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30 horsemen and 100 kernaghes. McMahon with the Dortrye,
100 horsemen and 600 kernaghes. The Baron of Dungannon
with his followers in Oneilan, 60 horsemen and 300 kernaghes.
O'Hanlon, 12 h., 120 k. Art McDonnell, galloglasse, and his
brethren, 20 horsemen, 300 galloglasses. Henry McShane's
sons, 30 h., 100 k. Tirlagh Breslaghe and the McKannes,
40 h., 200 k. Maguenisse, 50 h., 300 k, and 40 gunners.
“All these do inhabit between the Blackwater and the English
Pale. Their number of horsemen is 392, galloglasse 300,
gunners 40, and kernaghes 1,920. The number total, 2,652.”
Magueyer, 80 h., 600 k. Tirlagh Lenaghe, inhabiting a
parcel of Tirone from the Blackwater to O'Donell's country,
with Clanconkie and O'Cane's country adjoining to Tirconnell
and the Banne, 200 h., 400 galloglasse, 1,000 k., 400 Scots.
Clandeboy, in Sir Bryan McPhelime's time, with the Ardes
and the Duffren, 600 h. and 800 k. McLlin of the Route,
24 h., 100 k. Alexander Og McConnell of the Glinnes, 12 h.,
100 k, “which now Sorleboy MacKonnell doth by usurpation
occupy and possess, with 40 horsemen and 200 Scots.”
O'Donnell in his country of Tirconnell doth entertain 20 h.,
600 g, and 1,000 k.
The total number of the whole province of Ulster is 8,356.

II. The wages of the Irish men of war.

“The bonnaught or wages of a galloglasse for a quarter of a year, when it is best cheap, is one beef for his wages, and two beefs for his feeding and diet. The wages of a Scot is like. The captain of galloglasse hath for a quarter, one chief horse and a hackney, or for the hackney an habergeon, and in a band of 100 he hath to advance his wages, 13 dead pays out of the 100; so the band of 100 is but 87 men. The captain is also allowed for his own victuals six men's allowances. The captain of 100 Scots and the captain of 100 gunners have the like. The horsemen hath for his wages as the galloglasse hath, besides horsemeat allowed him. The captain of the horsemen hath as the captain of the galloglasse. The captain of 100 kernaghes hath for his pay 8 men's pay and the allowance of their meat, and at his first entrance hath as in way of reward over and above his quarter's wages commonly 10 kine to bestow as a benevolence among his gentlemen, which they look for as a common duty. The kernaghe hath quarterly one heifer, valued at 88, sterling, and his victuals.” Pop. 2. Corrected by Lord Burleigh, and endorsed by him. as follows: “A note of the numbers of horsemen, footmen, and gallogl., maintained by all the Traitors, April 1575.” Also: “A note of Ulster, Mr. Maltbye’s.”

May 5. 9. [The QUEEN) to the EARL OF Essex.

Vol. 628, p. 223 a. “Having seen certain offers and requests made by you unto our Deputy in your letters of the 15th of this present,


May 5. Vol. 628, p. 224.

directed to our Council, by the which you do not only show
yourself providently careful to avoid th’ inconvenience that
might have ensued from the sudden giving over of th’ enter-
prise for the reformation of Ulster, but also, for the preventing
of such mischiefs as were likely to ensue thereby, was content
to spoil yourself of that reputation that birth and desert
hath cast upon you, offering to serve under our Deputy there
in place not answerable to your state and calling, for which most
dutiful kind of dealing towards us, the same appearing most evi-
dently to proceed of a singular and extraordinary zeal and devo-
tion ye bear towards us, we could not in honour but by our letters
make known unto you in what great good part we accept the
same, and how sorry we are to see your honorable mind
wounded with so just cause of grief as seemeth to have
grown of the Deputy's over straight dealing towards you, to
whom we have (by our letters presently sent unto him)
signified how greatly we do mislike the same, as also com-
manded him not only to further hereafter your service to the
uttermost of his power, but also to seek by all the means he
may to repair the decay of your reputation and credit that
lately hath ensued of his hasty and violent breaking of the
said enterprise.”
5 May 1575.
Contemp. copy. P. 1. Headed : Essex.

