Page images

character you and I have nothing in common. I would merely observe where statements of the most sweeping and terrible nature are made that unfavourable and erroneous judgments,' if passed upon the affecting the personal character of a numerous body of Ministers of character of a particular ecclesiastic, would not be held to be charitable religion, whether in the present or in past generations, he should be preor justifiable in an English court of justice, as M. Loyson would find pared to assume the full responsibility of these charges to which he out if he had the courage to fix his misrepresentations upon some living i lends the sanction of his name. Ultramontane as you would call me, I representative of the clerical order. The assertions of Paolo Sarpi, to should blush either to make or to sanction such, call them charges, whom you refer me, have no weight whatever with Catholics ; very insinuations, what you please, against the Clergy of the Church of much the reverse. Nevertheless, I fully admit that at the period in England, whether in the present or in past generations. Their views I question great scandals did prevail among a portion of the German believe to be erroneous: the men themselves I do not consider to be proClergy. Any Church must have been corrupt which produced such men fligates and hypocrites. I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient as Luther and his fellow-workers, but the question is not whether a servant,

OWEN LEWIS." particular portion of the Church was at a particular time and under particular circumstances corrupt or not, but whether the great majority of HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS are unfoignedly the remedies upon which the Clergy in all ages and in every country bave been, while preaching

all may rely who are suffering from diseases of the skin, scrofula, ecurvy, ulcera

tions, and had legs. When the warmth of the weather unduly determines blood purity and morality, living in vice and hypocrisy of the most odious descrip

to the skin, all these complaints assume a worse appearance, and the system tion, or not? This is the question at issue, and the only difference between becomes more harassed unless Holloway's Ointment be applied to check increasing the Guardian's report of M. Loyson's speech and your recollection of it is inflammation and to soothe the excited nerves. No knowledge keyo d that con

tained in the Directions for Use" is required for using this cooling unguent, that while the former makes him impugn the character of one single

whiclı always acts beneficially. Thousands afflicted with "bad legs," who were generation of Priests the latter takes io, in one widespread and relentless slowly sinking under their sufferings, have been rescued from their perilovs posicondemuation, the virtue and purity of countless generations. I cannot tion (after all curative means seemed powerless) by persevering with Holloway's accept as any justification the difficulty you mention of giving an

medicaments. account of the speech of another. If a public inan who has occupied such exalted positious in England, and whose words carry such weight N OTICE.-Tue Pilot may be had, on order, at any of Messrs. with millions of his countrymen, undertakes to preside at a meeting

IN SMITH aod SONS Bookstalls.





I the best CLARET for English Consumption, may now be had direct from the growere, at

Cushions, -Seat Mattings-Carpets-Hangings, &c. THOS. BROWN and SON, Church Farniture GUY PERE ET FILS' DEPOT, Manufacturers, 14, Albert-street, Manchester. Communion Cloths, Gowns, Cassocks, Surplices, &c. 46, LEICESTER SQUARE, LONDON

Wines tasted. Sample Bottles obtained.

THOMAS PRATT and SONS have now ready their usual large Stock of


CASSOCKS For Clergy, in Russell Cord, from 30s. ; Serge, 38s., 45s. and 50:.

CASSOCKS For Choirmen, 21s., 24s., 26., and 28s. TIRST-CLASS FRENCH WINES.

CASSOCKS For Chorister Boys, 14s., 16s., 18s.


SURPLICES For Clergy, in Linen, from 20s, to 45s.; Lawn, from 36s. to 63s.

SVRPLICES For Choirmen, from 10s. 6d. to 20s. NYHABLIS GUY, FOR GOUT.


SURPLICES For Boys, from 5:. 60. to 15s.





This shape of Surplice was entirely the invention of Messrs. PRATT, and their use has now

become universal. Although imitated and advertised by nearly all the clerical firins in England, BURGUNDY GUY.

none fit equal to those supplied by the Original Inventors. SOLE DEPOT. In Black Leather Case, sent on receipt of Post Office Order for 21s., payable at Charing Cross.

Extra length, 258. Upwards of Five Thousand of these Surplices are now in u e. DURE ALTAR WINE.


Colonial Shipping Agents. Catalogues, Estimates, and Designs sent by Post.








Made in the best possible manner, and, by a simple mode of self-measurement, a perfect fit is SOLE DEPOT.


We are daily sending to all parts of the Kingdom COSTUMES made from MERINOS, REPS, DRY STILL VOUVRAY.


A perfect-fitting Costume is produced from 28s. 9d.

