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here a dissyllable, ae-rei.-612. Cinctu Gabino; with the Gabinian cinc ture; a peculiar mode of adjusting the toga. See Dict. of Antiq.——613. Stridentia limina; in apposition with has (portas.)—624. Arduus agrees with the gender of the individuals included in pars, but the singular for the plural is anomalous. See Gr. § 205, R. 3, (2).— –629. Adeo; even; in addition to what is already declared, what is still more, five cities armed.Atina; a Volscian town on the border of Latium.- -Tibur; now Tivoli; situated on a lofty eminence at the eastern side of the Campagna. One of the most flourishing cities of that region, and hence superbum.– -631. Crustumeri; the more common names of this town were Crustumerium, Crustumeria, and Crustuminum. It no longer existed in the time of Virgil.

-Antemnae; a city once situated at the confluence of the Anio and Tiber; it had also perished long before the time of Virgil. The verse is spondaic, and the final syllable of turrigerae is retained.- -634. Spondaic.

-635. Hue; to this employment.————639. Trilicem. See on iii. 467.

641-817. After another invocation to the muses, the poet enumerates the Italian forces which assembled to the war, describing their chiefs, and the several localities and towns from which they were gathered.

· 641. Helicona; Helicon; a mountain in Boeotia, one of the favorite haunts of the muses.- −652. Agyllina; from Agylla, the ancient name of Caere, a town of Etruria, near the modern Cervetri, (Caere vetus.)——Nequidquam; both father and son perished in the war. See x. 820 sqq.657. Clipeo; and on his shield he bears his father's symbol, the hundred snakes, &c.- -660. Furtivum; adverbially, instead of furtivo agreeing with partu.662. Geryone; a giant monster of Gades (Cadiz) in Spain, the keeper of beautiful cattle. He was slain by Hercules, who conveyed his cattle across the Alps to the valley of the Tiber.664. Gerunt; the followers of Aventinus are meant.- -665. Veru; a dart in the form of a spit. See Dict. of Antiq.— -666. Torquens; throwing around himself, or around his body. Comp. viii. 460.668. Indutus capiti; supply the acc. illud; having put this on his head.- -672. Gentem; for urbem, in apposition with moenia.- -671. Tibur was said to have been founded by three brothers from Argos, descendants of the soothsayer Amphiaraus. The town was said to have been named after Tiburtus, the oldest of the brothers. 675. Homole and Othrys were towns in Thessaly, inhabited by the Centaurs.-678-690. Caeculus. Cato in the Origines says that some virgins, going for water, found Caeculus in the fire, and therefore called him the son of Vulcan; and also Caeculus, on account of his small eyes.- -682. Praeneste, now Palestrina, situated on a lofty hill at the entrance of the Campagna on the south-west. The wood-cut gives a view of it taken from the opposite town of Colonna, the ancient Labicum.— 681. Late; from far around.-682. Quique; both the men who, &c. All the other places here mentioned are in the vicinity of Praeneste.- -685. Amagene. The head-waters of the Amasenus were in the Volscian highlands,

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not far from Praeneste.-691. Messapus, a Tyrrhenian chief. His followers are from Fescennium and other places on the right bank of the Tiber. -695, 696. Hi-hi; two different divisions of his troops.-Faliscos; the people of the town of Falerii.- -696. Habent seems to be employed here in two significations; these have (these troops contain) Fescennine bat

