Page images

Jaffier Ali Khan, made Nabob of Bengal Labor, necessary, why, i. 215.
by the English, ix. 401.

human labor called by the ancients
Jaghires, Indian, nature of them, xii. 9.

instrumentum vocale, v. 140.
Jekyl, Sir Joseph, his character, iv. 130. that on which the farmer is most to
extracts from his speech at the

rely for the repayment of his cap-
trial of Dr. Sacheverell, iv. 130,

ital, v. 140.
131, 132, 136, 137, 142, 143.

Laborer and employer, always an implied
Jews, a source of great revenue to Wil- contract between them, 7. 137.
liam the Conqueror, vii. 351.

the first and fundamental interest
Job, observations on its sublime repre-

of the laborer, what, v. 140.
sentation of a vision in the night, Laboring poor, impropriety of the expres-
i. 137.

sion, v. 135, 466.
its sublime descriptions of the war- Lacedemonians, at the head of the aristo-
horse, the wild ass, and the unicorn

cratic interests of Greece, iv. 321.
and leviathan, i. 140.

La Fontaine, has not one original story,
John, King of England, brief account of

vii. 145.
his reign, vii. 437.

Lancaster, Duchy and County Palatine
Judge, duty of one, xi. 104.

of, severed from the crown by
Judges, ought to be the very last to feel

Henry IV., ii. 296.
the necessities of the state, ii. 351. Landed estate of the crown, remarks on
Judgment and wit, difference between

it, ij. 299.
them, i. 87.

Landed interest, policy of the French Re-
the senses should be put under the public with regard to it, iv. 323.

tuition of the judgment, iii. 15. Landed property, the firm basis of every
a coarse discrimination the greatest

stable government, v. 491.
enemy to accuracy of judgment, v. Lanfranc, character of him, vii. 363.

Langton, Stephen, his appointment to the
Juridical and legislative acts, difference see of Canterbury through the in-
between them, vii. 63.

fluence of the Pope, vii. 447, 451.
Juries, an institution of gradual forma- oath administered by him to King
tion, vii. 115.

John on his absolution, vii. 455.
not attributable to Alfred, vii. 264. Law's Mississippi scheme, character of
never prevalent amongst the Saxons,

it, iii. 554.
vii. 261.

Law of neighborhood, what, v. 321.
Jurisprudence, nature and importance of Law, remarks on the study of it, is.
the science, iii. 357.

abrogation of it in France at the Rev. Laws, reach but a very little way, i. 470.
olution, v. 307.

their severity tempered by trial by
state of the study of it in England, jury, i. 499.
vii. 476.

superseded by occasions of public
whole frame of it altered since the

necessity, ii. 329.
Conquest, vii. 478.

bad on

the worst sort of tyranny,
Justice is slow, injury quick and rapid,

ii. 395.
x. 151 ; xi. 181.

laws and manners, a knowledge of
general observations on it, xii. 393,

what belongs to each the duty of

a statesman, v. 167.
civil laws not all merely positive, v.

Keppel, Lord, character of him, v. 222. two things requisite to the solid es.
Kilkenny, Statutes of, prove the ancient tablishment of theni, vi. 321.

existence in Ireland of the spirit equity and utility, the two founda-
of the Popery laws, iv. 273.

tions of them, vi. 323.
King, the things in which he has an in- ought to be in unison with manners,
dividual interest, i. 485.

vii. 27.
nature of his office, iii. 497.

of England, Essay towards an His-
just powers of the king of France, tory of the, vii. 475.
iv. 49.

of England, written in the native
power of the king of England, iv. 50.

language until the Norman Cop-
Address to the, in relation to the

quest, vii. 481.
Measures of Government in the of other Northern nations, written in
American Contest, vi. 161.

Latin, vii. 481.
Kings, naturally lovers of low company, cause of this difference, vii. 481.
ii. 337.

of Canute the Great, remarks on
in what sense the servants of the

them, vii. 483.
people, iii. 269.

of Edward the Confessor, 80 called,
King's Men, or King's Friends, charac-

vii. 484.
ter of the court corporation so ancient Saxon, review of their sanc
called, i. 466.

tions, vii. 484.
Knight-errantry, origin of it, vii. 390.

sources of them, vii. 487.

Laws, Gentoo, sources of them, ix. 482.

Mahometan, sources of them, ix. 480 ;

xi. 216.
Lawful enjoyment, the surest method to

prevent unlawful gratification, iv.

