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Abbott, Amos.—Born in Andover, a Representative in Congress, from KenMassachusetts, September 10, 1786. He tucky, from 1831 to 1833, and was a mem> was educated at a district school, but ber of the Committee on Military Affairs. spent the most of his life as a trader and He died at Harrodsburg, May 19, 1840. merchant. During the years 18:35, 1836, and 1812, he was a Representative in the Adams, Andrew.-He was born in Massachusetts Legislature; and from 1840 Stratford, Connecticut, in Jannary, 1736 ; to 1842 a member of the State Senate. He graduated at Yale College in 1760; adopted represented his native State in Congress the profession of law and settled in the from 1843 to 1849, and was a member of practice at Litchfield in 1764; from 1777 the Committees on the Militia and on to 1782 he was a Delegate from ConnectiManufactures.

cut to the Continental Congress, and was

one of the signers of the Articles of ConAbbott, Joel.–Was born in Fairfield, federation; and in 1789 he was appointed Connecticut, emigrated to Georgia, and a Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecwas elected a Representative in Congress, ticut, and in 1793 Chief Justice of said from Wilkes County, in that State, from Court. Died November 26, 1799. 1817 to 1825, serving as a member of the Committees on Commerce and the Slave. Adams, Benjamin.-Born at Worces. Trade. Died November 19, 1826.

ter, Massachusetts; was a member of the

Legislature, as Representative, from 1809 Abbott, Nehemiah.—Born in Sidney, to 1814, and as Senator, in 1814 and 1815; Maine, March 29, 1806. He was a lawyer and from 1822 to 1825; and was a Repreby profession; was a member of the Honse sentative in Congress from his native State, of Representatives, in the Maine Legisla- from 1816 to 1821, and was a member of ture, in 1842 and 1843, and was elected to the Committees on Revolutionary Pensions the Thirty-fifth Congress, serving as a and Public Expenditures. He died at member of the Committee on Revolu. Uxbridge, Massachusetts, in April, 1837. tionary Pensions.

Adams, Charles F.-Born in Boston, Abercrombie, James.-He was born. August 18, 1807; spent the most of his in Georgia, and, removing to Alabama, boyhood in St. Petersburg and, London, was a Representative in Congress, from whilst his father, John Quincy Adams, that State, from 1851 to 1855.

was Minister to Russia and England; he

graduated at Harvard University in 1825; Adair, John-He was born in 1758, in studied law, and was admitted to the Chester County, South Carolina; emigra- bar in 1828; served three years in the ted to Kentucky in 1787; served as a Lower House, and two years in the Upper major in the border warfare of the time; House of the Massachusetts Legislature; was elected to the Kentucky Legislature, in 1848 he was a Delegate to the Buffalo serving one year as Speaker'; was a mem- Convention and elected President; was the ber in 1799 of the Convention which formed candidate for Vice-President on the ticket the State Constitution ; subsequently held with Mr. Van Buren; and he was elected the office of Register of the Land Ofice in a Representative from Massachusetts to the Kentucky; and was a Senator of the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving as Chairman United States, from Kentucky, during the of the Committee on Manufactures, and as years 1805 and 1806; commanded the Ken. a member of the Special Committee of tucky troops at the battle of New Orleans, Thirty-three on the Rebellious States. He under General Jackson; and was appoint- was at one time the editor of a paper called ed a general in the army. He was elected the “Boston Whig;" was a contributor to the North American Review, and the | istration. On the resignation of Washingeditor of the well-known Adams Letters, ton, he became, March 4, 1797, President and is the author of the standard Biogra- of the United States. This was the phy of his grandfather, John Adams. Re- termination of his public functions; and elected to the Thirty-seventh Congress, he spent the reinainder of his days upon but was appointed by President Lincoln his farm in Quincy, occupying himself Minister to England in 1861. In 1864 the with agriculture, and obtaining amusedegree of LL.D. was conferred upon him ment from the literature and politics of by Harvard University.

