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which amounts to 500l. The townsmen have utterly refused to stay within the town, and will leave the same if I go away. The Earl is looked for daily here. He has his brother here upon the borders to plague this town continually. I desire that whenever you call me away I may carry with me my whole company; so shall I avoid the slander of losing any place. I have not past 50 pounds of powder. You promised me my passport into England.

Kilmallocke, 23 November 1579. Signed.

Postscript.—I beseech you to send some other to guard the town, that I may meet you.

Contemp. copy. P. 1 #.

195. The SoverEIGN and INHABITANTS of KILMALLOCK to the


Enclosed in the letter received 3 December 1579.

You wrote to Bourcher to take with him half his company. If you were acquainted with the weakness of the town, you would have thought 200 soldiers little enough to defend it. Sir George was so earnest to go, as I was fain to keep the keys of the gates from him.

Kilmalloke, 23 November 1579.

Signed by John Verdon, sovereign, and sundry of the inhabitants.

Contemp. copy. P. #.


The letters from Kilmalloke seem strange. If Sir George made no petition to go into England, I would impute his stay to the miserable disposition of the townsmen, but his request is unseasonable. I marvel much that Hollingworth and Mackeworth are not come to you. I dare not increase Captain White's entertainment.

Trim, 3 December. Signed.

Postscript.—“If the man whom you commend might bring that to pass, which I wish, it could want no reward. If the first device fail, he may then, apparently, shew himself an enemy to the traitors, and in both kinds shall deserve to be well rewarded.”

I have appointed Captain Collier lieutenant of the forts. The freeholders complain of many stealths lately carried out of the Queen's County into Kilkenny. I pray you take order with the Wiscount Mountgarrett, or some other, respecting such things as the freeholders of Lease shall prove to have been taken.

3 December 1579. Sigmed.

Contemp. copy. P. 1%.

PELHAM to WALTER HOPE at Molingare
One Mr. Nugent having done some service upon the
O'Chonours and taken a principal person of them, whom he
has committed to your custody, you and Mr. Justice Dillon
shall examine the prisoner upon the articles ensuing, and see
whether he can procure the taking of Rowrie Oge O'Chonnore.
You may use what torture you shall think meet.
Tryme, 5 December 1579. Signed.

II. The articles referred to above.
Contemp. copy. P. 14.

Dec. 5, 198. PELHAM to WALTER HoPE.

Vol. 597, p. 138. You shall also examine the prisoner respecting the persons hereunder named, who are vehemently suspected to be aiders of the O'Chonours. Trim, 5 December 1579. Signed.

II. “The names whereof you are to examine the prisoner."

1. Walter Terrell, of the New Castle; 2. Piers Nangle, of Coroughboy; 3. Edmond Boie FitzGarret, of Clandeboy; 4. “Robert Barnell, of Iniscan, who is owner of a boilie that receiveth many stealths.” Examine him touching the said boilye.

Contemp. copy. P. §.

Dec. 6. 199. BEEVES.

Vol. 597, p. 138a. “The number of Beefs which are due to the State for Cesse,
for which letters were written the 6 December 1579
at Trim, viz.:-
“McMahound is to answer 100 beeves at 6s. 8d. le piece;
Baron Dungannon, O’Hanlan, Tirloughe Braseilouge, and
McDonell, to answer 100 at 6s. 8d. le piece.
“Phelime Rowe's sons are to answer 40; Magennis McKel-
warran, 80; Mr. Carten, 20; Con McNeill Oge, 100; Hugh
McPhelim and Captain fo Kilultagh, 140; The Dufferine, 20;
O'Reighlie, 300 —700 at 6s. 8d. le piece.
“Beeves, 900; money, 300l.”
Contemp. copy. P. A.

Tec. 6. 200. PELHAM to ORMOND.

Vol. 597, p. 139. By your letter of the 2nd I perceive you have entered upon your journey without Captain Mackworth or Captain Hollingworth. I cannot but much marvel how so much time is detracted in their march. There is not in all Ireland so many cannon shot to maintain your necessary battery as you desire, or they should have been sent to you at once, with Easton, the engineer. These wants shall be shortly supplied out of England, at the arrival of my brother Spencer.” Trim, 6 December 1579. Signed. Contemp. copy, P. 1.

* James Spencer ? See 9 and 14 July 1580. It has been supposed that this was Edmund Spenser, the poet.

I 579. Dec. 6, 201. WARRANT to the CLERR of the CHECK. Vol. 597, p. 139a. To enter Silvester Cowlie (or Collie) as a pensioner at 2s.

Irish a day.
Trim, 6 December 1579.
Signed by the Lord Justice.
Contemp. copy. P. 1.

Dec. 6. 202. LoRD JUSTICE PELEAM to sundry NoBLEMEN and Vol. 597, p. 140. GENTLEMEN.

To be assistant to William Collier, Esquire, lieutenant of the forts of Philipstown and Maribourroghe and over the King and Queen's County and subjects thereof, authorized to prosecute the O'Chonnors and O'Mores if they shall revolt from their duties and obedience.

Trim, 6 December 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 1.