Lawsuit, observations on that comedy,

vii. 152.
Learning, an attention to it necessary to

Christianity, vii. 216.
contributed, in the early ages, to the

temporal power of the clergy, vii.

Lechmere, Mr., extracts from his speeches

at the trial of Dr. Sacheverell, iv.

122, 124, 142.
Legislation, important problem in, v. 166.
Legislative and juridical acts, the differ-

ence between them, vii. 63.
Legislative right, not to be exercised with.

out regard to the general opinion
of those who are to be governed,

ii. 224.
Legislators, hound only hy the great prin-

ciples of reason and equity, and the

general sense of mankind, ii. 196.
character of a true legislator, iii. 456.
duties of legislators, v. 166 ; vi. 319.
the mode of proceeding of the ancient

legislators, iii. 476.
Legislature, the true end of it, what, ii.

225 ; iii. 457.
its power of regulating the succes-

sion to the crown, iv. 134.
Leland, Dr., his book (View of Deistical

Writers, the best on the subject,

vii. 34.
Length, too great, in buildings, prejudi.

cial to grandeur of effect, i. 152.
Letter of Mr. Burke to the Sheriffs of Bris-

tol, on American Affairs, ii. 187.
to Gentlemen of Bristol, on the Trade

of Ireland, ii 249, 258.
to a Member of the National Assem-

bly, on French Affairs, iv. 1.
to a Peer of Ireland, on the Penal

Laws against Irish Catholics, iv.

to Sir Hercules Langrishe, on the

Roman Catholics of Ireland, iv.

241 ; vi. 375.
to William Elliot, Esq., on a Speech

in the House of Lords, in the Debate

concerning Lord Fitzwilliam,v.107.
to a Noble Lord, on the Attacks up-

on himself and his Pension, v. 171.
on a Regicide Peace, v. 233, 342, 384;

vi. 1.
to the Empress of Russia, vi. 113.
to Sir Charles Bingham, on the Irish

Absentee Tax, vi. 121.
to Hon. Charles James Fox, on the

American War, vi. 135.
to the Marquis of Rockingham, on the

Plans of the Opposition in refer-

ence to the American War, vi. 151.
to Rt. Hon. Edmund S. Pery, on the

Relief of the Roman Catholics of
Ireland, vi. 197.

Letter of Mr. Burke to Thomas Burgh,

Esq., in Vindication of his Parlia-
mentary Conduct relative to Ire-

land, vi. 209
to John Merlott, Esq., on the same

subject, vi. 2:15.
to the Lord Chancellor and others,

with Thoughts on the Executions

of the Rioters in 1780, vi. 239.
to Rt. Hon. Henry Dundas, with the

Sketch of a Negro Code, vi. 255.
to the Chairman of the Buckingham.

shire Meeting, on Parliamentary

Reform, vi. 291.
to William Smith, Esq., on Catholic

Emancipation, vi. 361.
to Richard Burke, Esq., on Protestant

Ascendency in Ireland, vi. 385.
on the Affairs of Ireland in 1797, vi.

on Mr. Dowdeswell's Bill for explain-

ing the Powers of Juries in Prose-

cutions for Libels, vii. 123.
Libel, the elements of a, vii. 113.
Libelling, not the crime of an illiterate

people, vii. 111.
Liberty and commerce, the two main

sources of power to Great Britain,

ii. 87.
mistakes about liberty, ii. 228.
cannot long exist among a people

generally corrupt, ii. 242.
necessity of regulating it, iji. 240, 559,
how far men are qualified for it, iv.

the distinguishing part of the British

constitution, iv. 97.
its preservation the peculiar duty of

the House of Commons, iv. 97.
order and virtue necessary to its ex

istence, iv. 97.
a constitution uniting public and

private liberty with the elements
of a beneficent and stable govern-
ment, an elaborate contrivance, iv.

partial freedom and true liberty con-

trasted, vi. 389.
review of the causes of the revolution

in favor of liberty in the reign of

King John, vii. 472.
Light, how a cause of the sublime, i. 156.

when excessive, resembles darkness

in its effects, i. 157.
light and riant colors opposed to

the sublime, i. 159.
Limerick, treaty of, observations on two

of its articles, vi. 345.
Lindisfarne, brief account of, vii. 250.
Liturgy of the Established Church, al-

teration of it ineffectual for the

quieting of discontent, vii. 13.
Locke, Mr., his opinion concerning pleas

ure and pain, i. 105.
his opinion concerning darkness, i.

