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Thomas Slane, Delvyne, Christopher Howth, James
Kiddeyn,” Christopher Chivers, P. Trimleston, Thomas Nu-
gent,” P. Nangle, William Sarfeild, Thomas Nugent,” Oliver
Plunket, Patrick Barnewall, William Talbote, Jo. Neterfill,
George Plunket, Nicholas Nugent, Edward Plunket, Patrick
Brimingham, James Nugent, Lavalen Nugent, Thomas Talbot,
John Bellewe, Christopher Darcy, Robert Taaffer, James
Berforde, James Eylmer, Nicholas Deveros, Richard Pentinye,
Michael Dalahid, Robert Barnewall, John Cusake, Robert
Plunket, Christopher Plunket, Edmund Cog, Matthew Fitz-
Henry, Aristotle Scusr/loke, PatrickTallon, Morishe Wellesley,
Edmund Darcy, Thomas FitzGerald, Morice FitzJames, James
Eustace, Patrick Belewe, Davy Sutton, John Eustace, John
Alen,* Nicholas Eustace, John Alen,” John Ledwiche, Patrick
White, James FitzGerald, Richard Sedgrave, Patrick Pheyp,
Gerrot Wighly, William More, Dairy Owgan, John Stokes.
“We whose names are subscribed, being chosen by th’ in-
habitants of the country of Kilkenny by virtue of the Lord
Deputy's letters directed for that purpose, do give our consents
to the composition offered and agreed upon by the Right
Honorable th' Earls of Kildare and Ormond and the rest of
the noblemen and gent of the English shires.
“Patrick Sherloke, Richard Shee, Walter Butler, of Pow-
liston, John Suetman, Gerald Blancevile.”
Contemp. copy. Pp. 3}.

SUBMISSION of the GENTLEMEN of the PALE to the LORD
DEPUTY and COUNCIL.

Whereas we and others have given our consents to the exhibiting of complaint to the Queen, seeking to be relieved from the heavy burden of cesse, we protest our meaning was not to impugn her royal prerogative ; but as she regards our proceedings with indignation and displeasure, we submit to the bearing of the same and humbly acknowledge our offences “so far forth every way as we have committed the same,” not doubting but that she and your Honours, in consideration of our miserable estate, will cause our said burdens to be lightened. We beseech you to impart this our submission to her Highness. Signed : Thomas Delvin, Christopher Howthe, P. Trimleston, Patrick Nangle,f Thomas Nugent, Oliver Plunkett, Nicholas Nugent, George Plunkett, Wm. Talbott, James Nugent, Jo. Nettervill, Edward Plunkett, Richard Missett, Lavalen Nugent. “We allow that her Matie may take cesse in this manner, viz., necessary victuals for her Highness' army at reasonable prices, agreeing with her Highness' prerogative.” Contemp. copy. P. 1.

Vol. 628, p. 128a.

* Sic. f “Mangle” in MS.

1578. Feb. 18. Vol. 628, p. 147a.

Tel). 20.

Vol. 601, p. 71.

Collins' Sydney
Papers.
I. 240.

82. The LORD DEPUTY and Council, to the PRIVY COUNCIL.

I the Deputy have discoursed in my other letters of my journey against the rebels. These are to report our dealings with the impugners of the cesse, according to the Queen's letters of 31 October, received by Bryskett, clerk of the Council here, about 6 December, I being then in the Byrnes' country, and about to repair to Kilkenny.

I returned hither the 22nd of last month, and summoned the noblemen and gentlemen to appear in the Castle Chamber on the 31st. It was demanded of them, whether they were still of opinion that the imposing of cesse was contrary to the laws. The Baron of Delvin, who was the speaker, made no direct answer. The Queen's letter, declaring her displeasure was read to them. I required them to sign a submission. They requested four or five days' space to take advice, but I allowed them no longer time than the next morning. On the 1st inst they offered their submission in writing, but it was insufficient. They had been advertised by their agents in England that a composition offered by them was not misliked by the Queen. They refused therefore to subscribe a more humble submission drawn up by the Attorney-General, Mr. Snagge. None would subscribe but Fleming, Missett, and Barnaby Scurlock. They were all committed to the Castle of Dublin, and the next Star Chamber day they were fined. Within these two days they have exhibited a petition for their enlargement, which we did not grant, because they would not enter into bonds for the payment of their fines.