BLACK SILKS, warranted to wear, 24 inches wide, 3s. 6d, and 4s. 6d, the yard. TOREIGN LIQUEURS.

COLOURED SILKS, 23 inches wide, 4s. 6d. the yard.

MERINOS, all Colours, 43 inches wide, 2s, the yard. DRICE LISTS ON APPLICATION.

Black and Striped VELVETEENS, 2s. and 2s. 63. the yard.

Japanese SILKS, excellent quality, under 1s. the yard. DE YRIGOYTI.


Contains every Article requisite for Superior Mourning. LEICESTER SQUARE, W.C.

On receipt of letter or telegram, patterns will be sent free.


U "EARTH to EARTH" COFFINS upon the principle advocated in the Times, and dispensing with all procession. Explanatory Pamphlet with List of Charges, may be had gratis on application.


U in Sums from £10 to £500, to Gentlemen

Choicest Articles only. On Co-operative Principles.
Clergymen, Farmers and others, upon Note of Hand,
Furniture (without removal), Stock, Crops, Plant, &c

I STILTON — GRUYERE - PARMESAN - GORGONZOLA, and Every Other Kind of No Law costs, Life Assurance or publicity. Modo

English and Foreign Cheese in bigh perfection. rato terms, and repayable to suit borrowerg' convenience.-Apply (personally preferred), or by letter,

YORK HAMS, WILTSHIRE BACON, &c., &c. to Mr. T. FAIRHEAD, 117, Brixton-road, London, S.W,, near Kennington-gate.


[ocr errors]



A PROMPTUARY for PREACHERS. A By Rev. J. M. ASHLEY,- Vol. I. Advent to Ascension-Day : Vol. II. Ascension-Day to Advent. Each Vol. 123. (separated).

This Day is Published, Crown 8vo., pp. 100, Neat Wrapper, 1s. 6d.; Superior Edition, Cloth, 28. 6d.,



Author of "The Catholic Doctrine if the Christian Sacrifice and the First Principles of Ritual," &c.

London: JOHN 1. BATTY, 376, Strand, W.C

Price 4s.; postage 41. CATECHISM OF DEVOTION. By U Rev. W.J. E. BENNITT, Froome.

"A most frank and outspoken opinion on the matter of Ritual."-Literary Churchman. J. T. HAYES, Lyall-place, Eaton-square, and 17,

Henrietta.stre t, Covent-garden.

In Neat Wrapper, pp. 48, price 6d., by post 6}a.,

Che Catholic Doctrine of the Christian Sacrifice ;

Just ready, 8vo., cloth, price 58.,

in regard to the Eastern Church and the Bonn
Conference. A Letter to the Rev. H. P. Liddon, D.D.,
Ireland Professor of Exegesis, Canon of S. Paul's.

By the Rev. E. B. Posey, D.D., Regius Professor of
Hebrew and (anon of Christ Church.

Oxford and London: JAMES PARKER and Co.


Layman of the Church of England, Author of "The People's Mass Book."

London: JOAN H. BATTY, 376, Strand, w.C.

Just Published, with Four Illustrations, Price 1s. ;

by post, 18. 1d., UTORSES AND HARNESS. By IT EDWARD FORDHAU FLOWER, Author of "Bits ard Pcaring-Reins."

Also now Ready. Fifth Thousand, Illustrated,

Price ls.; by post, ls. Id.,


Second and Enlarged Edition. Fourth Thousand. Imperial 16mo..

Limp Clotb, Gilt Cross, with Red PEOPLE'S

Edgos, price 6d., by post 70. MASS


extra, bevelled, gilt Red Edges, and

Cross, price 1s., free by post, 18. 1d. Being the Order of the Administration of the Holy Eucharist according to the Use of the Church

of England, with the Complete Devotions, Literally Translat: d. of the Ancient Liturgy of
the Western Church; the Offices of Preparation and Thinksgiving before and after Mass,
and some Rubrics from the First Book of King Edward the Sixth.

Author of "The Communion of Saints ;" * Apostolic Lordship; " " The Catholic Doctrine of the

Christian Sacrifice, &c.

WILLIAM RIDGWAY. Piccadilly, London.

Just out, Second Edition, price 39.,

1 in Proso and Verse. By Joux CHARLES EARLE, B.A.

"A wonderful book .... Mr. Earle has done & definite service both to common-senso and to religion. . . . . Or the poetical portion of the book our pra'se might sound almost extravagant, we owe to ex ress our full opinion."-Warrington Guardian, February 19th, 1876.

* Its first serosal fixed and rivetred our attention; and we are much mistaken if it does not leave a permanent impress upon modern theological thought."