Longinus, an observation of his on the

effect of sublime passages in poets
and orators, i. 124


Lords, House of, affected alarm at a sup-

posed intrenchment by it on the
balance of the constitution, in the

reign of George II., i. 457.
the feeblest part of the constitution,

V. 49.
Loudness, a source of the sublime, i.
Louis XIII., his hatred of Richelieu, iii.

Louis XIV., his dislike to Mazarin and

Louvois, iii. 499.
his conduct at the peace of Ryswick,

vi. 58.
reason given by him for the revoca-

tion of the Edict of Nantes, vi. 328.
Louis XVI., barbarous treatment experi-

enced by him at the Revolution,

iii. 325 ; iv. 19.
unjustly called an arbitrary monarch,

iii. 339.
degraded office to which he was ap-

pointed by the Revolutionists, iii.

496 ; iv. 20.
not the first cause of the evil by

which he suffered, v. 366.
his character, v. 378.

character of his brothers, iv. 429.
Love, its origin, nature, and objects, i. 125.

the physical cause of it, i. 232.
nature of that taught by Rousseau,

iv. 30.
observations on the love of parents to

their children, xi. 422.
and on the love of country, xi. 422 ;

iii. 292, 494.
Lucretius, passages from him, illustrative

of the sublime, i. 144, 257.
Luxury, some good consequences of it,

i. 12+.
a tax on it, the only contribution that

cau be terined voluntary, v. 461.

Majority, in a commonwealth, question

as to the proper power of, iii. 299 :

iv. 170.
pot true that in all coutests the de.

cision will be in their favor, vii. 53.
Malesherbes, murdered by the French

Revolutionists, vi. 40.
Malvoisins, what, vii. 389.
Man, a creature of habit and opinions,

ii. 234 ; xii. 164.
Manifestoes, implying superiority over

an enemy, when commonly made,

iv. 405.
matters usually contained in them,

iv. 405.
Manilla ransom, remarks on it, i. 407.
Manners, while they remain entire, cor-

rect the vices of law, ii. 202.
corrupted by civil wars, ii. 203.
maintained in Europe for ages by the

spirit of nobility and of religion,

iii. 335.
in England, derived from France, iii.

have done alone in England what

institutions and manners together

have done in France, iv. 327.
statesmen ought to know what apper-

tains respectively to manners and

laws, v. 167.
of more importance than laws, v. 310.
laws ought to be in unison with them,

vii. 27.
Mansfield, Lord, his declarations concern.

ing rules of evidence, xi. 84.
Mara, the name of a Saxon goddess,

whence the term Night-Mare, vii.

Marriage, beneficial results of the Chris-

tian doctrine concerning it, v. 312.
endeavors of the French Constituent

Assembly to desecrate it, v. 312.
ends for which it was instituted, vii.

restraints upon it in the reign of

King John, vii. 464.
Marriage Act, principles upon which it

is grounderl, vii. 131.
Mathematical and metaphysical reason-

ing, compared with moral, vii. 73.
Mazarin, Cardinal, not loved by Louis

iii. 499.
bon-mot of a flatterer of his, on the

match between Louis XIV. and a

daughter of Spain, vi. 20.
Mediterranean Sea, importance to Eng.

land of keeping a strong naval

force there, v. 421.
Memorial to be delivered to Monsieur de

M. M., Hints for a, iv. 307.
Merchants, English, their evidence, peti-

tions, and consultations respecting

America, i. 399, 405, 406.

principles and qualities of, ii. 506.
Mercy, not opposed to justice, iv. 465 ;

vi. 252.
consists not in the weakness of the

means, but in the benignity of the
ends, vi. 168.


Machiavel, an observation of his on war

and peace, i. 15.
his maxim conceruing wickedness by

halves, vi. 43
Madmen, a frequent appearance in them

accounted for, i. 149.
Magna Charta, observations on it, iii.

272 ; iv. 266.

origin and nature of it, vii. 460.
Magnanimity, in politics, often the truest

wisdom, ii. 181.
Magnificence, a source of the sublime, i.

Magnitud”, in building, necessary to the

sublime, i. 152.
Mahomed Reza Khân, arrested by Mr.

Hastings, x. 184.
Mahometanism, its conquests in Hindo-

stan, ix. 387.
Mahometan government, character of it,

ix. 463.

laws, sources of them, ix. 480; xi. 216.
Mahrattas, their territories invaded by

the East India Company, ii. 453.
treaties with them, ii. 453, 454.

