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TNTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION for
I tho TOTAL SUPPRESSION of VIVISECTION.

The Communion of Saints:

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PEOPLE'S

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THE CATHOLIC DOCTRINE SET FORTH FROM HOLY SCRIPTURE AND THE FATHERS AND to the Head Office, 25, Cockspur-street, London, S.W.

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By WILLIAM GRANT,
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THE MIXED CHALICE, THE SIGN OF THE CROSS, AND THE POSITION OF THE CELEBRANT. Rev. T. Hugo ..

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1 1 0 finds it in the Ancient Liturgy of the Western said in the interval of time allotted to them..... Viscountess Dillon ...

2 0 0 Church' . . . . Prayers rejected by our Refor The Rubrics from King Edward's First Prayer Book Lady Gertrude Douglas

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Service or Mans-service, which is now circulating by sent time, when many talk about that Book and few

thousands among people who still profess to belong know what it contained." - English Church Union Demy 8vo., cloth extra, with Photographic Portrait

to the Church of England. . . . When the young Gazette. and Illustrations, price 12s.,

Victoria ascended the throne of England were there | " Will no doubt be found highly useful, as the form

even so many as score of churches open every is convenient and the type clear." Holy Teachings. M EMORIALS of the Late Rer, Robert

Sunday morning for early Mass' At the present "A cheap little book. It contains the entire EuchaW STEPHEN HAWKER, Vicar of Morwenstow.

moment are there not nearer a thousand " The ristic Omce, interpolated with Meditations for Private By the Rev. Fr. G. LEE, D.C.L. Record.

Use, Prayers for the Dead, Commemoration of the "I can hardly find words to express to you how "Mr. Grant may be commended for his skill in Living. &c. The Rubrics from the first Book of King much I like your Memorials.' The truthful and most | making & harmonious whole out of incongruous Edward VI, in themselves show the real meaning charitable loving-kindness running through the whole materials. Perhaps its least attractive feature is the of those ritual observances which have been so resusbook shows the true friend in need to one who rever title. It may be very true, that by our Reformers the citated during the last few years."-South London ought to have been judged like another man."-Rev. highest act of worship was commonly called the Observer. R. S. Hauker's Sister to the Author.

Mass; 'and it is equally true, that it is a convenient "Nearly every doctrine which the great Reformers

little term just adapted, by its brevity, to modern turned aside as the out-worn rags of superstition is CHATTO and WINDUS, Piccadilly, W.

English usage, and therefore not at al unlikely again here gathered up out of the dust, and careful y pieced

to come into con mon use... but its reintro and tagged together. . . . . 'Two or three years Just out, Second Edition, price 3s., duction must be exceedingly gradual."-John Bull,

ago it would rearcaly have been attempted to publisha

It would be curious to conjecture how the Public such & Mass Book as the present for tho use of the THE SPIRITUAL BODY. An Essay Worship Act, is fully developed, would deal with the English laity."-Echo. 1 in Prose and Verse. By JOHN CHARLES

London: JOHN H. BATTY, 376, Strand, W.C. EARLE, B.A. "A wonderful book .. .. Mr. Earle has done

THE PUBLIC WORSHIP ACT AND THE WAY TO MEET IT. a definite service both to common-sense and to

This Day, Price One Shilling, by post 1s. 1d. religion. . . . . Of the poetical portion of the book our pra'se might sound almost extravagant, were we to express our full opinion."—Warrington Guardian, February 19th, 1876. " Its first perusal fixed and rivetted our attention;

A SECOND LETTER ADDRESSED, BY PERMISSION, TO CARDINAL MANNIXG. and we are much mistaken if it does not leave a

WITH AN APPEVDIX ON THE HIGH CHURCH PRESS. permanent impress upon modern theological thought." - Pilot, March 15, 1876.

By PRESBYTER ANGLICANUS. London: J. W. KOLOKMANN 2, Langham-place.

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ELL TO BE ANGRY?

By the same Author, price 1s., by post, 1s. 1d. Beautiful placed on the internet Presel bertes.ca. CHRISTIANITY OR ERASTIANISM?

A LETTER ADDRESSED, BY PERMISSION, TO HIS EMINENCE CARDINAL MANNING,

ARCHBISHOP OF WESTMINSTER.

London: JOHN H. BATTY, 376, Strand, W.C.
A NEW QUARTERLY MAGAZINE.