Pilot, March 15, 1876.
London: J. W. KOLCKMANN 2, Langham-place.

The PEOPLE'S Mass Book is intended to supply the , of the Church of God. These devotions are combined want, largely felt by the English Catholic laity, of a with the Eglish Liturgy in such a way as to present devotional Office, at once in perfect barmony with the both the one and the other complete and yet without Liturgy of our Prayer Book and with the Ancient confusion. The Manual is equally adapted for use at Missal of the West. It contains in a popular form, i plain and at Choral Celebrations; and contains Forms adapted to the simplest coaprehension, as well as of Prayer for those who communicate, as well as for to the requirements of the most advanced Church | those who merely assist at Mass. man, those formularies of Eucharistic Worship, The Rubrical directions, introduced from the First undoubtedly Apostolic in their main features, which Book of King Edward VI, may serve to show the have been used by the great Sainte, Martyrs, Con-| real mind of the English Church respecting those fessors and Doctors of Western Christendom during, ritual observances which Puritanism contuiret, in at least, the past fifteen centuries; and which, to the former days (as the Preface to our preseut Prayer present day, are employed in the celebration of the Book, with evident repreheusion, points out), to decry Chrstian Mysteries throughout by far the larger part and briog into contempt.


Now ready. Second Edition, Small quarto.
Deau ifully printed at the Chiswick Press. Price 28. 6.!.

L and ( UNION of the SICK Arranged as
Said, I.*

i fly for the Vse of tb. S ck Person
cu Those au desist in the Churaber. Set forth with
N a and Directivas in the bape of Promoting greater
Reverence and Understanding in the Celebration of
tiis Sacred Office,

"A most admirable publication has just been issued "The Order for the Communion of the Sick, with Notes and Directions. As a practical help to Clergy who desire to celebrate and minister the Holy Mysteries with r verence ani care, we know of nu volume likely to serve their purpose better. All the directions are full and lucid. wbile the author's own valuable dissertations are evidently the work of one who writes from experience, and who writes con amore."-Union Reviero. London: THOMAS PRATT and SONS, Tavistock



ers provided for los ul trei tu them:


* The People's Mass Book' (Batty) is.... note compilers and clerical users of so astounding a comworthy for the scandal which it has,exrited in the pilation as The People's Mass Book.'"-Weekly Protestant mind. It nito Litle Eoglish Service Register. auginented ith rubore fron. ia Liturgy of 1549, and There is much in this new Manual which is of prayers from the Sarum Missal. It also contains 1 pecini va us at the present tiine. Its chief featuro offices of Preparation and Thanksgiving it is very consists in giving as devotions fur the people either nicely got up, and it has reached a second edition. the actual words of the Secrets,' commonly used by - Church Times.

the Celebrant, ur prayers ciosely founded upon them. Already in its Fourth Thousand'.Our Persous using this bouk, therefore, will not be at a Reformers purified the Mass Book of Rome.

loss to know wbat the Priest is saying at the various und here comes a man who will acknowledge himself parts of the Service, but will be able to offer the same to be a Rituulist, who thinks it a good work to put all prayers that he is offering, instead of having long the idolatry hack again. Ant his reason is that he prayers provided for them which cannot possibly be finds it in the Ancient Litur, y of the Western said in the interral of time all trei tu them..... Ch 'rch' .Trayers rejected by our Refor The Rubrics i rom King Edward's First Prayer Book mers but now reinstated as part of the Communion in this little Maour are also an advantage at the preService or Muss-service, wh'ch is now circu ating by sent time, when many talk about that Book and few thousands among people who still prosess to belong know what it contained.''-English Church Union to the Church of England. ... When the young Gazette. Victoria ascended the throne of England were there . Will no doubt be found highly useful, as the form even so many as a score of chuches Open every is convenient and the type clear.'-llolu Teachings. Sunday morning for early Mass'y At the present A cheap little book. It contains the entire Euchamoment ere there not pearer a thousand?"--The ristic Omice, interpolated with Meditations for Private Kerord.

Use, Prayers for the Dea 1, Commemoration of the - Mr. Grant may be commended for h's skill in Living. &c. The Rubrics from the first Bok of King making & barmouious whole out of incongiuus Edward VI. in themselves show the real meaning materials. Perhaps its least attractive frature is the I of those ritual observances which have been so resuistitle. It may be sexy true, that by our Reformers the citated during the last few years."--South London highest act of worship was commouly called the Obserrer. Mass; 'and it is equiliy true, that it is a convenient "Yearly every doctrine which the great Reformers little term just adapted, by its brevity, to niudero turned aside as the out-worn rags of superstition is English usage, and thereiore not at al unlikely again here gathered up out of the dust, and careiul y piece I to come into con mon use.but its reintro and tagged together. . . . . Two or three years duction must be exceed ngly gradual."-John Bull.

ago it would scarcely have been attempted to publish It would be curious to conjecture how the Public | such a Mass Book as the present for the use of the Worship Act, il fully developed, would deal with the English laity."--Echo.

