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is that plea, perhaps, altogether well-manufacture; of an extensive commerce founded.

and flourishing arts; and, above all, of But let us contrast these dismal scenes the best form of Government in the world, of war and Navery with the blessings of and the greatest degree of civil and religious liberty and peace. "And here a wide prof- liberty. And thall we not :hen with these pect opens to our view! But the limits of blessings to be extended to the rest of manyour Magazine would fail to indulge an kind, to the extremities of the earth, to inclination if traversing the enchanted every individual of the human race; that ground. We of this happy country en. they, as well as ourselves, may each fit joy them in so eminent a degree, that the under his own vine, and under his own figtask is in a great measure fuperfluous. tree, no one making them afraid?' I am We are in possession of a well cultivated persuaded every Reader will join in the bea country, crowned with golden harvetts, nevolent apostrophe of the Poet, expressed and covered with flocks and herds of cat- in the motto of this Essay: to which I shall tle; abounding, with rivers, into whose subjoin, as a conclusion, the lublime sentiharbours every tide conveys the riches of ment of the Evangelic Prophet, They the most distant parts of the globe; en shall beat their swords into plow-shares, riched with villages, towns, and cities, and their spears into pruning-hooks. Naa adorned with the most stately structures, tion thall not lift up sword againlt nation, crouded with indultrious inhabitants, skil- neither shall they learn war any more.' led in every branch of the most ingenious. Description of the Grecian Ifand of SIPHANTO; illustrated

with a Domestic Representation of a Woman and her Children of that Ipand. VIPHANTO is an island of the Grecian woman attending the concerns of her

Archipelago, to the westward of Paros, young family ; copied from a drawing to the north-east of Milo, and to the south- taken from the life. This woman had an weit of Serphanto. The air is so whole. agreeable countenance, but she was short some here, that many of the inhabitants and corpulent; in which respect the dife live to the age of 120; their water, fruits, fered from the rest of her country-women, wild-fowl, and poultry, are excellent, bụt who in general are tall and genteel. more especially the grapes. It abounds. All the circumstances, added in the en. with marble and granite, and is not only graving, were exactly designed on the one of the most fertile, but of the best cul- spot. Hammocks are used for young chil. tivated of these islands. The inhabitants dren in many of the islands in the Archiemploy themselves in railing olive trees pelago ; but the beds are higher, larger, and capers, and have very good filk., and more aukward, in Siphanto, than in They trade in figs, wax, honey, onions, any other. The women plat their hair and straw-hats; and their number may with woollen , barids ; and, turning up the amount to about five thousand. The ropes thus formed, faiten them on the island is fituated in 38 deg. north latitude, crown of the head; but this is easier conand 25 deg. east longitude.

ceived from the figures on the plate, than The dress of the women of Siphanto, from any verbal description. When they is much less disagreeable than that of some travel into the country, they skreen their of the neighbouring illands; and bears a, complexions from the heat of the fun, by little resemblance to the true Grecian habit. covering their faces with Atrips of linen The plate exhibits the representation of a fastened under the chin.

Anecdotes of the late DAVID GARRICK, Esq; continued

from Page 286 of our laft. MR. LACY knew that the posseffion of time, prevailed on the Duke of Grafton a patent was of little avail without the to proinise a renewal of the Drury-lane power to make it advantageous to him. patent, he wisely thought, the best way He saw that the great theatrical loadstone io secure so valuable an acquisition as Mr. was Mr. Garrick, who could always Garrick would be to offer him the moiety draw after him the bett company, and till of it. This he well knew was a propos the boxes. Lacy. having too, about this fation worthy of acceptance, and, in case



he closed with the offer, would render the interrupted; but Mr. Garrick forefat. other moiety of greater value to himself that the repetition of his belt characters than the whole would be without such a would in time beget fatiely; for while he partner.

