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1580.

realm to attend any answer from the Lord Justice, but rather,
having sent the pinnace, repair to the mouth and entrance of
the river of Sinion, and there to ply up and down ; for in
that place you will be best able to impeach the descent of any
succours, and also be near to the Lord Justice, whom as we
suppose you shall find at your arrival [in] Kerry, or in those
remote parts of that realm where the said rebel lieth.
In case, upon intelligence between you and the Lord Jus-
tice, you shall think it meet that any of the soldiers in the
ships with you may be spared to be set on land, we can well
allow thereof. You shall not be the leader of such soldiers,
but commit the conduct of them to Captain Byngham.
“Whereas both at the last and sundry former settings
forth of her Majesty's ships unto the seas, it hath been found
that commonly a great and unnecessary waste hath been made
of her Majesty's powder and munition, the charge thereof
being only committed to the gunners, as by Sir John Perrot of
late, &c.” was alleged ; forasmuch as it hath been heretofore
always provided and used that the several captains of every
ship should take the charge thereof himself,” we require you to
give a special charge to the captains of the ships now serving
under you that they take good care that no waste be made of the
powder and munition ; for the better prevention whereof the
captains shall make delivery of such powder and munition as
they shall receive of her Majesty's store by bill indented to
the said gunners and other officers who shall be thought meet
to take that charge upon them, to the intent it may be known
when and in what sort the same shall have been bestowed
and employed.
Whereas, in respect of the weak disposition of your body,
it may happen that you shall not be able to prosecute and
accomplish this whole voyage, her Majesty is well contented
that in any such case of infirmity, whereby you shall not be
able to continue the said charge, it shall be in your choice to
appoint some person now appointed to accompany you to
supply your room.
If in your course westwards, or in plying about the said “
isles of Sylley or otherwise, you meet any pirate or searover,
you shall, so as the same be no hindrance to your voyage,
make after them, and do your best to stay them, of whatso-
ever nation they be, and send the same to the next port of
England, Wales, or Ireland, and there put the ship and goods
into the hands of the principal officers of the port and of the
next justice of peace, by inventory tripartite,f the one to be
sent hither to us from the said officers, and thereof also a true
copy to be given to the principal persons that may take care
that no part thereof be embezzled or wasted. The men are
to be safely kept ; and “for their relief in the mean time, until

* Sic. f “Drypertile” in MS.

1580. order may be given from hence, some part of the goods, as near as may be guessed to be belonging properly to the pirates, may be sold with their consents and knowledge, and the money to be delivered to the principal officers to bear the charges of the company. “And to this intent the officers may know that this [is] her Majesty's pleasure, you may send a land at every such place, (if it be to several places) the effect of this article, that the officers pretend no ignorance herein ; but in the sending of such a land, you shall have good regard that there be no unneces. sary time spent by absence of the pinnace and men for hindering of the principal voyage and service for the which you are now sent.” So long as you have commodity of the coast of England, you shall write hither of your proceedings. You shall give special charge to all your company that they neither board nor assault any ships that go on[ly] to the trade of merchandises, or any fishermen following that craft, but in all things aid them from the hands of pirates and rovers. At Westminster, the * of March 1579. Copy, I’o. 7.

March 20, 347. SIR PETER CAREW.

Vol. 605, p. 54. A note of certain writings delivered by John Hooker, of Exeter, gent., to Sir Peter Carew, the younger, of Leyghlin, in co. Catherlough, touching the barony of Odrone, 20 March 22 Eliz. Contemp. copy. P. l. Endorsed.

March 21. 348. PELHAM to ANDREW MARTEN, Constable of Castle Vol. 597, p. 286. Mange.

We are disappointed of our victuals by the sudden going of the ships from Dingle, but the Earl of Ormond will visit you this day to take order for your victualling.

Tralighe, 21 March 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. \,

March 29. 349. PELHAM to the LORDS of the Council, in ENGLAND.

