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The Scots in Ulster, the Burkes in Connaught, Desmond in Munster, and Baltinglasse in Leinster, should all be fronted; the last first. The Deputy “to make passes through their woods and fastnesses, and fortifications, upon every their strength and strengths, after the example of your Majesty's most noble progenitors in subduing of Wales.” A navy to be kept upon the coast to answer foreign attempts. The rebellion being suppressed, it will be necessary to call a parliament to enact new statutes for establishing the articles ensuing:— (1.) Two universities to be erected at Limerick and Armagh. (2) A collection to be made of all the statutes already in force. (3) The Earl of Ormond to be compounded with for his liberties of Tipperary; yet he is to have his escheats, as the lords marchers of Wales have theirs. For the Lord of Desmond's liberties of count palatine in Kennye (sic) there needs no composition, he being in rebellion. (4) All Ireland to be reduced into manors. (5) Cesse, cuttings, and all Irish exactions to be abolished; and in lieu thereof an annual rent to be rated upon every ploughland (6.) No lord or gentleman to put upon his lordship or seignory any gallowglasse, kerne, or shotte, &c. (7) All brehons, carraghes, bards, rhymers, friars, monks, Jesuits, pardoners, nuns, and such like to be executed by martial law. (8.) Your Majesty to grant a yearly pension to the Earl of Argyle, to restrain the Irish Scots from coming over into Ireland. (9) The English horsemen and footmen, the galloglasses, kerne, and Irish shotte to be allotted some of the escheated lands at a reasonable price ; “and yearly as the commodities of the land increaseth, the wages to abate, and so at length clean extinguish.” (10.) New privileges to be granted to the ports. (11.) Merchants not to sell powder and munition to the Irish. (12) Honest and skilful men to be taken out of every court of record here, and placed there. (13.) Irish habits for men and women to be abolished, and the English tongue to be extended. (14) “That the factions of Butler and Geraldine, with the titles of Ihnabo and Craghnobo, be taken away.”
* Was this scheme the production of Sir Henry Sydney, President of Wales? 2. - A A
Vol. 614, p. 170.
Vol. 607, p. 123.
(15) A survey to be taken of the lands of all the lords of the country; a third part to be seized into your hands, and improved lands in England to be given them in exchange.
I will now show the commodities which are like to grow. “But first I thought it good to underwrite the copy of an old note or pamphlet, which I found in Ireland, containing a short survey of the whole land.” (This “survey” is very brief. It shows the extent of Ireland, its divisions, the number of its cities, ploughlands, d.c., and the revenue derivable from it.)
The want in England of timber for the navy may be abundantly supplied in Ireland. There is great plenty of iron in some places. Cork, Yowghull, Wexford, and Belfast are fit places for shipbuilding. The mines to be searched, &c.
“Here now, lastly, doth the common objection oppose itself, requiring an answer, whether it be safety or danger, good or evil, for England to have Ireland reformed, lest, growing to civility, government, and strength, it should cast off the yoke, and be more noisome and dangerous neighbours to England.” This objection is of no force. “The Kings of Spain have now of long time governed other countries, being civil and lying further off.”
Copy. Pp. 18.
512. HISTORICAL NOTES, &c.
“Notes out of Chronicles concerning Ireland,” sc. from “Cowper's Chronicle,” “Galfridus Monobaius,” “Adam Murimowth,” and the “Brute,” from A.D. 552 to 1541.
II. “Th’ Advantage and Profits that the Queen's Majesty may make of her lands in Ireland;”—showing the extent and divisions of Ireland. This is probably the pamphlet alluded to in the preceding (see article 15).
Pp. 4. Endorsed.
“Lands which appertained to the Wiscount Baltinglas, attainted.”
The lordship and late monastery of Baltinglas ; the lordship and manor of Killcullen ; the lordship and manor of Harryston ; the manors of Tobber, Rathernan, near Dublin, and Cahill.
Divers villages, towns, lands, and woods in the counties of Dublin, and in the Marches there, in the county of Kildare and in the county of Catherloghe, as also in the barony of Fort O'Nolan, Imayle, and Clonogar; besides lands given by Rowland Viscount Baltinglas to his sons Edmond and William FitzEustace, to the rate of 40l. per annum.
1584. Jan. 514. SIR JOHN PERROT, LORD DEPUTY. Vol. 632, p. 57a. “A Memorial for Sir John Parrott, Knight, appointed by
her Majesty to be Lord Deputy of Ireland,” delivered to him by the Privy Council, ~ January 1583.
Confer with the Council there how the charges of victualling the army may be eased ; especially that there may be no transportation of provisions out of this realm. Consideration is to be had how St. Patrick's in Dublin may be converted into a college for youths. For the accomplishing of such things as are to be done in the Parliament intended, it is requisite that some new barons should be created. Certify hither the names of fit persons. An act is to be drawn for the reviving of the impost [on wines], which expired two years past. In levying the debts and arrearages due to the Queen (for which a commission is directed to you and others), follow “ those ways and means prescribed and thought meet in the orders annexed to the establishment, and in certain answers and opinions set down by Sir Walter Mildmay and other special commissioners unto certain articles which were in March and April 1578 sent to Sir William Drury, with his instructions.” The number of the Pensioners is to be abridged. Those who are discharged may be rewarded with some of the attainted lands in Munster. The captains and soldiers of the old bands should be continued and preferred before others of less experience. By reason of these great troubles there has been an increase of wards. Some were unnecessarily placed, as, namely, at Fernes and Innescorth. Discharge such as shall be found unnecessary. A survey to be taken of the two forts of Leix and Offaly, which are greatly decayed. The charge of repairing them to be set down. All carriages and such kinds of labour to be borne by the inhabitants. Also, a view to be made of the said two countries; and “compare the present state with the former, as it was after the Act of Parliament made in the Earl of Sussex' time, when estates were made in tail to Englishmen, and to advertise hither the differences, with the cause of the decays.” As the grant to Edward Waterhouse and his heirs for the maintenance of certain boats upon the Shenon contains certain hard conditions towards her Majesty, and as continual taxations have been laid upon the borderers for the said boats, he is to surrender the patent, and a new patent is to be made to him with reasonable clauses.”