Now ready. Second Edition, Small quarto. Beautifully printed at the Chiswick Press. Price 28. 6d. THE ORDER for the VISITATION

and COMMUNION of the SICK. Arranged as Said. Intended chiefly for the Use of the Sick Person and Those who Assist in the Chamber. Set forth with Notes and Directions in the hope of Promoting greater Reverence and Understanding in the Celebration of this Sacred Omice.

"A most admirable publication has just been issued • The Order for the Communion of the Sick, with Notes and Directions. As a practical help to Clergy who desire to celebrate and minister the Holy Mysteries with reverence and care, we know of no volume likely to serve their purpose better. All the directions are full and lucid, while the author's own valuable dissertations are evidently the work of one who writes from experience, and who writes con amore."-Union Rerier. London: THOMAS PRATT and SONS, Tavistock

street,

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CONTENTS : 1. SCIENCE LEADING UP to RELIGION. 2. On the FUTURE UNITY of CHRISTENDOM. A. P. de LISLE. 3. The GOSPEL ACCORDING to ST. PAUL. Professor STANLEY LEATHES. 4. MIRACLES and the Church Quarterly Review, 5. The NATURE of SCIENTIFIC PROOFS. Rev. GEORGE HENSLOW, M.A., F.L.S., F.G.S. 6. The RESURRECTION BODY NOT the NATURAL BODY. Joux CHARLES EARLE, B.A. 7. The OXFORD MOVEMENT and INFIDELITY. EDITOR.

See Article on “The Christian Apologist" in the “Saturday Review” for July 1st.

DEFORMED FUNERALS with Patent

"EARTH to EARTA” COFFINS upon the principle advocated in the Times, and dispensing with all procession. Explanatory Pamphlet, with List of Charges, may be had gratis on application.

WILLIAMS and NORGATE, 14, Henrietta-street, Covent-garden, W.C.

LONDON NECROPOLIS COMPANY,

2, Lancaster Place, Strand, W.O.

Printed and Published by JOAN H. BATTY, 376, Strand, W.C.

[REGISTERED FOR TRANSMISSION ABROAD.

A Journal of Religion, Politics, Literature

and Art.

No. 11.–Vol. I.]

LONDON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1876.

[Price THREEPENCE.

DR. TAIT'S GATHERING OF QUACKS AT LAMBETH.

Let “laws" and learning, “Creeds” and morals die,

But leave me still my right of job-be-ry! TIR. WHALLEY, during the debate on the Education Our own astonishment is the greatest when we mark how V Bill last Thursday, somewhat sagely remarked that some of his Suffragans are ready to join in his Grace's dis

the Archbishop of Canterbury "was appealing to cordant concert, and aid in playing his discreditable games. Methodists, Quakers, Jumpers, Baptists and Jugglers of all | If he begins to sound forth a screeching tune on the pious kinds to help the Church of England to save something of bagpipes, London sits by thumping the two-noted drum, the wreck of Christianity"-a shrewd and graphic statement Peterborough is ready with the big bassoon, and Gloucester which appeared greatly to amuse the House. And no wonder, with his own personal penny trumpet-a musical instrument For once in his life Nr. Wballey hit the right nail on the often played and well-known to the public. At the tea-party head, He described the absurd and insincere Episcopal Prayer and prayer-meeting in question, the prayers must have been Meeting at Lambeth very graphically, where every Quack subjectively impressive, and the tea-table conversation, like recommended his own nostrum, and wanted to prescribe for the tea, very exhilarating; for the company was strictly his neighbour. Whether Mír. Whalley's Dissenting friends harmonious, and the advice from conflicting religious quacks will relish his description remains to be seen. Save the regarding "saving something of the wreck of Christianity” Archbishop of Canterbury, every one appreciates the joke of his -as Mr. Whalley so forcibly put it-must have been, no having called together as mongrel a crew as was ever gathered doubt, uniform and unique. within the walls of Lambeth Palace. But, of course, few ! . For ourselves we should like to have been there and heard Scotchmen can understand a joke, and nobody ever accused something of this “ New Comic Gospel." The advice of the Dr. Tait-the-ponderous of being specially witty.

