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veyors and victuallers, what cesse they receive and what eise
is bought and provided by them.
Folio 307a.—Sir Anthony Sentlenger was then Lord De-
puty, 6th November, 4 Edw. VI.
Folio 327.-23 May, 6 Edward VI., a general hosting for
30 days, to begin 20th of June, Sir James Croft then being
Lord Deputy.
Folios 328 and 329.--From 28th June until 28th November,
6 Edw. VI., no entry in the Council Book of any thing
Folio 334.—8th Feb., 7 Edward VI, an order “for the re-
voking of Captain Boottes and his band from Armaughe for
want of victuals and that he could not be relieved with
cesse of the English parts, which was afore already so much
charged with cesse.”
Folio 338–17th August, 1 Mary, a general hosting for
21 days, to begin 4th September.
Folio 354.—27th April, 1 Mary, a general hosting for 30
days against O'Reelie.
Note.—All that was done in the time of Sir Thomas
Cusack, Lord Justice, during November, 1 Mary, is not entered
in the Council Book, “nor of December nor January in that
year for Sir Anthony Sentlenger's doing[s].”
Folio 355–3rd July, 1 Mary, for the victualling of the army,
being thought fit to be placed upon the borders of the
O'Conours, the Mores, the Dempsyes, and the Towlls, a cesse
concluded and imposed. On every two plowlands in the
counties of Meath and Dublin, beefs , muttons 4, wheat
one peck, malt one peck; on the county of Uriell, beefs 80,
muttons 200; on the county of Westmeath, beefs 160.
Total : beefs 420; muttons 920; wheat 192 pecks; malt
180 pecks.
Folio 358–16th August, 2 Mary, “a general hosting being
agreed on and proclaimed after three plowlands to a cart
for 30 days, was also agreed on to be converted into money,
and so to be levied for the furniture of the Lord Deputy and
th’ army towards Limerick, to speak with the Earl of Desmond
and to set a stay between the Earl of Thomonde and Sir
Donyll O'Bryne, and therewhiles to travel in the borders for
the pacifying of the Moores, the Conours, and Pheylyme Roo;
which estimatively amounted, after 4!. Ir, upon every plow-
land cessable for carriage, and after 40s. Irish for every man's
service charged to rise out for the counties of Dublin, Meath,
and Kildare, with 84/. 13s. 4d. in gross upon the county of
Westmeath and the Polles, and 11.6l. upon the county of
Uriell, unto 1,335l. Irish,” or 900l. sterling.

Note in the margin, in a different hand:—“This being in anpo 7" R. Edw. VI., no entry in the book of the Council of any cesse of victuals since that of the last of October, anno tercio Regis pradicti, doth prove there were nevertheless many and great cesses in the mean time.”

Folio 369–27th January 1554, “it was concluded amongst others that the Earl of Kildare, being appointed with such power as he could assemble of horsemen, kerne, and galloglas to serve against Phelyme Roo, should cesse them to have meat and drink (except taking of money) upon the English borders there paying nothing.”

(II) In the next Council Book of the governments of the Earl of Sussex and Sir Henry Sidney, knight, successively her Majesty's Deputies for this realm, and others, Lords Justices of the same realm, between the 26th of May 1556 and the 17th of February 1570–71], among other matters are found registered.

Folio 3–A general hosting for six weeks, after three plowlands to a cart, to begin 2nd July 1556. Folio 7–27th June 1556, “an order set down that every horseman cessed in the country should pay weekly for himself 2s, sterling, for his horseboy 7d. and for every horse having six sheafs double band, with hay and glay accustomed for a day and night, 1.d. sterling; and that every footman should pay weekly for himself 2s. Sterling." [And this proveth also, (notwithstanding the great proportions cessed for victualling of those bands which were at the forts and holds,) there were also soldiers which lay placed and divided at cesse in the English Pale, and for the most part never without some, except during roads and journeys, until in the last government of Sir William FitzWilliams, and since that time there remained but the Lord Deputies' horses.”]f Folio 27. – 8th November 1556, agreed on that the Lord Deputy shall, when occasion of war serves, retain kerne for the reformation of Leix and other countries. The same holding to be cessed within the counties of Meath, Westmeath, Dublin, Uriell, Kildare, Catherloghe, Wexford, Waterford, Kilkenny, and Tipperary. And so many of the said counties to be cessed in money, as he shall think expedient. “Upon the debating thereof, it was concluded finally there should be 200l. cessed upon the counties of Dublin and Meath, rateably upon the plowlands; which 200l., and also the defaults of the kernes of the Pooles for that hosting were levied to hire kerne.” Folios 27 and 28–9th November 1556, cesse for the furniture of the forts in Leix and Offaley and other holds and garrisons in Leix and elsewhere. On Meath : wheat 1,500