the day. He died on the fourth of July,

1826, with the same words on his lips Adams, Green.—Born in Barbours- which, fifty years before, on that day, he ville, Knox County, Kentucky, August 20, had uttered on the floor of Congress : 1812; was bred a farmer, but read law and "Independence forever!” His principal adopted that profession; in 1832 and 1833 publications are, “Letters on the American he was Deputy Sheriff of Knox County; Revolution," Defence of the American in 1839, he was elected to the State Legis- Constitution," an Essay on Canon and lature, and re-elected; he was a Repre- Federal Laws," a series of letters under Bentative in Congress, from Kentucky, the signature of Novanglus, and Discourses from 1847 to 1849, and was a member of on Davila. It was as Vice-President that the Committee on Engraving. He was he had a seat in the Senate. In 1856 his also a Presidential Elector in 1814 and life and writings were published, in ten vol1856, and a Judge of the Circuit Court of umes, edited by his grandson, C. F. Adams. Kentucky from 1851 to 1856. In 1859 he was elected a Representative from Ken- Adams, John.—He was a Representatucky to the Thirty-sixth Congress, serving tive in Congress, from Greene County, on the Committee on Post Offices and Post New York, from 1833 to 1835, and was a Roads. In 1861 he was appointed by Presi- member of the Committee on Invalid Pendent Lincoln Sixth Auditor of the Treasury. sions. He died at Catskill, New York,

September 28, 1854. Adams, John.-Born at Braintree, Massachusetts, October 30, 1735; graduated at Adams, John Quincy.-Born in BrainHarvard University in 1755; instructed a tree, now Quincy, Mass., July 11, 1767. class of scholars in Latin and Greek for a When ten years of age, he accompanied subsistence; studied law, and having been his father to France; and when fifteen, was admitted to the bar, settled at Quincy to private secretary to the American Minister practice his profession. As a member of in Russia. He was graduated at Harvard the Continental Congress, from 1774 to University in 1787 ; studied law in New1777, he was among the formost in recom- buryport, and settled in Boston. From mending an independent Government. In 1794 to 1801 he was American Minister to 1777, he was chosen Commissioner to the Holland, England, Sweden, and Prussia. Court of Versailles. On his return he was He was a Senator in Congress from 1803 chosen a member of the Convention called to 1808; Professor of Rhetoric in Harvard to prepare a form of government for Mas. University, with limited duties, from 1806 sachusetts. In September, 1779, he was to 1808; was appointed, in 1809, Minister appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to ne- to Russia; assisted in negotiating the gotiate a peace, and had authority to form Treaty of Ghent, in 1814; and assisted, a commercial treaty with Great Britain. also, as Minister, at the Convention of In June, 1780, he was appointed Ambas-Commerce with Great Britain, in 1815. sador to Holland; and, in 1782, he went He was Secretary of State under President to Paris to engage in the negotiation for Monroe; and was chosen President of the peace, having previously obtained assur- United States in 1825, serving one term. ance that Great Britain would recognize In 1831 he was elected a Representative in the independence of the United States. Congress, and continued in that position After serving on two or three commissions until his death, which occurred in the to form treaties of amity and commerce Speaker's room, two days after falling with foreign powers, in 1785 he was ap- from his seat in the House of Representapointed first Minister to London; and, in tives, February 23, 1848. His last words 1788, having been absent nine years, he * This is the end of earth; I am returned to America. In March, 1789, the content." He was chairman of several of new Constitution of the United States

the most important committees, and always went into operation, and he became the a working member of the House. He pubfirst Vice-President, which office he held lished " Letters on Silesia," "Lectures during the whole of Washington's admin-1 on Rhetoric and Oratory," and various


"Poems,” besides many occasional letters Adgate, Asa.-He was a Representaand speeches. His unpublished writings, tive in the Legislature of New York from it is said, would make many volumes. Clinton County, from 1798 to 1799, and

elected Representative in Congress from Adams, Parmenio.--He was born in Essex County, in that State, from 1815 to Hartford, Connecticut, and was a Repre- | 1817, and was again a member of the sentative in Congress from Batavia, Gene- Legislature in 1823. see County, New York, from 1823 to 1827.

