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A Journal of Religion, Politics, Literature
and Art. ,
No. 10.-Vol. I.]
LONDON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1876.
THE NEED OF MORE PARSONS.
the occupation of such a thankless and unsatisfactory position.
The statistics which we recently gave from Oxford and THE undoubted and alarming falling off in the calibre
Cambridge, on the first-hand authority of College Heads and of candidates for ordination is remarkable enough, as
Tutors, as to the large number of youths who came up to every Bishop's chaplain could point out, if he would ;
those Universities intending to take orders, and who, having now we have a further and rather startling falling off in
gone through their course and taken their degrees, went home their numbers. A few archdeacons, with unusual mathe
again with altered intentions, are ominous. The Public matical capacities, and by the artful arrangement of puzzling
Worship Regulation Act of Dr. Tait is doing its work well : calculations, have been endeavouring to show that there is no
not, however, by the action of Primate Penzance, who is falling off either in numbers or calibre at all; and air their
doing nothing at all but pocketing his large pay for doing questionable statements with an official jauntiness and obvious
nothing (squeezed out of the charitable Funds of Queen self-satisfaction, which, to say the least, is bold. To take a
Anne's Bounty,) but in efficiently cutting off the “due supply recent and notable example of our own convictions, however :
of persons qualified to serve God in the Church.” -At the Bishop of Durham's Trinity Ordination, an unusually large one, as regards numbers) twelve priests and
CASTING OUT THE CHILDREN OF THE POOR. twenty-two deacons were admitted to their respective offices. Of the former, only four were graduates from Oxford and
EOPLE who purposely decline to walk in “the old Cambridge, while, of the twenty-two deacons, only three hold
paths ” are, with over-confident self-satisfaction, that position—the rest appear to be literates of one sort or
certain to mark out some very rugged ruts for their another. There are eleven from St. Bees' and St. Aidan's a tolerable indication of the changed state of affairs, and of
own personal perambulations. In the Church of England,
where the Catholic tradition, having been broken, has had the truth of a Conservative contemporary's timely wail.
to be gathered up and reunited, people would have done well The same state of affairs is apparent in more than half the
to have asked themselves whether new inventions of their dioceses of England and Wales—as a careful study of the current Ecclesiastical Gazette will serve to point out; and
own imagining were likely to be of the same inherent value
as tried customs of the living Church, before they presumed this, notwithstanding the large show which the Theological Colleges of Wells, Lichfield, Chichester, Lincoln, Cuddesdon
to put into practice queer ideas, “convenient arrangements,"
and ritual-inventions of their own interior fancy, and Salisbury make in each list of the newly-ordanu.ed.
These novel crotchets stand out in the - Special Services But even our old Conservative friend the English Church-|
for Policemen,” “Special Services for Monthly Nurses," man (which, with painstaking care, represents the stupidity
“ Special Services for Soldiers," “ Special Services for of the party) sees the danger and utters a spasmodic squeak.
Working-Men,” and “Special Services for Children,” which Here it is :-"The Trinity List is painfully discouraging, for
have been recently tried, and about which such a canting not only is the actual addition as shown by the number of
fuss is often made at Congresses and elsewhere by the deacons ordained below that of the year 1875, but it is also
chattering popularity-hunters. Why, let us ask, should below the average of the last ten yenrs. This is an ominous
Policemen, Monthly Nurses, Soldiers, Working-Men, and fact, and suggests food for thought, not only for the Bishops,
Children be marked off from the rest of the Christian who will doubtless take it seriously into account, but also for
Family? Moreover, why should they need Special Services Churchmen generally. Such a state of affairs ought not to be
any more than Lawyers, Peers, Pianoforte-makers, or Pastrypermitted to exist for an instant without some effort to
cooks? If the restless Anglican parsons, who seem to be remedy the evil, and, difficult as it may be to suggest the
always on the look-out for something new, would only run form of the remedial measure, there ought to be no delay in
| in the old groove, walk in the old paths, and—where they providing."
don't know the way, seek for the grace and sense to enquire Later on the brilliant thinker” who penned these lines,
for it-they might do more good by a humble and respectful gives it his opinion that men stand aloof from offering them
following of ancient precedents (never dropped in the Roman selves for the ministry of the Established Church because,
Communion) than by continually making new ones for forsooth, "the assistant Clergy are unrepresented in Convo
themselves and their long-suffering flocks. An Early Comcation”!!! Either this week-kneed scribe is a literary wag,
munion at 8 a.m. for communicants; with Matins and High (and he is unaware of the fact) or he obviously dwells in
Celebration at 11 for worship, promptly and vigorously sung perfect and admirable serenity, within a Fool's Paradise.