London: JOHN H. BATTY, 376, Strand, W.C.


Eighteenth Annual Report.

The Report and Accounts for the year 1875, presented to the Shareholders at the Annual Meeting, on Tuesday, 30th May. 1876, at which Bernard Hall, Esq. presided, showed in the

FIRE BRANCH, That the premiums for 1875, after deducting Reinsurances, amounted to £370,005, being an increase of £35,375 over the piemium income of 1874, and the losses to £221.111, being 59 76 per cent. on the premiums of the year.

IN THE LIFE DEPARTMENT, The new policies had been issued for £178,931, and that the Life Fund, by additions made to it as the result of the year's operations, now represents 65 2 per cent. of the entire net premiums received on every policy in force.


Now Ready, price 16. ; 4s. 60. per annum post free,


The surplus balance in the Fire account was shown to be £82,486 ut of which £40.000 was appropriated to Suspense Account, raising that account to £90,000, and making with the Reserve Fund £220,000. A Dividend and Bonus at the rate together of 15 per cent. was declared. 415,491 being carried forward.


See Article on " The Christian Apologist” in the "Saturday Review” for July 1st.

FUNDS. Capital Paid-up .......

..... £180,035 Life Assuran ve Accumulation Fund. 226,910 Annuity Fund......

7.520 Reserve Fund and Suspense Account 220,000 The Income of the Company is now £452,384.

The Company has paid, in satisfaction of Claims, £1,804,411.

J. MONCRIEFF WILSON, General Manager.
J. K. RUMFORD, Secretary in London.

WILLIAMS and NORGATE, 14, Heprietta-street, Covent-garden, W.C.

Printed and Published by JOHN H. BATTY, 876, Strand, W.C.


[blocks in formation]

THE announcement of Mr. Disraeli's elevation to the LL Tories should be grateful for what the Government Peerage as Earl of Beaconsfield, has been received on

has been enabled to effect during the Session this I all sides with a chorus of warm approval and congra