was able to act, the people would expect to The tender of fo confiderable and valu- see him; be wished, therefore, to contrive able a thing as the half of a patent was fome particular mode of management by no means unpleasing to Mr. Garrick; which would attract their attention with he consulted his friends, who all advised out him. Mollop, Woodward, and on him to purchase it on reasonable terms; thers amongst his belt comedians, were and for the moderate sum of eight thousand employed occasionally in fome revived pounds he became joint-patenrec of Drury. plays with advantage, and the usual lane theatre with Mr. Lacy. This trans- Chriftınas fare of a new pantomime had action was finished to the fatisfaction of the temporary effect of drawing the high both parties, about the end of March, and low vulgar after it; but all arts were 1747

fupposed ineffatual to fix the wavering The patentees divided the business of taste of the public, unless Mr. Garrick the theatre in such a manner, es not to in- , made a part of the entertainment. Howa croach upon each other's province. Mr. ever he sought to divert and win them, by Lacy took upon him the care of the ward- fixing their attention upon a new obrobe, the scenes and the economy of the jeet. houthold, while Mr. Garrick regulated In the summer of 1754, Mr. Garrick the more important business of treating invited the celebrated Mr. Noverre to enter with authors, hiring actors, dittributing into an engagement with him for the ensu. parts in plays, luperintending of rehearing winter, and to compofe such dances as fals, &c. Belides the profit accruing from would surprize and captivate all ranks of his half Mare, he was allowed an income people. of sool. for his acting, and fome parti But between the planning of this public cular emoluments for altering plays, diversion, and the representation of it, hofti. farces, &c.

lities commenced between England and, Such was the confidence which the play- France; and as if we had at the same time ers had in Mr. Garrick's abilities, that he declared war against ingenuity and the pohad his choice of the the molt eminent a lite arts, the uninformed part of the people, mpongst them, except Mr. Quin, who rę, stimulated by others whole envy of superior tired to Bath. Mrs. Pritchard, Mrs. Cib. merit and good fortune is ever diiguised ber, and many others, immediaitly en. with the specious thew of public spirit, de. tered into articles with the patentees of nounced vengeance againlt the Managers, Drury-lane. Rich was almott de!erted, and particularly Mr. Garrick, for employe aud did not recover from his forprize and ing fuch a large number of Frenchmen in inactivity till very late in the season, when an English theatre, at a time of open war he brought out a favourite piece of muin with iheir countrymen. Nothing could mery that drew valt crouds to it.

juftify this unexpected attack but an ex. While the leading players of Covent- cluhon of the English in preference of fo. garden were wrangling amongst themselves, reigners; but that was not the case, for all the Manager of Drury-lane pursued his England and Ireland were ransacked to fill business uniemirtedly. He was always ' up the various figures projected by the sure to fill his house when he acted; but composer. to give himlelf some ease, and at the same The prejudices of the people were so time to attack Rich in his itrongest hold, violent, and so openly divulged againit the by the assistance of Woodward, he, with Chinese Festival, that the King was pre. much care and expence, brought out a vailed upon to give a kind of Tinction to new pantomime, called Queen Mab. this entertainment, by a royal command, This was amongit the few faces of that on the first night of representation, but the kind which met with encouragement at presence of a crowned head was not sufficiDrury Jane, The people crowded for above ent to curb that ill-placed zeal against Pa. forty nights to see ihis exhibition, which pists and Frenchmen, which had leized it seems had a kind of novelty to recom many well-meaning people. The good old mend it from the fable. This decided the King, being told the cause of the uproar, victory in favour of Garrick.

seemed to enjoy the folly of the hour, and The succeis of Dru:y-lane theatre, un, laughed very heartily. der the direction of two Managers who The inhabitants of the boxes, from the knew, their intereft, was great and une beginning of the dispute, were inclined to