Vol. 597, p. 140a. Sent by Argall. The post-boat has been twice at sea and turned with my packets. I put you in mind of the miserable estate of the clergy of this land. There are few able ministers and little order for their maintenance. It is affirmed by the Bishop of Meath” “ that some one of her Majesty's farmers of parsonages impropriate, near to this place, hath 16 benefices in his hands, and amongst those not one vicar or minister maintained that can read English, or understand Latin, or give a good instruction to his parishioners.” “Amongst those few that deserve good opinion, the Bishop of Waterfordt is one, who hath been lately placed by her Majesty and hath since received many injuries, partly through the contemptuous and obstinate behaviour of the mayor and his brethren of that city, and partly by the clergy of that church, namely, the dean, one [David] Clere, who hath been heretofore commended into England to be Bishop of Fernes. But as his behaviour deserveth rather to be deprived of the dignity which he now hath, so a time may serve for the reforming of the townsmen there, who are the most arrogant Papists that live within this State. “In the mean time, since Mr. [James] Proctor, of Salisbury, (who, as I have heard, was, by her Majesty's letters, directed to Fearnes,) doth not mean to accept it, I could wish that the Bishop of Waterford were appointed thither, the rather because the county of Wexford, being in the diocese of Fearnes, is inhabited with some Englishmen reasonably well affected, and the natives also of the country more docible and

* Hugh Bradie. f Marmaduke Middleton. He was translated to St. David's in 1582.

1579. -
better disposed than where he now is. And besides the livings of
the church of Waterford lieth in such places of danger as in
this troublesome time doth yield nothing to his maintenance.”
Trim, 7 December 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. 13.


Vol. 597, p, 141a. Made at Drogda, 10 December 1579, before Adam, Arch-
bishop of Dublin, keeper of the Great Seal; Hugh, Bishop
of Meath ; the Barons of Slane and Delven; Sir Henry
Wallope, Vice Treasurer and Treasurer at Wars; and Sir
Lucas Dillon, Chief Baron of the Exchequer.
He has acknowleged the facts committed by his son, Philip
O'Releigh, as deserving loss of life, lands, and goods, and will
deliver eight such persons as were among others at the burn-
ing of Smermore and Louth, &c. He will also deliver eight
pledges. -
He prays that the Baron of Dungannon and Phelim Roo's
sons may be restrained not to succour or maintain Shan
O'Reliegh's sons against him.
Signed by O'Reighlie and the Commissioners.

II. Acceptation of the foregoing submission by the Lord Deputy. Sir Hugh shall presently enter into a recognizance of 4,000l. ster.

Mellifonte, 10 December 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 5.


Wol. 597, p. 144. To take up all manner of necessaries to furnish his ship,
The Achates.
Mellifonte, 10 December 1579.
Signed by the Lord Justice and Cowmcil.
Contemp. copy. P. 14.

Dec. 11. 206. PELHAM to SIR HUGH O’RELIEGE. Vol. 597, p. 144a. I send you the names of divers out of which to choose the eight pledges." If you will follow advice, let Philip himself stay a while as a pledge. Mellifont, 11 December 1579. Signed. Contemp. copy. P. §.

Dec. 13. 207. PELHAM to ORMOND.

Wol. 597, p. 145. “Such news as I received out of England by Mr. Fenton, you shall understand by the copy herein closed, wherein you may see what good respect the Lords have both to you and to the action you have in hand. And besides by her Majesty's

* Ten names are mentioned.

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letters your Lo. may gather the hard hand borne over your

poor friends, and what great matters grow out of small

occasions.” At your next return towards Kilkenny, I would

be glad to spend a day or two in conference with you.

Your victualler at Waterford vouchsafes not one line touching

the state of the victuals.
Drogda, 13 December 1579. Signed.
Contemp. copy. P. #.

Dec. 15. 208. PELHAM to the QUEEN.

Vol. 597, p. 145a. I have received your letters of 28 November, wherein your

Majesty sheweth several causes of your disliking with me since I entered into this service. The proclamation against Desmond was a necessity. “Neither the Viscount Barrie, Roche, nor any of their quality in Munster would any way shew themselves enemies to this action, till they were sure by that public act that your Majesty would deal thoroughly for his extirpation.” As to the pensioners, a few were entertained, until your pleasure might be known, to encourage them to serve ; but now they are discharged. As to calling some to the degrees of honour without your knowledge, it is the custom at the taking of your sword.

I renew my former petition to be speedily discharged from this government.

Droghda, 15 December 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 3.

Dec. 15. 209. The LORD JUSTICE and COUNCIL to the LORDS in Vol. 597, p. 147. ENGLAND.

As the Queen absolutely commands the discharge of the new pensioners, and filling up of broken bands by cashing of some others, we have taken order both with the Clerk of the Check and Earl of Ormond for the same. We have taken precise order for the continual view and mustering of the bands. Great defalcation by checks will be found upon the general pays, though the numbers are certified of 4,000. Upon Ormond's request for a further supply to be sent him we dispatched Captains Mackeworth and Hollingworth, and allowed him one battel of her Majesty's gallowglas for 40 days. As you think we should bend all our offensive forces that way, and as there remain upon those northern borders but such competent companies as may serve only to defend, I, the Lord Justice, will repair to the forts, and from thence to the borders of Munster, so soon as I hear of the return of the Earl from his journey. “We are now informed by some that came from the vintage, that not only great gatherings of soldiers are in Spain, and much preparation for their navy, but also restraint of such merchandises as fruits and wines, which were accustomably traded hither.”

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