Castle of Dublin, 18 February 1577.

Signed : H. Sydney, Adam Dublin, Edw. Fitton, Lucas Dillon.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.

83. SIR HENRY SYDNEY to the PRIVY COUNCIL.

“After I had made my last dispatches and sent away the bills for parliament causes to her Majesty, (whereof I beseech your Lordships there may be speedy return,) and taken order for the better settling of the O'Birnes and Tohills, (my neighbours at home,) I made my repair presently to the borders of the King and Queen's Counties, to meet with the insolency of the rebels, the O'Mores and O'Conners, who were, since the taking of Captain Harrington, so increased both in strength and pride,” as they were not any longer to be endured. I assembled part of the rising out appointed for the general hosting, which from the beginning of June last had been from time to time deferred, and not dissolved. I sent for Sir Nicholas Bagenall, the Marshal, “to take the charge of the service in my absence, for the prosecution of the rebel, making him my lieutenant of Leinster and Meath ; appointing the Lord President of Munster with his charge to lie upon

1578.

the confines of the province under his rule, next adjoining
unto the rebel; and on the other side assigned Sir Nicholas
Malbie to remain with the greatest part of his force upon the
frontier of Connaught, where he might best annoy, and lie
most aptly to stop the rebels' passage.”
I spent some time in taking pledges of the O'Dempsies,
and other doubtful neighbours upon that border. On Christ-
mas eve I came to Kilkenny, Sir Lucas Dillon only accom-
panying me thither. I was informed that the speediest way
to suppress the rebel was to plague his maintainers. I
found some of the principal and best sort of the town had
relieved the rebel with victuals and other necessaries. The
country had received the rebels’ goods, fostered their children,
and maintained their wives. Few would come to me without
protection. Those that had special rule and charge of principal
houses and castles of the Earl of Ormond refused to come at
me, as namely, Foulke Grace, constable of Roskrea, Owen
McDonoghe, Oge O'Kenedie of Ballihaghe, and Ferdorroghe
McEdmond Purcell of Potlerathe, one of the said Earl's
manors, and captain of his kearne. Each of these three last
fostered one of Rorie's children. -
Having had this taste of the principal men, I caused every
day some one or other to be apprehended. I appointed a
sessions to be held. Plenty of accusations. Partiality of the
juries. I willed the commissioners to take recognizance of
the juries to appear here in the Castle Chamber, and likewise
to cause the prisoners to be brought [hither].
During my being at Kilkenny, the Earl of Thomond came
to me, and brought me letters from her Majesty and your
Lordships, “but he was either so curious or negligent, or both,
in carrying of them, as he delivered them unto me open and
the seals broken up.” I referred him for further order in his
causes hither, where I will with some advice consider his

demands.

A day or two before my coming from Kilkenny, the Earl of Desmond likewise came to me. I had heard that he had refused to come to the Lord President, and had gathered together a rabble of lewd and unruly followers. I thought good therefore to charge him with the matter. He alleged that he was driven to assemble this company for fear of the President, as it was reported that the President intended to slay" him. I caused the President and him to come together, and reconciled them. The Earl promised to disperse his companies and to obey the President. When he went from me, I sent a man of special trust and credit with him, to report his proceedings, who accompanied him as far as Kerry, and told me at his return that during the time that the President and he were in company together, which was two

* “Stay” in MS.