Adrain, Garnett B.-Born in the city Adams, Robert H.-He was a Senator of New York, December 20, 1816. He in Congress, by appointment, from Missis. graduated at Rutgers College, New Jersey, sippi, from January to May, in 1830, and in 1833; studied law, and was admitted to died on the second day of July following. the bar in 1837 ; and was a Representative

in the Thirty-fifth Congress from New Adams, Samuel.-Born in Boston, Jersey, serving as Chairman of the Com. Massachusetts, in 1722; graduated at Har- mittee on Engraving: He was also elected vard Ưniversity in 1740; was one of the a member of the Thirty-sixth Congress, first who organized measures of resistance serving as Chairman of the Commitiee on to the mother country; was a signer of the Engraving. In January, 1861, he offered Declaration of Independence; was a Dele- the resolution of thanks to Major Robert gate from Massachusetts to the Continental Anderson for his defence of Fort Sumter. Congress from 1774 to 1782; signed the After leaving Congress he was devoted to Articles of Confederation; was a member his profession. of the Massachusetts Convention which accepted the Federal Constitution; and, Ahl, John A.-He was born in Stangon the adoption of the State Constitution, bury, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, in he was elected President of the Senate. August, 1815; received a good English He was Lieutenant Governor of Massachu- education; studied medicine with his father, setts from 1789 to 1794, and subsequently and graduated at the “Washington MediGovernor until 1797 ; and he died October cal College" of Baltimore. He abandoned 3, 1803,

his profession in 1850, and turned his at

tention to various kinds of manufactures, Adams, Stephen.-He was a native of and was elected a Representative from Franklin County, Pennsylvania, and had Pennsylvania to the Thirty-fifth Congress, been a member of the Senate of that State. serving as a member of the Committee on Removing to Mississippi, he took an active Manufactures. part in public affairs ; was a member of the State Legislature, and a Representative in Aiken, William.-He was born in Congress, from 1845 to 1847; he was Charleston, South Carolina, in 1806; elected Judge of the Circuit Court, and graduated at the South Carolina College in from 1852 to 1857 was a Senator in Con. 1825; was a member of the State Legislagress from Mississippi, serving on several ture in 1838, 1840, and 1842; was Governor committees. He removed to Tennessee of South Carolina in 1844; and a Reprewith the intention of practicing law at sentative in Congress from that State from Memphis, where he died, May 11, 1857. 1851 to 1857. He was considered one of

the most successful rice planters in his Adams, Thomas.-He was a Delegate native State. from Virginia to the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780, and signed the Articles Akers, Thomas Peter.-He was electof Confederation.

ed a Representative from Missouri to the

Thirty-fourth Congress for the unexpired Addams, William.—He was born in term of J. G. Miller, and served one ses. Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; was a sion. Representative in Congress from Pennsylfania from 1625 to 1829, and served on a Albertson, Nathaniel.--He was born Committee for the Deaf and Dumb Insti- | in Virginia, and was elected a Representatutions of New York and Ohio. He was, tive in Congress from the First Congresalso, Auditor of Berks County, Pennsyl. sional District of Indiana, from 1849 to vania, in 1813 and 1814; Commissioner of 1851, and was a member of the Committee the County from 1814 to 1817; member of on Public Lands. the State Legislature from 1822 to 1824; and Associate Judge of Berks County from Albright, Charles J.-He was born in 1839 to 1842. Died in the spring of 1855. Pennsylvania, and was elected from the

State of Ohio & Representative to the State, from 1819 to 1833, and served on the Thirty-fourth Congress.

