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one of those who would sacrifice the truth to a false principle of expediency? No, no. Willing as he was, for the good of others, to yield up his own convenience, his comfort, his liberty, his life itself, he deprecated as unlawful the principle of doing “evil that good may come,” and charged with “ slander" those who imputed it unto him. (Rom. iii. 8.) Had the apostle's only reason for following the law of Moses been a desire to yield to the prejudices of the Jews, on what principle are we to understand his refusal to bring Gentile converts under a similar obligation? No less strenuously was this insisted for, by Jewish converts, than their being allowed themselves to adhere unto the law. But Paul and all the other apostles peremptorily rejected this demand. (Acts xv. 24.) So also while Paul, in compliance with the desire of the Jews, "took and circumcised" Timothy, 46 the son of a certain woman which was a Jewess, and believed ;" when it was demanded that Titus should submit to the same rite, to those who required this, the Apostle“ gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour," Titus “being a Greek.” Acts xvi. 1. Gal. ii. 3—5. The apostle must therefore have been influenced by another principle besides that of pleasing the Jews—a principle which led him to distinguish between the Jew and the Greek, exempting the one from an ordinance he imposed on the other. And where then is the evidence of the entire and authoritative abolition of sacrifice, and its incompatibility with the Gospel of Christ? And if believing Jews, under the gospel, thus adhered to the law of Moses so long as the Temple stood, on what ground
reject the testimony of God” by His prophets, of the future re-erection of the Temple and the re-institution of its ordinances ?
In the 51st Psalm we have a prediction, not only of a time when sacrifice would not be demanded, but also of the time of its re-institution. While Jerusalem is trodden down of the Gentiles, and the Temple is laid low, Jewish believers are deprived of all opportunity of thus adhering to the law; but when they shall be restored to their own land, and the Temple is re-erected, it shall be otherwise. Israel in their captivity say, "O
Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall show forth thy praise. For thou [at present] desirest not sacrifice, else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt-offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness ; with burntoffering, and whole burnt offering : then shall they offer BULLOCKS upon thine aliar.” Ps. li. 15—19.
The last circumstance we here notice concerning this future Temple is, that in it a New River is to have its source: “ Afterwards he brought me again unto the door of the House," says the prophet, - and behold waters issued out from under the threshold of the House, Eastward, (for the fore front of the House [its proper front] stood toward the east,) and the waters came down from under, from the right side of the House, at the south side of the altar. Then brought he me out of the way
of the gate northward, and led me about the way without unto the outer gate by the way that looketh eastward; and behold there ran out waters on the right side. And when the man that had the line in his hand went forth eastward, he measured a thousand cubits, [fully one-third of a mile,] and he brought me through the waters; the waters were to the ancles. Again he measured a [second] thousand, and brought me through the waters; the waters were to the knees. Again he measured a [third] thousand, and brought me through; the waters were to the loins. Afterwards he measured a [fourth] thousand ; and it was a river that I could not pass over; for the waters were risen, waters to swim in, a river that could not be passed over. And he said unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen this? Then he brought me and caused me to return to the brink of the river. Now when I had returned, behold at the bank of the river were very many trees, on the one side and on the other. Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, [of Tekoah, apparently,] and go into the Sea ; [the Dead
Sea, the northern extremity of which lies nearly due east from Jerusalem,] which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed. And it shall come to pass that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the river shall come, shall live; and there shall be a very great number of fish, because these waters shall come thither; for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live whither the river cometh. And it shall come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it, from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a place to spread forth nets : their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the Great Sea, exceeding many."* Ezek. xlvii. 1-10.
In citing Zech. xiv. we have already adverted to the earthquake by which the Mount of Olives is to be rent at the coming of the Lord. We are not aware that that prediction has ever been viewed in connection with this prophecy by Ezekiel ; yet they appear to reflect light on each other. For if a river is to flow from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea, a channel must needs be prepared; and as that Sea lies east from Jerusalem, the channel must needs be formed in that direction. Now the waters of the New River are to “issue out toward the East country, and go down into the Desert, and go into the sea ;"_but the Mount of Olives “is before Jerusalem, on the East,” and it might therefore naturally have been expected that through it a channel should
* The value of this prediction of the future productiveness of the Dead Sea will be best appreciated by those acquainted with the perfect contrast which its present state exhibits. Hitherto,” says the well-informed Editor of the Modern Traveller,' after a careful examination of the most recent and authentic testimony on the subject;
- hitherto, we are without any satisfactory evidence that the Lake contains any living creatures,” even the lowest species of shell.fish not excepted. Palestine, p. 219. For thousands of years the Jordan has rolled its flood of fertile freshness into the bosom of this Asphaltite Lake, daily conveying thither millions of tons, and still it remains unhealed as ever. The extreme and bitter saltness of its waters continues a lasting token of Divine indignation against sin, and exhibits a striking memorial of Heaven's out-poured wrath, which overwhelmed the guilty cities of the plain. But when the predicted stream shall mingle with the waters of the Lake, those waters shall be « healed," and yield variety of fish,"exceeding many."