10. [The QUEEN] to the LoRD DEPUTY (FITzWILLIAMs).

We have seen a letter from our cousin of Essex to our Council, dated 15th April, concerning certain offers and requests made to you, which, although reasonable, have been rejected by you. Therefore because we would be loth to condemn you without receiving your answer, we thought it convenient to impart to you the offers and requests that were made to you by our said cousin. He proffered to serve in Ulster, for the stay of that country, with a certain number, until our further pleasure were known, and also, if you would take the execution of the plot upon you, to serve under you.

“Now, touching his requests: First, he desireth you to make some show of a journey northward. Secondarily, that the hosting appointed the 10th of April might proceed, which, used with secrecy, he showed you that it was likely that

there would ensue thereof a profitable peace. Lastly, that

men might be cassed to 2,000, besides the wards and officers,
until our further pleasure were known; for that he thought
better to venture a month's pay of a few, than by so sudden
a discharge to have our honour touched and our charges
already bestowed quite lost.”
The inconvenience that might follow of so sudden a breaking
off is so apparent that we cannot rest satisfied with your
refusal of the same. We did not so tie you to your instruc-
tions, that nothing was referred to your own discretion; and

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therefore, seeing that the benefits were laid before you, that would have ensued by the general hosting upon Tirlogh and the rest of the heads of the wild Irish, we have great cause to suspect some misliking between you. We hear that since the refusal of his offers you have forborne to call him to any conference or consultation; which thing, touching so nearly the honour and reputation of our said cousin, we greatly mislike.

5 May 1575.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 2. Headed: Deputy.

[The QUEEN] to the EARL OF Essex.

Notwithstanding our late commandment given you, to resume the government of Ulster, lately given over by you, we are now of another opinion, “having more just occasion of late to look more inwardly into our estate at home, and finding great cause for us to forbear the prosecution of your enterprise.” You shall “direct the course of your proceedings in such sort as th’ enterprise may yet be so given over as our honour may best be saved, the safety of such as depend upon us in some good sort provided for, and the province left in that state as there may follow no such alteration as may disquiet the rest of that our realm.” Further instructions will be delivered to this bearer by our Privy Council.

Manor of Greenwich, 22 May 1575.

Contemp. copy. P. 14. Headed: Essex.

EARL OF Essex.

Instructions given to Asheton, despatched to the Earl of
Essex, 22nd May 1575.

You shallassure the Earl of Essex from us, that her Majesty's forbearing to prosecute the enterprise for the reformation of Ulster does not proceed of any misliking of the same, and that her Majesty will have consideration of the great charges and travail he has already sustained.

The manner of breaking off so that no inconvenience may follow we refer to his judgment. He shall confer with the Deputy therein, if conveniently it may be done; if not, then he shall send you or some other, fully instructed of his opinion in that behalf, to the said Deputy, that he may direct his actions accordingly, and signify to the Earl what liking he has of his said opinion. They shall advertise her Majesty what they judge fit to be done.

“You shall also signify unto his L. that we desire him to

consider, now that Tirlogh Lenoghe shall see him resume the

government, as also in field with forces, whereby it shall appear unto him that there is a thorough intention to go forward with the reformation of Ulster, whether he may not be brought to be content to renounce the title of O'Nell, to relinquish the claim he maketh to certain euraghes, to content himself

with that portion of Tiron that lieth beyond the Blackwater,
(being assured thereof by grant from her Majesty for term of
life) and to join with her Majesty's forces in th’ expulsion
of the Scots; which thing, considering her Majesty's present
disposition not to proceed in the former enterprise, so that by
the building of a fort at the Blackwater there might be any
likelihood of Tirlogh Lenoghe's continuing in the performance
of the same, were not in our opinion to be misliked, if he
might be brought to yield thereunto, so that the charges of the
said fortification might be reasonable, and the euraghes
brought to contribute to the maintenance of a convenient
garrison to be placed there.”
Such provisions as were lately sent thither from hence to
be employed in the said enterprise are to be so ordered as
there may be no spoil made of the same.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 3.