Baptists on the Sacrament of the Font; the counsel and For ourselves, we can truly say that of twelve out of the fifteen goodwill of Unitarians on the Christian Creeds; and the pious Dissenting preachers there assembled, we know simply nothing. | recommendations of Presbyterian prophets on the principle of We never, as far as we remember, eren heard their names. Episcopacy and Bishops-true-to-their-principles, would have

Now considering the impudent and arrogant manner in been at once expressive and well worth hearing. It would which Dr. Tait notoriously treats his own Clergy, we think it have realized Mr. Whalley's idea of “irreligious juggling." odd that he should have mixed himself up with these heretical Of course Dr. Tait-whose predecessors have been “given to and schismatical preachers. On a recent occasion, at some hospitality"--can ask whom he will, either to breakfast, local meeting, Canon Jeffreys of Canterbury somewhat feebly luncheon, tea or dinner; and the amusement of his guests expressed the indignation of the Kent Clergy and laity at may consist either of croquet or controversy—but if His being called together for an autumnal “ Conference," and then Grace would take our advice be would not degrade the high being subjected to listen (whether they liked it or not,) to a office he so unworthily fills, by gathering round him the tub. prosy and Erastian diatribe, a wearisome lecture full of scolding | orators of modern Sects,—each disputing with his neighbour and bad language, from the Archbishop; who, in his turn as - to seek their futile aid in difficulties which he and his Chairman took good care that neither layman nor parson school-the Arnolds, the Stanleys, tbe Huxleys, the Jowetts, should have the opportunity of saying a word in reply. | the Rowland Williamses and the Colensos—have mainly

It is true, of course, that the report of the gathering at created. Soon all his Grace's personal friends—lay as well as Lambeth, which Dr. Tait approved before it was sent to the clerical,* fourth cousins as well as first cousins, (the lay at newspapers, did not contain much information. What it did the British Museum, of which his Grace is an ex officio say, or imply, was that English Christianity, as represented by Trustee, and the clerical in the Diocese of Canterbury,) - will our pure and apostolic” Establishment, was in rather a bad have been well provided for, out of that public patronage, way: shaky on its legs, incoherent in its talk ; nebulous in the possession of which he has told us is " a sacred trust;" its principles, and somewhat inefficient in its action and and then he himself could suitably resign on six thousand triumphs. But supposing all this—as Archbishop Tait's a-year and the life-use of Addington-making way for some. doctored report avers—to be the case ; how can any Dis- body who, we trust, may have some slight inkling of what senting Tag, Rag, or Bobtail, —even though a " Professor” | honour and official honesty mean— for the hour has arrived or a preacher,-mend matters? The remedies which the when for the National Church such a man is sorely needed. Archbishop would like to apply would be, firstly, the Abolition of the Athanasian Creed; and, secondly, an interchange of pulpits with all kinds of Dissenting preachers. Of the

SCHOOL BOARDS. depth of his Grace's love for the Creed in question, we all know something. As regards the interchange of pulpits, his

UY NOWING well enough how sadly modern Englishmen own Chaplain bas been often put forward by him as a pilot

need backbone and pluck, we are, nevertheless, much balloon to find out how the land lies. His Grace has set his

Le mistaken if some little vigour be not shown at the heart on effecting the exchange in question : for, of course,

coming School Board elections in November. When John neither Messrs. Minton, Fremantle, nor Kirkman would have

Bull's pocket is touched, he begins to own some kind of dared to have preached at the Gothic Surrey Chapel without

sensation. And, in the case of the School Board, bis pocket being assured of sympathy and protection from high quarters.

has been touched with considerable effect. It is not the Again. If the Bishops do not know how to deal with

fashion, at present, to do other than glorify this new instituInfidelity—as no doubt they do not, for their abject impotence

tion. Liberal fanatics are delighted with it. Dissenting tubis the laughing-stock of Papists and Infidels,-it seems only * We vertore to express our unfeigned syin pathy with young Mr. reasonable that they should first turn to members of their Craufurd Tait, Ihat the recent scheme by which he was to have been so own Communion for aid, rather than to aliens and enemies.

comfortably and cleverly provided for, suddenly collapsed. We will not,

just at present, reveal the details, nor show the tvisted wires and Archbishop Tail's line is certainly not one calculated to

damaged springs. Suffice it to say, that there has been a temporary defend anything but jobbery-tbat undoubted virtue which | collapse, a flash-in-the-pao, a conjuring-trick wbich fa led. Unfortuhe persistently practises with daring ability, and defends by Inately “Robert Ripon "--his father-in-law elect-has little patronage the golden eloquence of a discreet silence. Dr. Tait might

worth having, or he inight arrange some underground exchange of

patronage. No doubt, however, that tbese pious Prelates between ihem, exclaim-to alter slightly Lord John Manners's well-known

will be equal to the emergency. Where there's a will ih:re's a way. W verse :

are on the look out for the consummation.

