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troduced masters to teach the fashionable void, and prevent the pecvishness and dilgames at cards ; a dissipation, if not a guít which it so often occalions; that the vice, which already prevails too much natural source of this something is friend

among both sexes, and may perhaps ftill hip; and that friendship cannot exist, ungain ground by this early initiation. leis it is buile upon the foundation of rea

Such, in general, is the education of fon and of senfe. female boarding Schools ; in some, indeed, When we take a retrospective view of there may be a few other things taught these ketches of the education of women, besides those we have mentioned; but it affords matter of allonilhment, that a whatever be taught, or however they be fex, who are the thasers of our nature, conducted, it is too true, that the girl, and destined to be the companions of our after having been there fome years, comes lives, lhould have been conftantly either home to her parents quite a modern fine fhamefully neglected or perverted by Lady; with her head full of scraps of what was meant to ferve as instruction. French, names of great people, and quo. In Europe, their education seems only cal. tations from romances and plays; and culated to inspire them with love of admi. quite disgusted at the antiquated virtues of ration, of trifling, and of amusement. fober frugality, order, or economy. We In most other places of the globe, it goes cannot calt our eyes on the picture we have a Aep farther ; it tends to eradicate every now drawn, without a secret wish, that moral sentiment, aod introduce vice dressit were less juft; nor shall we drop the ed up in the garb of voluptuous refinement. curtain before it, without mentioning with Scarcely has there ever appeared in any

pleasure, that some parents adopt a better period, or in any nation, a legislator, who plan; and that some young Ladies, even has made it the subject of his serious ata ibus educated, have had underitanding tention ; and the men in general, who are enough to lay aside the greatest part of greatly interelted, that women should be the abovementioned frippery, and culti- Sensible and virtuous, seem, by their con. vate such knowledge, and such virtues, duct towards that sex, to have entered as were ornamental to fociety, and useful into a conspiracy to render them other. to themselves.

Such, with a few triling variations, is When Such is the hard fate of women, the common course of European educa we cannot wonder that the want of literary tion; a course, which seems almost en- knowledge has in al ages marked the fetirely calculated to cultivate the personal male character :. there have, however, in graces, while the care of the head, and of all ages, and among all nations, been the heart, is little, if at all, attended to ; sc ne particular women, who either by beand the useful duties of domestic life but ing endowed with more genius, or by too ofien turned into ridicule, as the ob- turning it into another channel, have solete employments of such filly women as acquired no incompetent share of the learnlived a century or two ago, unacquainted ing of the times in which they lived ; thus with fashion and with pleasure. Women though we have already seen that the 'so educated may be sought after to help Greek women were in general extremely in tritling away an idle hour; but what. ignorant, there were some exceptions to ever progress their personal charms may that common character. Arete, the daughmake on the passions, when the hours of ter of Aristippus, taught philosophy, and trifling and of passion are over, they mult the sciences, to her lon; who. on that infallibly be neglected, if not delp led. account, was called Metrodidactos ; i. c. With the fop and the beau, creatures fill taught by his inother. Corinna, a Themore inhgnificant than themselves, they ban poetess, no less than five tiine bore may perhaps expect a better fate, but let away che palm in triumph from the cele them contider, how little pleasure they ge- braied Pindar; and Alpatia, a noble Minerally take in the company and conversa: lefian Lady, infructed Pericles, the fation of their own sex; and that the top, mous. Athenian philosopher. We have and the beau, are only women in breeches. alre:dy mentioned some of the learned Let such also, as never entertained an idea Roman Ladies, France and England have but of conquests and admirers, consider, had a Dacier, a Carter, and many others that when youth and beau'y fall be no too tedious to mension. In Italy, where more, when the crowd of Aatierers and poets, a few centuries ago, were revered adm rers shall have cealed to attend, some as divinities, several women have arrived thing will then be necessary to fill up the at no mean degree of reputation in that

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em per the least oversight, either in the dispofi- infantry, matters of the heights, seconded ster... e evolutions, may be productive of an en- pursuit expofi's an army to the greatest danprius,tapen, it will be most proper to consider how pursuit of a flying enemy, this is the moft fonet' but believe your retreat an artifice to meals, fatigued after a march, when their

art, and our own times have seen the ce more intense and severe studies ; besides, remony of a poétefs being solemnly crown. Thould they proceed fo far as to rival, or ed with laurel at Rome.

evento equal us in learning, we Mould Thele particular instances, however, perhaps, grudge them the laurels of fame, have no infuence on the women in gene. as much as we do the breeches : and the ral. A genius of either sex will infal. gaining of these laurels would rob their libly foar above the common level, but brows of many of those charms, which to the herd of mankind, who feel not the them are more valuable, as they are by us fame impulse, nor are actuated by the fame more esteemed. We pretend not to chalk fire, wili itull jog on in the ordinary track; out the plan in which women should be while our warmelt wilhes are, that female educated; only this we venture to affirm, education were an obj & more considered that it should, if possible, be fuch as io by the legidature, and better planned by avoid ignorance on the one hand, and parents and guardians. We would not pedantry on the other : ignorance makes have it underttood as our opinion, that a female companion contemptible, pedanwomen should pore out their fair eyes in try makes her ridiculous ; nor is it easy to

becoming adepts in literature. Nature lay which of the two are mott disgusting, i of feerns not to have intended them for the OBSERVATIONS on the Conduct of MILITARY RETREATS:

