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for your own and the honour of humanity, being informed that I am not to die or and the love you have of justice, that you gibbet. fuffer not an unjuft sentence to touch the I have the honour to be life of Major Andie.

Your Excellency's molt obedient But if this warning should be difre And most humble servant, garded, and he suffer, I call heaven and

JOHN ANDRE, earth to witness, that your Excellency will Adjútant General to the British Army. be juftly answerable for the torrent of blood His Excellency General Wallington that may be spilt in confequence.

The time which elapsed between the I have the honour to be, &c. capture of Major Andre, wlrich was the

B. ARNOLD. 230 of September, and his execution His Excellency General Washington. which did not take place till twelve o'clock

SIR, Tappan, O&t. 1, 1780. on the 2d of Oober ; the mode of trying BUOY'D above the terror of death, him ; his letter to Sir Henry Clinton, by the consciousnels of a life devoted to K. B. on the 19th of September, in which honourable pursuits, and stained with no he said, "I received the greateft attention action that can give me remorfe, I trust that from his Excellency General Washington, the request I make to your Excellency at and from every person under whofe charge this serious period, and which is to foften I happen to be placed;' not to mention my laft moments, will not be rejected. many other acknowledgments which he

"Sympathy towards a foldier will surely made of the good creatment he received induce your Excellency and a military tri- muft evince, that the proceedings again! bunal to adapt the mode of my death to him were not goided by paffion or refentthe feelings of a man of honour. ment. The practice and usage of war

Let me hope, Sir, that if aught in my were against his request, and made the character impresses you with efteem to indulgence he solicited, circumstanced as wards me, if avghe in my misfortunes he was, inadmissible. marks me as the victim of policy, and not Published by order of Congress, of resentment, I shall experience the ope CHARLES THOMSON, Sec. ration of these feelings in your breaft, by




buting to the happiness of others. His which Nature never intended to cre only bufiness is to keep himself quiet. He ate. He was formed out of all the odds gets up to lie down, and lies down to get and ends of what materials were left af up. No tender impressions enliven his ter the great work was over. Unluckily waking hours : no agreeable reveries diffor him, the finer paffions are all mixed tub his dronith flumbers. If he ever up in the compofition of those creatures speaks the language of fensibility, he speaks intended for focial enjoyment. What re it on the excellence of some favourite dith, mains for the Bachelor is hardly enough or on the choice liquors with which his 10 rub round the crusty mould into which cellars abound. On such subjects he feels he is thrown. Some seasoning, that he the raptures of a lover. The pace of a may not be quite infipid, muft be fubfti- Bachelor is such, he would hardly mend it tuted in the itead of inore valuable ingre- to get out of a storm, tho' that form were dients; fo in Dame Nature tolles self. love to Threaten a deluge ; but shew him a wowithout weight or measure, a kind of un man who is entitled to the compliment of derstanding that is fit for no other use; his hat, and he will shuffle on, as if he a sprinkling of wisdom, which turns acid were walking for a wager. His house. from the four difpofition of the vessel in keeper, or his laundress, he can talk to which it is contained; and the whole com- without reserve; but any other of the sex, position is concluded with an immoderate „whole condition is above an useful depenportion of oddities. Thus formed, thus : dent, is his terror. A coffee houfe is lis finished, a Bachelor is popt into the worki, fan&tum sanctorum againft bright eyes and -mere lumber, without a possibility of be dazzling complexions; bere he lounges ing happy hinilelf, or elsentially centri- out half his days. At home he fits alone


to be

DRE o the

to his unfacial mcals, and when his passion Man is his paradise. He never leaves i is pleased, he has no other pallion to gra without regret; never returns to it but tify. Such is a Bachelor; such the life with gladness. The friend of his soul, of a Bachelor. What becomes of him the wife of his bosom, welcomes his ap after death, I am not casuist enough to proach with susceptibility, joy flushes her determine.