Fatour the exhibition of the Festival, and Notwithstanding he was Atrongly pressed pery warmly espoufed the cause of the Ma by several of his friends to employ Mifs nagers against the plebeian part of the audió Brent, he persisted in refusing. it was one ence, whom they affected to to look down of bis failings to reject frequently propoupon with contempt. The pit and galleries fitions from others, though apparently for became more incensed by this opposition of his advantage. He would always feet at the people of fathion, and entered into a least to be the first mover himself of every Itrong alliance to ftand by each other, and undertaking; as if he thought listening to to annoy the common enemy: Several the advice of his friends implied a degra: Gentlemen of high rank being determined dation of his understanding to conquer the obftinacy of the rioters, they The ensuing winter he had full leisure jumped from the boxes into the pit with a to repent his obitinacy; for Mr Beard view to feize the ringleaders of the fray. made Miss Brent his most powerful engine 'The Ladies at first were so far from being to demolith the success and humble the frightened at this resolution of the Gentle pride of Drury-lane. men, that they pointed out the obnoxious Mr. Garrick had long meditated a jourpersons with great calmness. Swords were ney to the continent; and several disagree. mutually drawn, and blood shed. The fee able occurrences, which artended the lalt year males at last gave way to their natural ti- of his management, had contributed to midity, they screamed out loudly, and a quicken his refolution of leaving for a time mighty uproar ensued. The contest be- his native country. His own, and Mrs. tween the boxes and the other parts of the Garrick's health, were not lo firm as their house was attended with real distress to the friends and the public wished. The baths Managers, for they knew not now which of Padua were celebrated for their healing party they could oblige with safety. One power in certain disorders, and pronounced would not give way to the other, and they efficacious in Mrs. Garrick's cale. Exerseemed to be pretty equally balanced : at cise, aniusement, and change of air were Jaft, after much mutual abuse, loud alterca- what her husband seemed principa'ly to tion, and many violent blows and scuffles, want. To a mind active and inquisitive, the combatants fell upon that which could such as Mr. Garrick's, the knowledge of make no resistance, the materials before foreign customs would afford inftruction as them. They demolished the scenes, tore well as entertainnuent. The theatres on up the benches, broke the lustres and gi- the continent, with their multifarious exrándoles, and did in a hort time so much hibitions, might, in all probability, furnish mischief to the inside of the theatre, that him with proper materials to enrich his it scarce could be repaired in several days. own dominions on his return home. His During the heat of this ruinous business, inclination to travel might gain additional Mr. Garrick felt himself in a very odd fitu- strength from two other motives, very ination ; he thought his life was in danger cidental to the human breast; the desire from the ungovernable rage of the people, of increasing his importance, by not hewho threatened to demolish his house. He ing fo often feen; and convincing the who had been so long the idol of the public, public, that the success and {plendor of was now openly abused and execrated. He the stage depended solely on himself. He found himself reduced to the necessity of fet out for Dover, in his way to Calais, seeking protection from the soldiery. The the 15th of September, 1763, accompanied mob indeed went so far as to break his by Mrs. Garrick, who, from the day of windows, and to commit other acts of vio- her marriage till the death of her husband, lence.

had never been separated from hin for Miss Brent, a scholar of Dr Arne, had twenty four hours. been employed in an oratorio performed After Mr Garrick liad been abroad an at Drury-lane in the spring of 1762 : her bout a year and half; satiated with the voice had not then reached that full strength amusements and pleasures of the continent, and melody, to which, by frequent prac- he turned his thoughts towards his native tice, it afterwards attained. However, it couniry, and arrived in London about the was then clear, plealing and harmonious, latter end of April, 1765. The pleasure and gave a very fair promise of rising to great of the public for his retuin was universal. perfection. Arne made a tender of her The King honoured his firit appearance abilities to Mr. Garrick, at a very mode. by comin inding the play of Much Ado rate income. A taste for muúc, or even a about Nothing. As soon as he was seen tolerable ear for a song, was not amongst by the spectaiors, such loud and repeated Mr. Garrick's endowments.

applauses were given him as perhaps no


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a&tor ever before was welcomed with. the value which all the world profeffed for The joy of the audience was expressed, any thing which belonged to Shakespeare, not in the usual methods of clapping of very ingenioully cut it into various Thapes, hands and clattering of flicks, but in loud of 'Imail trunks, Muff-boxer, tea-chefts, thouts and huzzas.