have been made, even if there had been no intimation to that effect. But not only are we informed that this mountain " shall cleave in the midst thereof," but that the rent made shall be in the very direction requisite for the course of the River above referred to. It shall “ cleave in the midst thereof, toward the East and toward the West." By this, “a very great valley” shall be formed, a valley which“shall reach unto Azal;" for “ half of the mountain shall remove toward the North, and half of it toward the South.” Zech. xiv. 1–5. Were any thing farther requisite to confirm the correspondence noticed, it may be found in the fact that this very prediction of Zechariah is immediately followed by a similar declaration, containing the additional fact of these waters being divided, and forming two distinct rivers running in opposite directions, the second flowing into the Western Sea, or Mediterranean : “And it shali be in that day, that living waters, (waters always springing and running,] shall go out from Jerusalem, half of them toward the former sea, [the eastern or Dead Sea] and half of them toward the hinder sea [the western or Mediterrannean sea]: in summer and in winter shall it be.” Zech. xiv. 8. Of that which flows into the East or Dead Sea, it is here said " the fishers shall stand upon it, from Engedi even unto Eneglaim. Ezek. xlviii. 9. The laiter place is not elsewhere mentioned in Scripture; but Engedi is a well-known port on the west side of the Dead Sca, in lat. 31 deg. 25 min. north; lon. 35 deg. 40 min. cast. (Josh. xv. 62.) This Eastern river, then, having its source in Jerusalem, appears to flow through the desert of Tekoah, (lying directly in the river's course,) till it disembogues itself into the Dead Sea, at Engedi.*
* The Rev. Mr. Mason, in his Gentiles' Fulness, almost seems to admit-as it will be difficult for any one after carefully reading the 41st and following chapters of Ezekiel to deny-that the Jewish Tem. ple shall yet be re-erected, as he refers, (page 134,) to “the duties and provision of their priests,” so minutely described by the prophet. But he afterwards censures severely a writer for expressly declaring this, and for maintaining the waters to be real which are thus represented as having their source in the Sanctuary. But if the Sanctuary itself be real, (and every thing in the description forbids any other
THE NATIONS COMING TO WORSHIP IN JERUSALEM.
The Redeemer having, with wonderful condescension, deigned to dwell with men, and his temple being rebuilt in Jerusalem, the nations are represented as coming to worship before him. A prediction to this effect is given in precisely the same terms by the prophets Isaiah (ii. 2, 3,) and Micah: “ But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the House of the Lord shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow into it; and many nations shall come and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, and to the House of the God of Jacob; and He will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths; for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. Micah iv. 1, 2. In this prediction " the House of the God of Jacob” and “ the mountain of the House of the Lord” are both considered by many as the church ; and the “nations” and “people” coming thither, as those becoming members of it. Were we even to look no further than to the words quoted, this would appear an unnatural interpretation of the passage, and when viewed together with its context it at once appears inadmissible. The quotation we have made is evidently a contrast to something previously declared : “ But in the last days it shall come to pass,” &c. There are here two marks of contrast ; " but," in contradistinction to
interpretation,) how else are we to explain the waters which the prophet saw issuing from under its threshold-forming a stream, to observe the course of which he was brought without the outer gatewhich gradually enlarged in its progress, from ancle depth till it became an impassable river--the waters of which abounded with fish of various kinds, and whose banks were covered with fruit-bearing trees—which flowed down through the desert till it emptied itself into the sea, -and on a certain portion only of which, fishermen were employed in spreading forth their nets? The rise of this river is also predicted by the prophet Joel : “ And a fountain shall come forth of the House of the Lord, and shall water the valley of Shittim.” Joel iii. 18.