Committees on Revolutionary Pensions,

Ways and Means, and Expenditures in the Aldrich, Cyrus.- Born in Smithfield, State Department, and the District of CoRhode Island, in June, 1808; received a lumbia. common school education; has followed the various occupations of a sailor, a boat- Alexander, Nathaniel.-Graduated at man, a farmer, a contractor on public Princeton College in 1776, and, after study. works, and a mail contractor ; was a mem- ing medicine, entered the army. At the ber of the Illinois Legislature; also a close of the war he resided at the High Register of Deeds and Register of the Land Hills of Santee, pursuing his profession, Office at Dixon, in that State, for four years ; and afterwards at Mecklenburg. While and, having removed to Minnesota, was a he held a seat in Congress, as a Repre. member of the Constitutional Convention sentative from North Carolina, from 1803 of that State; member of the County to 1805, the Legislature elected him GoverBoard of Hampshire County, in that State ; nor for 1806. He died at Salisbury, March and was elected a Representative from 8, 1808, aged fifty-two. In all his public Minnesota to the Thirty-sixth Congress, stations he is said to have discharged his serving as a member of the Committee on duty with ability and firmness. Agriculture. Re-elected to the Thirtyseventh Congress, and was Chairman of Alexander, Robert.-He was a Delethe Committee on Indian Affairs. After gate froin Maryland to the Continental leaving Congress he was appointed by Congress from 1775 to 1777. President Lincoln a commissioner to settle claims against the Sioux Indians.

Alford, Julius C.--He was born in

Georgia, and was elected a Representative Alexander, Adam R.-He was born in Congress from Troup County, in that in Wasbington County, Virginia, and was State, from 1839 to 1812, and served as a elected a Representative in Congress from member of the Committee on Indian Affairs. Madison County, Tennessee, from 1823 to 1827, and served as a member of the Com- Allen, Andrew.-He was a Delegate mittee on Post Offices and Post Roads. from Pennsylvania to the Continental Con

gres in 1775 to 1776. Alexander, Evan.-- Born in North Carolina: graduated at Princeton College Allen, Charles.-He was born in Worin 1787; was a member of the Legislature cester, Massachusetts, August 9, 1797, and for two years; and a Representative in was a Representative in Congress from Congress from North Carolina from 1805 that State from 1819 to 1853, and a member to 1009. Died October 28, 1809.

of the Committee on the District of Colum

bia. He was also a member of the State Alexander, Henry P.--He was born Legislature in 1829, 1833, 1834, 1833, and in New York, and was a Representative in 1840; and a State Senator in 1835, 1833, Congress from Herkimer County, in that and 18:39; Judge of the Court of Common State, from 1849 to 1851, and was a mem- Pleas from 1842 to 1844; Chief Justice of ber of the Committee on Expenditures in the Superior Court from 1858 to 1859; the State Department.

member of the State Constitutional Con

ventions of 1848, 1853, and 1859; and a Alexander, James, Jr.—He was born Commissioner to negotiate the Webster in Maryland; was a resident of St. Clairs. Treaty in 1842. He was also a Delegate ville, Belmont County, Ohio, and elected to the Peace Congress of 1861. a Representative in Congress from the Eleventh District in that State, from 1837 Allen, Chilton.--He was born in Albe to 1839, and was a member of the Com- marle County, Virginia, April 6, 1786, and mittee on Public Expenditures. Died Au- settled in Kentucky as a wheelright. He gust 6, 1846.

educated himself for the legal professione

from Clark County was elected in 1811 to Alexander, John-He was elected a the Legislature of Kentucky for several Representative in Congress from Ohio, terms; and he was a Representative in May 1, 1813, serving till 1817.

