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adventured to pass for their refuge to Baltinglas, yet were

they encountered by ours, from whom they made a strange

The Countess of Desmond came in yesterday, and sues to

have her husband taken to submission.
Asketten, 12 August 1580. Sigmed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 3.


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LEIGH). The service done by Sir Cormocke McTeige upon the rebel Sir James of Desmond was this, that he slew 15 principal horsemen of his company, took himself prisoner, and put to the sword 120 kearne and serviceable people. In the conflicts between the garrison of Kilmalloke and the rebels Mr. Norris very valiantly behaved himself. Foresee a winter's provision for very strong garrisons to remain here this winter, for whom I will provide beef and herrings. I perceive by Mr. Waterhouse you have sent a plentiful provision of wheat and meal for Limerick, and hops enough for the whole garrison all winter. Cork should be also stored, and the proportion last demanded sent part thither and part hither. Upon the conference between the Lord Graie and me, you shall understand the numbers that shall be employed here for this winter. Asketten, 14 August 1580. Signed, Contemp, copy, Pp. 2.

455. The SAME to the SAME,

This gentleman, John Thomas, has delivered his charge of wheat at Limerick in good condition. He deserves further commendation for his good guiding of the rest of the ships appointed to come in consort with him. I recommend him as meet to be trusted in services of more importance. Asketten, 14 August 1580. Signed, Contemp. copy. P. 1.


Vol. 597, p. 418.

Concerning the 100l. given to you, which the two Justices interpret to be prejudicial to them, the warrant declares that over and above the fee of 100l. due to the Chief Justice, this reward of 100l. extra is appointed to him that should be of English birth. I did not mean to abridge the allowance of the Justices, but I have made the warrant to Mr. Treasurer more plain. Advertise in cipher what rebels remain in those parts, and where their haunt is.

If you have a pledge upon Sir Owen McCartie, I allow of his departure home. Proceed to the arraignment of Sir

Aug. 16. Vol. 597, p. 419.

James of Desmond, but forbear the execution until you hear more from me.

Asketten, 15 August 1580. Signed.

Concerning Sir John of Desmond's request to have conference with you, I authorize you thereto. If he will deliver his brother the Earl, Doctor Sanders, and the Seneschai [of Imokilly], you may grant him life. Have great regard lest this device be but a practice to make you a pledge to counterpoise Sir James. If Sir John, upon assurance of his life only, will not be drawn to deliver the foresaid parties, then may you grant him pardon of life, lands, and goods. As the Seneschal is in those parts, you may either draw towards Sir John with your forces to parley with him, or else bend your course into these parts.

“Let the Countess of Clancare be carefully looked unto, and demand of her for the young lady, the Earl of Desmond's daughter, which should have been brought thither with her.”

15 August 1580.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.


As the intelligence of foreign preparation continues, you must stay till you see the month fully expired, according to her Majesty's appointment. Upon this coast “there is commonly a Michaelmas summer seen every year.” As for the revictualling of O'Sulivan's castle and the ordnance conveyed away by his wife, I will deal with Sir Owen.

My espials about the Earl of Desmond advertise me that, finding his followers daily revolt, he has practised to be transported by you into England. He is driven to that misery, as he would refuse no condition that might give him hope of life. His wife was here two days since. I should understand from you if any such matter were in speech.

As I am going shortly into Kerry, send me the names of those to whom you have granted protections. By your plying to the Wintrie we are like enough to visit one another before your departure.

Asketten, 15 August 1580.

This bearer, Mr. Merideth, has declared to me how far you had dealt in that matter of transporting the Earl of Desmond. Continue the same course that you have begun. I think it a very good service to receive him in any sort of simple submission. If he will humble himself to her Majesty, you may transport him and her and as many of their followers as they will carry with them, “You may seem to promise him all your best help and assistance, by yourself and your friends, that he shall have favourable hearing in England against any man in Ireland; wherein, if you think good, both I and Sir Nicholas Malbie may be by name comprehended. Only this I must let you know, that I cannot allow that any agents be sent from him unless he go himself, neither that his Lady pass


but in his company, for thus (upon a motion made by me unto her Majesty) Mr. Secretary Walsingham writeth.”

“Yesterday, in the presence of the most of his people, the Earl received a letter from the Wiscount of Baltinglas, desiring him to join with him in the cause which he had begun for the Catholic Faith, but the most of his people came and cried out with one voice they were starved and undone, and therefore would forsake him in it, as not able to endure the war any longer.”

Asketten, 16 August 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 3}.

Aug. 16. 458. WARRANT for MORGAN CoLMAN, Secretary to the Lord Vol. 597, p. 421. Justice.f

To have the wardships of the sons of Nicholas Herberte, of the county of Kildare, and —— Powre, of the county of Waterford, deceased, for his services since the beginning of these wars in Munster.

Asketten, 16 August 1580.

Signed by the Lord Justice and Council.

Contemp. copy. P. l.

Aug. 16. 459. PELHAM to the LORD FITZMORRIs.

