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Sept. 7. Vol. 619, p. 48.

Oct. 18. Vol. 619, p. 18.

letters, as to the Lo. Deputy of Ireland, in presence of the
Council, noblemen, and gentlemen, in Saint Patrick's Church
in the city of Dublin : with the delivery whereof surceased
all his authority.”
In the handwriting of Pelham's Secretary. Pp. 108.


Tirlaghe Lenaghe is drawing down near Dundalk with 6,000 men, of which 800 are horsemen, 2,600 Scots, and the rest his own followers. By his arrogant demands my Lord Deputy is driven to alter his determination of prosecuting Balltinglasse, and to make head against Tirlaghe. Religion is now the quarrel. O'Wrourcke has committed some spoil in Connaught. I must home to my charge there.

Some do think there I do use the sword too much. If her Majesty do not use her sword more sharply, she will lose both sword and realm. The expectation of foreign forces is not out of their heads.

I have but one band of footmen in Connaught, and more cannot be spared from hence. All the realm is in a general uproar.

Dublin, 7 September 1580. Signed.

Holograph. Pp. 2. Addressed. Endorsed.


On Friday, the 14th day, at night, we held through the Race of Portland to the westwards. The Admiral with all his fleet met with a great wind and “growne sea.” We lost one another in the night. Not finding the Admiral at Falmouth, we went on our course for the Land's End. I entered the Sound of the Ventry on Sunday, Not knowing whether the enemy were in the Wentry, I bare in with the harbour of Valentia. There I met with Mr. Clyntton, by whom I understood that the enemy was fortified at Smeryck in the old fortress, which James Fewe Morrys first prepared. I hastened thither with all speed on Monday. On Tuesday the 17th I entered the harbour, within falcon-shot of their fortress, from forth of which they welcomed us with such bullets as they had. “I returned them an exchange better than theirs twenty in the hundred.” They had two ships and a galley.

I learn that the enemy “departed from the hither Spain with five sail of ships, of which the greatest was a Baskeyne of 400 ton; two more, the one of six score and the other of four score, the other two of three score or 50 ton the piece, and a small galley of ten oars of a side. They had shipped into these ships aforesaid a thousand poor simple Bysswynes, E. ragged, and a great part of them boys. In this great Baskayne was shipped their Colonel, an Italian, the Pope's


Nuncio, an Italian also, the Irish Bishop, two preachers, Jesuits,
Italians also, and three or four friars, with a 400 of their
company, and much of their store of their munition,
and, as they gave it forth, 12,000 ducats in ready money.
In their way coming over, being taken with storm, they
lost their ship of six score, and one of the other of three
score, which are not yet come to them. Whether they be
gone back into Spain,” but it is said amongst them that they
are taken by the Rochellers and carried into Rochelle. In
the ship of six score there was an Earl and an Earl's son, with
divers young gentlemen, who had aboard the same ship an
eight fair Spanish horses. Further, in their passage they
boarded a ship of 150 ton, of Newhaven, which had been
at the bank towards the New Land a-fishing, and had in her
56,000 of fish, which they have here, both ship and fish. They
had 28 men in her, of which they slew three, and their captain,
whose name was Granno, of the same town. Of these an
eight or ten stale away from them, which Mr. Clyntton
lighted on ; from which Frenchmen and Mr. Clyntton I have
learned this which I now write.
“About the 3th" of this present of October the great
Baskeyne and their ship of four score departed for Spain,
and of the 800 men which they brought hither, there
went away with them again, as the Frenchmen doth assure
me, more than 200 which were sick and malcontent with the
country and their evil and hard entertainment. Very many of
the rest that are here do die daily, so that there should not
be here of them all left above 500 at the highest.
“Since they landed here they have spent their time in this
sort. Their lieutenant-colonel, with 300 of his, joined with
the Earl traitor, went to the siege of two castles of Mack
Morrys; the one is called Feonede Castle, and the other
Addartt Castle. Their greatest artillery to batter these was a
falcon, which seems they were but young soldiers; the
were well defended of Irishmen. They departed from both
with loss of divers of their men and one of their chiefest
captains. There are now of these in the fortress, a 300,
who, with the help of the Irishmen, do daily strengthen their
fortification; the rest are with John of Desmond, who this
Wednesday the 18th is come to the Dyngle, and looked for
here at the fortress.
“There are two notable places which they give forth they
will fortify that do lie in the Bay of Tralye ; the one is called
Bongonder, and the other is Kilballyth, which places are
naturally very strong, as I learn.
“They do daily aspect the coming of four or five sail
more with a supply of men and all sorts of munition, as
they give it forth. It is also given forth that the Earl traitor
received four little barrelletts of Spanish ryalls for a present.


