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Vol. 597, p. 371.

July 20. Vol. 597, p. 372.

Because the way is somewhat dangerous to send any letters by land, I have opened such as were directed to you from England. Order is given for your farther stay upon this coast, and victuals are being sent you.

I shall speedily be released from this charge, and Lord Graie will take the government. He is preparing with all haste to repair hither with a supply of 800 footmen, whom I hope shall land within these 14 days. Her Majesty continues me here to follow the service.

Mr. Secretary Walsingham advertises me “that certain intelligence is brought unto them out of Spain, that the Pope hath an intention to land some numbers of men in this realm, which to prevent her Majesty hath given order for the present preparing of a further supply of men to be sent hither,” besides the 800. I wish my Cousin Grevell recovery of his leg.

Limerick, 19 July 1580. Sigmed.

Contemp. copy. P. 1%.


“I have received two letters from you. The one concerneth spoils committed upon your tenants and such others as do depend upon the Wiscount Mountgarrett, who also by his own particular letter complaineth earnestly of the Baron of Upper Ossory's brethren.” I will perform anything for the satisfaction of you both, so as it tend not to the withdrawing of the forces from the rebels of these parts. “Your second letter, with the report of Owen O'Gormigan, concerning the Wiscount Baltinglase and Feaughe McHughe is very strange, that a nobleman of the Pale should be so forgetful of himself, and be so united to a man of base condition.” The report is confirmed by Patrick Goughe. The Earl of Kildare, having the charge of the Pale, and being a near neighbour to the mountain, having also by this time four ensigns of footmen landed at Dublin, will easily prevent the danger of these beginnings. If any intelligences be between Turlought Lenought and these confederates, I pray you with your forces and the power of the Sheriffs of Kilkenny and Catherloughe to withstand the Viscount and his complices. The bands here, being now divided into two garrisons of Kilmalloke and Asketten, are both this night entered into a long journey. Four days since your departure Oliverus Burke came to me, desiring protection, which I have granted; but he flatly denied that he ever promised you to bring any man's head. Six more of her Majesty's ships are put to the sea, and 1,000 men are to be landed in these parts, besides those mentioned in my first letter to land at Dublin and at Cork. Limerick, 20 July 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

1580. July 21. 429. NICHOLAS WHITE, MASTER OF THE ROLLS of Ireland, Vol. 607, p. 64. to the EARL OF LEICESTER.

The bearer is Mr. Spenser. In this last journey in Munster I only of the Council attended on my Lord Justice. The traitors are dispersed into woods, mountains, and bogs. My Lord Justice, by his sudden coming into Kerry, had well near lighted on the traitorous Earl, the Countess, and Doctor Sanders. “We were at Castell Mayngne, at the fort of Smerycke, the Dengill, and the haven of Ventry, where we went aboard her Majesty's ships, and were well refreshed by Sir William Winter, Mr. Bingham, and Mr. Fowke Grevile. We returned through the Earl of Clancartie's country by the end of Glanfleske. My Lord Justice gat into his hands, by the Earl of Ormond's travail, all the Lords of Munster, and carried them with him to Limerick, where they remain under guard. “This paper hereinclosed, containing vile and wicked stuff, was brought hither to Waterford by a Devonshire gentleman named William Jeowe, and published there * by him ; who, being by my Lord of Ormond and me first examined and afterwards committed, said that the same was commonly abroad in England, and that himself had given out 20 copies of it there. Being demanded where he had it, [he] said it was delivered to him by Mr. Harry Bowser, brother to th’ Earl of Bath.” The Wiscount of Baltinglas has joined himself with Feaghe McHugh. Waterford, 21 July 1580. Signed. Holograph (?). Pp. 2. Addressed and endorsed. II. News “from Rome the 23 of February 1580.”f Pp. 2.

July 22, 430. PELHAM to the COUNCIL at l'UBLIN.

Vol. 597, p. 373. Her Majesty directs the shipping under Sir William Winter

to remain upon the coast, and three or four ships of war to be sent hither. The Admiral, for some service and discovery, desires to have The Handmaid sent to him, being of less burden than those that be with him. We require that Captain Thornetone be warned to repair to this coast with men and with victuals for three months.

Limerick, 22 July 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. #.


Vol. 597, p. 373a. As you expect protection before you dare adventure to come to us, at your father's humble suit, we grant to you and your followers this our present protection, to continue 10 days. Limerick, 22 July 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. P. l.

* In England 2 f See “Eve’s seditious Libel,” 30 July.

1580. July 23. 432. PELHAM to the CouncIL at DUBLIN. Vol. 597, p. 374. “Having this day received, by the passage boat of Athlone,

the paguett sent from you, and dated the 18th of this month, concerning the Wiscount of Baltinglas, I see therein that you, my Lord of Kildare, have determined to make head against him.”

I send you the letters from the Privy Council concerning the stay of the Admiral here, and the sending of more ships to the coasts, and of soldiers and victuals both to Dublin and Cork.

Limerick, 23 July 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. l.

July 23. 433. PELHAM to the Council, in ENGLAND.

Vol. 597, p.374a. I have received your letters of 26 May, appointing that the money by concordatum due to my Lady of Thame should be repaid out of the treasure now brought. When the proportion came to be divided to the army, I no way rested able to accomplish your expectation. The warrant is to be satisfied there, upon defalcation of the next treasure. Limerick, 23 July 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. P. #.

July 24. 434. PELHAM to the MAYOR of GALWAY.