1578.

days’ journey, lodging and feeding both in one house, the
Earl behaved himself orderly and reverently to the President,
and after his coming home took order for the dispersing of
most of his company. He gave out everywhere that he
meant no harm to the State. “I hold him the least dangerous
man of four or five of those that are next him in right and
succession, (if he were gone,) and easiest to be dealt withal, so
that be it for the doubt of the attempt of the rebel James
FitzMorris, his kinsman, if he should come in and he join
with him, or in respect of the harm otherwise which he
could do, if he should grow ill disposed himself. I suppose
there is least danger in him of any of the rest, and soonest may
be met withal and cut off, being such an impotent and weak
body, as neither can he get up on horseback, but that he is
holpen and lift up, neither when he is on horseback can of
himself alight down without help.”
The country is in good quiet, “save that which lately hath
happened betwixt Tirloghe O'Neale and O'Donnell, for killing
of Tirloughe's son, whereupon there had been like for this
matter some brawl to have fallen out betwixt them, but
that I suppressed the same in due time.” O’Neale would not
seek his right but by order from me, and neither the one nor
the other seeks to entertain Scots. Thus Ulster is a good
neighbour to the Pale;—no complaint of boderagge or stealth
made by them since my departure. Connaught and Munster
are also quiet and obedient.
The only gall is the rebel of Leinster. I waste him, and
kill of his men daily. Hasten hither the Lord Chancellor,
whose absence may be ill spared long, for the dispatch of poor
inen's causes.
I beseech you to give order for my quarterage to be due
the 1st of April next; for to repress the archtraitor James
FitzMaurice and that rebel Rorie Oge I am inforced to
employ no small extraordinary charge.
I gave order, upon receipt of your first letters touching
Hickes, the pirate, that he should be presently sent thither.
My Lord President promised that he would do it, so that I
hope ere this he is arrived.
It seems that I am greatly blamed that I advertise no
oftener such occurrents as happen here. There is good store
of others, whose diligence enriches you with reports, but
they are malicious. I love not to write of every accident and
slight matter, but I leave no matter of weight unadvertised.
Touching George Winter's untrue reports of me, I hope
ere this you have discovered so much of the man, by his own
contradictions and confessions, as I need not to say any more of
him. I willed my Lord President to answer your last letters,
and desired him for his own discharge to make a full declara-
tion of what had passed between George Winter and him.
For my own part, I neither saw him nor dealt with him,
but referred the whole state of the cause to my Lord President

1578.

Feb. 28.

Vol. 628, p. 182a.

Feb. 28.
Vol. 628, p. 183a.

March 20.
Vol. 628, p. 281.

and others. I appointed in commission the Escheator General, Henry Davells, Peter Sherlocke, and Pierce Aylward; “the two last, the one the Mayor of Waterford that was the last year, the other the Mayor this year.” He (Winter) dealt so strangely with me, that he would not let me have 100 hides for my ready money, which I desired for the provision of my household and sent an express messenger for them ; “nor yet so much as give me a parrot, which I heard say he had in the ship he took, although he were intreated by my man to bestow her upon me.”

Castle of Dublin, 20 February 1577.

Signed.

Copy. Pp. 10.

84. The QUEEN to the EARL of DESMOND.

By letters from Sir William Drury, President of Munster, we understand that upon a rumour spread in Ireland that our said President had some special commission to apprehend you, standing in great fear, you assembled certain forces in a disordered sort, but afterwards, perceiving the said rumour to be most false, submitted yourself to the Deputy, and promised to keep only such a retinue as is fit for your estate. We signify to you our great good liking of your submission, and assure that no such commission was given to the President as you doubted.

Manor of Greenwich, the last of Feb. 1577, 20 Eliz.

Contemp. copy. Pp. 24.

85. The QUEEN to the CountESs of DESMOND.

We are advertised of the submission and late coming in of the Earl your husband to our Deputy, and of your good travail with your husband to remove him from his vain fear of apprehension and to leave off his great number of followers; for which we thank you. Manor of Greenwich, the last of Feb. 1577, 20 Eliz. Contemp. copy. Pp. 2.

86. The QUEEN to the LoRD DEPUTY (SYDNEY).

We have given order to our Privy Council to dispatch such of the Pale as were here from our subjects of the same to desire a mitigation of the cesse. The principal matters are left to your advice. Finding our yearly charge to increase, “we have, upon conference had touching the lessening thereof, offered to us a plot whereby to maintain a sufficient force for defence of that land, to settle executioners from hence, and to diminish the greatest part of our charge.” We think it necessary, before we conclude upon any resolution certain, to confer with you; and therefore our pleasure is that you put yourself in readiness to repair to our presence by the

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