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uncle Harvye came to me touching the allowance of men in pay incident to your office. I have not seen him since. And to speak of anything which should burden the Queen's purse, now so much overcharged, would be unreasonable. 1 leave the report of all things here to Sir Walter Rauleygh.

At the Court, 19 September 1588.

Holograph. P. 1. Addressed. Two seals.

At the foot of the direction: "Delivered to mo by Sir Walter Rawlee."

Sept. 24. 672. Sir George Carew to Sir Francis Walsingham. Vol. 618, p. 16a. The bearer, Aurelio Sappa, desires to return into England.

If the occasion of his departure hence was my fault, I should be very sorry, partly in respect of himself, whose conversation I like, and partly for your sake. I leave him to explain his own motives.

24 September 1588.

Carevj has added, " Per Sappa."

Copy. P. 1.

Sept. 673. The Spanish Armada. Vol. 6ii, p. 149. "Spanish Ships and Men sunk, drowned, and taken

prisoners upon the coast of Ireland in September 1588."

"At Loghfoile: ships, 1; men, 1,100. Sligo: ships, 3 men, 1,500. InTiralie: ships, 1; men, 400. Cleere Islaud ships, 1 ; men, 300. At Finglas in O'Mayle's country: ships, 1 men, 400. In O'Flartie's country: ships, 1; men, 200. In Irris: ships, 2; the men saved in other vessels. In Galway haven one ship escaped, and lost prisoners 70. In the river of Shenan, ships 1 burnt; the men saved in other ships." Total of ships, 17; men, 5,394.

Signed: Geoffrey Fenton.

II. "A Note of such Ships of the Spanish Fleet as perished in September 1588 upon the coast of Ireland, as are not in this former certificate."

One ship of 500 tons sunk in the Sound of Blaskie, near Dingle-Coushe; the men saved by Don Joan de Ricaldo, Admiral of the Biskfiyne fleet. A ship called the Barque of Hambroughe, of 600 tons, sunk by reason of a leak; 200 of her men saved by other ships. A Venetian ship, called La Valencera, wrecked in O'Doghertie's country. One ship wrecked in McSwynye ne Doe's country, near Loghsuylly; her men saved. A great ship wrecked in O'Boyle's country; the men saved. One ship wrecked near Dunluse, wherein about 300 men perished.

Copy. Pp. 2.


Oct. 674. Sir George Carew to the Lord Deputy (fitzWilliam). Vol. 618, p. 18. Being at Kilkenny on my journey, 27 September last, I

understood that Mr. Vice-President was at Cork. I sent him a messenger with letters, advertising him of your Lordship's commission, requesting to know when he would appoint Sir George Boucher and me to meet him; I riding to Sir George at Loughgher, lest his departure out of the country might hinder our purpose. I have stayed my messenger's return since Saturday the 28th till now, and received answer from Mr. Norris, then at Youghall on his way to Dublin. Sir George Boucher has returned to Affaylie. Touching such wrecks as had been already recovered by the county, your Lordship will learn more by the Vice-President. In my journey which I intend towards the Dingle, I intend to arrange with Sir Ed. Denny and the rest to send you a certificate of particulars. If in searching for these wrecks I find it necessary to go forward, I beg you will request Mr. Vice-President to give me all the assistance in his power.

Dated at Killmadocke (sic).

Headed: "October 1588."

Copy. Pp, 2.

Nov. 2. 675. The Spanish Invasion. Vol. 635, p. 83. '« A Note of the Risings-out to general Hostings by the

Lords and Gentlemen, &c within the English Pale in Ireland;" showing the number of men furnished by each.

II. "A Note as well of Horsemen as Footmen, with the names of their leaders, which served in Ireland when the Earl of Sussex was Deputy there; besides such as were in garrisons." Total: horse, 670; foot, 1,250.

in. "A Note what every Barony of every county of the five English counties is charged to bear in garrons and drivers this hosting journey northwards against the Spaniards, beginning the 2nd of November 1588." Total: carts, 237£ (sic); garrons, 1,189£; drivers, 475.

Copies. Pp. 8.

676. Surrenders of Lands. Vol. ci7, p. is. "A Brief Certificate of the Surrenders made by sundry

persons in the time of Sir John Perrot's government, as the same were set down by James Byane, with the Auditor's certificate of the rents now answered her Majesty for the same;" sc., by Coconagh Magwyre, Oghny O'Hanlon, Con McNeile Oge, Rosse McMahowne, Sir John O'Dogherty, Sir Moroghe ne Doe O'Flaerty, Conyll O'Mulloy, William O'Ferrall, Gillernewe McFaghny, Faghny O'Ferrall, William Bourcke of Loghmarke in Connaught, Hubbert Bourcke 1588.

alias McDavy of Connaught, Shane McCostiloe, Hugh O'Connour of Ballintobber in Roscoman, Brien Duffe O'Brien McDonogh of co. Limerick, Ever McRory of Kilwarlyn in Ulster, Hubbert Boy of Castleton in Galway, Walter Wale of the Droughtyn in Galway, Richard McMorice of the Baroes in Mayo, and Donnell O'Madden of Longford.