cheeks, and mutual are their transports. Now for a MARRIED MAN., Infants, lovely as the spring, climb about The felicity of a Married Man never his knees, and contend which shall catch ftands fill. It perpetually flows, and the envied kiss of paternal fondness. Smi'increases in passage It is fupling plenty, under the guardianthip of plied from various channels ; it depends Oeconomy, is seen in every department of more on others than on himself. From paro his family; . Generosity stands porter at ticipation proceed the most extatic enjoy- bis door. Liberality presides at his table; ments of the Married Man.

and social mirth gives to time its most By an union with the gentlest, most po- pleasing, motion. To the existence of a lited, most beautiful part of the crea Married Man there is no termination, tion, his mind is barmonized, his man When Death overtakes him, he is only ners Softened, his soul animated by the translated from one heaven to another ; his tenderelt, liveliest sentiments. Love, gra- glory is immortalized, and his children's titude, and universal benevolence, mix in children represent him on earth to the last all his ideas. The house of a Married generation.

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The HISTORY OF ENG LAN D continued from Page 250

of our laft. AS the change in the Ministry had he trusted with preaching a sermon before caufed a division among the Whigs, some that Assembly. Mr. Lechmere observed, adhering to those that were in, and others • That he could not but wonder, that a to those that were out of place, an oppo- Member, who had been one of the Mana? Otion was formed by those laft in conjunc, gers against Dr. Sacheverel, should now gion with the Tories on several occasions, speak in behalf of a Divine, who had af. This evidently appeared when Sir William ferted the same notions of Pallive-obedience Windham (who had been discharged) and Non-reġftance, for which the other moved, that Dr. Snape (bould be appoint had been prosecuted; and who had lately ed to preach on the Restoration of King attacked a worthy champion of the RevoluCharles. The Doctor was one of the tion and Proteitant Succession.' Mr, King's Chaplains, and Master of Eaton- Ailabie answered, “That he gave his vote school, but was of High-church principles, to Dr. Snape, because he looked upon him and had lately attacked the Bishop of Ban- as a learned and honest man : and, as for gor. Sir Williain's motion was seconded his having written against the Bishop of by Mr. Shippen, and supported, not only Bangor's sermon, he did not think it a by several Tories, but also by all the sufficient reason to put upon him a nega. Whigs, who had lately resigned their em tive, which would be prejudging of a ployments. Mr. Horace Walpole, who controversy, that did not properly belong spoke after Mr. Shippen, said, “That it to their cognisance.' The Lord Guernsey was unusual, on suchi occasions, to put the spoke with itill more vehememence in benegative on any man, whom a Member of half of the Doctor, fo that, the motion that House had thought fit to name ; and being thus strongly supported, he was apthat Dr. Snape was not only a person of pointed to preach by a majority of one merit and great learning, but had like hundred and forty-one againti one hundred wise the honour to be one of his Majelly's and thirty-one. Chaplains. To these commendations During thefe proceedings, the Ministers Mr. Robert Walpole added, “That he were no less employed than the meeting of knew Dr. Snape to be both a very

learned Parliament. Negociations were carrying and a very honelt man : that he had not on, particularly to oblige the King of only intrusted him with the education of Sweden to make peace. The Czar had, his own children, but also recommended the laft year, married his niece, the Printhe sons of the Duke of Devon thire and cese Catharina, to the Duke of MecklenLord Townshend to his care; and there burg Swherin, and resolved to procure the fore he could not but thiuk, that lie might ponellion of Wifinar for him. To that


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end he had sent' firft twelve thousand but England itself was to feel the effects, Ruslians (which were afterwards in. The firit step to this reconciliation was by creased to twenty-fix thousand) to assist at the means of Dr. Erskine to found Prince the taking of that place, when besieged Menzikoff, who, pleased with the defign, by the Prussians, Hanoverians, and Danes. soon brought the Czar into it. But it will But, the town having surrendered before presently be seen, how desirous he was to the arrival of his army, his project fell to clear himself from such an imputation, the ground, nor would the Allies suffer The Czar, having sent his forces into any of his troops to be garrisoned there, Mecklenburg, refolved to take a tour to The Czar was vexed at this disappointment, France. He arrived at Amsterdam in and from hence may be dated several memo, December, where he expected the Czarina, rable events, particularly the misunder-, who attended bim in his travels; but the, ftanding between him and the Court of being, big with child, happened to be deHanover.

