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suffered the enemy in our absence to fly his cattle by them,
and to have relief within their countries. I dissembled my
disliking, and by fair means allured them to this place
under pretence that letters were here from her Majesty, and .
under colour of a consultation with others of the Council.
I departed from Cork on the 5th, and being stopped by
the way by the rage of the Broad Water, I arrived here on
the 7th, having in my company the Earl of Clancartie, the
Wiscount Barrie, and others.
“The rest I refer unto the report of my brother Spencer,
to whom I do not only beseech your Lordships to give credit
as a person well deserving here, and not unacquainted with
this country causes (whom I have appointed to remain there
to call upon the resolution of these affairs), but also that it
will please your Lls, to be means to her Majesty to have com-
passion upon his years and long service, having many ways
been employed without recompense, and, namely, in the North
as Master of the Ordnance.* If by your Lls' good means he
might taste of her Majesty's bounty to relieve him some way
in his age, I would accompt it as a singular favour and benefit
from her Majesty and from all your Lls.”
Limerick, 9 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 74.

411. The LORD JUSTICE and Council, to DAVID BARRIE.

“Whereas, upon some accusation made against the Wiscount your father for his undutifulness and negligence in the service of her Majesty, he is for a time restrained from returning into those parts, the rather because it is manifested unto us that he hath been not only the director of you in your late

doings, but also hath since that time forbidden you to do such

service in requital of your fault as we are informed you were willing to do ; we have thought good therefore to confer with you about the ordering of your father's country, so as we may stand assured of your loyalty and dutiful behaviour, for which we will expect pledges at your hands, and therefore will you presently to repair unto us, which you may do with safety, notwithstanding any offence past.”

Limerick, 9 July 1580.

Signed at the beginning : William Pelham ; at the end: Tho. Ormound, H. Miden., H. Wallope, Lu. Dillon, War. St. Leger, Ni. White, Ed. Waterhouse.

Contemp. copy. P. l.

The LORD JUSTICE and CouncIL to the PRIVY Council, in ENGLAND.

“The bearer, Mr. Spencer, is so sufficiently instructed to declare unto you the success of the late journey into Kerrie

* James Spencer was appointed Master of the Ordnance in the north of England in November or December 1569, during the rebellion there.

1580.
and Desmond made by us, the Lord Justice and the Earl of
Ormond, accompanied with the army, as we refer unto him
the report of the whole, who, by his note of each day's travel
and his own observation of all other matters of importance,
may excuse the writing of a long letter to your Lls.”
We assembled the principal lords and gentlemen of Cork.
We allured them hither for farther consultation with the
rest of the Council, and have had them twice before us, and
proceeded with them first in one course to make them yield
their several submissions, and next to have won out of them
a mitigation of her Majesty's charges by some contribution
to the army. The Wiscount Barrie was the most faulty and
most obstinate in his behaviour. We send a copy of our
first and second days’ consultation. They were unwilling
to burden their countries, but each of them yielded pledges,
and some offered to serve with their own people at their
own charges.
Limerick, 12 July 1580. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 3}.

July 12. 413. SIR NICHOLAS MALBIE to the EARL OF LEICESTER.

Vol. 619, p. 36. I have sent you certain notes by Mr. Guildford how all things stand here, and what is meetest to be done. I have besought Mr. Secretary to communicate them to the Council. I beseech you to favour my own suits. Mr. Guildford has served here without any pay. He is your kinsman and true follower. As the matter of legitimacy between John and Ulyck Burcke, I think, will be in question before the Lords as a matter most necessary to be known, Mr. Guildford doth bring over writings and commissions which have passed for that matter. “The Irish are generally in a great jollity, expecting foreign forces.” “I have sent your Honour a goshawk, and because I know you love the sport at the Pye,” I have sent your Honour a cast of tussell gentilles,f Many hawks have died with me.” Athlone, 12 July 1580. Signed. Your old servant Mr. John Merbury is here. Holograph. Pp. 2. Sealed, addressed, and endorsed.

July 12. 414. SIR NICHOLAS MALBIE.

Vol. 619, p. 37. “Instructions for the Earl of Leicester to be delivered by Mr. Henry Guildford the 12th of July 1580.”

(1) Declare the great disorder committed by the townsmen of Gallawaye, “and the bravery used by them after the fury

* “The Pye.” was a brewhouse in Smithfield. f Tercel gentles.

1580.

appeased in marching up and down the streets with sound of
drum, with spiteful speeches of their conquest against the
English soldiers, terming them and all the rest no better than
English churls.” Such a fine should be laid upon them in
the Star Chamber for this riot, as shall build a citadel to
command the town, without which the governor and the
English shall ever be in danger of those odious people upon
every drunkard's quarrel. I would keep it with one captain
and 20 soldiers.
(2) By the passage now found out between Athlone and
Limerick by boat, the ruined castle of Melyke is the midway
place where the boats stop and receive relief, and all the pas-
sengers find great ease and commodity by it. It may please
her Majesty to grant me the same place in free socage to me
and my heirs, or else for 100 years, at the accustomed rent, I
will build up the castle and keep residence there.
(3.) I am now entered into a great charge of building the
castle and town of Roseconnen. As her Majesty's grant is to
me and my heirs males, having but one son, by which the
same is [like] to revert to the crown, and thereby the rest of
my children shall be left destitute, by reason the said building
is like to bring me into great want, I am an humble petitioner
to her Majesty to grant me the same to me and my heirs
general, or else that an allowance may be given to my children
for the said building. She should appoint me Seneschal of
the country of Roseconnen.
(4.) “Upon the late stay of John Burke at Gallowaye, where
the most part of the gent of Clanrycard then were present, the
said gent did exhibit a bill of petition, by which your Honour
may perceive what good rule the Earl's sons did keep, until I
had taken their pledges.” The inward hatred between the two
brothers for the legitimacy is very great. It were a good act to
cause the Earl [of Clanricard] to confess the truth; “and for the
knowledge thereof, there is trial by commission that Ulike
is legitimate, which is now sent over by Mr. Guildford; and
if that matter were decided, all would be well, and the gent’
would leave taking of parts, which is the greatest impediment
of the well-doing of Clanrycard.” Remember my plat for
Ireland; it will be found the best. I send you a copy of
Nicholas Linche's bill, agent here for the Earl of Clanricarde,
confessing the receipt of the Earl's castles and lands.
(5.) At my late being in England certain lands in the
Kellies' country, which are claimed by the Earl of Ormond,
were in question before their Lordships. The Queen's plea-
sure was that I should forbear to take up the rent allotted
by the Kellies by the composition made with them, amounting
to 40l. per annum, and that the Earl should bring forth his
title. The year expired in March last, and nothing is done
therein.
(6.) Divers principal gentlemen, and freeholders of this
province seek to surrender their castles and lands, which they