* Notes in the margin :-(1) “The soldier's pay was then sterling, and now but current money of Ireland, so as now to pay so for the soldier's diet were to pay his whole wages."—(2) “Note, this money was sterling money of Ireland which even then, or shortly fter, began to differ from the sterling money of England.”

f The lines included in brackets are in a different hand.


pecks, beer malt, 500 pecks, oat malt 500 pecks, beefs 400.
Westmeath: wheat 500 pecks, beer malt, 167 pecks, oat malt
333 pecks, beefs 200. Kildare: wheat 750 pecks, beer malt
250 pecks, oat malt 500 pecks, beefs 140. Dublin; wheat
750 pecks, beer malt 250 pecks, oat malt 500 pecks, beefs
120. Uriell: wheat 500 pecks, beer malt 167 pecks, oat
malt 333 pecks, beefs 140.
The peck of wheat and beer malt at 3s. 4d. Sterling, the
peck of oat malt at 2s. 4d., and every beef at 128. Carriage
after the rate of 4d the garran and 6d, the leader a day."
The counties of Wexford, Waterford, Kilkenny, and
Tipperary to be likewise cessed at the discretion of the Lord
Deputy for the furniture of Leighlyn and other garrisons.
Folio 32-29th January 1556, an order by the Lord
Deputy, nobility, and Council “that of all the rent of port
corn reserved or due in corn or in rent to their Majesties the
5th part, and of every centuple reserved in corn or in
rent two pecks, during the leases, shall be by commissioners
taken and levied of the farmers thereof or of their assigns
having the corn or a clear gain thereof, for double the price
reserved thereof to their Majesties by these leases.”
Folio 40–25th February 1556, “a cesse for assembling
and levying of a general muster of laborers upon all the
counties and countries, with victuals, bills, axes, spades,
mattocks, and other tools meet, to be sent into Ophalley and
the confines thereof, and to be employed as the Lord Deputy
shall appoint for eight days for cutting of passes and mending
of towers, whereby the army may the better pass and the
traitors be the more easily pursued ; the charges to be fur-
nished by the counties and countries whence they rise, as
shere]tofore in like cases hath been accustomed.”
Folio 42. – 27th March 1557, “a cesse of a general muster of
laborers to be taken for the fortifying of certain places and better
defence of the inhabitants of Leix, Offaly, Irry, Glanmalyrry,

and Slemerge, and cutting of certain passes f and mending of

sundry towers.” Kildare 400 laborers, Kilkenny 400, Carloughe 400, Dublin 200, Meath 500, Westmeath 400; with victuals and tools at the charges of the country for eight days.

Folio 47.-3rd July, 3 and 4 Philip and Mary, a general hosting concluded for 40 days, after three plowlands a cart, to begin 2nd August.