livered of a Prince, as she was preparing to Soon after this, a descent on Schonen set out from Wesel, and came not to Amwas concerted between the Kings of Prur fterdam till the soth of February, The fa and Denmark, and the Czar, in order Czar remained there and at the Hague till to oblige the King of Sweden to quit Nor- the 4th of April. When King George para way, where he had penetrated with an sed through Holland, in his way from army of twenty thousand men, and was Hanover, the Czar was there, and, had they advancing towards Chriftianstadt, the ca desired it, might have had an interview, pital of that kingdom. The Czar seemed but the Czar excused himself on pretence the most forward in this expedition, and of an indifpofition. During the Czar's took upon him the command of the united Atay in Holland, the letters of Baron fleets of England, Holland, Denmark, and Gortz and Count Gyllenburg were publichRussia, in order to drive the Swedish fleeted in England by the King's special cominto port. But this was all outward slow, mand. In these letters, there were foms For the appearance of the British fleet under, passages relating not only to Dr. Erskine Admiral Norris could not be very agree the Czar's Phylacian, but to the Czar himable to the Czar, as it prevented the designs felf, reflecting on his conduct in regard he had formed against Denmark itself, to King George. Upon this the Czar orafter his disappointment at Wismar. And; dered Wesseloulki to present a long memo therefore when, in a Council of War be- rial to King George, wherein he expresses tween him and the King of Denmark, all a surprize at the malice of his enemies, to things were settled for the descent in make him a pany concerned in the conSchonen, and the troops ordered to em- {piracy in favour of the Pretender : thews bark, on a sudden the orders were coun, the improbability of it, as the Pretender termanded, and the project, which was to would not fail (lhould he succeed) of af. reduce the King of Sweden to such terms fisting the King of Sweden agaipt him : as the Allies Mould think proper to impose mentions his offering, the latt year, to on him, was laid aside, after', the great guarantee the succesion of the Crown of expence the Danes had been at for the Great Britain in the House of Hanover, transportation of the forces, and other though he had obferved several disagreeable preparations. The Czar pretended the Steps taken by the British Ministers at the season was too far advanced, and that it Courts of Vienna, Pruffia, and Denmark, would be better to defer the expedition till, and even at the Dief of Ratisbon; and the spring: This was strongly renion though he had been informed that the strated againg in a long man felo by the Court of England was privately treating of King of Denmark, to which the Czar a separate peace with the King of Sweden, knowing his own secret motives, returned, promising him aflittance on bis yielding no answer, The Czar had for forne, time up Brementas, too plainly appeared by been disconsented with the Alles, who i Count Gyllenburgh's letters: offers, how, were all for preventing, his having any rever, to establish the ancient good underfooting in Germany, fo jealous were thesis standing betwec) them, and to concert of his power ; and this discontent of the measustes for the vigorous prosecution of Czar was what hindered the ruin of the the war again the common enedy: conKing of Sweden, and was now like to reo: cludes with saying, he could not but be concile himn to his most powerful enemys very much concerned at the King's causing if Baron Goriz lucceeded in his project of to be printed the malicious' infinuations of making a peace between them, of which his enemies, which wounded his honour, rot only Denmark, Prusia, and Poland, without a previous communication of the


of France. He offered to pour a numerous Czar, the better to make his own terms,

fame, or demanding an explanation of been set at liberty the day before his arrival) those passages, as a good Ally should have with great privacy to an interview at Loo? done.

