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SHANE MCBRIAN O’NEAL'S SUBMISSION.
To the same tenour as the previous. I regret the killing by my men of Hugh Og, who had been casually met “by my followers, whose men and kinsmen he had killed before, I coming with as much speed as might be to appease the matter.”
Signed: Shane O'Neal.
Copy. Pp. 2. Endorsed by Carew : “1586, in June.”
619. SIR HUGH O’DONELL.
Indenture, 10 July, 28 Eliz., between Sir Hugh O'Donell and the Queen, whereby the former binds himself to deliver for the year past, at Sligo, 700 beeves per annum, in respect that the full number of soldiers were not placed on his country.
Thanks for your letter, which I would have acknowledged before, had I not been too much occupied. “Touching the party you write of to your uncle Harvey, there is one here who names himself to be a Portugale, but of the very saune name you write of, and just such a man as you describe. Your uncle did find him out; and he hath been here in and about my house ever since the young Prince of Portugal came over to me, and pretends to be a very great Protestant.” I do not like him, and wish to hear more of him from you. I mistrust him the more, because he stays behind the Prince.
“In haste from the camp before Dursbourg, this last of August.
“Your old friend, R. LEYCESTER."
Holograph. P. l. Addressed.
Endorsed by Carew : The Earl of Liecester, 1586, the last of August.
2. Copy of the preceding.
621. SIR RICHARD BINGHAM, Governor of Connaught.
“A Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend, of certain services done by Sir Richard Bingham upon the Rebels and Scots in Connaught.”
“My good and right dear Friend,”—This discourse of the late services of Sir Richard Binghame, Governor of Connaught, against the Burkes in the county of Mayo, and the Scots of the Out Islands, I send you confirmed under the hands of divers captains employed in the said services.
* This heading is in Carew's hand. The letter has neither signature nor address. It is dated “Anno 1585 " by Carew, but was evidently written either in 1586 or later.
In September 1585, at the sessions holden at Doonnemoine, co, Mayo, by Bingham, chief commissioner (Sir Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls, then being present, and employed with him for perfecting the last composition made within the said province), the whole country stood on peaceable terms. But when by this composition the gentlemen and freeholders perceived that the names, titles, and superiorities of their chief lords, and specially of McWilliam [Burke], should cease, it did not a little grieve them, although they had expostulated the like reformation. Thomas Roe Burke, a chief of that sept, kept himself within a strong castle in an island on Lough Maske, even within sight of the Governor and the other Commissioners, and refused to come at them. Sir Richard, upon his return out of that country to Roscomon, dealt with the sheriff of co. Mayo for the apprehension of the said Thomas Roe, who, resisting the sub-sheriff, was slain. His death, and the hanging of two others, Moyler Oge Burke and Thebott Reogh, who had devised for the drawing of Scots into the province, would have prevented the stirs that after ensued, had not some men [in Dublin] who depended on the State, through envy to Sir Richard, persuaded the Burkes not to come to any officer till their pardon should be procured from the Lord Deputy (Perrot). They assembled together, and made the Clandonnells, the Joyes, and most of the country believe that Sir Richard would also take away their ancient customs and liberties. They drew many to them, and persuaded themselves that, by the friendship of their foresaid counsellors in Dublin, their assemblies should there be thought as a thing done by them for their defence and safety. Sir Richard was restrained from following them without directions from Dublin. The sons of Edmund Burke, of Castle Barrye (an old man, and one of the competitors of the McWilliam-ship), and others, with many idle persons, entered into Castle Necalley, in Lough Maske, and manned the same, together with Thomas Roe's castle, now in the possession of his brother Richard Burke, called the Palle of Ireland; which castles they kept in rebellious manner. About this time Sir R. Bingham took the castle of Clanowen, in Thomond, and slew Mahowne O'Brian, a chief champion of the Pope's, and a great practiser with foreign powers. He then besieged Castle ne Calley, but was forced to leave the attempt by contrary weather. Before he could return, the traitors escaped into the woods, and were chased by Captain Mordant. Bingham razed the said two castles, and one strong pile of Ferroghe McDonnell's. Richard Burke, alias the Pall of Ireland, under colour of dutiful subjection, intended to have betrayed Sir Richard and all his company, and was executed. He was the most dangerous member in all Mayo. Bingham then followed the Burkes to the woods and mountains, and hunted them from bush to bush and hill to 1586.
hill; and the gentlemen of the country offered to pursue them
Burkes. As no persuasions might win them to peace, he executed certain of their pledges. It appeared to him that the sparing of rebels' pledges heretofore had done no small hurt, as they trusted to the accustomed mercy showed to the like pledges. Then he marched to the abbey of Ballentubber, 22 July, and sent his footmen and kerne, under Captain John Bingham, into the mountains and woods to seek the rebels, who submitted within six or seven weeks. Himself and Clanricard kept the champagne country. About this time there came an espial out of Munster (being sent, as he said, from those parts to Francis Barckley, Provost-Marshal of Connaught), and gave it forth that the Earl of Leicester was slain in the Low Countries and the English forces overthrown there, that there were two great armies of Spaniards landed in England,-that there was a great navy of Spanish ships in Balty more, that the King of Scots was in arms against her Majesty,+and that her Highness was sick and in great danger of death. Sir Richard caused him to be executed. The Burkes were hunted from place to place. 4,000 or 5,000 head of cattle were taken, all which, except 1,000, he bestowed on the captains and their companies, or else on the kerne, as a consideration of their entertainments. 100 or 120 rebels were slain ; the rest dispersed, and sent in messengers for pardon. Ewster McDonnell, chief of the galloglasses, Edmund Burke McRichard Enerrine, son to the last McWilliam save one, William Bourke, alias the Blind Abbot, (the chief of that surname, Edmond Burke, of Castle Barry, being dead, who claimed to be McWilliam,) Moyler Oge Burke, the Joies, and Riccard Burke, alias the Devil's Hook's son, submitted themselves, and gave pledges. They were so ghasted with fear, by reason they were so roundly followed, that they looked rather like ghosts than men. Edmund Burke's sons, of Castle Barry, persisted in the action. Their father, a notable traitor, was executed by course of the common law, in order that her Majesty might have his lands by escheat. After this his sons offered to submit, so as they might have their father's lands; but helein the Governor referred them to the Lord Deputy. They were in number six or seven. News came that 2,000 Scots were come over the river of Earne, towards Sligo, with Edmund Kerraghe Burke and John Itcleane, who had been sent by the Burkes to draw in those Scots. Sir Richard despatched the Earl of Clanricard against them, who joined with George Bingham, brother to Sir Richard, sheriff of co. Sligo. After Sir Richard had ordered things in Mayo, he set fowards towards Sligo, when he had news that the Scots had been brought through O'Rowrk's country into the Mawgherrie or plains by Roscommon, whither he repaired; and hearing that the Scots were between Sligo and Bundroies, he rode to Sligo. His highway was to pass
by the abbey of Boyle, where he found Sir Thomas Lestrainge
those through being too forwards for the spoil; but many men.