Folio 58.-21st October 1557, a cesse of corn and beefs for the furniture of the forts in Leix and Ophaley and other garrisons. Folio 59–29th November 1557, a cess of 1,200 pecks of COrn. Folio 68. —18th March 1557, for the furniture of the fort in Leix, a cesse of corn, or money in lieu of corn, besides the carriage thereof, upon the counties of Louth, Meath, Westmeath, Dublin, and Kildare, 4s. sterling the peck for the wheat and beer malt, and 2s. 8d. the peck for the oat mait. Folio 75.-27th May 1558, a general hosting after three plowlands to a cart. Same folio 75.-23rd September 1558, cessed on the county of Meath the entertainment or holding of 100 kerne for six weeks, for the defence and safeguard of the borders of that county next to Ophaley. Folio 76.—23rd September 1558, “concluded that of 100 kerne of the Polles with 31 days' victuals cessed and appointed under the leading of Thomas Flemynge to serve in such places in the North as the Lord Deputy did appoint, the entertainment of 20 of them should be to himself for his pains for leading of the rest; and their wages and of the rest; should be for that service 6d. sterling per diem the kerne, in consideration of the dearth of victuals and carriage thereof, the journey being painful; whereas afore the wages of such was but 4d sterling, so that it should be no precedent hereafter to allow above 4d. sterling.” Folios 92 and 93.−12th November 1558, a general cesse, both on the Englishry and Irishry, of wheat, malt, beefs, swine, and other provision for the victualling of the forts in Leix and Ophalley and other garrisons. Folio 98.-31st July 1559, 1 Eliz., a general hosting for 41 days, after three plowlands to a cart, to set forth 31st August. Folio 101.--22nd August 1559, the assembly of the general hosting deferred till September ensuing, till the coming over of the Earl of Sussex. Folio 102.—31st August 1559, a general cesse for the furniture of the forts in Leix and Ophaley and other holds. Folio 128–22nd or 21st July 1560, a general hosting for 30 days, to set forth 12th September, after three plowlands to a cart. Folio 138-1st August 1560, an order for the cessing of the county of Waterford. Folio 143.−Also, 25th July 1560, an order for the same. Folio 156–21st August 1560, a general hosting for 30 days after three plowlands to a cart. Folio 157–11th September 1560, a general cesse for the furniture of the forts in Leix and Ophaley and other holds.

* Note, in a different hand:—“This was but for the soldiers at the forts and holds. And yet were there soldiers at cesse also in the English Pale ; and so likewise to be understanden of all the cesses of grain and beefs until an. 1575 and thenceforth, what time the cesses are set down for the whole army withdrawn out of the English Pale.”

f “Mota.-If this order could have been put in execution, the cesses of

grain might have been much the lesser.” f “Places” in MS.

The owners to carry the grain, and receive for the carriage of the grain from 6d. to 10d. the peck.


Folio 159.-In the same general cesse, cessed for the household of the Lord Lieutenant upon every plowland, two pecks of wheat, one peck of beer malt, and two pecks of oat malt, which estimatively amounted on the counties of Meath, Dublin, Kildare, Westmeath, and Uriell—wheat 1,440 pecks, beer malt 720 pecks, oat malt 1,440 pecks. Folio 160.—27th September 1560, “an order set down by the Lord Lieutenant, nobility, and Council, for the ordering of soldiers in their cesse and placing and passage within the English counties for the reforming as well of their disorders as of the inconformities of the country towards them, expressing what placing, victualling, and usage the soldiers, their horses, and boys should have, without any extorting of more, or of money therefor.” Folio 161–27 September 1560, for “certain necessary fortifications to be builded in Leix and Ophalley there was cessed on the counties of Meath, men, 400, garrons with cars, 100 ; Dublin, men, 200, garrons with cars, 50 ; Kildare, men, 200, garrons with cars, 50 ; Westmeath, men, 200, garrons with cars, 50; furnished of 14 days’ victuals, and every of them with an axe, pickaxe, spade, or shovel to be at Blackford.” Folio 162–29th October, 2 Eliz., proclamation “for the acceptation of the base moneys of England lately proclaimed down in England to be current, viz., the teston current there the first year of the Queen's reign for 6d. to be current here for 8d.” Folio 165.—23rd January 1560, “letters addressed from the Lord Lieutenant and Council, charging all officers to receive the said money in this realm at their values proclaimed in the first year of her Majesty's reign, until they should by her Majesty's will signified be cried down here notwithstanding their fall in England.” “Notwithstanding this, and that the country were willed to receive their payments for the cesses and soldiers' duties, and payment accordingly tendered unto them, they refused their payment upon suspicion of a sudden fall of the coins to ensue, and still enhanced and kept up their prices of their grain, victuals, and other things.” Folio 166.-24th January 1560, an order against transporters to Ireland of the base coins proclaimed down in England. Folios 167 and 168.—24th January 1560, an order against such as in selling their wares would indent in what moneys they would be paid. Folio 171. –12th March 1560, cesse for certain necessary fortifications, trenches, and towers * in Leix and Ophaley, viz., on each of the counties of Dublin, Kildare, Catherlough, Louth, Westmeath, and Wexford, 50 garrons with 50 cars

* “troughers” in MS.

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