Metaphysician, nothing harder than the Montesquieu, his remark on the legisla-
heart of a thorough-bred one, v. 216.

tors of antiquity, iii. 477.
Migration, in early times, caused by pas- character of him, iv. 211.
turage and hunting, vii. 171.

his false view of the people of India,
and by wars, vii. 171.

xi. 207.
Military life, its attractions to those who Moral duties, not necessary that the rea-
have had experience of it, v. 464.

sons of them should be made clear
Military and naval officers, the fortitude

to all, i. 7.
required of them, v. 468.

Moral order of things, great disasters in
Militia, probable origin of it, vii. 422.

it affect the mind like miracles in
Milton, his admirable description of the physical, iii. 337.
Death, i. 132.

Moral questions never abstract ones, vii.
his celebrated portrait of Satan, i. 135.

his description of the appearance of Moral reasoning, compared with mathe-
the Deity, i. 156.

matical and metaphysical, vii. 73.
example from him of the beautiful in Mortality, a general one always a time
sounds, i. 203.

of remarkable wickedness, vii. 84.
of the power of words, i. 259.

Multitudes, the shouting of, a source of
Ministers, Prussian, infected with the

the sublime, i. 159.
principles of the French Revolu-

a multitude told by the head, not the
tion, iv. 359.

people, iv. 183.
British, to be controlled by the House Munny Begum, (of Bengal,) her history,
of Commons, v. 57.

x. 195 ; xii. 226.
observations on their duty in giving appointed by Mr. Hastings regent of
information to the public, vi. 14.

Bengal, and guardian of the Nabob,
Minority, Observations on the Conduct of

x. 196; xii. 218.
the, in Parliament, in the Session (of Oude,) her noble birth, rank, and
of 1792, v. 1.

connections, xii. 46.
power of a restless one, v. 285. Music, remark concerning the beautiful
Mistletoe, veneration of the Druids for it, in it, i. 204.
vii. 183.

Mystery, in any matter of policy, affords
Modes of life, injustice of sudden legis- presumption of fraud, xii. 79.

lative violence to such as the laws

had previously encouraged, iii. 439.
Modesty, heightens all other virtues, i.188; Nabab of Arcot, the Subah of the Deccan
V. 128.

sold to him by the East India Com-
but sometimes their worst enemy, v.


ii. 450.

nature of his debts, iii. 25, 28, 29, 35,
Mogul, the Great, his grants to the East

39, 47.
India Company, ii. 560 ; ix. 345. Nabob of Oude, conduct of the East India
sold by the Company, ii. 448.

Company towards him, ii. 466.
the Company's treaties with him brok- Nantes, Edict of, reason assigned by Louis
en by them, ii. 452.

XIV. for the revocation of it, vi.
conspiracy to murder his son, ix. 412.

Mohun, Lord, proceedings in his trial, xi. observations thereon, vi. 328.

Naples, how likely to be affected by the
Mona, the principal residence of the Dru-

revolution in France, iv. 337.
ids in the beginning of Nero's reign, Nation, Present State of the, Observations
vii. 195.

on a late Publication so intituled,
reduced by Suetonius Paulinus, vii.

i. 269.

character of this publication, i. 274.
Monarchy, preferred by Bolingbroke to state of the nation in 1770, i. 437.
other governments, iii. 398.

speculation of the ministry on the
one of its advantages, to have no local

cause of it, i. 438.
seat, iv, 431.

animadversions on their views, i. 439.
Monastic institutions, their important National Assembly of France, corresponds
uses, iii. 440 ; vii. 244, 245.

with the Revolution Society of Lod-
Money, the value of it how be judged,

don, iii. 237.
V. 454.

its composition and character, iii.
Moneyed companies, dangerous to tax

283, 450.
great ones, i. 368.

studies recommended by it to the
Moneyed interest, when dangerous to a youth of France, iv. 25.
government, iii. 437.

its worship of Rousseau, iv. 25.
Moneyed men, ought to be allowed to set Natural powers in man, the senses, the
a value on their money, v. 455.

imagination, and the judgment, i.
Monk, General, character of the army

commanded by him, iv. 36.

Nature, state of, inconveniences of it, i. 10.
Monopoly of authority, an evil ; of capi- the social, impels a man to propa-
tal, a benefit, v. 151

gate his principles, v. 361.