Vol. 597, p. 375. I wonder why you have not, according to my letters, sent to Castle Mange the 20 tuns of sack and five of claret wine. I disallow of your sending continually wine and other relief, in your pinnaces and galleys, to these Munster traitors, who are thus greatly refreshed. Limerick, 24 July 1580. Signed. Contemp. copy. P. l.

July 26. 435. PELHAM to the MAYOR of WATERFORD.

Vol. 597, p. 376. I have received your letter with the seditious libel enclosed,

brought over by Ewe, and confirmed by the man of Bridgewater, that is now in that harbour. Cause him to be sent to Clonmell, and the merchant of Bridgewater with him, and there, in irons, to be delivered to the Sovereign by indenture between the sheriff of Waterford and him, to which place I will send a convoy to bring them hither.

The Queen is sending hither the Lord Graie with great forces, both to Leinster and to Munster, and more ships.

Limerick, 26 July 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 13.

July 27, 436. PELHAM to the LORD FITZMORRIs.

Vol. 597, p. 376. I have received two letters from you of the 25th. I am, glad of the revolt of your younger son from the rebels. As for your galley, Clinton shall come to those parts and bring her hither, where she shall be well repaired.


Touching the disposition of Rorie McShee to forsake the faction, a great part of these troubles have proceeded from the encouragement of him and the rest of his surname; but I do not deny to receive him, though I have made a vow not without some special service to receive any. If he bring me alive the author and beginner of this sedition, Doctor Sanders, it shall be a full satisfaction for his offence. “Sanders himself might deserve his own life if he would declare how this practice hath grown beyond the seas before his landing here.”

As I would know by your younger son the haunts of the

Earl [of Desmond], send him to me to Asketten. Commendations to your son Patrick.

Limerick, 26 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

July 27. 437. LORD JUSTICE PELEIAM to the QUEEN.

Vol. 597, p. 378.

Sent by Mr. Markehame. I have received letters declaring your determination to send hither the Lord Graie of Wilton as Deputy, and supplies of soldiers and victuals. To be disburdened of this place is the greatest happiness that could light unto me. The rebels have been relieved by the noblemen and chieftains of this province, and with wine and munition from the port towns. I have lately laid hold upon them all, and keep yet in hand the best of them. The most obstinate and malicious is the Wiscount Barrie. I have established garrisons, cessing upon these lords and their territories 1,200 men of this country birth. Lest any of the chieftains should fail in duty, I have assigned them, in the absence of my Lord of Ormond, to the direction of the sheriff of the county of Cork (as their general), associating with him Captain Apslie, who, with his band of 50 horsemen and one band of 100 footmen, shall accompany the sheriff and observe all their doings, and execute such service as either by himself or by the advice of Sir Warham Sentleger and the commissioners in Cork shall be thought convenient for that county. The harvest being now come, I purpose to destroy their corn, the fear whereof has made many of them to seek protections and pardons, and bred contentions between the Earl and his followers. The townsmen give relief and intelligence to the rebels. Five of my espials were hanged in one day, which I requited with death to such as promised me the rebel's head and wrought not effectually for it. But nothing has more hindered the service than the lack of a full pay to the soldiers. The practice is general to disturb your estate, every man expecting foreign aid, whereby O'Donnell and O’Rwarke do now invade Conoughte. Turloughe [Lenagh O'Neil] bends to the borders of the Pale, and the Pale itself is in open hostility under the Wiscount Batinglas, who has associated himself with the O'Birnes, O'Tooles, Cavenaughts, and O'Mors. You


July 28. Vol. 597, p. 380a.

July 28. Vol. 597, p. 382.

should prepare for this war with force, money, and victuals, and
take the advantage of all the lands of the revolters, and plant
your own nation.
Limerick, 27 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 53.

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Sent by Mr. Markehame.

I have received a letter of your own hand concerning the coming of my Lord Graie.

The garrisons both at Kilmalloke and here are now in journey.

It is strange that the muster-rolls, proportions of victual demanded, and certificates of remains are not come to your hands. The last sent by my brother Spencer shall, I hope, have better carriage than the former.

“I hear not of any grain landed in Ireland by virtue of your licence, but only one bark landed by Fenner at Waterford, to which place Bland sendeth grain that is continually sold without order or warrant from me,” I pray that all the victuals may ply to Limerick, or at least two parts thither, and one to Cork.

Limerick, 28 July 1580. Sigmed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.


Sent by Mr. Markehame. There are come to my hands, since the departure of my brother Spencer, ten of your letters. My departure towards Asketten is so sudden that I cannot answer them particularly. The cause of your going to Barne Elms has impressed here a settled grief in your friends. I leave you and my Lady to the Lord's will. I have ordered the setting at liberty of the King of Spain's subjects at Cork, who before this time are departed for Spain. I am ready to further the Bishop of Osserie. “I take him to be a noted person in the register of Baltinglas.” As to the unity wished between the Lord Chancellor (Gerrard) and the knot of your other friends, I have written to him, and I embrace willingly his friendship, and so do the rest. As I am to be employed in this war, notwithstanding the coming of the Lord Graie, my service shall be at her Majesty's direction. Without foreign aid this starting out in the Pale will not keep Desmond long from extreme ruin. By our secretary, Mr. Fenton, who is placed and sworn in the office, her Majesty will be well served. As to a discourse which you beheld in the hands of my Lord Treasurer (Burleigh), concerning the advice to coop up

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