— with a short sermon after the Creed—are services at which The real reasons why young men hold back from ordination
every body of every class, duly instructed, can obtain all are, firstly, that the once freehold and secure position of a
they need. Here the child can be taught to be as much at beneficed clergyman is now gone, for he is at the mercy of any
home as the old woman, the Policeman as the Peer, the three sham-aggrieved parishioners. As the well-known squib
Working-Man as the gloved and Eau-de-Cologned exquisite. has it
We are led to make these remarks because of a most able
pamphlet recently received by us,* in which we learn that a Cat's meat-mongers, cadgers and costers,
great and grievous injustice has been done, as well to the Brought by Tait to help stop up the breach.
subscribers towards the building of St. Mary's, Brookfield, And, secondly, because the spiritual jurisdiction of all the
Highgate, as to the poor children of that parish. Mr. Bishops has—at their own particular request-been formally
William Ford, a gentleman of energy, principle, and zeal,
has done battle for those whom so many parsons talk about placed in the hands of Lord Penzance. Young men, who are neither idiots nor infidels, are not likely, with their eyes open,
but quietly neglect. Mr. George S. Ram, the Vicar of this
church, seems to be as resolute in disallowing the presence of to put themselves in an official position, where they will have
the children during Divine Service, as Mr. Ford is in mainto take their faith and practice from an ex-divorce judge, who, by the august authority of a non-Christian Parliament,
taining his position of their right to be present. Mr. Ram, masquerades at Lambeth Palace in the cast-off gown of a now
* St. Mary's, Brookfield: Correspondence with the Bishop of London, non-existing Dean of Arches. Idiots, if allowed by their keepers, on the Denial of the Right of the School Children of the Poorer Classes might do so; but no person in his senses would contemplate / to attend Public Worship. London : Ridgway, 1876.
appears, has a sort of “Service " for them at the school, fast qualifying itself for the class of “extinct animals ;” and where sitting, shuffling of feet, and screaming of hymns are, Parliament, reasonably competent, no doubt, to deal with possibly, the good deeds done-a fine mode of breeding Permissive Bills and Contagious Diseases Acts; but neither irreverence, want of care and love for church, and a totally “ fish, flesb, nor fowl,” as a body professing to legislate for false notion of what Christian worship is. Here is Mr. Ford's the Christian conscience or the Christian Church, perfectly complaint:-"Churchmen are invited to consider whether it | understand, no doubt, that Englishmen, in the name and is right and fitting that the children of the poor should be under the authority of law, would stand a good deal which, treated differently from other children. Are those children | as a matter of individual principle and Christian feeling, they because they are poor to be deprived of the spiritual privi. | would distinctly repudiate. Hence the “indecent haste" with leges, universally accorded to the children, of both sexes which, as it was said at the time, the primuni mobile of the and all ages, of parents in easy circumstances? Is Poverty | P.W.R. Bill did its work. Hand over the Faith and Worship to operate as a ban, to be kept out of sight, and relegated to of the Church to Lord Penzance by Act of ParliamentServices conducted by a Sunday-school teacher in a school make Lord Penzance Anglican Pope by Law and Englishmen room, while Alluence is accommodated with services con as a “law-abiding people,” will bow their necks in the ducted in churches and chapels by a Clergyman Unless obedience of secular faith! Such was the scheme—such the we are prepared to treat the younger boys at Eton, Harrow, | Erastian programme. Bradfield, Highgate, Rugby, Uppiugham, and a score of But the Archbishops, their suffragans, and Parliament, in other places, in this manner, we have no right to exclude the their wisdom, did not altogether estimate the Christian and children of the poor, entrusted to us by their parents, from Catholic element in the English Church at its true value. Services in church. Is not this 'respect of persons' a phase They unfortunately ignored the fact that Christianity, as of that unchristian spirit denounced and condemned by St. understood by the English Laity, is not yet quite correlative James?"