year. We are free to confess that Lord Sandon has tulation. Another feeling will be not less universal, and that done far better than could have been anticipated; and has is one of regret at the loss sustained by the House of Com- | honestly endeavoured to amend the obvious evils and injustice mons, where he made what must be regarded as his farewell of the Liberal measure of six years ago. He has stuck to speech on Friday night. Never was the honour of a peerage his point, manfully stated his convictions faithfully, and more richly earned; though, indeed, it may be doubted carried a measure in which considerable practical advantages whether any distinction of the kind can add lustre to the will soon be experienced by the upholders of denominational honoured name of one who, in the hearts of his grateful schools. countrymen, will always be affectionately remembered by his Of course the Secularists and Infidels see clearly enough more homely title. It is still too soon to expect men to what the issue laid down on one side, and accepted on the estimate, with accuracy or justice, the full merits of a Minister other, was. All that was sought for on the side of the whom we do not hesitate to call the greatest statesman England Church was a fair and equitable measure of justice for denomihas had since the days of Mr. Pitt. This is a task which national schools; and an opportunity for those who find out must be left to posterity, because, in spite of that remarkable that Board Schools are unpopular and not wanted, to close development of public opinion in recent years which has made them and abolish the Board which has turned out supereroga. Mr. Disraeli the most popular statesman in the country, we tory and useless. have a shrewd suspicion that even yet Mr. Disraeli's political Yet this moderate proposition founded on a principle at character is not really understood, except, perhaps, by a very once reasonable and just—was opposed with a violence, per. few. Probably the majority of men admire his ability as a sistency and virulence which too plainly shows that the Minister, his tactics as a party leader, his boldness as a states. Liberals are afraid of any fair-play being shown to their man, his oratorical power, his keen wit, and that patient opponents. Mr. Bright talked wildly, as was his wont before pluck in fighting an uphill game which ultimately landed him he became a Privy Councillor, and appealed to the worst in victory. But in reality these are the very least of Mr. passions of the mob in his parliamentary harangue. Mr. Disraeli's merits. In our eyes his most transcendant claims Mundella raved magnificently, and lost his temper: while to confidence lie in the fact that he is, and always has been, Mr. Fawcett became furious and Mr. Chamberlain prophesied. a man of the very highest political principle and consistency. Mr. Pell's modest proposal was the cause of all this Those who see in him merely a skilful manipulator of political pother. It was a clause at once simple and just. It procombinations, or a clever leader who has contrived to use the vided that where a School Board has neither a school, nor a Conservative party as an instrument for carrying Liberal site for a school of its own, nor even the control of a measures, can really know nothing of him. The fact is that school, the legal authorities of the locality where it has Mr. Disraeli is not, and never has been, a Conservative at all; been called into being, shall, with the approval of the nor has he ever professed to be an adherent of the empty and Department for Education, be authorized to put an end to it. barren negation called “ Conservatism." He has always con- Surely the reasonableness of this modest suggestion could sistently belonged to that historic Tory party of which Mr. Pitt not easily be disputed-otherwise people would be compelled was the most distinguished representative. Of recent years, to maintain a useless school, condemned as well by the Educa. indeed, men have come to look upon the word Tory as tion Department as by the local authorities, and to allow them. denoting one who opposes all progress, and seeks at all hazards selves to be rated for machinery that was not wanted and could to maintain the status quo, whatever it may happen to be. not be used. We rejoice, therefore, that under Lord Sandon's Such a notion with regard to the nature of Toryism is simply guidance, common sense and justice have gained the day. unhistorical. The Tory party was always a party of true What the Secularists desire is obvious. Even the Whig Mr. progress and reform on the old lines of the Constitution, but Knatchbull-Hugessen had the rashness to assert that the intennot of revolution, which latter embodies an idea which is tion of the originators of the Act of 1870 was only to tolerate, radically opposed to progress. The Tory policy was always but not to encourage in any way, Voluntary Schools; and to maintain the principles of the Constitution, whilst adapting then went on to express a hope that the "grand national them to present circumstances. Such a policy is a distinctly School-Board System " might steadily but surely supersede, positive one, and has nothing in commor, as regards principle, that which has hitherto been so profitable and advantageous. with a purely negative Conservatism ; although both may have The expression of such an opinion as this serves to show how found it necessary to combine in opposition to revolutionary squeezable the Whigs are. Distasteful though it seemed to Radicalism. Mr. Disraeli revived the old Tory idea, and has be to Lord Hartington to be compelled to move with the consistently maintained it. Take, by way of illustration, his Radical Tail, but as leader of a disjointed and disorganized Reform Bill, which was as thoroughly a Tory measure, framed party, he was obliged to do it. Whether these respectable on the old lines of the Constitution, as Lord John Russell's Whigs are responsible for the unprecedented and disgraceful Act of 1832 was the reverse. On this question of Reform tactics of the Secularists seems a little doubtful. But many Mr. Disraeli's opinions have always been consistently held and of the Whig party were quite ready for the game ; while the clearly taught, as a study of his writings and speeches will numerous divisions, useless, and only taken to waste time, easily prove. Mr. Disraeli's Toryism is the true key to his were neither creditable nor decent. But the intolerant whole political life-a life which has now entered upon a new aggressiveness of these people only put the Tories on their phase, and which, we trust, will be prolonged for many years mettle,-as was manifest by the frank and forcible speeches to come. Mr. Hardy would make a good, wise and efficient of Mr. A. W. Hall, the member for Oxford, Mr. Hubbard, . leader of the Tories in the Commons—for he is a practised Mr. Talbot and Mr. Beresford-Hope-and so the supporters debater, a man of principle, and very popular in the House. of Government produced a series of amendments directly in Should he fail, there are Sir Stafford Northcote, Lord John favour of religious education, some of the most important of Manners and Mr. Cross, from whom to make a selection. which were carried.

And here we would point out two facts which merit the deadly sins, which have been already pardoned in the Sacracareful attention of all our readers. Every Dissenter, to a , ment of penance, as to their eternal penalty) have always man, voted against the Government, and went into the lobby made it a condition of obtaining them that the penitent sinner in opposition to Lord Sandon's moderate propositions; while should pray to God for the cessation of beresy and schism. every Roman Catholic, including Lord Robert Montagu and What does this mean, but that the Christian penitent should the Irish members, gave their active support to the proposals pray for the future Union of Christendom? For if all of Government. The tactics of the Opposition-so unlike heresies and schisms were rooted out, which is what we are those by which they were met, when in office—were simply | taught to pray for, such a result could only be obtained by disgraceful; and have been so far directly mischievous that all our separated brethren being re-united to the Catholic much of the ordinary legislation of the Government has been Church. Now if we look into Ecclesiastical History, we never put aside in consequence.