orators, with whom hatred of the Church is a virtue, see in for fifty prisoners. They are good enough to intimate to it a delightful mode of crippling the Established Church ; Mr. Cross the character of the punishment to which they Secularists acknowledge it to be a most efficient engine for will subject their prisoners. For the first offence of truantism propagating their pernicious and dangerous principles ; while they will award six days' incarceration ; for the second, a Churchmen, as is usual in their case, have shown very little a month; and for the third offence the incorrigible truant is spirit or pluck in defending their old and true position. to be sent to an industrial school in the ordinary way. In Though there are a majority of Churchmen on the London the latter case the ratepayers of London will have the privilege School Board, yet they have done little or nothing in stemming i of keeping the truant for six years, a relief which many parents the tide of evils arising from the Education Act; and now, will be only too ready to accept. But there are parents who apparently, consent to swim with the tide. Several of them are feel some kind of affection for their offspring, and who in so disgusted with the old-womanish policy of such persons addition to insulting visits from inspectors, and the occasional as Lord Mayor Cotton-a very weak-kneed Conservative, and beating of their children, will hardly relish the additional a much over-rated man—that they have resolved to retire. torment of a private prison. Moreover, if boys and girls are Some of the best men, including Canons Gregory and Barry, to be handed over body and soul to the Boards, the next Lord Napier, Mr. G. T. Miller, decline to be nominated again. proposition may be for a private prison in which to fling On the other hand, the Roman Catholics are on the alert, Sir refractory parents. There is as much reason for the one as Charles Clifford and Mr. W. S. Lilly being before the public the other. No, Mr. Cross, you must not grant the prayer of as candidates for seats on the Board,--and we hope that a the School Board for London—certainly not without subgood and influential minority of representatives may be mitting it to Parliament. The other day a man, who had secured to them.

| been sent to prison for neglecting to educate his child in the Our contemporary, the Globe, has put the case well-not way selected by the School Board, hanged himself rather from a Christian, but from a popular and pocketty point of than live under such a training of the law. Lately several view :-" When financial considerations come under notice cases have been brought before the magistrates in which foes begin to grumble. They argue, cogently enougb, that teachers have beaten their pupils with canes. We are since the School Board Rate has risen to 41d, in the pound in informed that caning the hand is a common form of School less than six years, some satisfactory assurance ought to be | Board brutality, and if we were unfortunate enough to have a given that ratepayers are not about to be launched upon a child of ours forced into a Board School we should not wait limitless ocean of expense. It is quite true, as an abstract for the law to punish the coward who beat it. At the same proposition, that no description of education, however time we are not in favour of breaches of the peace, and we advanced, can be considered too good. Practically, however, hope the Legislature will provide against this form of lawthis proposition is greatly governed by the fact that the | lessness by compelling the Boards to conduct their schools School Board system is supported by compulsory con- without the exercise of corporal punishment.” No wonder, tributions from the public. They therefore have a perfect therefore, that people are beginning to see through the preright to declare that no more money shall be extracted from posterous proposals of certain semi-demented educational their pockets than will suffice to provide indigent children doctrinaires, whose madness at times takes a methodical with the elements of knowledge. It must be remembered that shape, though at other periods it exhibits many of the only the minority of ratepayers are in really affluent circum- symptoms of stark insanity. The broad question, as well as stances. A very large section can scarcely be considered so well its leading details, are before the ratepayers. If they like the off as the very classes whose children are educated at Board present extravagant and odious system, let them ungrumblingly Schools. They may, perhaps, receive large incomes, but their support it: but if, on the other hand, they do not, let all social position necessitates many sacrifices to keep up those who have aided in saddling the country with a profitappearances that are not required in a lower grade of life. less expenditure of millions be sent adrift with promptness, Have tbey not, then, fair cause for discontent, when they and be rejected with well-deserved ignominy. see in action a process which seems calculated to give the children of the poor a gratis education of a higber sort than they can afford for their own offspring ? This question

THE REVELATIONS OF THE REPORTS OF THE really governs the whole agitation in connection with the cost

ROYAL COMMISSION AND OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY of the School Board system, and not, as Sir Charles Reed

FOR PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ON and the Lord Mayor would imply, any doubt as to the fact

