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1580. “That the goods of the churches shall be returned out of the hands of those which occupy the same; and that good and wise men of the country be created bishops, and abbots, and such like, who with the example of their life and with preaching may reduce the people to the religion. “That the King of Spain shall not pretend anything otherwise than to make league and alliance, if he will, with the King so to be chosen, to th' end that being joined together they may take order upon the matters of the island of Flanders. “That the Queen] of S[cots] shall be set at liberty, and helped again to her own kingdom, if she had need. “That his Holiness will treat with the French King, to th’ end that neither he nor Monsieur his brother shall help the Queen nor Flemings against Spain. “That the bull of excommunication which Pius Quintus, of happy memory, did give out against the same Queen, shall be published in every church and Christian court. “That the Catholic Englishmen be received into the army, and convenient pay given them according to the qualities of the persons. “These articles were brought by the Prince of Condy to to the Q. Majesty and her Council. “PATRICKE DOBEN, Majore.” Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

July 30. 443. WISCOUNT BALTINGLAS to the EARL OF ORMOND.

Vol. 597, p. 406. Received from the said Earl the 27th July, and sent the 30th day from my Lord Justice to the Council in England by Mr. Markham.

I have received your letter. Whereas you hear that I assemble great companies of men together, you know I am not of such power, but whatsoever I can make it shall be to maintain truth. Injuries though I have received, yet I forget them. The highest power on earth commands us to take the sword. “Questionless it is great want of knowledge, and more of grace, to think and believe, that a woman, uncapax of all holy orders, should be the supreme governor of Christ's Church ; a thing that Christ did not grant unto his own mother. If the Queen's pieasure be, as you allege, to minister justice, it were time to begin; for in this 20 years past of her reign we have seen more damnable doctrine maintained, more oppressing of poor subjects, under pretence of justice, within this land, than ever we read or heard (since England first received the faith) done by Christian princes. You counsel me to remain quiet, and you will be occupied in persecuting the poor members of Christ. I would you should learn and consider by what means your predecessors came up 1580. to be Earl of Ormond. Truly you should find that if Thomas

* Sir Patrick Doben, Mayor of Waterford.

Beckett, Bishop of Canterbury, had never suffered death in

the defence of the Church, Thomas Butler, alias Beckett,

had never been Earl of Ormond.”
Undated. Signed: James Baltinglas. Addressed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

July 30, 444. WISCOUNT BALTINGLAS to a MERCHANT of WATERFORD. Vol. 597, p. 407a. Received by the Mayor of that city, and sent from my Lord Justice to the Council by Mr. Marckehame the 30th of July. “Praying you to send the 40 crowns which you have in your hands unto my brother Richard, which is at Paris, lest occasion should be so ministered that I could not farther him with any more exhibition in this great while.” “Requiring you also to find the means whereby you may provide for me the greatest store of wine and powder you may, and to send it by a very trusty, good, and Catholic messenger.” Baltinglas, 18 July 1580. Signed. Postscript.—I mean to take this holy enterprise in hand by the authority of the Supreme Head of the Church; praying you to assist us to your power from time to time. Addressed : “To my very loving friend that did send unto me my brother Richard's letter and his own at Waterward, this give. “Vera copia, Patrick Doben, Major.” Contemp. copy. P. 14.

July 30. 445. PELHAM to the MAYOR of WATERFORD.
Vol. 597, p. 408. I have received your letter, and a copy of a letter from

the traitorous Wiscount to Robert Walshe. His foolish enter-
prise is like to fall out to his ruin, by the prosecutions of the
Earls of Ormond and Kildare, and other forces. Touching the
messenger whom you have imprisoned, I require you to cause
him to be executed presently and hanged in chains. The
man of Fiderte shall be brought to me hither, to be farther
examined.

Asketten, 30 July 1580. Sigmed.

Postscript.—I pray you preserve carefully the original letter.

Contemp. copy. P. 13.

July 30. 446. PELHAM to the LORD CHANCELLOR of IRELAND Vol. 597, p. 409. (GERRARD.)

I have received your letters of the 21st and 28th,"andam glad

to hear that you are well arrived, and more" happily escaped

1580.
from the danger that you fell in at your landing; which ac-

cident, being compared with the rest of the Wiscount of Bal-
tinglas' doings, doth argue that both he and his followers be
the most foolish traitors that ever I heard of, for out of such
pledges he might have made his own peace as he had listed.”
I long to hear the success of the parley between my Lord
of Kildare and the Wiscount. My Lord cannot long want
the assistance of English soldiers and the presence of my
Lord Graie, now every day expected.
I have sent you your licence. I see your determination to
return before winter. We shall either pass at one instant
or meet there about one time. We are here daily spoiling, and
diminishing the numbers of the rebels.
I will cause enquiry to be made for two of your servants
that committed a robbery upon you. Hockenhull will in-
form me under whom they serve.
The Earl of Leicester and Sir Francis Walsingham per-
suade an union and consonancy between you and me. In
Leinster there has not been one string out of tune. Com-
mendations to the Archbishop of Dublin and my Lord of
Kildare.
Asketten, 30 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

July 30, 447. The LORD JUSTICE and Council to DONoUGH O'BRIAN.