fail to find that each separated body of Christians was origiOf course one reason why Churchmen have been beaten on nally a portion of the Catholic Church. At one time or previous occasions—under Whig, Gladstonian, and Liberal another they divided themselves from the Catholic Church ; misrule—is that they have never been sufficiently bold, con no one will deny this historical fact in regard to the Church fident, and true to their principles. They have always gone of England. Up to the time of King Henry VIII., this in for compromises. If the chattering orators of Dissent have | Church was in communion with the Apostolic See, that is, come forward to demand something which did not belong to with the Sea of Rome, and with all other Churches, the them—to ask, in the spirit of the celebrated and notorious | aggregate of which call themselves the Catholic Church. No Betsy Priggins, for something which was not their own—the one, again, will deny that in the days of St. Chrysostom and first step which our weak-kneed friends did was, to propose a St. Basil, the Eastern Church was also in communion with compromise. “Let us give and take,” cried some popularity- the Holy See, or that the Egyptian Church was in communion hunting parson or Congress orator. “Our dear Dissenting | with the same Apostolic centre of Catholic Unity in the days friends must have some concession," remarked some oily of St. Athanasius. The testimony of Church History is talkerat a diocesan conference—forgetting altogether that faith, unmistakeable and undeniable upon this fact; and so also position, endowments, and castles of defence are all trusts for of all other Churches both of East and West. It is equally the present and future generations, and cannot rightfully be undeniable that all Christians in primitive times acknowledged bartered away or parted with, without the perpetration of rank a Primacy in this Apostolic See of Rome, or that every injustice. ' Co-operation with those who wish for secular Church, as St. Irenæus expresses it, was bound to be in education is impossible. Dissenters, as we now see and know, agreement with that See, on account of its superior princiare ready to act with the Infidels on this question, in the pality or chieftainship. Now, as long as this form of Church obvious hope of weakening the Church's influence over the Government was preserved, it is clear that no local division young. They profess to like “Bible instruction” and “reading could become permanent, and the Unity of the Church the Scriptures without note or comment." But apparently Universal could not fail to be preserved, for every local Church they hate the Established Church more than they love Chris | being in agreement with the See Apostolic, it necessarily tian Education. And so they are our foes.

followed that they were in agreement with each other; for it is In the case of Roman Catholics, we can, and ought, to an axiom that things which are equal to the same, are equal co-operate with them. Let it not be forgotten, to their honour, | to one another. credit and self-denial, that not one of their schools has been But a time came when this form of Church Government handed over to a Board. They have maintained them by was abandoned, first by one Church and then by another, and their own exertions intact, and often improved. They are from that time Christendom, or the great body of the fighting a difficult battle, and fighting it bravely and well. Baptized, has been divided. Now, in return for co-operation from them, we ought surely to

It is no part of my argument to debate the question as to co-operate with them in the case of Irish grievances as

who was morally responsible for this division, whether it regards Education. In Ireland the Roman Catholics are still

originated in the theological assertions of individual men, as suffering from sore and heavy grievances. The National

in the case of Arius, Nestorius, and Eutyches, or in the System of 1831 is most unsatisfactory and unjust. In fact,

politico-religious disputes between the Eastern and Western we may say that it is scandalous; and our only wonder is that Ohurches, or later on between the English Kings and the the Catholic Hierarchy of that part of the kingdom have not Papal See. Different theories have been advanced upon this resolved on abolition. They have power, and can exercise it.

question according to the respective theological position of Were the Parliamentary screw so put on that justice was the writers who have treated them, but all agree in the fact, demanded in plain and loud tones—the same kind of justice

that the division had a beginning and that it still exists, and which has just been given to denominational Schools in Eng

if they be reasonable and religious Christian men, they cannot land-surely success might attend their schemes. A little fail to deplore it, because it mars Christianity as a whole, unselfishness on the part of Anglican parsons would do them

and hinders the spread of the Christian religion. Even the much good. Having themselves smarted under the scor Sectarian, who is the furthest separated from the Catholic pions of infidel tactics as regards Education, they ought to be Church, and who goes all lengths in regarding her as the very able to sympathize with their Irish fellow-sufferers. Co-opera

incarnation of Antichrist, if he be an earnest and believing tion, now, may save what each values. Selfishness practised

man, must-lament such a division, and if he be consistent, he now may shipwreck the aims and hopes of both. Each, then,

ought to wish for the conversion of all Catholics, Orthodox should look to the Tories for aid. Cardinal Cullen has never

Greeks and Anglicans, to his own form of Christianity, from given them anything but the favour of his Eminence's cordial

what he regards as their errors, idolatries and superstitions ; opposition. But even a Cardinal may find that sham Liberal

and if this be true, as regards the sincere professor of even ism palls on his palate, and be ready to undergo a patient the most extreme form of anti-Catholic theology, how much course of political Penance.

more must it be so in the heart of Catholics ?