“The Thursday before my arriving, the Earl of Ormond was here with divers English captains, and being in skirmish with the enemy about the fortress, had only one slain with a calyver bullet, which was Andrew Martyne, the Constable of Castle Mayne.”

Harbour of Smerryck, 18 October 1580. Signed.

Holograph. Pp. 4. Addressed. Endorsed.

[Dec.23.]* 483. The EARL OF KILDARE.

“The Principal Matters which Charge th' Earl [of Kildare].”f “A month before the Wiscount [Baltinglas] broke out, it was bruited amongst the common sort that the Wiscount would rebel. The Knight Marshal had an espial in Tyrloughe Lennaghe his camp; who seeing one Sir Manus, a chaplain of the Viscount, sent in message to Tyrlaghe by secret devices, attained the understanding of the message, which was to have Tyrlaghe and his force to join with him, Feaghe,f and the Munster rebels, who should have all the O'Conors and the O'Mores to join with them and O'Rwyrke and others in Connaught, appointing a time of their meeting in the county of Meath; which messenger returned with contented answer. “Th’ Earl was appointed by commission, joined with the Archbishop, then Keeper of the Seal, to be General in the absence of Sir William Pelham, then Lord Justice, for preservation of the Pale. The Earl and the Lord Archbishop appointed at the Hill of Tarraghe upon Monday, the 4th of July, a general muster to view the forces. The Knight Marshal sent to the Lord Archbishop the examination of his espial, and the news of the breaking out of the Viscount, and the consent of Tirlaghe to join. “The Archbishop and Earl met at Tarraghe the same day according to appointment. Upon their meeting, before they entered to view the forces, the Earl took the B. apart, and, as the Bishop affirmeth, used this or the like speeches unto him.” (They are given at length.) The Earl delayed the apprehension of the Wiscount, and was unwilling to proceed against him. The Council agreed the Earl should parle with him, and provided that 500 footmen and 200 horsemen should meet with him. If the Wiscount refused his offers, then the Earl was to prosecute the rebels; but after the Wiscount's refusal of the offers the Earl returned to Dublin. By his return the rebels had free passage to enter the Byrnes' country, and there preyed and burned the New Castle, a town of Sir Henry Harrington's. This greatly

Vol. 607, p. 76.

* Carew has dated this document “1581 ° in the margin. It appears to have been drawn up by Chancellor Gerrard. See the letter from Lord Deputy Grey and the Council to the Queen of 23 December 1580, in the Public Record Office. + The words in brackets are in Carew's hand. f Feagh McHugh McShane O'Byrne.


