the cross of Him who said, "I am King of the Jews." The Division of the land into its various portions is in the following order, beginning at the north border, and descending southward: The portions of Dan, of Asher, of Naphtali, of Manasseh, of Ephraim, of Reuben, and of Judah (xlviii
. 147); next of the Holy Portion or “Holy Oblation four square," offered unto the Lord (xlviii. 8–22); then follow the portions of the remaining tribes, of Benjamin, of Simeon, of Issachar, of Zebulun, and of Gad.” (xlviii. 23—28.) And “this is the land which ye shall divide by lot unto the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions, saith the Lord God.” ver. 20. But in this Division is to be noticed another and most remarkable circumstance. Besides the ancient city of Jerusalem which is to be rebuilt, and in which the Sanctuary of the Lord is to be re-erected, particular mention is here made of another City of nearly ten miles square, separated by the portion of the Levites, twenty miles in breadth, from that in which the Sanctuary is placed :
" And the five thousand that are left in the breadth, over against the five and twenty thousand, shall be a profane place for The City, for dwelling and for suburbs, and the City shall be in the midst thereof," ver. 15. The measurements of this city with its suburbs follow; and it is added, " And the residue in length, over against the Oblation of the Holy Portion, shall be ten thousand eastward and ten thousand westward, and it shall be over against the Oblation of the Holy Portion; and the increase thereof shall be for food unto them that serve The City. And they that serve The City shall serve it out of all the tribes of Israel.” Ezek. xlviii. 15—19. These three compartments, into which
the Holy Oblation is divided, consisting of two of ten thousand reeds each, in breadth, and one of five thousand, all being of equal length, render it in whole a square of fifty miles : “All the Oblation shall be five and twenty thousand by five and twenty thousand; ye shall offer the Holy Oblation four square with the possession of The City.” Ezek. xlviii. 20..
This remarkable allotment offered to the Lord, it is to be observed, is situated nearly in the centre of the different portions of all the tribes of Israel, “ between the border of Judah and the border of Benjamin,” and it is said, “ shall be for The Prince.” After describing the boundaries of the remaining five tribes of Israel, (the relative situation of which is also different from what they were formerly,) and again adverting to the measurements of this remarkable City, with the number and names of its gates, the prophecy closes by declaring of it, that " The name of The City from that day shall be, The LORD IS THERE.
ISRAEL THE MOST HIGHLY HONOURED NATION.
Degraded as Israel now is and has long been, when restored they shall be highly esteemed among the natinos, and perpetually enjoy the peculiar favor of God. The promises of this are numerous. And in quoting a few, it will not be necessary, on this head, to prove their reference to future times, this being universally admitted. But, being very generally claimed, like the promises of previous Sections, as the property of the entire Christian Church, we must still endeavour to ascertain their rightful owner.
One of these delightful predictions is given by the prophet Isaiah: “For Zion's sake will I not hold my
* To sume other particulars concerning this City we shall have occasion to advert in the 23d Section, on the New Jerusalem.