with Erastianism—they reckoned without their host. The This forms part of the “ Preface" to the Correspondence Public Worship Regulation Act and Lord Penzance were in question. In one of his Letters to the Bishop of London, received by all but the Infidel, the Dissenting, and the Secular Mr. Ford asks the following pertinent questions and makes element as anti-Christian and unconstitutional institutions. the forcible remarks which we quote :-"Your Lordship Englishmen are a "law-abiding people," but, even in the speaks of Sunday weariness. You must be well aware that nineteenth century, they still retain some slight belief in there bas been reason enough for it in past time on the part Christianity; and they cannot understand how Divine Reveof school children everywhere. They have been stowed away lation is analogous to a Permissive Bill or a Contagious in lofty western galleries, so precipitously arranged as to be Diseases Act! positively dangerous, on seats without backs, with no provision The meeting of Churchmen which took place last week at for, nor possibility of kneeling, without Prayer Books, with Ney Cross, near Hatcham, was simply and emphatically the drearily conducted services, and with everything to promote dis result of the fact that we are a people who love law and are comfort and weariness. To crown all, this inevitable weari- at the same time Christians. "Its object was thoroughly ness' has been treated by the school teachers as a crime, and constitutional—the repeal of the “ Public Worship Regulation punished with severity. And now that we are arranging our Act" by purely constitutional means; and its utterances and churches to receive the lambs of Christ's flock with a warm resolutions proved it to be a meeting which believed in the and kindly welcome, they are at St. Mary's, Brookfield, and Authority of the Divine Founder of the Church to administer. as your Lordship tells me, in other cases, being banished | through His own appointed channels, His spiritual kingdom from their Father's house. Surely this is a new fact in the on earth." history of the Church. Wbat hope can there be for the | This very earnest and well-attended gathering will doubtfuture, if children, because they are poor, are to be treated less inaugurate a most important, as it is an entirely new, line as unworthy and unfit to participate in the privileges to of action antagonistic to Erastianism. It originated amongst which they were admitted at Baptism? If this custom is to the parishoners of St. James's, Hatcham, whose courageous be allowed, we are simply playing into the hands of secularists, | Vicar was the first beneficed Clergyman who publicly refused and are depriving children of their best chance of being to plead before the secular Court presided over by Lord Pentrained as members of Christ's body."
zance, as to his right to conduct the worship of God in At present it appears that Mr. Ford bas not yet attained accordance with the Ritual of His Church. The meeting his point. Mr. Ram, who belongs to that estimable insti- was, however, attended by Churchmen from all parts of tation, the Church Association, is evidently gifted with the London, and we can bear witness to the reverence and grace of pious obstinacy. He stands firm. Wrong is wrong; thoroughly Catholic and undeniably constitutional attitude of and he is not going to alter his line. Mr. Ford, however, the speakers one and all. Three important Resolutions were having Justice and Right on bis side, is sure to be successful carried with merely twelve dissentients, and the meeting ere long. Let him be patient and work on; we need not pledged itself to work (1) for repeal, (2) for the non-action of recommend him to be zealous, (for that is a quality obvious the Bishops in presenting their Clergy to Lord Penzance, and in all his Letters on the subject, here collected ;) let him not (3) to support priests who may be prosecuted under the Act. give up an inch in principle. He evidently knows where the It was the first of a series of proposed meetings—the second strength of his position lies; and though he should be in a of which took place on Monday last at the Cannon-street minority now, (which, after all, however, may not be the Hotel, at which the parishioners and worshippers of St. case,) depend upon it his labours will not be in vain. He is Vedast's took the lead-to be held, as occasion may suggest, standing up for the sound principle that Christian Children throughout the parishes of England. Copies of the Resolu(whether rich or poor) have rights, and that they ought not tions passed have been forwarded, we understand, to the to be relegated to a school-room when God's House is their Archbishops and their Suffragans. For their Lordships' sake proper place for joining in Christian worship-in this case, a we regret the present state of the thermometer. To everyone House of Sacrifice reared by charitable donations for their concerned in the conduct of these gatherings we give our express and special behoof.
hearty sympathy, for the proposed line of action is the true
one. We were glad to notice also that a reference to the REPEAL OF THE PUBLIC WORSHIP REGULATION
necessity for the Corporate Reunion of Christendom was
| received at the New.Cross Meeting with vigorous applause. АСТ.
