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(2.) That order might be given for 1,000 men to be in readiness to come to him when he should send for them ; the same men to be levied in South and North Wales, and the English shires within the presidentship there. (3.) That munition should be sent. (4.) That some shipping might be sent abroad to scour the seas, and to watch and attend upon James FitzMorrice. The Queen and the Council answered as follows:—

II. The PRIvy Council to the LoRD DEPUTY and

By your letters of * May to Her Majesty, and us, we understand the intention of James FitzMorrice to invade that realm, assisted by the French King and other foreign princes, and the likelihood you find, that not only in Munster, but in many other places, he has by practice a sufficient party already framed, both of the nobility and popular sort that daily expect his arrival, with intent to render him assistance. You signify that as you are therefore constrained to keep a greater garrison than otherwise you would, you desire 5,000l. for the next quarter, being 1,000l. more than you received for the last. You further require a mass of treasure, 1,000 men, and munition.

(1) Her Highness' pleasure is, that in respect of the continuance of these numbers which you meant to have cashed, you shall have 5,000l. for this next quarter, together with 10,000l., to remain in the Treasurer's hands, and not to be broken, except in case of foreign invasion.

Her Majesty has ordered that 2,000 soldiers shall be levied within the commission of Wales and the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall, whereof 400 are to be levied in North Wales, and ordered to be embarked at Chester and to be transported to Dublin, with seven days' victualling only, to serve their transportation. The other 1,600 shall be embarked at Bristol and Barstable, to be landed at Waterford, with like proportion of victuals to serve them upon the seas, and corn, butter, and cheese for 21 days after their

landing for the whole number of 2,000.

“This number of 2,000 soldiers, being sorted, as in times past they have been, every 100 into 60 shot, and 40 armed men with corslets, that is to say, 40 calivers, 20 bows, 20 pikes, and 20 bills, upon your letter to the Vice President in Wales, and to the Sheriffs and Commissioners for the Musters in the above-named shires, shall be presently embarked.” The coat and conduct money, and the charge of the transportation, will be defrayed at the places of their embarking for the sake of expedition.

(3) Warrant has been procured from her Majesty for the munition which you desired, with an increase of 500 calivers,

* Iblank in MS.

to remain as her Majesty's store. As great waste has been .
heretofore made in the office of the Ordnance there, you will
as carefully look to the officers in the issuing of this proportion
without her Majesty's loss, as if it were defalked upon your
quarterage, as it has usually been.
(4.) As you persuade that certain ships may be set forth
to keep the western coasts of that realm, it is ordered that
The Lion, of 500 tons, The Dreadnaught, of 400, and The Swift-
sure, of 360 tons, shall be victualled and set forth for that
purpose. We think it also convenient that as soon as the ship
called The Handmaid, lately rigged out by you, has touched
upon this coast at Lyme, Poole, or Chester, to transport or
waft the treasure and munition now to be sent, she should go
westward to fall in consort with the rest.
For the rest of your letter, especially concerning the cesse,
before the receipt of yours, we informed you of our whole
dealings therein, with our opinions how to have you proceed.
We pray you to consider well of the time and the disconten-
tation in the people of the Pale, “and to bear such a moderate
hand upon them, as, with preservation of her Majesty's pre-
rogative, may confirm them in duty without alienation of the
rates" by extraordinary burthens in these periloust practices
from that accustomed service which they have naturally borne
to the crown of England.”
Lastly, you desire to have a commission to compound
generally for the arrearages. It is requisite, first, to have
information what the sum is, and how it grows, whereof we
look to be advertised from the Auditor.
Greenwich, 9 June 1577.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 7.

June 30. 60. WAGES of the GARRISON.

Vol. 628, p. 348. “The state of the remaine due to the garrison " in Ireland, 31st March 1577, under the government of Sir Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy General.

Chief Officers. Sir Nicholas Bagnall, Knight Marshal, 44l. 48.9%d., Owen Moore, clerk of the check, 3431, 19s. 7d.

Presidents and Councils.-Sir William Drury, Lord President of Munster, 814l. 138. 11; d. ; James Dowdall, Second Justice of the Queen's Bench and chief commissioner in Munster, 3041. 4s. 5%d.; John Meaughe, Second Justice in Munster, 5.9l. 78.0%d; Thomas Burgete, clerk of the Council there, 471. 18s. 7d. ; Thomas Waughan, an assistant of the Council in Connaught, for money due to Oliver Bamford, 5s. ; Edward White, clerk of the Council there, 261.4s. 7d.