VIVISECTION. that the London School Board has done good work." It is

[COMMUNICATED.] this question-a very practical one-which the ratepayers must face and act upon. And we trust they will do so with vigour. T H E doctors and physiologists of to-day have established In so doing, let them bear in mind the following, which

a new hell for animals ; have invented a new and deals exclusively with figures and results. Figures are popular. - more horrible class of tortures, unknown to and Results are too often put aside as untrustworthy. Yet according | unconceived of by the old inquisitors. Oh! what would not to a Parliamentary Paper recently issued, only 30,000 more Torquemada and St. Dominic and their fellow-friends have children are being educated in all London than was the case given for the Satanic genius of these modern doctors ! immediately before the Elementary Education Act came into Making artificial fistulas and tubercles in the stomachs and operation. The expenditure of the London School Board is lungs of dogs ; giving dogs emetics and then tying up their about a million of pounds a year—thus each of the additional throats to render vomiting impossible ; inflaming the spinal children educated has cost the poor down-trodden ratepayers cord of an animal by passing a thread through it; dividing £30 a year !!! Yet with such a fact before the Board, for nerves of the most sensitive character; injecting all sorts of it is well-known, some of the more owlish of the members— burning acids, acrid fluids, virulent poisons into the veins of the beggars who have been set on horseback, the Liberal animals; cutting out part of a creature's liver, or brain ; Dissenters who so munificently and recklessly gpend other tying up its gall-duct; passing electric shocks through the people's money, there are all kinds of additional expenses being exposed brain, or across the eye, &c., ; scraping away the formally proposed-e.g., drawing, drilling, bathing and calis- cornea of the eyes of frogs, and then burning them with thenics-a swirdle, the like of which has not been seen or nitrate of silver, or acids ; tying up the arteries of animals; heard of for generations. If the British Public in London do tying up the intestines ; dissecting the nerves of the spinal not act in November, in the interests of economy and common cord; inserting the limb of one animal into the body of sense, we ghall be very much mistaken.

another; inserting a limb of one animal into the stomach of Another monstrous proposition is also on the cards, as we | another, to be eaten off by the gastric juice; exciting the learn from our able and high-principled contemporary the most violent agonies and convulsions in animals by injecting Hornet-a serial which does not hesitate both to expose foreign substances, almost every known chemical, however swindles and show up shams: The School Board of London deadly or caustic, into the jugular or other veins of animals ; is not content with the use of the public prisons, they want one pinning them down on boards and exposing the heart, the of their own. This is not satire, it is fact. They have liver, the brain, or other interior vitals ; again setting them actually applied to the Home Secretary asking permission to free, leaving them in such mangled condition for weeks, for erect a private prison for the punishment of incorrigible twenty days, in one case for ninety days; sometimes repeating truants. At first they only propose to provide accommodation I again and again these villanous operations; cutting, burning, mangling dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, &c., and leaving them actually, under certain regulations, proposing to legalize Vivifor fresh outrages ; piercing a certain spot in the brain to see section. But, as I have shown, neither the Society's Bill nor a rabbit spring from the table in a violent spasm of agony; Lord Carnarvon’s Bill can put down Vivisection whilst it is the chest opened and the heart drawn up; irritating internal permitted in any form. The Vivisectors, on the approach of wounds with cantharides ; cutting away parts of the liver of the Inspector, can always dab a little chloroform on the cats and dogs with a galvano-caustic knife; opening the victim's nose, and heigh, presto! they are wholly en règle! stomach of a dog long starred, and pouring in a mass of I must repeat what I have before said, that whoever hopes liquid Prussian blue!

to put down Vivisection on any plan bat of absolute prohibiBut these are trifles. The Royal Society for P.C.A. has tion, pats faith in the sheerest delusion. The whole Report done the public the eminent service of collecting from physio of the Royal Commission is full of revelations of Vivisectors logical works and parliamentary evidence alone 121 closely acting in determined defiance of all recommendations of printed pages of its Report on Vivisection, of such outrages anæsthetics. Anæsthetics themselves are a delusion ; they repeated in every imaginable manner, and chiefly in Great poison the blood of horses, are injurious to dogs, and cannot Britain! Doctors, English ones, not only practice such things be given to frogs. (See Dr. Schäfer's evidence. 3797.) but teach their pupils that boiling frogs alive and starving "Who shall decide when doctors disagree ? ” But did dogs to death, gives no pain, but only a little discomfort ! See | doctors ever disagree so stupendously as on this question ? the exidence of Drs. Gibson, Pavey, Erichsen, Klein, &c., | Never! The Report of the Royal Commissioners is a royal before the Parliamentary Commission on Vivisection ; with monument of the utter antagonism of opinion of the most evidence regarding the public experiments of Drs. David | distinguished of them. A host of them assert that ViviTerrier and Burdon-Sanderson-Ferrier on different occasions section has made useful discoveries : as many, or more, and being represented as making the agonies of his victims subject of equal or superior reputation, as point blank deny this, of jest and laughter! The R.S.P.C. A. opens one section of and give their reasons for it. its Report with these words :-"Burning and scalding of Again, we are greatly indebted to the Report of the thirty dogs !” (See the Report, p. 57). Such are the R.S.P.C.A. for reprinting and putting prominently forward monsters who are preparing for the British public as the these diversaria. At p. 50 of the Society's volume we find medical attendants on the sick and dying beds of the most a series of most shocking experiments, made for the Humano refined and humane families ; of the delicate and tender- Society, decided as of no use. At p. 81, one hundred and hearted daughters of England,-a race of men without seventy-six cats and dogs operated on “whose sufferings were sentiment, without feeling, without reverence-a veritable too shocking to peruse." Dr. W. B. A, Scott, after enumegang of unsouled Frankensteins, inflamed by a quenchless rating a number of atrocious experiments, pronounces them mania for mangling and torturing, who, if they could lay | wicked, unimportant, and inconclusive.” P. 102. Sir hold on their Creator would try to Vivisect Him! Certainly Charles Bell says, " Experiments (Vivisections) have never no time, no country, no false institutions have produced a been the means of discovery.” P. 123. Dr. Garth Wilkinson type of men more odious or infamous. Yet the Parliamentary says, “Vivisectional anatomy has contributed to healing Commission praised these doctors as humane men, and these of diseases nothing but false paths and wrong roads." doctors praised one another as humane! If such men be P. 124. Dr. Abernethy says, “ Hunter's experiments have humane, how angelically humane must the old inquisitors added no important fact to our stock of knowledge.” P. have been !