Now, then, arises the question, Is it possible that Unity ON THE FUTURE UNITY OF CHRISTENDOM. should exist among men on the subject of religion. When

we consider the diversity of men's minds, the limited nature S I bave often said, by the term Christendom I do not of their capacities, the variety of circumstances under which A understand the Catholic Church, but rather the they are placed, which necessarily makes them view every

1 whole Body of Christians throughout the world, and thing from a different standpoint, we might be disposed to therefore when I look forward to a period when Christendom answer this question in the negative, and if we were speaking may be reduced to Unity, I contemplate a period when all only about temporal things we should be justified in such an Christendom shall be brought within the bosom of the Catholic answer. But we are treating about religion, that is, about Church and so be made a partaker of that Unity, which is the invisible world and the best way of preparing ourselves the heritage and the characteristic of that Church.

for it; we are treating about an order of things concerning In the Nicene Creed, which is daily recited in the solemn which we naturally know nothing, and all that we do know celebration of the Divine Liturgy, we profess our belief in or profess to know, springs from what we call revelation, “One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church," and the Popes that is, from a supernatural manifestation. Of course I in granting plenary indulgences, (which are the remission of know this is the very point which sceptics deny, but then on that temporal punishment which God has reserved for those I the present occasion my argument has nothing to do with


them : my argument only concerns those who agree with me persons take towards the Church is an act of their private in acknowledging that there has been a supernatural manifes-l judgment, and as soon as they have found a Divine teacher tation concerning the invisible world communicated to man (which of course they cannot do without the assistance of by that Person, whom all we Catholics, Orthodox Greeks, Divine Grace) they feel that they have a double advantage, and Anglicans, agree in venerating as Very God and Very | they profess their own free will and reason enlightened and Man, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ : yes, and even the guided by a teaching instituted from on high. Nonconformists, for the most part, agree with us in thus The larger portion of the process by which such persong accepting Him. Well then, if this be so, it ceases to be a are led to the threshold of the Church consists in a careful question of individual opinion or perception upon which we study of the monuments of Christian antiquity, in reading are divided. It is upon the great fact of the Revelation the holy fathers, the ecclesiastical history of the primitive which Christ made and upon what is, or is not, the subject ages of the Church, and our best ascetical writers, the value matter of that supernatural manifestation, which we all agree of whose treatises is universally admitted. To enumerate that He vouchsafed to bestow upon us.

only a few, I will mention those of Thomas à Kempis, and Now I will venture to say, that if this be so, we each and St. Francis of Sales; of the great Benedictino abbot, all possess a common ground, on which history tells us our

Ludovicus Blosius ; of those admirable Jesuit writers, Alphonso forefathers once were united, and on which we may therefore Rodriguez and Louis da Puente, or the great Dominican Louis hope that we may be united again. There is nothing in the of Granada. But above all, if

of Granada. But above all, if we desire to know the truth, nature of things to prevent such a Union if only we desire

we must earnestly seek it of God, and ask for the grace and it and Jabour to promote it.

light of His Holy Spirit, carefully endeavouring to abstain Moreover, it is obvious that as the subject on which we

from all wilful and deliberate sin, for the Holy Scripture are seeking this Union is the contents of a Divine Revelation

assures us that the Spirit of God will not dwell in a body or Manifestation, it is not a question of human judgment at

which is defiled by wilful sin. all. It is no human theory, but a great fact which utterly

The Catbolic Church in her Sacred Liturgy constantly prays transcends the power of human invention or discorery, and

| for the Unity of all the baptized, for the rooting out of all resolves itself entirely into the veracity and authority of heresies and schisms, and for the concord and Union of all our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, from Whom alone we

