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NEW CABINET CYCLOPÆDIA,

COMPREHENDING

A COMPLETE SERIES OF

Essays, Treatises, and Systems,

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED;

WITH A GENERAL DICTIONARY OF
ARTS, SCIENCES, AND WORDS:

THE WHOLE

PRESENTING A DISTINCT SURVEY OF

buman Genius, Learning, and Industry. .

ILLUSTRATED WITH

ELEGANT ENGRAVINGS;
TEOSE ON NATURAL HISTORY BEING FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS BY EDWARDS AND

OTHERS, AND BEAUTIFULLY COLOURBD AFTER NATURE.

BY JOHN MASON GOOD, ESQ. F.R.S.
MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, AND OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF

PHILADELPHIA;

OLINTHUS GREGORY, LL.D.
OF THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH, AND HONORARY MEMBER OF THE LITBRARY AND

PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNB; AND
MR. NEWTON BOSWORTH,

OF CAMBRIDGE;
ASSISTED BY OTHER GENTLEMEN OF EMINENCE, IN DIFFERENT

DEPARTMENTS OF LITERATURE.

VOL. XI.

SPA -TZE.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR J. WALKBR; SHERWOOD, NEKLY, AND JONES; BALDWIN, CRADOCK,

AND JOY; SUTTABY, EVANCE, AND FOX; E. JEFFERY ; W. LOWB; J. BOOTH ;
J. BLACKLOCK; RODWELL AND MARTIN ; BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINBURO Il;
BRASH AND REID, GLASGOW ; AND M. KEENE, DUBLIN.

1819.

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PANTOLOG I A.

not,

SPA

SPA SPA PA, a town of the Netherlands, in the ter. Space therefore, in the general signification,

ritory of Liege, famous for its mineral is the same thing with distance considered every waters. Tha tcalled the Old Spa consists of way, whether there be any solid matter in it or miserable cottages, and is properly nothing but the suburb to the other. The houses of the Each different distance is a different modifiNew Spa are mostly wood and plaster ; but cation of space; and each idea of any different the more modern ones are of brick and stone. space is a simple mode of this idea. Such are The church of the capachins, and the parish- an inch, foot, yard, &c. which are the ideas of church, are both seated upon eminences. The certain stated lengths, which men settle in names of the five principal wells are Pouhon, their minds for the use, and by the custom of Geronferd, Saviniere, Watpotz, and Tunnelet. measuring. When these ideas are made famiThe inhabitants are employed in making toys liar to men's thoughts, they can in their minds for strangers. Spa is seated in a valley, sur- repeat them as often as they will, without rounded by mountains, 17 miles S.E. of Liege. joining to them the idea of body, and frame to

SPA WATER. This mineral water appears themselves the ideas of feet, yards, and fathoms, to be a very strongly acidulous chalybeate, con- beyond the utinost bounds of all bodies; and taining more iron, and carbonic acid, than any by adding these still to one another, they can other mineral spring. What applies to the enlarge their idea of space, as much as they use of chalybeates will apply to this water. please.

SPACE. s. (spatium, Lai.) 1. Room ; local From this power of repeating any idea of extension (Locke). 2. Any quantity of place distance, without being ever able to come to (Burnet). 3. Quantity of time (Wilkins). 4. an end, we acquire the idea of immensity. A small time; a while (Spenser).

Another mode, or modification, of space, is SPACE, (spatium), a simple idea, the modes taken from the relation of the parts of the terwhereof are distance, capacity, extension, dura- mination of extension, or circumscribed space tion, &c.

amongst themselves; and this is what we call Space, considered barely in length between figure. This the touch discovers in sensible any two bodies, is the same idea which we bodies, whose extremities come within our have of distance.

reach ; and the eye takes, both from bodies If it be considered in length, breadth, and and colours whose boundaries are within its thickness, it is properly called capacity. view ; where, observing how the extremities

When considered between the extremities of terminate, either in straight lines, which meet matter, which fills the capacity of space with at discernible angles, or in crooked lines, something solid, tangible, and moveable, it is wherein no angles can be perceived ; by con then called extension.

sidering these as they relate to one another in So that extension is an idea belonging to all parts of the extremities of any body or space, body only, but space, it is plain, may be con- it acquires the idea we call figure which sidered without it.

affords to the mind infinite variety. VOL. XI.

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