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March 31. Vol. 614, p. 112.

enemies which have not already submitted and given over
this kind of extortion, and depend only upon the Queen's
protection, to be defended by their own persons and her
Majesty's forces.
The O'Moores, when they are rebels, do not harm the Earl
of Ormond or his countries. The Lord of Upper Ossory is
amenable to law; so are the Kevenaghes, O'Carroll, and
McCoghlan. Neither have the Earls of Desmond and Kildare
any Irish enemies that are not obedient to the governor.
“The notablest wastes and wars that have been made in
Munster have been those which th' Earls of Ormond and
Desmond have made upon each other or upon their inferior
Lords of the English race for this wicked extortion; th’ Earl
of Thomond upon the good subjects of the residue of Tho-
mond for the like ; and likewise th' Earl of Clanricard upon
the residue of Connaught, yea, and not content by the title
given him by the Prince, usurpeth the title of Earl of Connaught.
“What the O'Conors have done in that disorder neither
could nor can continue, but by suffering them to take this
disordered relief; neither the Moores aforesaid. And for
further example of their weakness that by coyne and livery
boast themselves to have defended their countries and conquered
on the Irishry, the city of Cork paid tribute to the Lord
of Muskerie; the city of Limerick to the Bourkes of the
county of Limerick; Galway and Athenrie to McWilliam
Owghter. The county of Kilkenny paid tribute unto O'Car-
roll; the county of Dublin to Hugh McShane's ancestors.
Th’ Earl of Shrewsbury paid 40l. yearly out of his county
palatine of Wexford unto McMorrowghe; yea, McMorrowghe
had also 40l. per annum out of the King's Exchequer there,
to be good to the subjects of Leinster, whereof now they be
all freed.” -
Munster, Thomond, and Connaught have given over this
extortion and fallen to a reformed order. Ulster is too far
from any of those Earls for invasion to be feared ; neither
does the Breny border upon them.
Therefore it appears that the use of coyne and livery has
no colour to be any longer maintained; for besides that it is
detestable, it is dangerous to the State. It is not safe for her
Majesty to repose trust in a military force of such raviners
and idle persons, but far more honorable to use her own forces.
Pp. 4. Endorsed: A discourse against the use of coyne
and livery, 130 Martij, 1578.


Orders to be observed by him, dated by the Queen at Westminster, 31 March 1579, 21 Eliz.

(1.) We unite the country of Thomond, otherwise called the county of Clare, to your government of Connaught, as in the time of Sir Edward Fitton. The baronies of that county are to yield the same yearly sums of money, services of men,


laborers in our works, and carriage horses, as the rest of
(2) You are “to prevent such hurts hereafter as have been
done between those of Thomond and the inhabitants of Clan-
ricard, severely punishing those on both sides the mountains
that shall give any maintenance to the proclaimed rebels of the
Burkes and others.”
(3.) The north part of the city of Limerick from Newgate
upward, where the castle standeth, might serve as the shire
town for the county of Clare till some apt place in Thomond
may be erected with a wall; wherein the laborers to be
reserved to us in the compositions may be employed. The
place may be at Quyne, Killaloe, or Innis, if Clare be not ours,
but granted to the Earl of Thomond.
(4.) Every county of Connaught where there are no safe
places for keeping the assizes and sessions is to be induced
to circuit a convenient place apt for a town with a wall of
lime and stone, which places we will incorporate.
(5) Whereas O'Chonnor Sligo obtained from us the
freedom of his lands in consideration of 100l. Irish per ammum,
but has not observed his covenants, you shall treat with him
to yield to such composition as the rest of the captains have
consented to, ratably, according to the quantity of his
(6.) Connaught to be restored to the ancient bounds. As
Maguire challenges certain islands you shall make challenge
of a rent by way of composition for such part thereof as is
out of Ulster.
(7.) A bridge has been lately made at Ballenslowe over the
river of Suck at our charges; so the castle there shall be con-
tinued in our hands, being the common passage into Galloway.
(8.) The Earl of Ormond claims certain lands in the
O'Kellies' country. He shall acquaint our counsel learned
with his title.
(9) Sir Edward Fitton, late President, has in his custody
certain books of the division of Connaught, and others con-
taining orders taken in his time, and bonds of recognizances
forfeited by divers person to the sum of 10,000l. The Lord
Justice is to demand them of him, and to cause a double to
be made of them. -
(10.) We take in good part your proceedings hitherto,
because you have used the sword no further than to such
as have been in open hostility and rebellion, and that to the
rest you have extended our clemency.
(11.) We have appointed to you yearly the impost or
custom of wines within the town of Galway.
(12.) Records to be duly kept of all manner of composi-
tions, rents, profits, and casualties. The orders taken by
you to be registered by the clerk of the Council in Connaught.
Protections not to be granted but in cases of great necessity.
Signed at the beginning by the Queen.
Copy. Pp 5. Endorsed.

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“It may like your Honour to understand that composition taken for victualling of the horsemen, which is advertised to be too short a proportion for 300 horse, and the same so appointed to be levied in desperate countries as not paid, is set down between her Matie and the country as followeth, and upon the considerations ensuing.”

It was agreed that for four months, viz., Oct., Nov., Dec, and Jan., the country should yield 1d. by the day, and 10d. sterling towards the payment of every peck of oats. At the end of that time we grew to a like order to victual the soldier for three months more, and 3s. 4d. was rated on all ploughs; but as the payments were not made in time, the agents in England were committed. A new rate to be levied from September till June.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.


“Memorandum, that we the Lord Chancellor, L. Bishop of Meath, L. of Slane, and L. of Delphin, meeting at the Navan, the 21st of August 1579, accompanied with the gentlemen of the counties of Meath and Dublin, whose names are subscribed, thought it convenient to use their advices of the best and aptest way to have the pretence of Turloughe either to harm the Pale or the new-made county of Cavan met with.”