Captains of horsemen.—William Beckwith, otherwise Daniell, for money due to Oliver Banford, 12s. 8d. ; Francis

* Sir, for races 2 f “p', cus “in Ms.


Agard, Esq., 197l. 5s. 16. ; William Pers, constable of Crag-
furgus and captain of horsemen, for himself and his creditors,
95l. 16s. 8}d.
Captains of footmen.—William Collier, 7.l. 7s. I 140. ;
William Furres, for himself and his creditors, 325l. 2s. 64d. ;
George Acres, 3771. 7s. 9d). ; Thomas Fisher, 240l. 18s, 0}d.;
Edward Moore, for money due to Oliver Bamford, 33s.6d. ;
Richard Lloyd, nil.
Warders in sundry forts and castles.—Sir Barnaby Fitz-
Patrick, Lord of Upper Ossory, 33l. 15s. 2d.; Francis Cosbie,
towards the payment of 248. 3}d., due to Oliver Bamford,
10s. 8d.: Henry Davells, Esq., for the like money due to O. B.,
258. ; Peter Carewe, Esq., and his creditors, 221 6s. 73d. ;
George Carewe, 27l. 7s. 2d.; William Appesley, for O.B.,
7s. 8d.; Robert Harpole and his creditors, 2011. 14s. 8d.;
William Paine, porter of Maribroughe, with 18q, due to O. B.,
9l. 3s. ; David Fludde, porter of Philipstown, for O. B., 18q.;
John Barnishe, for desert, with 6s. 9d. to O. B., 468. 10d. ;
John Cornwall, constable of the Blackwater, 1048. 1%d.
James Brinckelowe, for the fishing at Cragfergus, with 38. 2d.
to O. B., 31. 18s. 4d. ; John Henry, for the castle of Athenrie,
for money due to Oliver Bamford, 5s. 6d.
Kernes.—Owen McHughe, with 19s. 8d. due to O. B.,
154l. 4s. 6d. s
Pensioners.-The Lord of Lowthe, Sir John Desmonde
(100l.), Richard Billie, George Thornton, Giles Cornwall,
Anthony Dering, William Portas, George Huntington,
Thomas Mericke, Richard Woode, Edward Birne, Nicholas
Perne, Nicholas White, Nicholas Narbone, William Burne,
Walter Dormer, Richard Weldon ; total, 3791. 18s. 1+d., out of
which various small sums are payable to Oliver Bamford.
Ministers of the Ordnance, with others.--Richard Shepparde,
clerk of the Ordnance, 45l. 3s. 4d. ; Thomas Eliote, master
gunner, 201. 5s. 3d. ; John Morgan, master smith, 24l. 15d.;
gunners, artificers, and other ministers serving the Master of
the Ordnance, and placed in sundry forts and castles,
450l. 10s. 8d. Small portions of these sums are due to O. B.
Impotent soldiers. —William Wolverston, Walter Potte,
Ralph Adale, David Aprice, John Harberte, Roger Barris,
Giles Westecote, William Dixson, Thomas Litle, William
Clarke, Robert Clowse, Hutchen Savvell, Thomas Tylnesleye,
William Sewell; total of payments, 45l. 18s. 7d., are
portions of which are due to Oliver Bamford, Walter Ball,
merchant, and John Alee, butcher.
Sea service.— George Thornton, for the wages of 10 men
for 24 months 3 days, from 8 March to 19 May, 1577,
8l. 138. 6d. ; victuals for the same time, 18l. 5s. ster.
Total due to the garrison and sea service 4,3791. 7s. 11 d.
Irish = 3,284l. 10s. I lid sterling—Further due to the army
for one quarter ending 30 June 1577, 6,400l.
Pp. 8. Endd.


1577. June. 61. ExtRActs from the Council. Books relating to CESSE. Vol. 628, p. 3. “In the Council Book of the Government of Sir Anthony