Vol. 597, p. 410a. Having received your letter of the 27th with the present"

you sent me, I heartily thank you for it. We again require
you to come to us forthwith.
Asketten, 30 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 1.

July 30, 448. PELHAM to the LORD FITZMORRIS.

Vol. 597, p. 411. Will your son Patrick to repair hither, and send with him your younger son lately come from the traitors. I have sent this boat to conduct them. Send also the parties who were owners of the prey taken by the garrison of this place. As I purpose presently to march into those parts, I require you within one hour's warning to be prepared for service, and to bring with you the 200 beefs I left with you. Asketten, 30 July 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy, P, 1.

Aug. 1. 449. A PROTECTION to DAVID OGE and his BROTHER.

Vol. 597, p. 411a. “Upon certain conditions secretly agreed upon by David Oge Fitz Loughe, we are contented under our word and hand to give assurance to the said David and his brother

* In the margin, “For the heads he sent.”

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William Oge Horloughe, and their followers, so far forth as
they do perform and do upon th’ enemy the service which in
our presence he, the said David, hath promised; and upon the
finishing of the said service according to the meaning of the
conditions, he to have, for him and his, farther protection,
pardon, and maintenance of living, according to the quality
and merit of his said service.”
Asketten, 1 August 1580. Signed by the Lord Justice.
Contemp. copy. P. A.

450. PEIHAM to SIR GEORGE BOURCHER and the rest of the

CAPTAINS at KILMALLOKE.

“Being informed of the service lately done upon the traitor John of Desmond and of his hard escape, and how you have apprehended Sanders his man and a friar, I do accept it in most thankful part.” You, Sir George Bourcher, are not to repair to this place, as the traitors intend to pass to Harlow.” On Monday next, at night, meet me at Gortentobery with your companies. I shall take Clancune in my way, and will beat and search all the woods. Send the friar and the other companion whom you have taken to Limerick, to the Council there. Asketten, 5 August 1580. Signed. Contemp, copy. P. 13.

PELHAM to LORD FITZMORRIS.

It agrees not with your promise to be so slow in doing service. You have had in your country the traitor Earl, his wife, his brother, and Sanders, whom you might have apprehended if you had listed. For sundry accusations and ill arguments brought against your two sons I detain them until I may see some service done by you in delivering up some of the principal conspirators above named, dead or on live. Apprehend forthwith David Oge FitzPavid Harbert and all his goods and chattells], and send him to me; and seize all goods and chattelss] belonging to traitors. Send by this bearer the galley I have formerly written to you for.

Asketten, 11 August 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 13.

452. LORD JUSTICE PELHAM to the QUEEN.

Sent by Ferreje, the Pursuivant.

I have received your letters by Ferraie, your pursuivant, together with your direction in Mr. Secretary's letter in cipher.

“The traitor Sir James of Desmond is mortally wounded and taken prisoner, and the most part of his forces slain and over

* “Arlowe woods” in the margin.

1580.

Aug. 12. Vol. 597, p. 414a.

thrown, the 4th of this month, by Sir Cormoke McTeige,
sheriff of your county of Cork.”
“Some other encounters have been since the arrival of your
pursuivant, wherein the rebels have sustained loss by your
garrison of Kilmalloke ; in one of which Doctor Sanders and
John of Desmond did make a strange escape, being in the
night above an hour in their company preserved in the dark
by speaking English, and crying upon the English to execute
the Irish. Sanders' man (born in Chester) and an Irish friar,
standard bearer (as he was termed) unto James FitzMorris,
were apprehended, whereof the first slain by the fury of the
soldiers, and the other reserved to farther examination.
“Touching my manner of prosecuting, it is thus: I give
the rebels no breath to relieve themselves, but by one of
your garrisons or other they be continually hunted. I keep
them from their harvest, and have taken great preys of cattle
from them, by which it seemeth the poor people that lived
only upon labour, and fed by their milch cows, are so distressed,
as they follow their goods and offer themselves with their
wives and children rather to be slain by the army than to suffer
the famine that now in extremity beginneth to pinch them.
And the calamity of these things have made a division between
the Earl and John of Desmond, John and Sanders seeking for
relief to fall into the company and fellowship of the Wiscount
Baltinglas; and the Earl, without rest anywhere, flieth from
place to place, and maketh mediation for peace by the Countess,
who yesterday I licensed to have speech with me here, whose
abundance of tears betrayed sufficiently the miserable estate
both of herself, her husband, and their followers, whereof I
write more in cipher to Mr. Secretary.”
Asketten, 12 August 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 1 #.

453. PELHAM to SECRETARY WALSINGHAM.

In cipher. Sent by Farraie, the Pursuivant. I had anticipated her Majesty's pleasure concerning the nobility of Munster. “For the Earl of Clancartie, so far forth as I may have in my power his wife, the Earl of Desmond's sister, and his only son, I think may with safety return him into his country, where, being thus tied, he may do acceptable service.” From the detaining of these lords many good effects have ensued. The wars of Munster are reduced to a declining state ; the traitors suffering privation of many succours which they before enjoyed. “By this, Sir Cormoke McTeige, being enlarged upon pledges, and having promised to do service, hath haply imblooded his hands upon Sir James of Desmond, whom we have in hand, and the chiefest flowers of his followers slain. John, likewise, and Sanders are so terrified to tarry in Munster, as they have

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