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1577. May 20. Vol. 607, p. 48. Collins' Sydney Papers, I. 180.
4. SIR HENRY SYDNEY, LoRD DEPUTY, to the QUEEN.
I beseech your Majesty to pardon that I have so seldom written. “So bad a delivery of my mind I have by pen, and so illegible it is,” that I wrote to the Council. But now, hearing that I am complained of, in defence of myself I write thus rudely to you. The complaint is that they are charged with cesse, and annoyed with disorder of the soldiers. Explanation of what cesse is. According to the long-continued order, I for this year proceeded at the wonted time, and used like summons as in such cases had been done, and a great assembly was at the same. They affirmed that the charge of each plowland cometh above 10! ; yea, some said 12!; and indeed, as the prices of all things presently are, I found them to be very near 81.; for ease of which I dissolved all freedoms that had not had their continuance time out of memory of man; yet hereat did divers grievously repine. It was the base tenant that bare the burden, who for the most part lived most wretchedly under his covetous and greedy landlord having freedom. I offered to acquit them for five marks upon the plowland. As there are at least 700 plowlands, that rate would amount to 2,540l., besides your accustomed subsidy, which is 13s. 4d. of each. They alleged it was contrary to law to impose any charge upon them without Parliament or Grand Council. It was proved before them that in all ages charges have been imposed by the name of cesse and cessor, sometimes by other names, and not always by Parliament, but oftener by the Governor and Council, and such of the nobility as, being sent for, did come, which made the Grand Council they spake of Finally they said they would seek remedy at your Majesty's hands. I would not write in their favour, but did not forbid them to go over. The other complaint they make is, that I bear too much with the insolency of the soldiers. I punish severely when I find any matter proved against a soldier, which seldom or never I do. “But when the soldier is appointed, through the wilfulness of the people (thereunto animated by the landlord), to assist the sheriff or other officer to levy that which is appointed for the soldiers, it must be confessed that soldiers are no angels, nor yet amongst men the harmlest creatures.” I know they will inculke into your ears the grief of your subjects' poverty, but if I were their faithful advocate, knowing them as I do, I could not tell how to make demonstration thereof and speak truly. “Their land was never more universally tilled nor fuller of cattle than presently; their cities and towns more populous than ever in memory of man; their houses so far exceeding their ancestors', that they may be thought rather to be another and new people than descendants of the old. In bestowing of their children, a gentleman I have known of this age gave more than three
barons in times past. In plate and ali other furniture of their
that he hath done by some of the greatest of this country
* Evidently a mistake for 1577, to which date Carew has correctly assigned this letter.
5. SIR DONNOGH MCCARTY.
Inquisition taken in the Guildhall of the city of Cork, 1 June, 19 Eliz., upon the death of Sir Donatus otherwise Donnogh McCarty, before Sir William Drury, Lord President of Munster, and one of the Privy Council of Ireland, and his associates, commissioners of the Queen through the said entire province, pursuant to letters patent, dated 9 April in the same year: whereby it was found that the said Sir Donatus, late of Kilbirtane, in the county of Cork, was seized in his demesne as of fee of certain carucates of land in Knocknegaple and Rathharowe; of others called Ballenureny, Currynivir, Langestowne, Kildare, Cloghane, Rathdroughtie, and Killinstie; and of others in Ballerviellan, Killinvarra, Knockbrowne, Barraliegh, Martlesknocke, Gortinenige, Garan Rieugh, Ardgehan, Ballenagornagh, Castle Iwir, and Curry I Crwolley; all in the said county of Cork. That all these lands were held of the Queen, but the jury were entirely ignorant by what services. That the said Donatus was seized of the premises on 24 January, 19 Eliz., and died so seized ; and that all the premises are worth 5l. by the year. And that Florence otherwise Fynen McCarty is the son and heir of the said Donatus, and is under age; that is, of the age of 15 years.
In testimony whereof both the said commissioners and the jurors affixed their seals.
Ex’ per Wm. Marwood, dept. R.
Copy. Latin. Pp. 2.
6. SIR WILLIAM O'KARROLL.
Grant from Queen Elizabeth to Sir William O’Karroll upon his surrender of all his lands, castles, villages, &c. in the country called Ely O’Karroll and elsewhere, belonging to the said William, as by his charter enrolled in the Chancery of Ireland, dated 28 July, 20 Eliz., may more fully appear, in consideration of his services, and for the better government of the Queen's subjects residing in Ely O’Karroll, and in consideration of the service and rent to be paid by the said William, and by the assent of her faithful counsellor, Sir Henry Sydney, Deputy General, of all the said territories; to hold to himself, his heirs, and assigns, in capite, by the service of one knight's fee, when scutage runs in Ireland, and to pay annually 100l. of lawful money of Ireland. If the said rent should be in arrear for the space of four months, the Deputy may enter the said country and distrain. The said William and his heirs to be discharged from all exactions, impositions, cesses, bonaght, and other demands, and to answer to all hostings, roads, journeys, and risings-out with 12 horsemen and 20 footmen, whenever they shall be called upon.
Dublin, 1 August, 20 Eliz.
Signed : E. FitzSymon.
Ex’ per Da. Ryan.
Copy. Latim. Pp. 3.
7. SIR EDWARD CookE.
Extracts from the 7th part of Sir Edward Cooke's reports in Calvin's case, showing that Ireland is a dominion separated from England.
Copy. Pp. 3.
SIR NICHOLAS MALBY’s PLAT.
“An opinion touching the government of Ireland, foreign
2,000 soldiers will keep the whole land in due obedience.
200 are to attend upon the Governor in the English Pale,
The odd 20 will serve for wards in fit places upon the Bane side, as the castle of Foane at the end of Lough Eaugh, and so upon three or four fords between that and Colrane.
The forces of Ulster and Connaught will keep O'Donnell in obedience.
“Your Honour shall by perusing the carte of Ireland out [see] the probabilities of this plat. If the Governor shall need any more force, which may be presumed he shall by Leix and Ofalley, he may send for some band out of Ulster or Connaught or Munster, for it cannot be thought but that some one of those provinces will hold firm to her Majesty, or at least be obedient formidime poenae. Take example by Connaught.”
Pp. 2. Endorsed: Sir Nicholas Malbye's plat for government. Also endorsed in Sir John Perrot's hand: Concerning the reformation of Ireland.
The CLERK of the CHECK's BOOK.
“In this book is contained the numbers of her Majesty's garrisons in pay in the said realm, as well of the old garrisons set down in the establishments the 1st of June 1579, as also all such as have been entered by the late Justice [Drury] and Council, together with those sent by her Majesty out of England sithence the said 1st of June till the 2nd of this October 1579.”
First, the old garrison, beginning with the Lord Justice and chief officers of the army. Himself at 100l. per month;