Sentleger, Sir Edward Bellengam, and Sir James Crofte, amongst other matters is found registered as followeth :— Folios 73 and 74–In July, 35 Hen. VIII., the counties of Tipperary, Waterford, Kilkenny, and Wexford were commanded, upon a general hosting proclaimed, instead of their rising out and carriages to that hosting, to cause indifferently to be cessed within every of those counties, so much money as should serve for the furniture of three score kerne for a quarter of a year; viz., 204!. 13s. 4d. ster., for 240 kerne. Folio 74—The same month, upon the same general hosting, are likewise cessed in money for a quarter of a year, viz., the counties of Kildare and Catherloughe for 120 kerne, Uriell for 60 kerne, Westmeath, Eastmeath, and Dublin for 240 kerne. Total, 420 kerne, for a quarter of a year, 6471. 10s. Folios 74 and 76. —The carriages due for the same general hosting converted into money, and also cessed and levied at 2s. 8d. a day for every cart for 30 days, viz., upon the rest of the county of Dublin for 48 carts, 1921.; the rest of the county of Meath for 76 carts, 304!. ; besides the risings out of the gentlemen and their men bound to serve. And that the carriages and rising out for the general hostings have been converted and levied in money, may appear in sundry records of years precedent, and amongst others in the Rolls of the Pipe of 11 Hen. VIII., 20 Hen. VII, and other years. Folio 162–On 20th May, 36 Hen. VIII., 240 spears of galloglas were cessed for two days and two nights in every barony within the English Pale:–1, 1867. 13s. 4d. ster. Folio 213. – On 18th November, 38 Henry VIII., 400 galloglas were retained for half a quarter of a year, and towards their charges and entertainment 400 marks were imposed and cessed upon the counties of Dublin, Kildare, Uriell, and Meath, and 40/. on Westmeath. Folio 214a–On 27 February, I Edw. VI, a book was delivered to the Lord Deputy and Council of such cesses as had been concluded on by their Lordships. It was delivered to John Rian” “to make out process for the rest.” * Folios 215 and 220. — Also, the same 27th February, a cesse imposed upon the counties of Dublin, Kildare, Meath, Westmeath, Uriell, and the Polles, at the rate of 68, upon the plowland, for the retaining of 200 spears of galloglas, 2101.12s. Folios 230 and 231.-On 28th April 1547, a general hosting proclaimed for 21 days, 18s. 8d. upon every plowland; total 695l. 16d.

* Note in the margin —“That book since Ryan's death is lost,” &c.

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Folios 25I and 252–18th May, 2 Edw. VI., a general hosting proclaimed for 30 days. The carriages and rising out due by the county of Louth to that hosting were converted and cessed in money at 100l. Also for the hosting last afore that one, 100l. Folio 263.−Also, last of February, 3 Edw. VI., cessed upon the baronies of Meath, except Farbill and Fertullaghe, so many carts towards building and fortifying in Offaley as to certain of the Lords and others of the Council nominated should be thought requisite. Also the same year, towards the fortifying in Leix, cessed on the baronies of the county of Dublin, 19 carts, furnished. Folio 264.—On 10th June, 3 Edw. WI, cessed by the Lord Deputy and Council, upon the county of Dublin, 17 carts, for carriage of great timber to the fort in Leix, 45l. 6s. 8d. Irish. Folio 291–On 31 October, 3 Edw. VI., for the victualling of the fort in Leix, called the Protector, was cessed on the counties of Dublin, Kildare, and Carlaghe, and the baronies of Rathtowth, Dece, and Donboine, in Meath:—Wheat, 2,400 pecks for 3s. Irish the peck, or 2s. ster. Beer malt, 1,040 pecks, for like price. Oat malt, 2,080 pecks for 22d. Irish the peck, or 14d. ster. Beeves, 440 for 12s. Irish, or 8s. ster. And likewise cessed upon the county of Meath (except those baronies) and on the barony of Carbry, in the county of Kildare, with certain other baronies in Westmeath, which, at the last cesse, was charged with Meath :—Wheat, 2,400 pecks. Beer malt, 1,040 pecks. Oat malt, 2,080 pecks. Carriage, 4d. Irish every garran, and 6d. Irish every driver, a day. Moreover, a cesse of beeves for the same purpose. At that time there also lay soldiers at cesse in the English Pale. At the fort lay but 300 men, and as many at the other fort. The county of Kilkenny was then cessed with corn sufficient to the victualling of Leighlin Bridge, and the county of Tipperary for the victualling of Captain Watkyn Ap Howell and his retinue, which were light horsemen, lying in the county of Tipperary. " “Nota, also, that part of the bands lay at Athlone, which was victualled of the Kellies, and part at Armagh, and part attending on Sir Edward Bellingam, and otherwise travailing at his appointment.” Folio 292—Departure of Sir Edward Bellingam, 16th Dec., 3 Edw. VI., and Sir Francis Brian chosen Lord Justice, 27th Dec., same year, who continued about a year; and then Sir Wm. Brabazon was Lord Justice, in March, 4 Edw. VI. Folio 306.-8th July, 4 Edw. VI., a general hosting against the Cavenaughes. Folio 312–27th August 1551, Sir James Crofte, then being Deputy, an order for due accompt and notice to be given to the chief captains of the forts of Leix and Offayly, by the pur

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