July 13. Vol. 597, p. 357a.

80.

hold by Irish tenure, desiring to hold the same of her Majesty
by English tenure, and, besides the composition of the country,
will yield a chief rent to her.
(7) “The Scots be the only hope that any evil-disposed
Irishry have to sustain them in their enterprises, which being
cut off from them, it is no great work to govern the Irish,
neither any hard matter to expulse the Scots.”
(8.) “Sundry disorders are committed within this province
by loose men, and [there is] a daily expectation that as oppor-
tunity shall serve the Irish will take their time.” I am an
humble suitor to her Majesty to allow me any extraordinary
charges for suppressing such rebels out of such rents, revenues,
and compositions as accrue within this province.
Signed : Nycho. Malbie.
Pp. 4. Endorsed.

PELHAM to SIR WILLIAM WINTER.

Your letters of the 29th and 9th have been brought me by my cousin Grevell and Mr. Holden. The Marshal's bad ministers have suffered that traitorous priest to escape me that you so carefully sent. Before Sir Owen O'Sulivane Beare departs from me, I will look for the redelivery of him, and for conformity of subjection within Beare and Bantrie. Thanks for the articles which concerned his (Sir Owen's) misdemeanours. If the ship of victuals come from Dublin, pay yourself of the proportion of beer, and the remain I wish to be put into Castle Mange. . I have sent you herewith an authority, not only to execute by martial law such as be offenders, English or Irish, but also authority to protect. Though for terror I do not mention it in my authority, “the law martial doth not extend within the Queen's jurisdictions to execute any that is worth 10l. in goods, or hath 40s, a year of freehold.” I do not wish any freeholders to be protected but the McSwines, because if her Majesty purpose to make benefit of escheated lands, then it were good that all freeholders were left simply to her mercy. To whomsoever you give protection, promise pardon, and bind him to sue it out within three months, “Now how your news concurreth with the necessity of your departure for lack of victuals, and with the likelihood of Spanish preparations, which may be guessed by the coming of the vessel to Castle Haven, whereof you write, I leave to you to judge, “It is testified by divers, as well of Kinsale as Waterford, that lately came out of Galicia, and now within these two days confirmed at Waterford, that 6,000 Romans are ready to embark there; that they have 80 ships, whereof many of great burden; that they have many victuallers laden with wheat, whereof 50,000 Spanish measures called

July 13. Vol. 597, p. 359a.

haveges have been put aboard in one haven. They report that the Marquis of Sara had private talk with some of them, confessing himself to be the Queen's good ally (as I think he be by the house of Lancaster), and gave forth that great troubles would be this year in Ireland; and other taking upon him to know the general, a Spaniard named Don John de Alonnso ; and that he saw the Pope's Nuncio and him together about the preparations. These rumours are not unknown in England, for they have been often advertised, and the last informer is gone to the Court to declare his own intelligence.”

A supply of victuals is coming from England to you, and some refreshing to us; and a speech is given forth, as though other vessels of smaller burden were on their way towards you with new directions. I cannot keep the field for lack of bread after the expense of one month. There are now come from Mr. Bashe 21,000 pieces of beef, which will never be uttered without mutiny or danger to the soldiers' health. Search the harbors between that and Cork, whether any relief be come to prolong your stay.

“I send my brother Spencer presently into England, to whom I commit so much of your advertisements as concerned the Spanish shallop and the forcible taking of Donnell Rowe McTeige, and to utter unto the Lords your care in searching those harbours upon the south-west coasts of this province.”

Turlouge Lenoughe has, as I hear from England, solicited the King of Scots for 4,000 Scots, his wife, a daughter of Argill," being agent in the Court of Scotland, but prevented by the diligence of Mr. Robert Bowes, her Majesty's ambassador.

Limerick, 13 July 1580. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 4}.

LETTERS under the SIGNET for SIR WILLIAM WINTER.

Whereas the mariners, sailors, and others of the meaner sort of people attending the marine service under Sir William Winter, Admiral, do great injuries to such poor people as are received to her Majesty's protection within the county of Kerrie, and upon other parts of Desmond and the county of Cork; and whereas many other the inhabitants of those parts have submitted themselves to the said Admiral, seeking of him to be protected: we authorize him to punish, correct, and execute by law martial any such offender, English or Irish, that so shall rob and spoil her Majesty's reconciled subjects within the country of Desmond and the counties of Kerrie and Cork; and to grant protections in writing. Limerick, 13 July 1580. Signed by the Lord Justice and Council. Contemp. copy. P. 13.

* The Earl of Argyle.

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