Vol. 597, p. 421 a. You deny the charge of having had intercourse of the rebels in your country. I can avouch proofs and testimonies. The law makes it all one fault to be an abettor or reliever of traitors, and to be in actual rebellion. “Little doth it help you, your general excuse that between the Garraudins and your ancestors hath been a perpetual enmity and hatred;” for I know you have covered the Desmonds and their followers with many commodities; yet you confess you have received your rising and advancement from the Crown. Your request to have returned home one of your two sons, the better to do service upon the enemy, might have been granted, if you had but offered to do some action upon the traitors worthy the redeeming of your son. Where Sir James FitzGarrett of the Dessies lies prisoner not far from you, work his liberty either by practice or strong hand. The Earl, the Seneschal, and others of that combi

* A paragraph in one of Walshingham's letters is here quoted.

f Morgan Colman was the compiler of Pelham's letterbook. On its titlepage, which is elaborately ornamented in ink and colours, he has inscribed the following verses : — “Within this book inserted is the travels of Belona's knight, Which, as compel'd by duty bound, I here produce in open sight. Let not, therefore, the staggering hand nor ragged pen, which wrote the same, Work his dislike that it compris'd, nor blemish worthy Pelham's fame. “Morganus Colmanus.” The book contains 455 leaves, and is most beautifully and carefully written throughout. It came into Carew's possession in 1617.

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nation are now drawing to the parts of Kerrie and your frontiers. If you do not intercept them, you make open the way to pull upon yourself and yours a more heavy indignation than you will be able to bear. After I have used the service of your galley for a time, I will see her returned to you better repaired and appointed than when I received her.

Asketten, 16 August 1580.

Signed at the begimming.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.


Vol. 607, p. 68.

I am sorry for your late sickness. I have made a journey against O'Donnell and O'Wrourcke. O'Donnell dissolving his forces, I turned her Majesty's forces to Letrym, O'Wrourcke's castle, which he had broken. I reedified and left a strong ward in it. O'Wrourcke with his force and Scots came to the skirts of the camp, in a wood and strong fastness hard by it. Taking with me my horsemen, being about 140, and 50 loose shot and 500 kerne, I set upon them. Ulicke Burcke, son to the Earl of Clanrycard, did slay 12 or 13 Scots, wounded 20 or 30, and put the rest to flight. I have heard no more of them since. There were 1,200 rebels, Scots and galloglasses. I had of all my force, English and Irish, 1,000 able men, whereof 200 English footmen and 60 horsemen. The Lord Chancellor and Council having commanded me to repair to them with the English bands, to make head against Balltinglasse and his confederates, I hastened to Dublin. “Out of Munster I am sure your Honour hath heard of James of Desmond's apprehension, since which time he is dead of his wounds. About the same instant Mr. Thomas Norrys and Captain Mackworth had another encounter with the rebels, where Mr. Norrys most valiantly behaved himself, and with his own hands did kill one John Browne, a wise fellow, and the only director of Desmond. His death is more available to the service than James's. The rebels there do decline much ; and truly, by the great travail of Sir William Pelham : he is a painful gentleman. “For Ulster, Tyrlaghe Lenaghe hath great forces, and still standeth upon doubtful terms, and upon observing of opportunity, which he will not lose. He hath sent very proud requests to my L. Deputy, to which (considering the time) my L. Deputy and Council have devised plausible answer, and have well temporized with him, hoping to stop his fury for the time.” The Lord Deputy is well liked. Here is a great bruit of 2,000 Scots landed in Clandeboy. “Tyrlaghe Lenaghe's marriage with the Scot is cause of all this, and if her Majesty do not provide against her devices, this Scottish woman will make a new Scotland of Ulster. She hath already planted a good foundation, for she in Tyrone, her daughter in Tyreconnell (being O'Donnell's wife),

Aug. 21. Vol. 597, p. 423.

Aug. 23. Vol. 597, p. 423a.

Aug. 23. Vol. 597, p. 424a.

and Sorleboy in Clandeboy, do carry all the way in the North, and do seek to creep into Connaught, but I will stay them from that.” Connaught is the best reformed province this day.

O'Wrourcke was wrought by some of the English Pale to do as he doth. Your Honour shall shortly know the practisers. The expectation of foreign forces makes them all stand upon their tip-toes.

Dublin, 17 August 1580. Signed.

Holograph. Pp. 4. Addressed. Endorsed.


I received your letter of the 16th, desiring my advice concerning the apprehension of the Knight of Kerrie and others, which may be done aboard your ships. “Because I find that nothing but villainy is pretended both by the Earl and the Countess, and that all their followers seek plausibly to gather in their harvest for the next winter's food, whereby to detract the war, I heartily pray you to lay hands upon so many of them as you can.” “For the vessel arrived at Valentia with wine and salt from Andolosia, sundry reasons induce me to forbid her unlading in those parts; and therefore do pray that she with her lading and merchant may speedily ply to Limerick.” I dispatched your servant away on Monday last. Asketten, 21 August 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. P. 1.


Your letter assures me of your goodwill. Mr. Souche is a true friend to us both. You are my assured good lord and captain. My purpose is presently to come thither and to deliver the sword. In the course that you intend for a joint commission for Munster, the competitors are very unequal. “In such an unequal draught I cannot willingly be yoked, but will rather serve as an inferior person.” I am by her Majesty assigned another manner of proceeding under you. Asketten, 23 August 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.



We have received your letters. We shall presently repair thither. In the absence of me, the Lord Justice, absolute authority rests in the Earl of Ormond, as General, to prosecute the war, to whom we have written; but lest he might be otherwise impedited, we have authorized Sir George Bourcher to be Colonel in our absence.

Asketten, 23 August 1580.

Signed : William Pelham, H. Wallopp, Lu. Dillon, Ed. Waterhous, G. Fenton. Contemp. copy. P. 1.

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