NGLISHMEN are proverbially a "law-abiding” people,
ANTI-VIVISECTION, and it takes much and manifest injustice to make
them anything else. Our Archbishops and those of THE undersigned is altogether opposed to the practice of the Bishops who are, as it would appear, irretrievably com
Vivisection, and urges its entire and unconditional mitted to Erastianism, when they entered into their nefarious I prohibition, for the following among other reasons : conspiracy against the liberties of the Church of England, 1. Because of its flagrant disobedience to the command of did not altogether forget this fact. Neither did either House God, which regulates man's treatment of the lower animals. of Parliament entirely ignore it. The Archbishops and their 2. Because of its revolting and hideous cruelty, which is suffragans, men of an abnormal type of Christians, happily I not redeemed by any features of a contrary character.
3. Because of its utter uselessness, inasmuch as, the animal MR. DE LISLE ON CORPORATE REUNION-REPLY operated on being in an abnormal condition, no observations
TO MR. CHARLES WALKER. of any value or importance whatsoever can be made by its means. 4. Because of the futility of using anæsthetics to render an
(To the Editor of The Pilot.) animal less conscious of suffering, inasmuch as the employment of chloroform, or other similar agent, sufficient to pro
TT is impossible for me to have read the four able and duce unconsciousness is well known to be fatal to the sufferer;
important Letters, which your learned and excellent while various so-called anæsthetics, although preventing the
- correspondent, Mr. Charles Walker, has done me the victim from expressing sensation, do not reduce but rather
honour to address to me in the pages of your journal, intensify its capability to feel.
without feeling a sentiment of deep emotion, and without 5. Because to regulate Vivisection is tantamount to sanction
addressing a few words in reply, I will not say to him alone, and legalize it.
but to those of your readers also who may sympatbize with 6. Because the whole course of such investigations, with
him, and with the very important subject on which he has their ever attendant and characteristic recklessness, treachery,
treated so solidly and so well. indifference to suffering, cowardice, and morbid curiosity,
I am not one of those, who think, as the late admirable produces a most deteriorating and demoralizing effecl upon both
Madame de Swetchine expressed it in one of her beautiful teachers and students, and developes and fosters the basest,
letters to that illustrious Dominican Père Lacordaire, that St. most odious, and most degrading propensities of human
Peter has, or ought to have, laid aside his Apostolic net, or nature.
substituted for it a fishing rod. Our Blessed Saviour's com3rd June, 1876. Rector of West Hackney, N.
mission was that His Apostles should teach all nations; and this commission was to endure until the end of the world.
Doubtless, this included the conversion of each individual, EIGHT REASONS FOR NOT AGREEING WITH THE for nations are made up of individuals ; but it opened up a
DOCTORS' MEMORIAL TO. AND ARGUMENTS BE more comprehensive scheme, one that answered better to the FORE, THE HOME SECRETARY IN FAVOUR OF burning thirst of Apostolic zeal, and afforded a wider scope VIVISECTION.
in working out the welfare of mankind. Where nations could not be gained, the Church must be content with the
few souls that listen to her message—but St. Peter never lays 1. Because, although we anti-Vivisectors have the greatest aside his net, nor that universal scope which the Master respect for the medical profession in general, and are most Fisherman has placed before his view. Sometimes, indeed, happy to believe that the majority of its members are he may be constrained sorrowfully to complain, “Master, I sincerely opposed to cruelty in its every form, we cannot have toiled the whole night and I have taken nothing." allow a section of them to raise, as they attempted to do There are those seasons of darkness and of fruitless labour, yesterday, a false issue on so momentous a subject as that those moments of sadness and despondency, when we may now before us.
hear the holiest and the most eminent of our Prelates 2. Because it is a false issue to assert that there are exclaim. "I was promised a miraculous draught of fishes, probably not more than twenty persons in Great Britain who
twenty persons in Great Britain who and I have only caught two fish!”. have ever subjected an animal to Vivisection; whereas it is How I wish we could hear that Divine Voice, that spoke well known that many teachers and hundreds of students are
two thousand years ago on the shores of a Syrian lake, once constantly and systematically employed in this atrocious and | more repeating the same words, “ Launch out into the deep odious practice.