By THOMAS SIMEs, Esq.
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Retreat is a manoeuvre the moft de- immediatelty upon you : to avoid which the prudence, genius, courage, and ad- the front of the infantry, to conceal their dress of an Officer who commands ; the motions and retreat from the enemy. The Histories of all ages teftify it; and Hifto- first divisions are drawn off first, the others rians have never been so lavish of eulogiums following in their torns ; the lalt maintain as on the subject of the brilliant retreats their ground till the rest have, marched off, of our Heroes. If it is important, it is and then file off themselves, and join them no less difficult to regulate, on account of in a leisurely and regular succession Some variety of circumstances, each of which de- Generals have judged it sett to make their mands a different principle, and almost retreat in the night, after recon noitring an endless detail. Hence a good retreat their routes, and thus gained fo much is esteemed, by experienced Generals, that ground, that the enemy, not discovering mafter-piece of one.

their moveinent till day-break, were not In retreats, all military operations pre- able to come up with them. The light in. sent a difficulty of choice, and require deep fantry was also sent forward to possess the consideration in the person to whose con- eminences, under which the army might duet they are entruited; there are some instantly retire with safety, and the enemy, more difficult than others, and where in case they pursue, be exposed to the light tion of the troops, or the exactness of the by the cavalry. A rain and inconfiderate

ger possible, that of falling into ambuf. A General certainly discourages his cades, and the hands of troops ready for own troops, and animates his enemies, by their reception. retiring out of the field without fighting ; For as the temerity of an army is inget as this sometimes must necess-rily hap- creased, and their caution lessened, by the io it with safety favourable opportunity for snares ; and the

In the first place, your men 'must not greater the security, the greater the danimagine you retire to an action, gerTroops , at draw the enemy into an ambuscade, or horles are feeding, and, in Nort, when njore advantageous fituation, whrre you they believe themselves inort secure, are may easier deleat them, in case thy fol- generally moft liable to a surprile. All low you ; for troops who perceive their Ge- risks of this fort are to be carefully avoid. neral's despair of fuccess are prone to ed, and all opportunities taken by distresfight. You must be cautious left the ene- fing the enemy by such methods. Nei. my thould discover you retreat, and fall .ther numbers nor courage avail in misfor

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tunes of this nature. A General if de- and to stop up the roads with barricados feated in a pitched battle, though skill and of felled trees, to secure themselves from conduct have the greatest share in the de- being pursued and attacked in the rear. cision, may, in his defence, throw the In fort, both sides have equal opportuniblame on fortune : but, if he has suffered ties of surprising or laying ambuscades on himself to be surprised or drawn into the the march. The army which retreats Soares of his enemy, he has no excuse for leaves troops behind for that purpose, pofthis fault, because he might have avoided ed in convenient valleys targe brule such a misfortune by taking proper prewood, or mountains covered with wood, cautions, and employing spies, on whole and, if the enemy falls into the fnare, Rintelligence he could depend.

turns immediately to their affittance. When the enemy begin to to retreat, the The army that pursues, detaches different following Snare is uiuilly laid; a small parties of light troops to march before body of cavalry is ordered to pursue them through bye roeds, and intercept the entthe direct road, at the same tine a strong my, who are thus surrounded and attack detachment is secretly, fent another way, ed at once in front and rear. The flying to conceal itself on their rovie When army may return and fall on the enemy the cavalry bave overtaken the infanty, while alleep in the night, and the pursuthey make some feint attacks and retire. ing army may, though the distance is The enemy, imagining the danger patt, great, surprise the adversary by forced and that they have escaped the snare, neg- marches. The former endeavour, at the lect their order, and march without regu. paffage of a river, to destroy fuch part larity; when the detachment, privately of the enemy's army as bave already fent to intercept them, seizing the opporá passed, while separated from the rest by tunity, falls upon them unexpectedly, and the channel of the river ; and the pursuers destroys them with ease. Many Generals, haften their march to fall upon those bo. when obliged to retreat through woods, dies of the enemy that have not yet fend forward parties to possess the defiles, crosed.' and difficult palles, to avoid ambuscades ;

Defcription of the Ipand of. ARGENTIERA, and particularly of the Dreses

of the Inhabitants : Illustrated with an elegant Reprefentation of the Grecian Women of that Ifand.

the Grecian Archipelago, formerly enormous load of linen sufficiently dirty! known by the name of Cimolis, and Their under petticoat is only their short which is still by the modern inhabitants shift embroidered with red, that leaves called Kimoli.' The French navigators their legs exposed ; the thickness of which have named it Argentiere, from the blver is esteemed a principal article of female mines discovered in it; but these are now beauty : those to whom Nature has denied hhut up, and the natives deny all know this advantage endeavour to supply the deledge of such metal being in the illand, ficiency by three or four pair of thick from an apprehension that the Turks might Atockings. When the leg is so uniformly compel them to labour in the mines. It thick all the way, as to be wuly perfect is a barren {pot, deftitute of all water but according to their ftandard ; the Ladies what can be faved in cifterns; and has add a pair of balf-boots of cut velvet, frebut one village in it, fituated in 36 deg. quently decorated with small filver bustons. 50 miq. north latitude, and 23 deg. The pirates who infelt the Archipelago jo min. eatt longitude.

pass their winter in Argentiera, and by There is not a more dismal place in all spending their money among the natives the Levant than this isand, which is co console them for all their inconveniencies. yered with rocks that scarcely suffer a few As usage is establihed in this itland, trees to grow; and in which the land ex. well known to Eat-Iiidia failors, of taking hibits no verdure Some fields of barley a wife for the term of a man's residence and cotton are indeed to be found round there. The ilue of such occasional ad. the village, which is only an assemblage of ventures are sufficiently handsome to be miferall: cottages, where the women, diftinguihed among the women, notwithchildren, and castle all croud pronciscuoul Standing the dress by which they disfigure ly together. The dress of the women is themselves. The number of inhabitants

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