May 22. 13. [The QUEEN] to the LoRD DEPUTY (FITzWILLIAMs).

Vol. 628, p. 227. We have thought good to forbear the prosecution of the enter

prise for the reformation of Ulster, taken in hand by the Earl of Essex. It is very expedient that the enterprise should be so broken off as thereby may grow no danger in the said province nor dishonour to the Earl. We have therefore willed him that, before this be commonly known, either by composition or otherwise he should so deal with Tirloghe Lenoghe and the rest of the heads of that province, that some good way may be devised for the stay of that part of our realm. He is to confer with you.

22 May 1575.

Contemp. copy. P. l. Headed : Deputy.


Vol. 616, p. 165. Your letter of 20th October last has been no small comfort to me. I beseech you to be a mean that I may have possession of my castles, which I delivered to her Majesty during her pleasure, as they grow to no commodity to her Majesty, and the keeping of them not a little hinders me. I was informed by Thomas Chester of Bristol that he can have no allowance for my son there, which in short time will grow to no small charge. I desire licence to have the child brought hither, where he will not put her Majesty or me to any charge, until he be able to go to school, at which time I will return him thither. Asketten, 10 June 1575. Signed: Gerot Desmond. P. I. Addressed and sealed. Endorsed.


Vol. 628, p. 235a. Articles indented between Walter, Earl of Essex, captain general of Ulster, on the one part, [and Tirlough O'Neill on


the other part], made at the new fort near the great river,
27 June 17 Eliz.
The said Tirlough (Terentius) O'Neill humbly submits to the
Queen. He will assist the said Earl against any person who
opposes the Queen in Ulster. He will renounce all who are
called “uriaghes.” He will not claim any of the followers of
Clandeboy dwelling beyond the Bann; or any superiority
over the Baron's" sons or any other persons dwelling between
the great river and Bundalke. He will not harbour any
traitor or rebel, or suffer any thefts to be committed in or
brought into his country; but he shall deliver up every thief,
or restore the theft fourfold. He will serve the Queen against
all upon whom she may make war, and endeavour to expel the
Scots, to whom he shall give no wages or bonaught. He
will answer to all hostings with 50 [?] horsemen and 100
footmen. He will conduct himself peacefully towards O'Donell
and all other faithful subjects of the Queen. He will deliver
to the said Earl, as pledges, Arthur O'Neill, his son, and
James Og McCon Moy.
In consideration of the premises he shall have, of the Queen's
grant, all lands from Lough Foyle to the river, and from the
Bann to the borders of the country of Maguirre, with all
monastic lands in that precinct. He shall also enjoy the
dependent countries of Llancan and Claubrehlogh. In
consideration of his and his father's services to the Queen, he
shall have Maguire as long as he well conducts himself. After
his death his sons shall have a portion of those lands which
are called Niall Connilagh O'Neil. He shall have part of the
custom of Lough Foyle called “coked,” in as ample a manner
as it was possessed by those who formerly held his place;
and likewise of the Bann, provided he shall make agreement
with the fishermen, according to the custom of the Bann. He
shall have the rent which he claims from Odocharton, if he
can prove that it was due of old. He shall have Bernard
Scabitum,f “modo dictus Besr]nardus habitaverit in primat
sua ultra Banniam ex parte Tironae;” and if the said Bernard
shall come to dwell this side the Bann in the parts of Clande-
boy, then he shall remain there, and shall pay to the Queen
a rent for his country. If the said Bernard shall adhere to
the septs (septis), then Tirlough O'Neill shall possess his lands
beyond the Bann, for which he shall make war upon him.
No thefts shall be committed in his country by the sons of
the Baron or other persons dwelling between the great river
and Pundolcke ; or they shall be restored fourfold. He shall
not appear before the Governor, unless he please. For the
better security of his person he may have 300 Scots in wages,
provided they be of the nations of McAllins and Cambells. If

* Matthew O'Neill, Baron of Dungannon. # Qu., Sir Brian McFelim O'Neill. † Mistake for patria Ž

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