Navigation, Aut of, its policy, l. 378; II.

30, 38.

Oppression, the poorest and most illiter-

ate are judges of it, iv. 281.
Orange, Prince of, (afterwards William

III.,) extracts from his Declara-

tion, iv. 147.
Ordeal, purgation by, vii. 314.
Oude, extent and government of, under

Sujah ul Dowlah, xi. 373.

Navy, the great danger of economical ex.

periments upon it, i. 345.
Necessity, the plea of, remarks on it, v.

Negro Code, Sketch of a, vi. 262.
Negro slaves, denunciation of attempts to

excite insurrections among them in
the colonies by proclamations of the

English governors, vi. 171.
Neighborhood, the law of, what, v. 321.
Newfoundland, view of the trade with it,

i. 320.
Newspapers, powerful influence of them

in the diffusion of French princi-

ples, iv. 327.
Night, a cause of the sublime, i. 132. 158.
Norman conquest, extraordinary facility

of it, vii. 287.
attempt to account for it, vii. 288.
the great era of the English laws, vii.

Normandy, reunion of it to the crown of

France, vii. 445.
North, Lord, observations on his charac-

ter, v. 182 ; vi. 216, 223.
Novelty, the first and simplest source of

pleasure to the mind, i. 101.
the danger of indulging a desire for

it in practical cases, iv. 76.
Nundcomar, accuses Mr. Hastings of cor-

ruption, x. 24.
Nuzzer, or Nuzzerana, what, x. 171.

Oak, the, why venerated by the Druids,

vii. 183.
Oath, the Coronation, observations upon it

in reference to the Roman Catho-

lics, iv. 260.
Obscurity, generally necessary to the ter-

rible, i. 132.
why more affecting than clearness,

i. 135.
Obstinacy, though a great and very mis-

chievous vice, closely allied to the

masculine virtues, ii 66.
Office, men too much conversant in it

rarely have enlarged minds, ii. 38.
in feudal times, the lowest offices often

held by considerable persons,ii.303.

the reason of this, ii. 304.
Officers, military and naval, nature of the

fortitude required of them, v. 468.
Opinion, popular, the support of govern-

ment, ii. 224 ; vi. 165 ; vii. 91.
an equivocal test of merit, v. 183.
the generality of it not always to be

judged of by the noise of the ac-

clamation, v. 286.
Opinions, men impelled to propagate their

own by their social nature, v. 361.
their influence on the affections and

passions, v. 403 ; vii 44.
the most decided often stated in the

form of questions, vi. 28.
the interest and duty of government

to attend much to them, vii. 44.

Pain, pleasure, and indifference, their mu.

tual relation as states of the mind,

i. 103.
nature and cause of pain, i. 210.

how a cause of delight, i. 215.
Paine, Thomas, remarks on his character,

v. 111; vi. 60.
Painting and poetry, their power, when

due to imitation, and when to sym•

pathy, i. 123.
Pandulph, the Pope's legate, his politic

dealing with King John, vii. 451.
parallel between his conduct to King

John and that of the Roman con-
suls to the Carthaginians in the

last Punic war, vii. 453.
Papal power, uniform steadiness of it in

the pursuit of its ambitious pro-

jects, vii. 449.
Papal pretensions, sources of their growth

and support, vii. 384.
Papal States, how likely to be affected by

the revolution in France, iv. 337.
Parliament, remarks on it, i. 491.

the power of dissolving it, the most

critical and delicate of all the trusts

vested in the crown, ii. 553.
disadvantages of triennial parlia-

ments, vii. 79.
Parliaments of France, character of them,

iii. 505.
Parliament of Paris, observations on its

subversion, xii. 396.
Parliamentary disorders, ideas for the

cure of them, i. 516.
Parsimony, a leaning towards it in war

may be the worst management, i.

Party divisions, inseparable from free gov-

ernment, i. 271.
definition of the term, party, i. 530.

evils of party domination, vi. 390.
Passions, all concern either self-preser-

vation or society, i. 110.
final cause of the difference between

those belonging to self-preservation
and those which regard the society

of the sexes, i. 113.
those which belong to self-preserva-

tion turn upon pain and danger, i.

nature and objects of those belonging

to society, i. 125.
a control over them necessary to the

existence of society, iv. 52.
strong ones awaken the faculties, v.

vehement passion not always indica-

tive of an infirm judgment, v. 407.

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