Christian princes. In the Divine Liturgies of St. Chrysostom know all that we profess to know about it. Now it is

and St. Basil, prayers continually recur, and are offered in recorded of Him, and we all profess to accept that record, in

every celebration of the Eucharistic mysteries, for the Union the New Testament that, before He left this planet by His

of all the Churches. The same holy object is prayed for marvellous Ascension into the Heavens, He instituted a

frequently in the Book of Common Prayer, and in her Litany teaching society, to which He had communicated His Doctrine,

the Church of England prays to be delivered “from all false and that He commanded this society to go forth and to teach

doctrine, heresy, and schism." this very Doctrine to all mankind. He tells them that they It is only because Christians are unmindful of this teaching who accept their teaching and enrol themselves by Baptism that they become indifferent to the divisions which rend among their followers shall be saved, but that those who do asunder the baptized Body and agree only in one tav

asunder the baptized Body and agree only in one thing, which not accept it shall be lost. It is manifest that our Lord does we may term “the agreement to differ!” This was not the not include in this threat those who have never heard of case with that illustrious Catholic Divine John Gother, whọ this teaching, but those only, who, having heard it, wilfully lived about 200 years ago. In a most valuable Collection of reject it. Now it is evident from these premises, that if our Prayers, that he published, entitled “The Sinner's Complaints Lord instituted a teaching society to communicate His

to God : being Devout Entertainments of the Soul with God," Doctrine to mankind, He must have guaranteed that society

there occurs a prayer which I have always especially admired. from the liability of teaching what was not His Doctrine, It is called a prayer for the whole state of Christendom, and otherwise He would be commanding that society to teach, and it is so exceedingly apposite to our subject, that I cannot mankind to accept, what was contrary to His own Doctrine,

forbear from transcribing it in its entirety, hoping that many which would be a complete denial of His own assertion and | may be induced to use it. It is as follows :injunction, and overthrow entirely the very object He pro "O God, by wbose mercy so many nations of the Gentiles fessed to secure. In other words, the teaching society He have been converted to the Faith of Christ, perfect now, I instituted must be preserved from falling into error, and this beseech Thee, this mercy to them, that by their own corrupis what we mean by ecclesiastical infallibility. We mean tion or blindness they may not be deprived of that happiness that Christ, by the assistance of His Holy Spirit, guards His which Thy fatherly goodness has designed for them. Church from teaching false doctrine to mankind, and that all “Give them all a sincere zeal for truth, even for that truth she teaches us, under these conditions, must belong to what which was delivered to them by the Apostles ; root out all He revealed.

heresies from amongst them, whatever and wherever they be; Bearing this in mind we arrive at the existence of a Divine take from them all that blindness, delusion and perverseness, authority, which is the only legitimate basis of religious by which errors and corruptions are maintained with zeal, teaching and therefore of the Unity of religious belief. It which belongs only to Thy truths ; heal all their schisms, by appears therefore to me that if we would promote a restora- which a scandal is brought upon the Christian name, and it tion of Unity, the first step is to establish in men's minds is become a reproach to unbelievers. a clear conviction that there must be, and that there is such “O blessed Jesus, Who hath shed Thy blood for the salvaan authority, and when once we have determined where tion of man, look upon the unhappy state of divided Ohris. this authority is placed, all reasonable men will resign them tendom and have compassion on it. See how Thy glorious selves to its guidance.

institution is disfigured, confusions and schisms are broken in, Some persons here object that by so doing we abdicate where Thou commandeth Unity and peace to be kept; our reason, our free will, and our judgment, but this is far animosities, malice and revenge have taken the place of that from being the case. The acceptance of an authoritative mutual love which Thou didst so strictly enjoin its professors; teacher no more implies the abdication of our own judgment so that now instead of loving (the mark of Thy Disciples) and mental freedom, than the acceptance of law and authority they seek to destroy one another; and Thy Name is blasin temporal matters implies the surrender of civil freedom. phemed, through their disorders and wickedness, who confess it. Doubtless it implies in both cases a limitation but not a surrender "This is the deformity of those that call themselves Thy or an abdication; and this is so true that the enemies of the people ; have compassion, O Jesus, and in Thy great mercy Catholic religion often taunt us with what they regard as a send relief. Raise up the spirit of the Primitive and Aposcontradiction in our system, and they tell us that, after all tolic times, and let the enemy no more prevail, to the ruin of we have said against it, we ourselves are in another form the so many souls, and the infamy of Thy most holy profession. disciples of private judgment. This is indeed true to a Ohase away the spirit of worldly interest and pride from their certain extent, and the Oburch has never called upon her hearts, who undertake to teach the spirit of Jesus Christ and children to renounce their reason or their moral liberty ; His Gospel, and establish them in such a sincere desire of a all she insists upon is our moral responsibility in their general peace, that they may make it the subject of their exercise.

daily prayers and endeavours to recover the Unity of the Moreover, this is especially true in regard to those who first believers, and to see them all, with one faith and one are born outside the pale of the Church. Every step such | mouth giving glory to God.

« PreviousContinue »