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to time a few lines, imparting unto you the state of this com-
monwealth, which I find reduced at present to a superficial
kind of peace, and may so continue till foreign powers or the
brood of rebels be grown in strength sufficient to infringe it.
It is embraced by this people more from policy than allegi-
ance. The principal and special point which ties men to do
obedience, sc, the knowledge of God, and the preaching of his
Word, is by the pastors neglected, and by the people rejected.
Concerning politic government, every governor for his time
maketh fair weather, like a bad physician qualifying, not curing,
the disease. If diligence were used to reform with sharpness
and cherish with reward, this people would be brought to know
God and obey her Majesty. No care has been used to foster
arts, liberal or mechanical; and all kinds of traffic, as marts,
fairs, and the like, which enrich a commonwealth by making
men industrious, are little followed; errors which, whilst the
memory of the late evils is fresh, might be easily redressed.
The Deputy, to whom the Queen has committed the sword,
is wise, temperate, valiant, and of best experience in this
country of any of his predecessors; and—that which is chiefly
to be expected—he knoweth God rightly. Since his coming
no man is in rebellion, or like to be, except Pheaghe McHughe.
Dublin, 18 July 1588.
Addressed at the top, in Carew's hand: To Sir Tho. Heneadge,
18 of July 1588, per Woodward.

Copy. Pp. 2.



Vol. 618, p. 12a. I send a book of the munitions in the castle of Dublin, according to my last; and as there is so small a portion in store, I hope it may be supplied. I will survey the munitions at Cork, Limerick, and elsewhere; very little of which is serviceable. I understand from the Lord Deputy that the augmentation of pay granted by the Queen to the garrison is to be taken away from the horse in the wages of the Treasurer, o of myself, and of others. I beg that the bearer, my uncle Harvy, may show you Sir William Stanley's patent, and that the 30 horse in my charge may have the same wages as the rest of the garrison. A broken company they cannot be called: it is not the number, but the officers and guydon that make a band. Some of the men have served twenty or thirty years ** under my uncle. It is impossible, if the augmentation be taken away, for a soldier to maintain himself, two horses, and a boy, at 6%d. per diem. i Dublin, 2 August 1588. | Copy. Pp. 2.


Vol. 618, p. 15. Report on the state of the Ordnance in Ireland. “As concerning my particular, I most humbly pray your Honour to



Aug. 4.

Vol. 618, p. 16.

Aug. 21. Vol. 605, p. 133.


aid me with your best furtherance to restore a company of

poor men to life again, who by instructions out of England are

undone, if the augmentation of wages be taken from them.”

What the Treasurer and others can say for themselves, I am

ignorant. I beg of you to ask the bearer to show you Stanley's

patent, &c. (To the same effect as the preceding.)
Dublin, 4 August 1588.

Copy. Pp. 2.


I am sure you are much occupied, as the time requires, but beg your acceptance of these lines. The approach of the Spanish fleet, which I beseech God to confound upon the English coast, doth work wonderful uncertain yet calm humours in the people of this country, who stand agaze until the game be played, not daring to discover their real intentions. They are so possessed of fear, that I have never seen a greater appearance of quiet. The reports that go here of your daily accidents in England are most strange, for no good news can be brought over but some detract from it; and the authors of such malice, who are Papists and in number infinite here, cannot be found. I thank you for the services you did me in my suit for the Ordnance; yet never in my life have I endured more grief than to be tied to this place at this time, when my duty commands me to offer my body to be sacrificed at her Majesty's feet.

Dublin, 4 August 1588.

Copy. Pp. 2. The address is in Carew's hand.


Thomas Wynkefeld, the bearer, now going into Ireland, hopes for the continuance of your favour, which I do most earnestly second. I have written to the Lord Chancellor there in his behalf. Our realm has been exercised in martial affairs since you went over, both by sea and land. The Duke of Parma has made a solemn vow to observe his master the King of Spain's directions to invade this land, and give the Queen battle. Whenever he attempts it, I hope he will find himself far deceived in his reckoning, as the Spanish navy (notwithstanding their hugeness, above all our expection) has already done, whereof you have heard before this. Most of the ships which are left are at the Murray Frith in Scotland. Their future destination I know not. We are preparing ourselves for the worst. This bearer can tell you of her Majesty's being in the camp in Essex.

Rufford in Nottinghamshire, 21 August 1588.

Holograph. P. 1. Addressed and sealed. Endorsed.

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Sept. 19.
Vol. 605, p. 135.


I have sent you a note of the munitions in Munster, by which you will see our needs. If it be the pleasure of the Lords of the Council to send munitions here this winter, my uncle George Harvey, who dwelleth at St. Giles'-in-the-Field, will be ready to attend that service to see it safely conducted. The arrival of the distressed Spanish fleet in this realm is not unknown to you, by information from the Lord Deputy. The miseries they sustain upon these coasts are to be pitied in any but in Spaniards, for there have been wrecked between Lough Foylle in Ulster, and the Dingle in Kerry, 16 sails, many of them great ships. Of those that came to the land by swimming, or were enforced thereto by famine, very near 3,000 were slain ; so that it is supposed that there have perished of them in this land by sword and sea about 5,000 or 6,000. They are now departed for Spain, where, if they arrive not soon, they will die of famine. Her Majesty has great cause to praise God, that hath so miraculously delivered her most malicious enemies into her hands without loss of her subjects, and broken the bond between them and this people, so that their hope from Spain is now gone. Before the defeat of the Spanish fleet, the English nations as well as the Irishry stood agaze how the game would be played. They did not certify their musters, as they were commanded by the Lord Deputy, until after the news had arrived, when they not only put to the sword them that arrived, but the gentlemen are now ready to attend. There is no rebellion in the whole realm, so much terror prevails. Dublin, 18 September 1588. Headed by Carew, “Per Dellves.”

