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alias McDavy of Connaught, Shane McCostiloe, Hugh
Copy. Pp. 7.
677. The LORD DEPUTY.
Vol. 635, p. 78. “A Note of the Lord Deputy's Entertainment;” sc, 100l ster, a month; 1,000l. a year in lieu of cesse; &c.
1575. June 2. Vol. 628, p. 267a.
Nov. 12. Vol. 619, p. 60.
The Queen has made perfect the bargain with Henry Sacke
ford, Esquire, for the victualling of Ireland. A copy of the in-
All the houses of store for provisions to be made perfect
2 June 1575.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.
2. SIR NICHOLAS MALBIE to the EARL OF LEICESTER.
“After my Lord of Essex and my Lord Deputy had knit in assured friendship, and both they had agreed upon the demands which were sent over by Captain Barkley, my L. of Essex offered to attend upon my L. Deputy in his journey to Knockfergus; but my L. Deputy, finding it more necessary (for some reasons which he alleged) to forbear the Earl's company, was rather content to leave him for that time. Whereupon the Earl, seeking to repose himself until my L. Deputy's return in some assured place of th' English Pale where he might pass his time, could find none void of the great infection that is generally run over all the country, and so was driven to seek the west parts, taking Waterford for a refuge, where when he considered that he had nothing to do, and that his house
of Lanfey, in Pembrokeshire, was at hand; besides, weighing
3. WILLIAM GERARD, CHANCELLOR of IRELAND.
“Th’ Estate of your Majesty's country within the Pale,” by William Gerard. Upon my first arrival, the travel which the Deputy took the year before, circuiting in manner the whole realm, had wrought universal quiet. But the rebellion of the Earl of Clanricarde's sons has greatly altered the disposition of many, and sundry spoils have been certified to me in the absence of your Deputy. The countries within the Pale maintain three sorts of people. The barons, knights, chief of names, and gentlemen are few in number. The second sort, idle followers, are thieves, robbers, and murderers. These swarm in number, and depend upon some chief person as their master, but he giveth them neither food nor clothe. “They lie upon the simple ones in the country, and devour them; and where they cannot have entertainment or bonaghe and coyne (a forbidden exaction), there they spoil and waste. These are the instruments ever ready to revenge any quarrel offered to those whom they follow. Their common manner to revenge is to prey upon the poor tenants of the adversary, who truly live and give not the offence, burn their houses, strip them out of all their clothing, how mean soever it be, leaving those poor ones to famine or starving. These idle followers have in this sort wasted a great part of divers the counties within your Majesty's Pale. These be the persons who so terrify common passengers in many parts within the Pale, as without danger of life (except by good guard and conduct) they may not pass. These force the poor People to keep their cattle nightly in fastness.
“The third sort, and the best, are the manurers of the soil (churls, as they be termed), poor wretched creatures in person, and as miserable by want of substance to yield them meat and clothe. These poor creatures cry out upon their misery and beggary, and say that these idle thieves, unmerciful landlords, and hard impositions work the same. “If it might be brought to pass that the soil now lying waste within the Pale were well manured and peopled, as may be gathered it was in the time of your noble progenitor, King Edward III, and until the Butlers and Garrantines, partaking with the contentions between the Houses of Lancaster and York, first wasted the same, they would be able to defend themselves without great number of soldiers in garrison, and so save your Majesty's treasure, which have been and is at this day spent in the maintenance of the garrison.” The way to root up this evil of idle followers is duly to put in execution those good laws which were enacted by Parliament in the time of King Henry VI. Besides sitting terms at Dublin, there must be itinerant circuiting sessions throughout the Pale twice every year, to administer justice with severity. By that means your people in Wales were brought to civility. That course maketh present show in Munster of good reform, which is to be wished in Ulster and Connaught. The justices to be of the English nation, for the learned of this land are not reverenced as magistrates. I desire presently one person to be a justice, another your attorney; how to have two such entertained without further charge I have in my notes to Mr. Secretary [Walsingham] declared. The Courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas “do not greatly benefit the subjects in th’ administration of justice, for in those courts the trial is by jury, who more regard whether any of the parties are of kin or allied to the justice or of the sept of the justice, or counsellor, than to the matter, and that way commonly passeth the verdict; of such force is flesh and blood amongst them. Your Majesty's Court of Chancery, therefore, must take the hearing of the most of causes.” “Your Majesty's Exchequer hath many officers and good allowances, but the evil answering of your Majesty's revenue in time hath turned your Highness to great loss, because great sums are grown desperate, which argueth defect in every or most of them. I have conceived a way, by alteration of three courts into one, how your Majesty may better be answered of your revenue, lessen the charge of divers great fees upon unnecessary officers bestowed, and have justice in far better sort delivered to the poor.”
II. “The subsequent Notes are not contained in the Articles to her Majesty, yet I thought good to impart them to your Honour.”
“The cause that moved me to speak of the cesse is the great exclaim of the country, and whereat some of the best
calling take hold rather to impeach the Deputy than for any
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Mr. Gerrard, touching the state of that country.