ftandishes, tobacco-ftoppers, &c. The cor. It was remarked by the most discerning poration of Stratford bought leveral of this judges, that our Roscius had, by visiting man's curious manufacture of the mulberforeign theatres, greatly profited in his ry-tree; and, influenced by good senfe and mode of representation : they observed, that superior tatte, they inclosed the freedom of his action though always fpirited and pro- Stratford in a box made of this sacred wood, per, was become fill more easy and un and sent it to Mr. Garrick į at the same rettrained ; that his deportment was more time they requested of him, in very polite graceful, and his manner more elegant i terms, a bult

, itatue, or picture of his ad. that he did not now appear fo folicitous mired Shakefpeare, which, they informed for applaufe, as io difturb his own feelings, him, they intended to place in their townand leffen the pleasure of the audience; hall. In the same letter, with equal politethat he had entirely dropt that anxiousness, they assured him, that they should be exertion at the close of a speech, both in no less pleased if he would oblige them look and behaviour, which is called by with his own picture, to be placed near to the comedians a clap-trap. That there his favourite Author, in perpetual remenwas certainly an alteration as well as im. brance of both. provement in bis Myle of acting, was This judicious and well-timed complie noticed by the spectators in general. ment gave rise to the Jubilee of Shakespeare.

Remarkable events have been indebted In September 1769, an amphitheatre was for their origin to very unpromising inci. erected at Stratford, upon the plan of dents.

Ranelagh, decorated with various devices. A wealthy Clergyman purchased the Transparencies were invented for the townhouse and gardens of Shakespeare at Strat- house, through which the poet's most ftrik. ford-upon-Avon A man of taste in ing characters were seen. A small old such a situation, and master of fo enchant- house, where Shakespeare was born, was ing a spot, would have congratulated him- covered over with curious emblematic self on his good fortune, and have deemed transparency; the subject was the sun himself the happiett of mortals ; but the ttruggling through clouds, to enlighten Juckless and ignorant owner trod the the world; a figurative representation of ground which had been cultivated by the the fate and fortunes of the much-beloved first genius of the world, withont feeling Bard. those warm emotions which arise in the The Jubilee lasted three days; during breast of the generous enthusiast.

which time entertainments of oratorios, The muiberry-tree, planted by the concerts, pageants, fire-works, &c. were Poet's own hand, became an object of presented to a very brilliant and numerous dilike to this tasteless owner of it, because company, affmbled from all parts of the it over Madowed his window, and rendered kingdom. Many persons of the bighest the house, as he thought, subject to damps quality and rank, of both sexes, some of and moisture. In an evil hour the unbap- the most celebrated beauties of the age, py Prieit ordered it to be cut down. and men distinguished for their genius and

The people of Stratford, who had been love of the elegant arts, thought them taught to venerate every thing which re- felves happy to fill the grand chorus of this Jated to the immortal Shakespeare, were high festival. seized with grief and aftonilhiment when Mr. Foote indulged in the fallies of that they were informed of the facrilegious deed; wit whicli seemed to please all by sparing and nothing less than the destruction of the nove. Mr. Coleman, by a chearful vivacioffender, in the firit transports of their rage, ty and ready urbanity, engaged the attenwould fatisfy them. The milerable culprit tion of all about him. The Historian of was forced to skulk up and down, to lave Corsica, and the friend of Dr. Johnson, himself from the rage of the Stratfordians; Mr Borwell, a man as much celebrated he was obliged at last to leave the town, for his humanity, as known for his roamidst the curses of the populace, who mantic turn of nund, diftinguithed him. Soleinnly vowed never to suffer one of the self by the name of Corsica Bofwell, which same name to refide in Stratford.

words were intcribed on the outside of his The nulberry-free, thus cut down, was hat in large letters. purchased by a carpenter; who, knuwing No company, to various in character,


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