124. Drs. Murchison and Wagstaffe assert that experiments And now it comes out that anæsthetics do not always on animals are useless to man. Mr. Reynolds is of like extinguish the sense of pain, but carry some animals into the opinion. P. 126. “Numerous experiments on the spleen of other extreme of hyper-aesthesia; paralyses them, as cororara dogs have failed to discover the use of the spleen.”—Dr. does all, but leaves them conscious of their agonies! (See Epps. Dr. Dry, in the Lancet, says the experiments of Fritsch, Evidence of Royal Commission, 4108; of Dr. de Noé Walker Hitzig, Ferrier, Nothnagel, Gudden and others, “are worse 1810; and Dr. Hoggan in the Morning Post in the than useless.” P. 129. Dr. Savory, in the Lancet, says, Spring of 1875). Nay, they may double their sufferings by “Confessions evoked by torture are justly regarded as inducing hyper-æsthesia.

equivocal.” P. 131. The Court of Examiners for Scotland Yet, after these confessions of the Vivisectors, anästhetics of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons declares “Perare held up in proposed Acts of Parliament and by the Royal formance of operations on living animals is altogether Society for P.O.A. as full protection of Vivisected animals unnecessary and useless for purposes of causation.” P. 132. against all suffering! “The Animal World,says Mr. Drs. Congreve and Bridges say, “The medical or scientific Colam, the Secretary of this Society, writing to Mr. Jesse, student requires no aid from Vivisection.” P. 132. regarding my letters on Vivisection, “emphatically advocates “Students,” according to Professor Simond, “have become the utter extinction of all torture.Thus is the advocacy of eminent without such belp as this. Ordinary observation of the R.S.P.0.A., and of the Parliamentary Bill of Lord the living body; post-mortems; observations of the progress Carnarvon, as well as those of Dr. Playfair and Lord Henniker, of disease will make really good and practical physiologists.” based on the most palpable delusions. The animals are given P. 134. Professor Nicbol said, “When an experiment up to the Vivisectors on the faith of a protection which is involved pain to any sentient creature, it ought not to be "a delusion, a mockery and a snare." The R.S.P.C.A., in its made. There is an education in vice as well as in virtue. printed Report on Vivisection, have thought it worth while to We are not more entitled to torture an animal than a human comment on my strictures in the body of the Report, and being without cause.” P. 135. Dr. Bigelow, Professor of that after giving us those 121 pp. of the unparalleled Surgery of Harvard University, addressing the Massachussetts atrocities of the Vivisectors—a catalogue of barbarities Medical Society in 1871, said, “How few facts of immediate unmatched in all history. They indulge in a little sneer at considerable value to our race have been extorted from the my experiences so inferior to their own. The Society does dreadful sufferings of dumb animals ? Contemptible comitself injustice, forgetting how fully it has imparted to me, pared with the price paid for it in agony and torture. .... in common with all the public, all their experiences. From It is said somebody must do this. I say it is needless. their Prize Essays of Fleming and Markham, and their Report Nobody should do it.” P. 138. on Vivisection, they have given proofs of the horrors of The author of a letter in Nature says, “The right to inflict Vivisection more than enough to condemn it to eternal torture, for whatever purpose, is but the right of the infamy in all sound minds. They say that there were strongest." P. 143. “Animals have their rights every bit Howitts who prophesied that the Act of Parliament against as much as a man has his.” Lancet, p. 148. “With very cock-fighting could not be carried out. Very likely; but has rare exceptions, we have it on high authority, such expericock-fighting been put down? What says their own Report ?ments lead to fallacious results." Times, Aug. 8, 1865. That they have still, ever and anon, to drag to light both Professor Sharpey said Harvey discovered the circulation of noble and ignoble cock-fighters.