and let down your nets for a draught." When those words 3. Because it is a false issue to assert that “the results of were uttered, what followed ? Simon let down his net, but such investigations have been in the highest degree conducive such was the multitude of fish, that the net began to break, to improvement in the knowledge and treatment of disease ;” and then we read that Simon had to beckon to the fishermen whereas some of the most eminent professors of medicine and of another ship, “that they should come and help them. surgery have stated their unbesitating opinion that no dis- And they came and filled both the ships, so that they were covery of real value has been made by their means.
almost sinking” (St. Luke v. from 1 to ii). 4. Because it is a false issue to assert that Vivisection is I fancy I can descry in this wonderful portion of the ever“ practised with the greatest reluctance, and under most lasting Gospel something that may relate to our own times. humane motives, and that the experiments are unselfish, There were two ships, one was presided over by Simon : there reluctant, rare, and careful ;” whereas it is notorious that was another also described as belonging to his partners, but the most revolting cruelties are recklesely, carelessly, or still separated from him, for the Scripture says that they designedly inflicted, as integral parts of the experiments were in another ship. Simon, at the word of the Great themselves, and by men who have without shame declared Master, had indeed the preference, he alone was addressed, he that the sufferings of their victims do not enter into their cast in his net, and so great was the multitude of fishes, that consideration.
it began to break, whereupon he beckons to his partners (as 5. Because it is a false issue to assert that “the pain they are called) in the other ship for assistance, and at once incidental to such investigations is largely annulled by the the booty is secured, so vast that its weight almost caused use of anæsthetics ;” whereas experiments of their use have both ships to sink. notoriously led many who have conducted them to an entirely Now, I have often thought that these two ships may opposite conclusion.
signify the Latin and the Greek Churches, the Eastern and 6. Because it is at once absurd and delusive to argue for the Western Church. The one is the ship of Simon Peter, an immunity of Vivisectors because cruelties are practised by and we know what mysterious privileges are recorded of him other people, " farmers, farriers, trappers, hunters, fishermen, in the Gospel. The other is a most majestic ship, but and others; ” inasmuch as the cases are entirely different, | unhappily for many centuries it has been separated from its and inasmuch also as, if the charge were true, the errors of Sister, though still floating nobly on the surface of the one class of persons offer no right reason for the toleration of mystic deep. the still worse errors of another.
Is there nothing in the circumstances of the present times 7. Because, although it may be allowed to be true that | to indicate some further fulfilment of the Gospel words? “mitigation and prevention of suffering has sprung from the What can the breaking of the nets mean? May it not doctors' researches and is due to their daily labours," such mean that after the successive enclosure of so many nations result has either not been obtained by Vivisection ; or, if so, within the net of the Catholic Church, under the guidance Vivisection must be of that “daily " occurrence which their of the “ Fisherman's Ring” we at length behold one nation Memorial expressly states that it is not.
after another breaking from the Apostolic net, and falling 8. Because the bad temper displayed before the Home into the gulph of heterodoxy and infidelity, so that Holy Secretary by several of the speakers is very conclusive of the Church is menaced with the total loss of all those magnificent existence of the epils against which we solemnly record our conquests. which during 80 many ages of her victorious protest.