Vol. 597, p. 286a, Sent by Mr. John Stafforde. By letters from the Archbishop of Dublin, I am informed that my letters of the 28 of the last month, dated at Limerick and sent from thence to Dublin to be transported, were yet in his hands, by means of the winds having been continually contrary. I hope you will not impute this as a fault. I could not from those remote parts where I have been send any letters with safety until my return hither.

* 17 March, in the original preserved in the Public Record Office.

Upon intelligence from the Earl of Ormond of his intention to repair towards me from Cork, where he was treating with the lords and principal gentlemen of that province, I forbare to march out of Limerick until I understood of his departure from Cork. We met not far from the bridge of Rathkell, in Conneloughe, on the 10th ; where being advertised that the Earl of Desmond had gathered the most of his strength, we determined to seek him the next day in two companies.

In respect of the passage at the bridge at Rathkell, the river not being passable in the winter time, a ward had been placed by Sir Nicholas Malbie, and after continued by the Earl and me, in a castle near to the bridge; but a week before Desmond had broken it in a dark night, and the ward was not able to annoy them. I took the ward from thence, setting fire on the castle, and repairing the bridge.

We entered Conneloughe in two companies, Ormond towards the Shennon side, and I upwards towards Newcastle, and marched all the day without offence of any enemy, wasting and spoiling the country to the foot of the mountain of Sleulougher. The people and cattle flying before us in the mountain were followed by some horsemen and light footmen.

We encamped in two places not far distant one from the other, near Desmond's first and most ancient house of Castle Shenet. Finding the country plentiful and the people but newly fled, we left our camps guarded the next day and searched some part of the mountain. There were slain that day by the fury of the soldiers above 400 people found in the woods; and wheresoever any house or corn was found, it was consumed by fire.

The next day we encamped before the castle of the Glanne, upon the river of Shenen, where I had appointed bread and drink to meet us from Limerick. Lord FitzMorris came to that place, and presented his service to her Majesty. Being informed by a bark of Limerick that The Handmaid, The A chates, and other ships with victuals and munition were at Dingle in Kerrie, we determined to pass the mountain towards Dingle, devising to give the ships knowledge of our coming. We heard that Desmond was fled before us over the mountain; but in truth his departure was upon a hope that our ships had been the Spanish fleet which he had so long expected.

On the 16th we entered Sleulougher, in which mountain (being in the narrowest place 16 miles broad and accompted 50 miles in length) we encamped one night in Dowan by the river of Viall, near a place of the Earl's called Fort Renard. From thence we marched the next day to Traighe; and by the way Patrick FitzMorris came to me, declaring that his accompanying of Desmond was by constraint, being at his Arrival here from Court delivered to the Earl by Sir William Drurie to be safe conducted to his father.