Gorizi undertook to adjuft all differences As some articles of this memorial re between the Czar and the King of Sweden, lated to the King as Elector of Hanover, within three months; and the Czar enthere were two answers given to it; one gaged to suspend all operations againt by Mr. Stanbope, the other by the Chans Sweden till the end of that term. io cery of Hanover. The King says, he is This interview having been complained very far from suspecting the Czar of entering of by the British Resident at Petersburg, into any engagements in favour of the Pre- the Czar's Minilters at first denied it, but tender: owns (as nothing can tessen the good foon after were obliged to own it. The understanding between them, but the con- late Duke of Ormond, with one Mr. tinuance of the Ruffian troops in the empire) Jernegan, a Roman Catholic, was come to he caused instances to be made to the Mittau in Courland to propose a marriage Courts of Vienna, Denmark, and Prussia for between one of the Czar's daughters and uniting their endeavours to persuade him to the Pretender, and to offer to go and perremove them: hopes the Czar will have a suade the King of Sweden to make peace due regard thereto, and speedily withdraw with the Czar, and assist in setting the bis troops, fince the continuance of them Pretender on the Throne of Great Britain; in the empire intimates a design quite con but the proposal of the marriage interfered trary to the acting against Sweden, and with Baron Gortz's scheme, who had long creates such distrufts and jealousies as intended that Princess for the Duke of cannot be otherwise removed.' As for the Holstein, to whom she was afterwards publication of the letters, it was impossible married. Mr. Jernegan was sent to Swe-" (says the memorial) to omit the passages den for leave that the Duke of Ormond concerning the Czár, because the King might come there as the Pretender's Minihad weighty reasons to impart to the Pare fter. The answer he brought to the Duke liament "the letters entire as they were was, that the King of Sweden had Itrong found. The answer concluded with af reasons for ' not admitting him. He was furing the Czar, that be should have rea. Soon after sent from Mittau, and Jernegan fon to be satisfied, provided he would re was left to manage the business at Petersmove the only obstacle in their mutual burg, with all possible secrecy. Mean understanding, the continuance of the Rur' while a Congress was formed at Abo, befian troops in the empire.

tween the Swedisi and Russian Ministers, These memorials did not reconcile the which was afterwards removed to Aland. two Princes : 'the distance of their domini The Czar's chief aim was to keep not ons, the interests of their subjects with only Ingria, and part of Carelia, but also regard to commerce; Inspended their resent. Revel, with Estonia, and Riga, with ments, but they were enemies the rest of their Livonia, and to restore to Sweden 'only life. The Cżar, curious as he was, would Finland and the rest of Carelia.** Baron not have failed of visiting England in his Gortz flattered the Czar with the hopes progress, had the two Monarchs been of the King of Sweden's consent to these upon good terms.

Hier cessions, in confideration of his affifting The Czar, after having spent three him in restoring Stanislaus, and retaking months in Holland, resolved upon a tour what Denmark and England had conquerto the Court of France, with design to ed upon Sweden. The King of Pruffia enter into a confederacy with the Regent was to be included in the treaty, and the army into the empire, which thould be engaged to prevail with him to restore at the dispofal of the Regent, provided he Stetin for an equivalent somewhere else. would pay him the fubfidies' he demanded, Upon these foundations Baron Gortz and which were very large. But his offer M. Osterman, the Czar's Plenipotentiary, was rejected, and communicated by the concerted the plan of a peace between the Regent to King George. However, the Czar and the King of Sweden.” By this Czar, during his stay at Paris, concluded plan the conquest of Norway was designed. a treaty of friendship with France, in The Czar was obliged to affilt his Swedish which the King of Prussia was included, Majesty in that expedition, and both proand, being prefled by the Regent, he pro“ mised to unite all their forces againit the mised to withdraw his forces from Meck- King of Great Britain, in case he thould lenburg. The Czar, at his return to Am- interpose. This seemed to have a view to sterdam, admitted Baron Gortz (who had the interest of the Pretender, and a design


of an invahan in Scotland, after the con- friends pressed the House to appoigt a quest of Norway.