career she had gathered in all parts of the habitable globe. 11th July, 1876. Rector of West Hackney, N. From one end of the world to the other a cry goes up, the net is breaking! How many nations fell from the grasp of the Church of England was something so remarkable, and Simon's successor three centuries ago ? But that was only the notwithstanding all obstacles and anomalies so real and so beginning of evils, now it is worse still. Is there one nation continually progressive, that the members of our own Comupon earth which in its national capacity can be said truly munion might reasonably hope a day would at length arrive and unhesitatingly to belong to St. Peter, to the Catholic when, under the sanction of the Holy See, a healthy Re-union Church ? Every day that we live the evil grows worse and might take place between that Church and the Catholic worse. The Church is everywbere stripped of her possessions ; Church; in other words, that what Mr. Walker asks for his all her rights are trampled under foot, whether tbey apper Uniat Church might be conceded to the Church of England. tain to things temporal or to things spiritual; her hold upon I am quite aware that in the High Church Press a distincthe nations is well-nigh gone ; the scientific men scoff at her; tion was continually drawn between what is called Catholic statesmen legislate against her, and the mass of the people | and what is termed Roman. But I also observed that, in prodeclare that they are wearied of her yoke. Her festivals are portion as enquirers among our separated brethren dived profaned, her public processions are forbidden, her ministers deeper into the records of Primitive antiquity, many practices, are even torn from the sanctuary and forced to bear arms which, at one time, they stigmatised as Roman, they amongst a godless and a lawless soldiery. Her seminaries of gradually acknowledged to be Catholic, so that the points of learning and holy instruction are either closed, or deprived of separation were constantly diminishing, and those of agreetheir lawful rights, in the midst of a population that once ment becoming more and more prominent; and if the belonged to her, that once loved her and listened all the day | Erastianism of the Church of England were pleaded, as a long to her voice. Is this not like, in some degree, to the ground for a disruption, there never was a time subsequent to breaking of the Apostolic net? And what seems to have been tlie year 1535 when a similar plea could not have been its cause? The multitude of the fishes. So many nations urged. Her Erastianism was a consequence of her severance bad entered in, and they had not truly renounced their unre- from the Apostolic See, and a part of the penalty she had to generate ways, they clung to their old leaven of Pagan ideas endure on account of that act. No doubt the Public Worship and Pagan principles, instead of to the holy doctrine of the Regulation Act was a fresh instance of State tyranny, and a Catholic Church. To this may be mainly traced, as I think, most galling violation of the traditions and practice of the the falling away of the converted Gentiles. This falling English Church, while any connivance with it on the part of away is most distinctly foretold in Holy Writ, and this pre- the authorities of that Church was one more proof of their diction helps the believer to meet the dreadful scandal which | Erastianism, and of the bondage to the State, which was he now beholds, and which, but for such a timely and necessarily entailed by a departure from the central unity of gracious warning, migat have swept him within the vortex of the Catholic Church. Still I had hoped that in spite of all that same flood. But is there no hope? is there nothing left this the progressive growth of Catholic opinion within the to vindicate the truth of Christ's everlasting Gospel ? | limits of the Church of England would sooner or later make What says the Word of God “And they beckoned to itself felt, as it had done in spite of tbe Gorham Decision or their partners that were in the other ship, that they should the Purchas Judgment—and that the undeniable Catholic come and help them. And they came and filled both the movement, more and more pronounced every day, would in the ships so that they were almost sinking." Let us mark these end neutralise the force of that hasty legislation, which words “almost” not “quite.” So heavy was the draught, sprang from the violent prejudice of the moment, and the that it was enough to sink the united ships, but we are left ì ignorance of Church principles so fatally predominant in the tɔ infer that it did not sink them.
| British Parliament. Now, what are we to gather from this remarkable passage | It was obvious to me, that legislation intended to crush a of Holy Scripture, but that the union of the two ships—that few Ecclesiastical practices could never permanently change is, the union of the Churches-is the divinely-appointed the current of religious thought-and my own faith in the remedy for all our evils ? I think I hear some one objecting, intrinsic force of Catholic ideas and Catholic principles conWhat is your authority for saying this, for giving such an | vinced me that sooner or later, when once a candid investigainterpretation to the inspired Word of God? Who are you tion had set in, they must inevitably triumph. I had always to take such a daring responsibility on your unconsecrated drawn the widest distinction between the genuine dogmas head ?
and practices of the Cburch and those abuses, which had My answer is, it is not I who thus interpret-I, who am gradually been engrafted on them, and those revolting exagbut the least of all the servants of the Church; it is the gerations, which ignorance and mistaken zeal bad substituted Church herself, whose whole bistory stamps such an interpre- for them. I had, elsewhere, in two Articles, addressed to my tation on those mysterious words. For what else did she Rigbt Honourable and most excellent friend, Mr. Gladstone, convene her Councils at Lyons and at Florence ? For what endeavoured to show that, apart from these unauthoritative else did she beckon in former days “to her partners” in exaggerations, neither statesmen, nor our separated brethren Armenia and Ethiopia ? Do we not ourselves remember a themselves as a body, had any just cause to complain of the Uniat Church in Russian Poland, that counted several mil. legislation or definitions of the Vatican Council: that its lions of pious believers, a happy plank between the two Ships dogmatic decree in favour of the Infallible Teaching Authority, of East and West, until the miserable politics of that fraction inherent in the Successor of St. Peter, was nothing beyond of the Polish nation, urging them on to a fruitless rebellion, what all Catholic theology had asserted as far back as the awakened a horrid struggle between them and the mighty days of St. Irenæus, or in a single iota beyond what was Emperor of all the Russias, and so in a moment all the necessarily implied in the whole language of the New Testawork of so many holy Pontiffs was undone, and one more ment Scriptures and the very words of Christ Himself. It is fracture was made within the meshes of the Apostolic net? true that while the Council was yet sitting, I was one of But there are other parts of the world in which Uniat those who thought a fresh definition was inopportune, but Churches still flourish, and testify the existence of an eccle- this was because I thought the faith of the Church was siastical polity, which none can either deny or gainsay on sufficienily clear, and needed no fresh exponent, and also Catholic grounds.