Congress from that State from 1831 to 18:37,

officiating as Chairmau of the Committee Alexander, Mark. He was born in on Territories, and a member of the ComMecklenburg County, Virginia, and elected mittee on Foreign Affairs. In 1838 he was a Representative in Congress from that President of the Board of Internal Improvement; and in 1842 he was again re- studied law, and was admitted to the bar turned to the State Legislature, which was in Indiana in 1843; in 1846 was elected, the last public position he occupied. He for two years, Prosecuting Attorney in died at Winchester, September 3, 1858. He the Seventh Judicial District of Indiana ; was a man of ability and of rare virtues. and, having removed to Illinois in 1848,

was elected a member, in 1850 and 1851, Allen, Elisha H.-Born in New Salem, of the State Legislature, and was chosen Massachusetts, January 28, 1804; was a Representative in Congress from Illinois, bred a lawyer; served in the Legislature of from 1853 to 1855, and re-elected to the Maine from 1836 to 1841, and in 1846; in Thirty-fourth Congress, when his seat was 1838 as Speaker; and was elected a Repre- contested unsuccessfully. He was chosen sentative in Congress from Maine, from Clerk of the House of Representatives for 1841 to 1843, serving as a member of the the Thirty-fifth Congress, and in 1862 he Committee on Manufactures. In 1847 he was re-elected to the Thirty-eighth Conremoved to Boston, and was elected to the gress as a Representative, serving on the Massachusetts Legislature in 1849; after Committees of Indian Affairs and Unwhich he was appointed Consul to Hono- finished Business. lulu, and has since that time been connected with the Government of the Sand- Allen, John.-Born in Great Barringwich Islands. In 1856 he visited the United ton, Massachusetts, in 1763; was a lawStates as Envoy; and in 1857 was Chief yer by profession, and a member of the Justice and Chancellor of the Sandwich State Council of Connecticut for several Islands, serving until 1864.

years ; was a representative from that

State during the last Congress which was Allen, Heman.-He was born in 1776; held in Philadelphia, from 1797 to 1799. was a resident, if not a native, of Milton, He died at Litchfield, Connecticut, July Vermont; adopted the profession of law, 31, 1812. in which he became distinguished; and was a Representative in Congress from Allen, John J.-He was born in VirVermont, from 1833 to 1839, serving as an ginia, was a resident of Harrison County, active member of the Committe on Claims. and was elected a representative in ConHe subsequently settled in Burlington, gress, from Virginia, from 1833 to 1835, Vermont, where he died December 11, 1844. and served as a member of the Committee

on the District of Columbia. He subseAllen, Heman. He was born in 1979, quently held the office of Chief Justice of and a resident of Colchester, Vermont; he the Supreme Court of Virginia. graduated at Dartmouth College in 1795, and adopted the profession of law. He Allen, John W.-Born in Litchfield, was Sheriff of Chittenden County in 1808 Connecticut, in 1802; settled in Cleveland, and 1809; from 1811 to 1814 he was Chief Ohio, in 1825, and was a member of the Justice of the Chittenden County Court ; Senate of that State from 1835 to 1837, also from 1812 to 1817 he was an active mem- Mayor of Cleveland; and was elected a ber of the State Legislature; was appointed Representative in Congress from 1837 to quartermaster of militia, with the title of 1841, serving as a member of the Commitbrigadier; and was a trustee of the Uni- tee on the Militia and Military Affairs. He versity of Vermont. He was first elected was the son of John Allen, of Great Bara Representative in Congress from Ver- rington, Massachusetts. mont in 1817, but resigned in 1818 to accept from President Monroe the appoint- Allen, Joseph. He was born in Bosment of United States Marshal for the ton; was a merchant in Leicester, and District of Vermont. In 1823 he received benefactor of the Academy there ; twice froin the same President the appointment Elector for President; was a Clerk of the of Minister to Chili, which he resigned in County Court and a State Councillor; and 1828 ; in 1830 he was appointed President a Representative in Congress, from Masof the United States Branch Bank, at Bur- sachusetts, from 1811 to 1813. He died lington, which he held until the expiration at Worcester, September 2, 1827, aged of its charter, after which he settled in the seventy-eight years. town of Highgate, Vermont, where he died of heart disease, April 9, 1852.

Allen, Judson. He was born in Con.

necticut, and removing to New York was Allen, James C. He was born in Shel

elected a Representative in Congress, from by County, Kentucky, January 28, 18:23; that State, from 1839 to 1841, and was a received a good common school education, member of the Committee on Mileage.

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