Ahort day, while the other lide pleaded fok When Baron Gortz set out from A. time. Accordingly the Duke of Bucking land with the plan of peace, in order ta ham, who had made the motion, declared obtain his maker's content, the King of in a speech for a short day, and named the Sweden was with his armıy before Free 6th of June. But the Earl of Sunderland derickltadt, in Norway, where he was and she Lord Coning by were for sending killed in the night, between the 29th and a message to the Commons, to know whezosh of November, 1718. Baron Gortz, ther they were ready, or to appoint the not being informed of his death, was ar. 131h of June for the trial. After some refted on the road, and having drawn upon debate, the asth was appointed by a mahimself the hatred okibe nasion, and seleni jority of eighty-five againit forty-four, and ment of the Nables, whom be bad tealed a mellage was sent to the Commons to acwith haughtiness, he was by them condem- quaint thein with ihe fame, ned to the scaffold, where he died with grac This message caused po lefs debates aresolution. By the King of Sweden's death mong the Commons. They saw the face the face of affairs in she North was ea. of their affairs a little changed: some who zirely changed : Sweden was forced to fube had been active in this profecution when it mit; the Czar, King of Denmark, and was firit begud, and upon whom the House King George as Elector of Hanover, ren might be laid in some measure to depend mained in possession of what they had ac, for carrying it on, seemed to look coldly quired. These affairs, though not ended upon the matter, and to decline the work, till the following year, have been related or at least to have less of that confidence, at once to prevent any farther recourse to the House usually thewed them before. them. But to return to England, This caused a vote to appoint a Committee

The Earl of Oxford had now been cona to enquire into the date of the Earl of Oxfined in the Tower almost two years, and, ford's' impeachment. The Committee finding the fefsion was like to end without found upon enquiry, that several Mementering upon his calė, he caused a petition bers of the Secret Committee (who begun to be presented to the House of Lords, the prosecution) had been called up to the wherein he submitted his cafe to their House of Peers, as the Lords Onflow, Lordships confideration, praying, that his Coningsby, and Mattham, and that others imprisonment might not be indefinite, feemed remifs, or were abfent. ThereThe Lord Trevor, who presented his pe. fore the House was moved, and did agree, tition, made a long speech in his favour, that Mr. Carter, Sir William Thompton, as did allo the Duke of Buckingham, the the Serjeants Birch, Pengelly, and Rey. Earls of Nottingham and Abingdon, and nolds, Thould be added to the Secret Comthe Lords Harcourt and North and Grey. mittee. At their firit meeting, Mr. CarIt was intitted in the Earl's behalf, that ter was cholen Chairman in the room of the impeachment was deltroyed and deter-, Mr. Walpole, who, with several others, mined, înce he was not brought to his trial ablented himself. For this reason Mr. the same feffion, in which he was impeachm: Secretary Addison, Mr. Craggs, Serjeant ed; and that the prorogation fuperfeded · Mead, and Mr Jellop, and a little after the whole proceedings. The Earl of Mr. Lechmere, now Chancellor of the Nottingham, who in 1719, when in faDuchy of Lancaster, were added to the vour, had been one of the mott zealous number. against the Ministers of the late Queen, All the eminent Lawyers of the House fienuously in fitted upon the impeachment's being thus named to be of the Committee, being fuperfeded by the proragation, and they immediately fell to preparing to make demanded leave to enter his protestation good the articles of impeachment, in case against the vote palled so tire contrary, by the Houle should agree to proceed to the a majoriy of eighey-leven to forty-five. trial; but all the while they left people in

This being rejected, the Duke of Buck: fufpence as to their resolution, even till ingham moved to appoint a day for the the day before the trial was to be. The Earl's trial, which, after fome debaseen King bad appointed Lord Chancellor and appointing a commines to search for Cowper to be Lord High-steward on this precedents, was fixed and appointed. It occalion, and all things were in readiness is reniarkable, that the appointing a day for the trial , when, on the 12th of June, chid not ocralon fo long a debate as the a mellage was sent from the Commons to Thortening the day, and liat the East's the Lords, to demand longer time for their


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