because I was led to suppose that the Council might define in It would be mere waste of time to insist on the evils of favour of an extreme school, that aimed at a total revolution disunion, or on the bindrance which the divisions of the both in Church and State. Happily this was not the case, Obristian lody has interposed in the spread of Christianity, and the sanction which has now been so emphatically given but we will rather turn our attention to the proposal which to the legitimate claims of our highest central authority, does bas been so ably discussed in the Letters of Mr. Charles but confirm our ancient belief regarding St. Peter's office, and Walker.
its unspeakable value in deciding all Church questions at I must confess that my own view had always been rather such a revolutionary and sceptical period of human history as to promote the gradual growth of Catholic principles and that in which our lot is at present cast. practices in the Church of England herself, than to encourage | Mr. Charles Walker, in his able Letters, seems to think less any secession from her ranks. It seemed to me a contradic- favcurably than I am inclined to do of the future of the tion to talk of re-uniting Christians, and to begin by making English Church ; and if the Protest, which a hundred distina fresb severance, and yet I am aware that a skilful surgeon guished High Churchmen made to the Proposals of " Presby. will often mend a broken limb by breaking it afresh. I ter Anglicanus," could be taken as the final limit of her thought, however, that the growth of Catholic principles in progress, I might indeed despair for the realization of my hopes, It is not for me to thwart the yearnings of individuals for 15 pages in addition. The Prefatory Essay is an able statethe blessing of Catholic communion. If I did, my whole ment of Historical Truth, in which the various assertions of life would have been one flagrant exhibition of personal those writers who have recently dealt with the Life and inconsistency; and so also with regard to the proposed seces Martrydom of St. Thomas are duly and faithfully criticised, sion and the formation of a Uniat Church, I am the last and the author's own position carefully defined. The comman to oppose a proposition which is so reasonable, and plex strife between Church and King is told with singular which is supported by so many precedents in the history of art. Every character drawn and depicted, aids, someway or the Catholic Church.
another, in bringing out the condict of great principles But still, before men embark upon a scheme, which may which underlies the whole drama. For ourselves we believe perhaps have some of the characteristics of a desperate that Mr. de Vere has taken a most just and righteous remedy, I would say, is there no hope left of an under. I judgment of the position of the case, as regards Church and standing being at last made between the Church of England State, under Henry II., and that wbile his poetical characterand the Catholic Church? Why should there not be an istics receive their full meed of praise, his historical appreamicable conference between her divines and those on our hension is remarkably keen and just. These events, however, side? Why should we not, in a spirit of peace and Christian are deliberately narrowed in order that all may centre in, and love, examine into the points (and I say, confidently, they are lead up to, the death of St. Thomas. The different very few) on which we are still divided ? I must confees, characters introduced-strong in their contrast-all serve to when I look at the vast surface of the British Empire, when I bring out the true nature of the struggle. Here and there, I reflect on the Christian spirit which still in the main per | with great art and success, a single thought, an expressive vades it, when I look at the organization and endowments of simile, or a carefully-prepared sentence, embodies some the National Church, when I think what that Church might particular truth, which it is necessary for the reader to effect for the whole human race, if only she could possess remember and gather up, in order adequately to appreciate that which still she lacks, if she could regain her ancient the important and sustained action of the drama as a whole, standing, which for fifteen hundred years she so nobly bore, and to realize its obvious teaching. And in this way, many it seems to me the gain for the whole human race would be of the characters, notably Herbert of Bosham and Idonea de 60 enormous, that I shrink from any step that might pre- Lisle, stand out with power and emphasis, as beautiful studies cipitate her destruction.