All the country between the Earl's house of the Island and Tralie was burnt by the rebels, and all the houses at Tralighe burnt and the castles razed, saving the abbey. Finding the abbey a very convenient place for a garrison, because it and Castle Mange were not above four miles distant, and a garrison there might cut off all Kerrie from the rebels, I determined to leave there one band of horsemen and 300 footmen under Sir William Stanlie. Ormond and I marched with the rest towards Dingle, to the foot of the second mountain, where I understood that all our ships were departed from Dingle into Shenen ; and that night there fell a furious storm of rain, wind, and snow; so we were compelled to return to Tralighe. Hunger compelled me to withdraw from. thence the garrison under Sir William Stanlie, and to take my course towards the ships, where I might best relieve the soldiers with victuals, and attend the taking of this house of Carrigofoill. At Tralie I expected the coming of the Earl of Clancare according to his promise made to Ormond at Cork, for a concurrency between him and the Lord FitzMorris in the defence of Kerrie, and for the better relief of Castle Mange. But the Earl not coming in, it was resolved that Ormond should depart to put some relief into that castle, and to meet with the Earl ; but Clancare excused his absence by the greatness of the waters. The mountain of Slewlougher was by the wet weather become so soft and unpassable as both I and Ormond were forced to come down by the seaside, through the Lord FitzMorris's country, and so to pass at the mouth of the Viall. Some of our weakest horses were drowned and forcibly carried into the sea, besides three men and 16 horseboys. On the 25th, having met here with all the shipping, I encamped before this place, where Ormond came to me two days after. As the house was circuited with the sea, it was not to be attempted but with the cannon ; and because in the ships that brought the ordnance the victuals lay upon the pieces, I was forced to spend three or four days before I could unlade and plant the battery. The ward consisted of 16 Spaniards and 50 others under one Captain Julian, who reported himself to be an excellent engineer, and undertook the keeping of it at the request of the Countess of Desmond, as appears by a Spanish letter written in her name by Doctor Sanders. They railed against her Majesty, and declared that they kept the castle for the King of Spain. I planted the battery so as to make the fall of the house to fill the ditch of the barbican. We battered it on Tuesday for six hours, and this day from morning till two of the clock after noon, before the house fell, but in the fall, the ditch and flankers being choked, it became forthwith assaultable. Captain Mackeworth entered the outer banne, and was master of it presently. The Spaniards retired to a turret upon the wall of the barbican, and some into the vaults. Some of the Irish and one English

1580.

man, a rebel, attempting to escape by swimming, were slain.
Upon a shot or two part of the Spaniards left the turret, and
were executed. Only Captain Julian and six other Spaniards
and certain women submitted themselves to Captain Macke-
worth. All were presently hanged saving the captain, whom
I keep for a day or two to learn what is intended, and how
they have been succoured and relieved. Three soldiers were
slain, and three persons hurt; among the latter, Sir William
Stanlie. “Many gentlemen put themselves into the place
that had little thanks of me, namely, Mr. Zouche; for every
man had a desire to salute the Spaniards.”
Ormond and I have been evil assisted with such as have
been trusted for spial upon the rebels. The Chief Baron (Sir
Lucas Dillon) has accompanied me all this journey. Sir
Nicholas Malbie has drawn himself into these parts of
Thomond, and lodges in the island of Ineskattie, to relieve
the army with supplies out of his government. Mr. Treasurer
(Sir Henry Wallop), forced by sickness to remain at Limerick,
“so disposeth of the victuals that come from thence as doth
much further these proceedings.”
Carrigofoill, 29 March 1579 (sic). Signed.
Contemp. copy. Pp. 11.

March 29. 350. By the LoRD JUSTICE and Council.

Vol. 597, p. 292.

March 29. Vol. 597, p. 293.

Protection for Maurice Lee, Doctor of Physic (lately dwelling in Coneloughe under the Earl of Desmond), who since the said Earl's revolt has been dwelling in Clanmorris under the Baron of Lixenawe, and fears, for that he belonged to the Geraldines heretofore, lest he, his wife, children, and tenants, and their goods and chattelss] should be molested by her Majesty's garrison : provided that this our grant shall not be available to any of those persons that were at the committing of the murder upon Mr. Davells and Arthur Carter. Carrigofoill, 29 March 1589 (sic). Signed. Here follow the names of the parties protected, being 29. Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.

351. PELHAM to the BARON OF UPPER OSSORY.

I find by the Earl of Ormond that Wiscount Mountgarrett has been much urged to revenge former injuries done by you and your brothers. The Earl complains that you have very lately taken from one of his manors 20 garrons of his own proper stud. Your controversies fall out every day from one extremity to another. I cannot digest the refusal of my last letter by Mountgarratt, and therefore I forbear to write as you require, but leave you to your choice either to defer these causes until my return from this service, or to follow them before the Lord Keeper and Council at Dublin. I have sent you such letters from England as are directed to you.

Camp at Carigofoill, 29 March 1579 (sic) Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 14.

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