Copy. Pp. 2.


I send you a report of the munitions in Munster, that you may judge of our wants, and leave the proposal enclosed to your consideration.

Substantially the same as the preceding.

Dublin, 18 September 1588.

Headed by Carew, “Per G. Dellves.”

Copy. Pp. 2.


I have so little leisure, in consequence of the public service of the realm, and the examination of most foul disorders in the town, that I cannot largely answer your letters. I have received two letters from you out of Ireland, which I have shown the Queen, but she has had no time to peruse them. I shall do my best to hold you in her good opinion. Your


Sept. 24. Vol. 618, p. 16a.

Vol. 611, p. 149.

uncle Harvye came to me touching the allowance of men in pay incident to your office. I have not seen him since. And to speak of anything which should burden the Queen's purse, now so much overcharged, would be unreasonable. I leave the report of all things here to Sir Walter Rauleygh.

At the Court, 19 September 1588.

Holograph. P. 1. Addressed. Two seals.

At the foot of the direction: “Delivered to me by Sir Walter Rawlee.”


The bearer, Aurelio Sappa, desires to return into England. If the occasion of his departure hence was my fault, I should be very sorry, partly in respect of himself, whose conversation I like, and partly for your sake. I leave him to explain his own motives.

24 September 1588.
Carew has added, “Per Sappa.”

Copy. P. 1.


“Spanish Ships and Men sunk, drowned, and taken

prisoners upon the coast of Ireland in September 1588.”

“At Loghfoile: ships, 1 ; men, 1,100. Sligo: ships, 3; men, 1,500. In Tiralie: ships, 1 ; men, 400. Cleere Island: ships, 1 ; men, 300. At Finglas in O'Mayle's country: ships, 1 ; men, 400. In O'Flartie's country: ships, 1; men, 200. In Irris: ships, 2.; the men saved in other vessels. In Galway haven one ship escaped, and lost prisoners 70. In the river of Shenan, ships 1 burnt; the men saved in other ships.” Total of ships, 17; men, 5,394.

Signed : Geoffrey Fenton.

II. “A Note of such Ships of the Spanish Fleet as perished in September 1588 upon the coast of Ireland, as are not in this former certificate.”

One ship of 500 tons sunk in the Sound of Blaskie, near Dingle-Coushe; the men saved by Don Joan de Ricaldo, Admiral of the Diskayne fleet. A ship called the Barque of Hambroughe, of 600 tons, sunk by reason of a leak; 200 of her men saved by other ships. A Venetian ship, called La Valencera, wrecked in O'Doghertie's country. One ship wrecked in McSwynye ne Doe's country, near Loghsuylly; her men saved. A great ship wrecked in O'Boyle's country; the men saved. One ship wrecked near Dunluse, wherein about 300 men perished.

Copy. Pp. 2.

1538. Oct. Vol. 6 18, p. 18.

Nov. 2. Vol. 635, p. 83.

Vol. 617, p. 15.


Being at Kilkenny on my journey, 27 September last, I understood that Mr. Vice-President was at Cork. I sent him a messenger with letters, advertising him of your Lordship's commission, requesting to know when he would appoint Sir George Boucher and me to meet him ; I riding to Sir George at Loughgher, lest his departure out of the country might hinder our purpose. I have stayed my messenger's return since Saturday the 28th till now, and received answer from Mr. Norris, then at Youghall on his way to Dublin. Sir George Boucher has returned to Affaylie. Touching such wrecks as had been already recovered by the country, your Lordship will learn more by the Vice-President. In my journey which I intend towards the Dingle, I intend to arrange with Sir Ed. Denny and the rest to send you a certificate of particulars. If in searching for these wrecks I find it necessary to go forward, I beg you will request Mr. Vice-President to give me all the assistance in his power.

Dated at Killmadocke (sic).

Headed: “October 1588.”

Copy. Pp. 2.


“A Note of the Risings-out to general Hostings by thc Lords and Gentlemen, &c. within the English Pale in Ireland;” showing the number of men furnished by each.

II. “A Note as well of Horsemen as Footmen, with the names of their leaders, which served in Ireland when the Earl of Sussex was Deputy there; besides such as were in garrisons.” Total: horse, 670; foot, 1,250.

III. “A Note what every Barony of every county of the five English counties is charged to bear in garrons and drivers this hosting journey northwards against the Spaniards, beginning the 2nd of November 1588.” Total: carts, 237} (sic); garrons, 1,189}; drivers, 475.

Copies. Pp. 8.


“A Brief Certificate of the Surrenders made by sundry persons in the time of Sir John Perrot's government, as the same were set down by James Ryane, with the Auditor's certificate of the rents now answered her Majesty for the same ;” sc, by Coconagh Magwyre, Oghny O'Hanlon, Con McNeile Oge, Rosse McMahowne, Sir John O'Dogherty, Sir Moroghe ne Doe O'Flaerty, Conyll O'Mulloy, William O'Ferrall, Gillernewe McFaghny, Faghny O'Ferrall, William Bourcke of Loghmarke in Connaught, Hubbert Bourcke

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