The Elements of Euclid, books i. to vi., with deductions, appendices and historical notes, by J.S. Mackay. [With] Key
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Common terms and phrases
ABCD base bisects called centre chord circle circumscribed coincide common Const construction converse deduction describe diagonals diameter difference distance divided double draw drawn equal equiangular equilateral triangle Euclid's exterior externally figure four given circle given point given straight line greater half Hence hypotenuse inscribed internally intersect isosceles triangle join less Let ABC locus magnitudes mean median meet middle points multiple Name opposite sides parallel pass pentagon perpendicular polygon PROBLEM produced proportional PROPOSITION quadrilateral radii radius ratio rectangle contained regular remaining required to prove respectively right angle segments Show similar Similarly square stands straight line drawn taken tangent THEOREM third touch triangle twice unequal vertex vertical angle
Page 147 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.
Page 276 - IF there be any number of magnitudes, and as many others, which, taken two and two, in a cross order, have the same ratio; the first shall have to the last of the first magnitudes the same ratio which the first of the others has to the last. NB This is usually cited by the words
Page 331 - If the vertical angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line which also cuts the base, the segments of the base shall have the same ratio which the other sides of the triangle have to one another...
Page 17 - From the greater of two given straight lines to cut off a part equal to the less. Let AB and C be the two given straight lines, whereof AB is the greater.
Page 112 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the rectangle contained by the whole and one of the parts, is equal to the rectangle contained by the two parts, together with the square of the aforesaid part.
Page 87 - Guido, with a burnt stick in his hand, demonstrating on the smooth paving-stones of the path, that the square on the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides.
Page 254 - If there be four magnitudes, and if any equimultiples whatsoever be taken of the first and third, and any equimultiples whatsoever of the second and fourth, and if, according as the multiple of the first is greater than the multiple of the second, equal to it or less, the multiple of the third is also greater than the multiple of the fourth, equal to it or less ; then, the first of the magnitudes is said to have to the second the same ratio that the third has to the fourth.
Page 138 - RULE. from half the sum of the three sides, subtract each side separately; multiply the half sum and the three remainders together, and the square root of the product will be the area required.
Page 304 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
Page 44 - America, but know that we are alive, that two and two make four, and that the sum of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side.