of the past. The poetical level chosen is high, and the Those of her members who are labouring for her full and effort to take it constantly, is perfectly easy and unstrained. perfect restoration to her ancient Catholic privileges must There is a dignity and force in the verse throughout which is bear with the occasional secession of perhaps a very near and remarkable. The fantastic tricks of some spasmodic moderns dear relative to what we believe to be the only normal type are altogether avoided : simplicity being tbe method by of Catholicity, for they cannot deny that there is something which both effect and power are secured and exhibited. anomalous in the present position to which they themselves Moreover there is nothing weak, watery or wire-drawn in any belong. For if they did deny it, they would find it hard of the numerous scenes. to justify their own endeavours to promote the work of As to details, the Eight Scene of the First Act strikos us restoration and of Catholic Reform.
as very powerful, and dramatically most successful—though, On our own side, I trust a greater spirit of conciliation and of course, eminently ecclesiastical. In the Third Scene of charity may extend itself, and I am sure it is extending ; the Third Act there are some very remarkable passages and if we add to this more fervent prayer for the unity of spoken by Pope Alexander III., notably that on page 88. St. Christendom, and for the spread of real sanctity in every | Thomas's description of St. Anselm is also very fine. Here department of life, we may hope to aid effectually for this it is :grand object. I have trespassed too long upon the patience
- Then comes to me this book, of your readers, with many apologies to you and to them, I
And saitb, " Thy cause is Anselm's:—who was he?
This was no brawler, and po voice of war: conclude. Your faithful servant in Christ,
This was a soul that in the cloistral shade
Had reached the bright fair decade of his life,
This was a virgin spirit-ope to whom
Man's praise seemed blot and blame ; an infant spirit
An angel spirit that, with feet on earth,
Saw still God's face in heaven : Aubrey de Vere. London: H. S. King and Co. 1876.
Certes he sought po batiles; yet he found them;
Long agonies of conflict in old age, RASTIANISM, with all its bad principles and burdens,
An exiled man, as fronting hostile kings. is now felt to be more weighty and unbearable in
the English National Church than has ever before Į The following powerful passage, while giving a true concepbeen the case. It is not now so wrapped up and covered tion of the lofty theme considered, is of sustained interest over with extraneous garments that its true features and and simple eloquence. Its perusal cannot do other than actual form cannot be adequately defined. For it stands out induce a desire on the reader's part to study the whole at last in all its naked ugliness. No one can doubt whence volume :it comes. Its parentage is apparent: its features are well
A morn there was known. Its aim is to mar and destroy God's beneficent
Your Highness then had scarce been three months KingRevelation. If, therefore, Christians do not soon set about
When, in a window of your Woodstock palace casting it out, it will speedily cast them out. For our (The Queen was singing 'mid the birds below), official leaders and generals are obviously in league with the We read some history of pagan days ;enemy, to betray, to corrupt, and to ruin. And if the rank
It pierced your heart: you started up: you cried,
“ Thrice better were these pagans than your salots! and file do not open their eyes, seize their weapons and
They loved their native land! They set their eyes make a good victory, the battle will be surely lost.
On one small city-small, but yet their motherThis being so, any reference to past history, when a noble And died in its defence !" fight was made, and triumph was secured by suffering, must
KING HENRY. be of great interest at present. By consequence Mr.
Again I say it! de Vere's new Dramatic Poem is certain to be studied, not
BECKET. only for its inherent beauties, dramatic art, and poetical
I answered thus—“They knew the State alone: characteristics, but because it deals with the history of a
They played at dim rehearsals, yet were true period when a very great English saint suffered on behalf of To truth, then man's. They gazed wit tearful eyes, God's Truth, and marked out the confines of Truth and the Not on their city only, but that rock, limits of Error in a manner which has left its due and
Its marble mother, which above it soared,
Crowned with that city's fortress and its fane. deep impress on the history of the National Church ever
Beyond their gods lived on the God Unknown :' since. Laud and Sancroft trod in the path of their great Above base mart and popular shout survived predecessor.
The majesty of law.” The book before us is divided into Preface, of 40 pages;
KING HENRY. Dramatic Poem of Five Acts; and Notes occupying about
'Tis true. Thus spake you,