the blood through Vivisection. P. 156. Dr. George MacThe reference is doubly unhappy, as the Bill against cock- ilwain denied this. P. 165. Sir William Fergusson said, fighting was a thorough-going Bill, a Bill for utter extinction “No great Vivisector has made himself a great surgeon by of the evil, and might therefore be carried out by activity Vivisection. Experiments have not tended much to mitigate and perseverance. But the Society's proposed Bill is not a human pain. . . . . Experiments under anæsthetics do thorough-going Bill: it is a lame and emasculated one, not yield good results, because the animal is not in a normal

condition." P. 161. After all the excruciating experiments | | pulpits and the Anglican Press assert Eucharistic reality versus on dogs by injecting poisons into their blood, Dr. Swain Eucharistic sham. Sham, however, continues to have its votaries, Taylor contradicted Sir James Paget, and declared that “He and Abyssinian gold and yellow hair-dye will doubtless always does not believe that antidotes for snake-bites can be find buyers. Not always as heretofore, under their old discovered by experiments." P. 162. Dr. Klein's experi- names ; with a bold disregard for veracity, and with that ments on sheep-pox were much cried up by some doctors, but homage which hypocrisy, in the long run, is forced to render Jobn Simon, F.R.S., said they bad failed. P. 163. Dr. to truth, we buy the same things simply as “gold” and, Burden-Sanderson said, " The results will not diminish sheep- well—“wash.” pox." P. 170. Dr. De Noé Walker said, “ Physiology has We have been led to make these desultory reflections by never discovered one remedy for disease though it has the perusal of what we are bound to term the elaborate sacrificed millions of animals under intense suffering." P. religious sham before us. The substance of Canon Trevor's 163. George Macilwain, F.R.O.S., said, “ That experiments do crotchets on the Holy Eucharist was originally published not conduce to the cure of disease. Hunter's cure of (1869) under a somewhat less pretentious title, viz., “ The aneurism was not arrived at by Vivisection. Animals do not Sacrifice and Participation of the Holy Eucharist.” We can have aneurisme. Hunter's conclusions might have been only presume that the additional “ The Catholic Doctrine" clearly proved in ordinary practice. Vivisection is a fallacy has been excogitated on that principle of homage to Truth to in medical investigation and ought to be abolished.” P. which we have alluded above. But zealous for the good old 165. Dr. Haughton said, “Experiments would demoralize Anglicanism of his early days he comes, under the guise of students and let loose a set of young devils." P. 166. Catholic phraseology, to the rescue of the “real absence" Dr. Burden-Sanderson boasted of the good results in con- sham. sumption from his experiments on tuberenlosis. Dr. Hoggan | The title is a simple misnomer. The principles which the said, “all experiments up to this time bare only shown what Canon sets forth so elaborately, and with so much apparent tuberenlosis is not." P. 177. Dr. Brunton stated that “the regard for “ Holy Scripture, the Councils, Liturgies and enormous Dumber of animals cut up at St. Bartholomew's Fathers, with the Liturgy and standard Divines of the Church Hospital, ninety-five used in one series of experiments, had of England” (p. 14) are not merely a simple parody of given no results at present.” P. 187.—(All these references Catholic Doctrine, but they border closely upon, if they are to the pages of the Report of the R.S.P.C.A.)