increased the suspicion that the Earl would not willingly have
the rebels harmed, and made the Lord Chancellor and Lord
Archbishop ever after to be doubtful of some mischief the
Earl would work them. -
Upon the landing of the Lord Deputy a messenger came
from the rebels to the Earl without any protection. The
Lord Deputy and Council agreed to hang the messenger,
whereat the Earl fell into a great storm and passion.
“Before the Lo. Deputy journeyed into Munster, the Earl put
in trust to prosecute openly said and at sundry times, ‘Let
me have such a number of soldiers, (which was agreed unto)
and I will undertake to make a short end of this war.’” When
his plat was considered, the suspicion we had that he would
never harm the enemy increased.
“All the O'Conors and O’Mores who were known before to
be joined with the rebels by oath he entertained as kerne for
the service. Amongst which company it is to be noted that
he entertained Conor McCormocke, one who, not long before,
was at the murthering of Rosse McGoghgan, the chief doubted
knave of the O'Conors, the great rebel, who with all the
O'Conors still kept with the late rebel. He had old Mac
Goghgan, who procured the murdering of his own son Rosse.
He entertained Brian McGoghgan, who in person murthered
his said brother Rosse. Within the month before he entertained
Tec McGilpatrick, the notorious spoiler of the Pale.
“The Earl lying at Kilbery, these kerne preyed in the
Pale and the borders to the value of four or five thousand
pounds, and drove their spoils to Ossorie and other countries
without resistance. When complaint was made to the Earl
of these spoils and the parties present, he refused to call them
to answer, saying he would not hinder his service.” The
show the Earl made to journey one day and a night into the
rebels country, and there taking 200 cows, rather increased our
“He wrote to the Council that he had found by experience
that he must take another course to lay the garrisons nearer
the rebels to prosecute them. This increased suspicion, for he
knew before he had laid them where they would never harm
the enemy. The manner of the running away of Captain
Garret; the suit the Earl made to bail McGoghgan ; the suits
he secretly made for some belonging to him and known rebels;
the often letters he wrote to have the Council meet him at
the Nasse; the slender or rather no occasion at all to move
him thereunto ; his refusal to come to Dublin of six weeks,
whither ever before he was accustomed to travel for consulta-
tion ; his passionate speeches when the Council refused to
come to him ; sometimes braying out with oaths, and saying
this were enough to make a man to break out ; his sudden
alteration of mind—where, at the first before all the Council,
he refused the service of the country people, saying he durst
not trust them, yea, and the service of his own horsemen, saying


some of them were run to the rebels—now he disdained the
service of the English soldier, calling them English beggars, and
openly commended the service of the kerne, as those he would
for his life trust unto ; brought us to doubt that he would
break out, and to devise means to have him to Dublin upon
and under some pretence of consultation to have restrained
Oliver Ewstace, a civilian, one sworn to the rebels, confessed
he had been entertained by one Woogan of Rathcoffye
towards the Lawe, who, being examined, confessed that he saw
the Wiscount the day the muster was at Tarraghe, viz., 4 July,
as he rode thither. The Earl and Viscount rode together in
company towards the muster in familiar talk until they came
to Killene, two miles from the Hill. After they were returned
from the Hill, the Wiscount and the Earl rode in company till
it was towards evening. The Wiscount supped with Woogan,
and the Earl rode to Menouthe. After supper the Earl and
the Wiscount met again, and that night rode together until far
in the night. But the Earl never told the [Arch]bishop of
Dublin how they had been together that day, and refused
to execute the Bishop's warrant for the Wiscount's appre-
hension, which he could have easily effected, on being informed
by the Wiscount's wife when he would be at Monketon, four
miles from Dublin. That Lady and the Lady of Upper Ossory,
the Wiscount’s sister, posted to and fro by the Earl's direction
rather to hasten the Viscount away for fear of apprehension
than to persuade him to come in. The Wiscount's wife, on
examination, saith the Wiscount did not tell her that he
would break away, but that a boy came to Dublin and told her.
The examinations of the Wiscount's wife, Pipho, and the
Earl differ the one from the other. But on hearing them,
we were fully resolved that the Earl himself thrust out the
Wiscount, who otherwise had come in. The Wiscount's demand
for protection for six weeks was made by the Earl's direction.
He did not execute the warrant of the Chancellor and Arch-
bishop for apprehending Compton, one who kept at the Earl's
house at Rahanghan, and was a traitor. Until the day the
Earl was committed, Compton continually lay in the Earl's
house, and taught his boy.
The Chancellor also requested him to apprehend Sir
Nicholas Ewstace, priest, who also kept at Rahanghan, was
sworn to the rebels, and had given the like oath to many
in the country. He answered that he knew not where to
look for him.
Woogan told the Earl what he had confessed. The Earl
grew angry and grieved, and came to the Chancellor to remove
his suspicions,
“A pamphlet was found and delivered to the Chancellor.
Among other things contained in the pamphlet this was one,
that the Earl the same night sent a cousin of his, named

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