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-721. Hermi; the

talions, &c.; these inhabit the heights, &c.698. Aequati numero ; in equal ranks; arranged so as to be equal in number, rank after rank, in the column of march. Others understand, moving with regular step to musical numbers; equally guided by "the time" or rhythm; and this certainly is in keeping with the context.701. Amnis; the river Cayster is meant. -703. Nec quisquam, etc.; nor would any one suppose that brazen armed battalions were being gathered in (ex) such an immense host, &c. It seems more like a countless multitude of sea birds.-707. Clausus. The poet fancies the Claudian family, gens Claudia, so celebrated in Roman history, to be descended from the hero Clausus.- –710. Prisci Quirites; the early inhabitants of Cures, an ancient Sabine town, which gave its name in the historic period to the Quirites, or Roman citizens.—716. Hortinae classes; the soldiery of Horta. Only persons of the military age were enrolled in the classes at Rome. Hence classes here is equivalent to milites.717. The Allia is an ill-starred name on account of the great defeat sustained by the Romans there in the battle with Bronnus, B. C. 390.- -720. Vel; or as many as. -Sole novo; in the beginning of summer.Hermus, a river in Lydia.- -724. Halaesus; formerly under Agamemnon at Troy; hence Agamemnonius.- -725. Felicia Baccho; fruitful in the vine. -726. Massica; the Massic fields, on the southern border of Latium. The other places mentioned in this passage are in the same region, the country of the Aurunci and Oscans.- –728. Aequora; plains.—730. Aclydes. The Aclys was a javelin which was hurled and then pulled back again by means of a thong attached to the shaft.- 732. Comminus; for the close encounter. -734. Oebale; Oebalus was the son of Telon by the nymph Sebethis, daughter of the river god Sebethus in Campania. Telon had emigrated with his Teleboae from the island of Taphos near Acarnania to the island of Capreae opposite Naples. Oebalus, dissatisfied with his small dominion, secured additional possessions on the main-land in Campania.738. Sarnus; a river flowing by Pompeii into the bay of Naples.—741. Cateias; missile weapons afterwards used by the Teutons.742. The cov erings of whose heads were (made of) the bark, &c.——————Quis ; dat. after erant. -744. Nersae; the chief city of the Aequi or gens Aequicula of Latium. -746. Cui gens, etc.; whose nation is the Aequiculan, most savage, &c. -747. Duris glebis; the soil being rugged.- -750. The Marsi are the followers of Umbro. They were a warlike people of the Apennines, called here Marruvia gens from their chief city, Marruvium.- -752. Missu; by the command. 761. Ibat bello; went to the war; bello for in bellum. The story of Virbius and Hippolytus is partly of Greek and partly of Italian origin. See Classical Dict.- -762. Mater Aricia; his native Aricia; not his mother, literally.- 763. Egeriae; either there were two groves of Egeria, or the one so called near Aricia is the true onc.- -764. Litora ; the shores of the Arician lake.- -Placabilis; because the altar of Diana here did not, as in Tauris, require human victims.-765. Novercae;

Phaedra. See the story of Hippolytus in the Classical Dict.-769. Paeoniis herbis; with the drugs of Apollo; pronounce Pai-o-nyis.-772. Rcpertorem; Aesculapius, son of Phoebus.--%. Virbius; this name was borne both by the restored Hippolytus, and by his son, the leader here described as coming to the war. -784. Vertitur; moves around.-786. Aetnaeos ignes; flames as fierce as those of Aetna.--787. Tam magis, etc.; so much the more it (was) raging, &c. Illa refers to Chimaera. With fremens and effera supply erat.- -790. Auro; for ex auro. For the fable of Io see Classical Dict. This device was appropriate to Turnus, as the descendant of Inachus.- -796. Picti scuta; painted as to their shields; for pictis scutis. The Labici were from Labicum, now Colonna, south of Rome. -802. Ufens; a river which flows through the Pontine marshes and enters the sea near the ancient Anxur, or Terracina.-803. Camilla; this heroine, leader of the Volsci, is more particularly described in xi. 532-596.

-806. Manus; the Greek accusative.-80%. Pati and praevertere depend on assueta, though in the foregoing clause it is followed by the datives colo and colathis.- -808. Intactae segetis; she would fly over the summit of the blades of standing corn not seeming to touch them.-809. Laesisset; for laesura esset.814. Ut ; interrogative.-81%. Myrtum; shepherds made the shafts of spears of myrtle wood.

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Alliance of Aeneas and Evander. The shield of Ae neas, made by Vulcan.

1-101. An envoy is sent by the Latins to solicit the aid of Diomed, who has settled in Apulia and founded Argyripa. Aeneas is advised by the god of the Tiber, who appears to him in sleep, to seek assistance from Evander, an Arcadian prince, lately established at Pallanteum, afterwards the Palatine Hill, on the Tiber. On the point of departing on this mission, Aeneas sees the sow with her thirty young on the shore, the omen mentioned by Helenus. He ascends the Tiber, which has slackened his current to favor him, and at midday comes in sight of the Palatine, and the settlement of Evander.

1, 2. Signum extulit; Virgil, according to the Roman custom, represents Turnus as raising the red banner, the signal of war, from the battlements of Laurentum.- -3. Concussit, impulit; he roused, urged on; i. e. cum song

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