Many of the rents have never been paid, or are in arrear.

The latest date mentioned is 30 Eliz.

Examined by N. Kenney, deputy auditor.

Copy. Pp. 7.

677. The Lord Deputy. Vol. 635, p. 78. "A Note of the Lord Deputy's Entertainment;" sc., 1001

ster. a month; 1,000?. a year in lieu of cesse; &a
Copy. P. 1.


1575. June 2. 1. The Privy Council to the Lord Deputy (fitz

VoL 628, p. 267a. WIllIAMS).

The Queen has made perfect the bargain with Henry Sackeford, Esquire, for the victualling of Ireland. A copy of the indenture is sent herewith. Impart the same to the Earl of Essex. He and you are to see the agreements performed. The victualler is to have of certainty the cesse of 1,513 (?) beeves or kine out of the Irish Pale for the victualling of the Earl of Essex, at 9s. the piece. For those numbers that shall be victualled of your L. charge, there must likewise be a cesse made of them from time to time, at reasonable rates, as heretofore. Cause yearly a cesse of the country within the English Pale for 1,000 quarters of wheat and 1,000 quarters of malt, to be delivered yearly betwixt Michaelmas and Easter to the victualler, he paying ready money for the same at the second price of the market.

All the houses of store for provisions to be made perfect and put in good order, and delivered to the victualler, who is to continue them in good order and reparation. Call upon the Auditor to finish the account with Thomas Sackeford, and send it over to me the Lord Treasurer (Burleigh). No corn to be transported out of that realm so long as the same exceedeth the price limited by statute. Certain orders have been delivered to the victualler to be observed.

2 June 1575.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.

Nov. 12. 2. Sir Nicholas Malbie to the Earl Of Leicester. Vol. 619, p. 60. "After my Lord of Essex and my Lord Deputy had knit

in assured friendship, and both they had agreed upon the demands which were sent over by Captain Barkley, my L. of Essex offered to attend upon my L. Deputy in his journey to Knockfergus; but my L. Deputy, finding it more necessary (for some reasons which he alleged) to forbear the Earl's company, was rather content to leave him for that time. Whereupon the Earl, seeking to repose himself until my L. Deputy's return in some assured place of th' English Pale where he might pass his time, could find none void of the great infection that is generally run over all the country, and so was driven to seek the west parts, taking Waterford for a refuge, where when he considered that he had nothing to do, and that his house 1575.

of Lanfey, in Pembrokeshire, was at hand; besides, weighing
that the vacant time gave him that good opportunity, and
that the desire he had to come to her Majesty's presence could
not be answered in better time of the year than at this
present, did send unto my L. Deputy to have his allowance
to the same (without which he minded not to have done it);
who, considering very honourably all his just causes that led
him unto it, did give his Lordship his consent; and thereupon
[he] took shipping, and arrived here very much weather-beaten,
where he is driven to stay to recover himself, and to attend
his servants' arrival, who were by the same tempest dispersed
from his company, of whom yet his Lordship hath heard
nothing. I think he hath written unto her Majesty hereof,
which I thought good to signify unto your Honour; and for
that I was myself a cashed soldier among others, I found I
could have no better time than now to make my repair unto
my Sovereign, at whose hands, by your L. good help, I must
be forced to seek relief."

Lanfey, 12 November 1575. Signed and sealed.
Holograph. P. 1. Addressed. Endorsed.


Nov. 3. William Gerabd, Chancellor of Ireland.

VoL 616, p. 112. "Th' Estate of your Majesty's country within the Pale," by

William Gerard.

Upon my first arrival, the travel which the Deputy took the year before, circuiting in manner the whole realm, had wrought universal quiet. But the rebellion of the Earl of Clanricarde's sons has greatly altered the disposition of many, and sundry spoils have been certified to me in the absence of your Deputy.

The countries within the Pale maintain three sorts of people.

The barons, knights, chief of names, and gentlemen are few in number.

The second sort, idle followers, are thieves, robbers, and murderers. These swarm in number, and depend upon some chief person as their master, but he giveth them neither food nor clothe. "They lie upon the simple ones in the country, and devour them; and where they cannot have entertainment or bonaghe and coyne (a forbidden exaction), there they spoil and waste. These are the instruments ever ready to revenge any quarrel offered to those whom they follow. Their common manner to revenge is to prey upon the poor tenants of the adversary, who truly live and give not the offence, burn their houses, strip them out of all their clothing, how mean soever it be, leaving those poor ones to famine or starving. These idle followers have in this sort wasted a great part of divers the counties within your Majesty's Pale. These be the persons who so terrify common passengers in many parts within the Pale, as without danger of life (except by good guard and conduct) they may not pass. These force the poor people to keep their cattle nightly in fastness.

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