* There is a copy of the conditions of this grant in Vol. 617, p. 52, in a collection of miscellaneous extracts.
Such as have been parties in the late rebellion shall not be suffered, without special licence, to keep within their houses any armour or weapon other than ordinary daggers and swords. Send your opinion how Munster may be repeopled, and what should be done with the lands forfeited by the Earl of Desmond and a great number of others, of whom many are dead. Surveys to be made of such lands. Having the Earl of Ormond with you, consult how to keep the people that are there in obedience, and to comfort them to proceed in their tillage and increasing of their cattle.
Signed : Tho. Bromley, Canc.; W. Burghley; E. Lincoln; A. Warwick; Fra. Bedford; R. Leicester; Ch. Howard; H. Hunsdon; Chr. Hatton; Fra. Walsingham; Wa. Mildmay,
Copy. Pp. 7.
2. Another copy.
515. SIR John PERROT, LORD DEPUTY.
“An estimate of all charges that Sir John Perrott hath been and must be at in providing himself and all things necessary for the Deputyship of Ireland;” showing that he will have to pay 800l. or 1,000l. out of his own purse, and therefore be compelled to sell 100l. yearly of his own lands, unless the prerogative of cesse be continued.
Former governors, as Sir Anthony St. Leiger, and some since, have had her Majesty's demesnes of Kilmainham and the houses of Laughlin, Catherlagh, and Mounstereven, which are all now demised.
Endorsed: “An Estimate of the Governor's charges in providing for the place. Also of his charges in the place, with a reckoning of the benefit of the prerogative of cesse.”
“A new Establishment for the Government of the Province of Connaught,” set down by the Queen's Privy Council.
To the Chief Commissioner, 2211. 13s. 4d. a year; a justice, 100l. ; the provost-marshal, 40l. ; serjeant-at-arms, 201. ; for their diets at 10s, a day, 1821. 10s., ; 100 foot and 50 horse, ; a clerk of the Council, 207.
The fee of the Chief Commissioner, in a plate lately delivered to her Majesty, was only 100l. As that sum is not sufficient, it has been “increased by a noble (6s. 8d.) per diem more, amounting the whole year unto 1211.* 13s. 4d.” This increase is to be paid out of the fines upon offenders, and not out of the revenue or the composition made by that country to be discharged of cesse.
* Sic ; see the commencement of the preceding paragraph.
An excessive number of kerne and other loose people, under pretence of following and assisting the sheriffs, are cessed upon the countries there, which, to be eased of that burden, would contribute to the maintenance of 30 horsemen, parcel of the 50 above mentioned.
The Chief Commissioner to have under his own leading 25 of the horsemen's band and 50 of the footband. All martial men serving in that province to be under his government. He is to follow the Deputy's directions, and to assist the Justice in all sessions with his advice and aid.
All entertainments to be paid out of the revenue, impost, custom, and composition money of that province.
Copy. Pp. 2.
517. DEBTs to the CROWN.
Commission to Sir John Perrott, Deputy of Ireland; the Archbishop of Dublin (Adam Loftus); Sir Henry Wallopp, Treasurer at Wars; Sir Lucas Dillon, Chief Baron of the Exchequer; Nicholas White, Esq., Master of the Rolls; Edward Waterhowse, Esq.," one of the Privy Council ; and Lancelot Allford, Esq., Surveyor-General there, to levy all debts and arrearages owing either to the present Queen or to King Henry VIII., Edward VI., and Queen Mary. Recusants to be imprisoned or fined.
Westminster, 17 January, 26 Eliz.
Copy. Pp. 13%.
518. SURVEY of the REBELS' IANDS.
Commission to Sir Henry Wallopp, Sir Valentine Browne, Thomas Jenison, Lancelot Alforde, and Christopher Payton to make inquisition by jury respecting all lands and possessions which ought to come to the Queen's hands by the rebellion of Gerald Garret, late Earl of Desmond, James Eustace, late Wiscount of Baltinglasse, John of Desmond and James of Desmond, brothers of the said Earl, or others; to survey all the ancient possessions of the Crown ; and to perform the commands of the Privy Council respecting the revenue. Additional commissioners to be appointed by the Lord Deputy if necessary.
Dated in the margin, “January 1583.”
Copy. Latin. Pp. 3.
519. HUGH MCGUILLYE.
Indenture, 3 March, 26 Eliz., between Hugh McGuillye or Magnisse and the Queen, whereby the former engages to pay yearly 120 fat cows of three years old; to serve in proper
* Altered by Carew to “Knight.”