do not, in reality, go beyond, the confines of the wilderness of The Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty has, I repeat heresy. it, rendered a splendid service to humanity by bringing | Able, as some of Canon Trevor's writings prove him to be, together in this Report the revolting details of the atrocities as an historian of India and its missions, of Russia ancient of so-called Science; of its infamous crimes against God and and modern, of ancient Egypt, and of Egypt from the conHis helpless creatures. True, the Society, with a habit quest of Alexandra, or of Rome from the fall of the Westpeculiar to itself, stops half-way in the remedy. It demon- upon all of which interesting subjects he has instructed the strates the greater, and adopts the lesser, result. Nevertheless, English-reading public; we feel constrained to record our it has unveiled infamies unexampled in history, and the wiser conscientious opinion that he is not exactly-and probably public must profit by it. And we have now only to ask never will be-a Thomas of Aquin, nor a Scotus, nor even a whether what intelligent foreigners say of us shall receive a decent disciple of either. Some men are born poets, other national confirmation? Whether, as they say, the bugbear of men theologians. Canon Treror was not born a theologian, England is the word Science? That, like some magic spell, nor has forty years' exercise of the sacerdotal office done anyit needs only be uttered and the British mind at once thing to supply the defects of nature; for be is mudiled in collapses; its reason is suspended. Whether, after the thought and thoroughly unsystematic in manner. tremendous exposure of the tortures perpetrated by men of His book before us, which consists of 500 closely-printed science; their avowed recklessness of animal suffering ; their pages, is little more than a laboured attempt to develope, and obstinate neglect of anæsthetics; their false claims of the to back-up by a whole library of quotations and references, discoveries of Galvani, Harvey, Jenner, &c.,-discoveries the singular and altogether novel cro'chets of the late Archpartly originating in accident, partly in observations; and the deacon Freeman, which first appeared in 1855, in a volume testimony of so many of the most eminent men of their own entitled The Principles of Divine Service. The special scientific class that Vivisection is a scandal and a delusion,- idiosyncrasy of the Archdeacon on the subject of the Euchawhetber, I say, England will voluntarily step from its high rist was, as some of our readers will remember, a theory position as the Captain of the nations in the field of humanity, which speedily became known as “ The Dead Christ Theory,” and inaugurate a new period in its bistory by establishing i.l., as expressed anew by Canon Trevor :-" That the torture by Act of Parliament? God Almighty forbid ! | Blessed Sacrament represents not the living Body of our dear Dietenheim, Tyrol.

WILLIAM HOWITT. Lord in glory, but the Body slain and His Blood shed in

sacrifice on the Cross” (p. 3) which statement, however,

might pass, did it mean only what Catholic Theology teaches, Reviews and Notices of flew Books. that the Sacrifice of the Altar is the Meworial, and thereforo

the Representation, of the Sacrifice of the Cross. But Canon THE CATHOLIC DOCTRINE OF THE SACRIFICE AND PARTICI

Trevor means much more by it than this. He says, (p. 142) PATION OF THE HOLY EUCHARIST. Second Edition,

“On the cross Christ offered His Human Nature as the one revised and enlarged. By George Trevor, M.A., D.D.,

Sacrifice for all human sin ; in the Eucbarist an oblation of Canon of York; Rector of Beeford. London: James

bread and wine, the appointed syrabols of that Crucified Parker and Co. 1876.

Body and Blood, is presented on the altar to show the

Lord's Death till He come. They are then received from the HE present is an age of shams. From “Old Catholic- Holy Table, consecrated into the real Communion of that which

ism” and Whig “ Liberalism ” down to Abyssinian they represent." Thus, as is more distinctly gathered from

gold and yellow hair-dye, the nineteenth century a general study of the somewhat unscientific and rerbose rejoices in sbams. But there is, thanks to the Divine principle statements in which the work excels, the Consecration serves within us, sometbing-in spite of the Lutheran and Protestant merely to exhibit the Dead Christ under the forms of Bread decree that our nature is altogether evil and given over to the and Wine ; the glorified Body and Blood becoming present only father of lies—which is perpetually struggling against fictions, in, through and by, the act of Communion. whether religious, political, or social. Still, as an age, it is Now the Catholic Doctrine of the Eucharist is simply, one of shams.

that after Consecration our Blessed Lord, very God and very Against the shams of Zwinglian and Calvinistic attempts Man, is truly, really and substantially, present under the amongst our Anglican clergy as elsewhere-to delude their forms of Bread and Wine in the Sacrament of the Altar. followers into belief in “real absence” whilst professing, in Christ thus becomes present by Consecration. But if the the language of Scripture, a "real Presence" of Christ in the theory of Archdeacon Freeman and his disciple be true, then Holy Eucharist, a deep and powerful reaction bas taken place both East and West are, and have been all along, wrong. and spread throughout England. Archdeacon Wilberforce in The modesty of two gentlemen who, under the term of his Doctrine of the Holy Eucharist, led the way; Dr. Pusey and Catholic Doctrine, can insinuate such a statement, is indeed Archdeacon Denison followed; and at the present day Anglican | a startling instance of Athanasius contra mundum.

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