A Dictionary of General Knowledge; Or, An Explanation of Words and Things Connected with the Arts and Sciences

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Tegg, 1830 - Industrial arts - 364 pages
 

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Page 121 - The frustum of a cone is the part that remains, when the top is cut off by a plane parallel to the base; and is otherwise called a truncated cone. The frustum of a pyramid is also what remains, after the top is cut off" by a plane parallel to its base.
Page 106 - EQUINOCTIAL, in astronomy, a great circle of the celestial globe, whose poles are the poles of the world. It is so called, because, whenever the sun comes to this circle, the days and nights are equal all over the globe ; being the same with that which the sun seems to describe at the time of the two equinoxes of spring and autumn.
Page 107 - An exchange is a mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. The word "exchange...
Page 166 - Majesty's high court of justice shall be constituted as follows: — The first judges thereof shall be the lord chancellor, the lord chief justice of England, the master of the rolls, the lord chief justice of the common pleas, the lord chief baron of the exchequer, the...
Page 70 - Copyright (in Law). — The exclusive right of printing and publishing copies of any literary performance, which is now confirmed by statute, to authors or their publishers, for a certain number of years, that is to say, for twenty-eight years in all cases, whether the author survive that period or not ; and to the end of the author's life, if he live beyond that period ; besides, as an notion lies to recover damages for pirating the new corrections and additions to an old work, publishers may acquire...
Page 257 - This is done, either by reflecting the sun's rays from a concave polished mirror, or* by concentrating or collecting them by the refractive power of convex lenses, and directing the rays thus concentrated on the combustible body. REACTION, in physiology, the resistance made by all bodies to the action or impulse of others, that endeavour to change its state, whetherof motion or rest.
Page 100 - And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
Page 124 - Hence the arrangement was as follows:- — zinc, silver, and wet cloth; zinc, silver, wet cloth, and so on. The silver plates were chiefly silver coins, the plates of zinc and the pieces of cloth being of the same size. He found this pile much more powerful when the pieces of cloth were moistened with...
Page 210 - Nash, or King of Bath, a celebrated leader of the fashions in England. He was born at Swansea, in South Wales, October 8, 1674, and died in the city of Bath, (England,) February 3, 1761.
Page 97 - Leyden, of much eminence, said that " he felt himself struck in his arms, shoulders, and breast, so that he lost his breath ; and it was two days before he recovered from the effects of the blow and the terror ; adding, that he would not take a second shock for the kingdom of France.

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