His taking of black rents in the countries holden of the Queen agrees not with such loyalty as he professed upon the departure of the Lord Justice, and since by letters received from Justice Dowdall now in his company. His agreeing of the Irishry, under colour to have the North quiet, is only to strengthen him with the greater force; and he is of combination with the traitors.

“We concluded, therefore, sithence we hear he draweth still downward, that presently the rising out be in areadiness with 12 days’ victuals, and to be the 24th of this month at Ardye.” The Lord of Delphin to be the general.

O'Reilly's country to be made a county, and hereafter to be ruled and governed by the English laws. If any of the Irishry in the absence of the Lord Justice shall invade his country, the Lord of Delphin is to aid him, the rather because he has granted all his power to be ready to aid the said general against all persons who shall seek to annoy the Pale.

Signed : W. Gerrarde, Canc., H. Midens, Tho. Slane, P. Delvyn, Patrick Barnwall, Oliver Plunket, Christopher Darcy, Patlick Nangle, barson].” Nicholas Nugent, N. Cusak, Jo. Nettervyll, Richard Bellyng, Elward Cusak, Patrick Bermingham, Simon Barnewall.

* Baron cf Navan.

1579. Aug. 21. 127. The ENGLISH PALE. Vol. 628, p. 305a. “A proportion laid upon the Pale for the having of 1,800

men to be in areadiness upon one hour's warning at the
Navan, the 21st of August 1579.”
Copy. P. . *

Aug. 128. MUSTERS.

Vol. 628, p. 310a. “A note of the musters within the English Pale in Ireland,” in August 1579. Copy. P. 1 #.

Oct. 16. 129. A CONCORDATUM by the Lord JUSTICE and Council.

Vol. 597, p. 80. Sir William Gerard, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, being

ready to take the seas with letters to her Majesty, was robbed by one of his servants of a chest and 500 marks; and the Lord of Houth stands bounden in recognizance for the appearance of a third person. Upon the supposal of the forfeiture thereof, it is agreed by us that it shall be lawful for the Lord Chancellor to compound with the Lord of Houth for the cancelling of the said recognizance.

Dublin, 16 October 1579.

Signed by Sir William Pelham, Lord Justice, and the Council.

Contemp. copy. P. 13.

Oct. 17. 130. LORD JUSTICE PELHAM to the QUEEN." Vol. 597, p. 80a. Advertisements were sent from Waterford upon the death

of the late Lord Justice (Sir William Drury) to the Privy

Council. The charge is laid upon me. This gentleman, your Chancellor, was more sufficient than me to have supplied his place; and because in the little time that I have been employed here in Leinster I had seen him adventure his life in one or two actions for border causes, I had no sooner received the sword than I gave him that which the late Governor very few days before he died did bestow upon me; I mean knighthood. He will inform you what causes have moved me to repair westward, and what great forwardness I find as well in the Earl of Ormond to accompany me and to put his forces in readiness, as also in my Lord of Kildare to defend the border northward.

Dublin, 17 October 1579. Signed.

Contemp. copy. P. 13.

Oct. 17. 131. The LoRD JUSTICE and CouncIL in IRELAND to the Vol. 597, p. 81a. COUNCIL in ENGLAND. By the letters sent to your Lordships, by Captain Deringe and Richard Blunte, you were informed both of the state of Munster and of the death of the late Lord Justice.

* This is the first of the long series of letters contained in Pelham's Letterbook.

Oct. 24. Vol. 597, p. 83.

After the decease of the Governor at Waterford, we imparted the same by letters to the Lord Treasurer, who presently repaired to us thither, “and taking order for the convoying of the dead corpse in honorable sort unto this city, we repaired hither in company of the Lord Chancellor, as the place appointed by him for the election of another justice." The government was laid upon me, Sir William Pelham, as the Lord Chancellor excused himself by lack of health.

The maintenance of the war in Munster, and the insolency of the north parts, are both to be deeply considered ; and as the great infirmity of the Lord Chancellor compels him to seek help in England for the recovery of his health, we lay upon him the report of the whole state and solicitation of all our wants.

Upon the report of the disloyalty of the Earl of Desmond, we, the Justice and the Lord Treasurer, do presently repair southward to the relief of Mr. Malbie and the English forces; and I, the Earl of Kildare, am employed for guard of the Pale.

We made offer of some allowance to the Lord Chancellor for defraying of his charges, but he refused it. He ably governed these parts in the absence of the late Lord Justice. The Baron of Delven acquitted himself in that service very stoutly.

Dublin, 17 October 1579.

Signed : William Pelham, Ad. Dublin., Tho. Ormond, G. Kildare, Ni. Bagnall, Henry Wallopp, Hen. Coollie, Jo. Garvy, Ed. Waterhouse.

Postscript.—Because the ships employed in this service are ships of great charge and not meet to winter here withont appearance of foreign invasion, they shall be discharged upon the coming of me, the Lord Justice, into Munster. Nevertheless, we wish that the victuals at Bristowe for the whole navy may be sent to Waterford. We have already discharged the soldiers in The Handmaid and her pinnace.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 3.


I have been made acquainted by the Earl of Ormond with such letters as you wrote to him, finding yourself grieved with the dealings of Sir Nicholas Malbie. Having now sent for Malbie to repair to my camp betwixt this and Limerick, I wish you also to come hither.

Cashell, 24 October 1579. Signed.

Postscript—If you come not this night, or to-morrow by noon, then I wish you to come to Limerick. If you will have any safe-conduct of my companies to bring you thither, they shall be sent to you. Use no delay, for f will not lie idle, and will be loth to annoy your people.

Contemp. copy. P. #.

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