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Rule 3407. Preliminary conference in personal injury actions involving certain terminally ill parties. (a) Request for conference. At any time,
party to an action who is terminally ill, and who asserts in a pleading in such action that such terminal illness is the result of the cul. pable conduct of another party to such action, may request an expedited preliminary conference in such action. Such request shall be filed in writing with the clerk of the court, and shall be accompanied by a physician's affidavit stating that the party is terminally ill, the nature of the terminal illness, and the duration of life expectancy of such party, if known. The court shall hold a preliminary conference in such action within twenty days after the filing of such a request.
(b) 1. Preliminary conference. At such preliminary conference, the court shall issue an order establishing a schedule for the completion of all discovery proceedings, to be completed within ninety days after the date of the preliminary conference, unless it can be demonstrated for good cause that a longer period is necessary.
2. At such preliminary conference, the court shall issue an order that a note of issue and certificate of readiness be filed in such action within a period of time specified in the order, that the action receive a preference in trial, and that the trial be commenced within
year from the date of such order. In its discretion, and upon application of any party, the court may advance or adjourn such trial date based on the circumstances of the case.
3. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (b) of rule 3214 of this chapter, the service or pendency of a motion under rule 3211, 3212
section 3213 of this chapter shall not stay disclosure in an action where a preliminary conference order has been entered pursuant to this rule.
§ 2. This act shall take effect on the first day of September next succeeding the date on which it shall have become a law.
ACT to amend the general municipal law, in relation to right of action to certain injured or representatives of certain deceased firefighters Became a law July 24, 1992, with the approval of the Governor.
Passed by a majority vote, three-fifths being present. The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
Section 1. Section 205-a of the general municipal law, as amended by chapter 251 of the laws of 1936, is amended to read as follows:
§ 205-a. Additional right of action to certain injured or representatives of certain deceased [firemen] firefighters. In addition to any other right of action or recovery under any other provision of law, in the event any accident, causing injury, death or a disease which results in death, occurs directly or indirectly as a result of any neglect, omission, (wilful] willful or culpable negligence of any person or persons in failing to comply with the requirements of any of the statutes, ordinances, rules, orders and requirements of the federal,
state, county, village, town or city governments of any and all their departments, divisions and bureaus, the person or persons guilty of said neglect, omission, willful or culpable negligence at the time of such injury or death shall be liable to pay any officer, member, agent or employee of any fire department injured, or whose life may’be lost while in the discharge. or performance of any duty imposed by the fire commissioner, fire chief or other superior officer of the fire department,
or to pay to the wife and children, or to pay to the parents, or to pay
to the brothers and sisters,, being the surviving heirs-at-law of any deceased person thus having lost his life, a sum of money, in
of injury to person, not less than [one] ten thousand dollars, and in case
Volving y tine,
plead. e cul Dedited led in ed by a 1, the
of death not less than [five] forty thousand dollars, such liability to be determined and such sums recovered in an action to be instituted by any person injured or the family or relatives of any person killed aforesaid.
5 2. This act shall take effect immediately.
AN ACT to amend the navigation law, in relation to limited immunity for
persons responding to oil spills under the national contingency plan
801.08 receive e fear tior of OB DE
Became a law July 24, 1992, with the approval of the Governor. Passed on
the message of necessity pursuant to Article Ill, section 14 of
Constitution by a majority vote, three-fifths being present.
The People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:
Section 1. Subdivision 11 of section 172 of the navigation law, as added by chapter 845 of the laws of 1977, is amended and a new subdivision 15-d is added to read as follows:
11. "Major facility" includes but is not limited to any refinery, storage or transfer terminal, pipeline, deep, water port, drilling platform or any appurtenance related to any of the preceding that is used or is capable of being used to refine, produce, store, handle, transfer, process transport petroleum.
A vessel shall be considered a major facility only when petroleum is transferred between vessels. A vessel that would not otherwise be considered a major facility shall not be considered a major facility based solely upon its rendering of care, assistance advice consistent with the national contingency plan or as otherwise directed by the federal on-scene coordinator or by the commissioner or his designee, in response to a discharge of petroleum into or upon the navigable waters. Facilities with total combined above-ground or buried storage capacity of less than four hundred thousand gallons are not major facilities for the purposes of this article;
15-d. "Tank vessel" means a vessel that is constructed or adapted to carry, or that carries, petroleum in bulk as cargo or cargo residue, and that:
(a) is a vessel of the United States; (b) operates on the waters of the state of New York; or (0) transfers petroleum in a place subject to the jurisdiction of the of the* state of New York.
§ 2. Subdivision 2 and the opening paragraph of subdivision 9 of section 174 of the navigation law, as added by chapter 845 of the laws of 1977, are amended to read as follows:
2. Licenses shall be issued [on an annual basis and shall expire on March thirty-first annually] for a period not to exceed five years, subject to such terms and conditions as the department may determine are necessary to carry out the purposes of this article. on or
after (a date to be determined by the commissioner, but in no case later than ninety days after the effective date
this article] June twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred seventy-eight;, no person shall operate or cause to be operated any major facility without a major facility license issued by the commissioner. No license shall be valid for more than [one year] five years. Each applicant for a major facility license shall submit information, in a form satisfactory to the commissioner, describing the following:
* So in original. (Second "of the" inadvertently added.)
prehensive environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42
6 Paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 and subdivision 4 of section 176 of the navigation law, paragraph (a) of subdivision 2 amended by chapter 536 of the laws of 1987 and subdivision 4 as added by chapter 845 of the laws of 1977, are amended to read as follows:
(a) Upon the occurrence of a discharge of petroleum, the department shall respond promptly and proceed to cleanup and remove the discharge in [accord), accordance with environmental priorities or may, at its discretion, direct the discharger to promptly. cleanup, and
the discharge. The department shall be responsible for cleanup and removal or as the case may be, for retaining agents and contractors who
shall operate under the direction of that department for such purposes. Implementation of cleanup and removal procedures after each discharge shall be
conducted in accordance with environmental priorities and procedures established by the department.
4. Cleanup and removal of petroleum and actions to minimize damage from discharges shall be, to the greatest extent possible,, in accordance with the National Contingency Plan for removal of oil and hazardous substances_established pursuant to section 311 [(c) (2)] (d) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act [Amendments of 1972 (P.L. 92-500,] (33 U. S. C. 1251 et seq.), as amended by the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2761 et seq.), or revised under section 105 of the ComV.S.C. 9605).
၌ 4. The navigation law is amended by adding a new section 178-a to read as follows:
§ 178-8. Responder immunity. 1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section only, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(a) "response efforts" means rendering care, assistance, or advice in accordance with the national contingency plan, the state oil spill contingency plan, or at the direction of the federal on-scene coordinator or the commissioner or his designee, in response to a discharge threatened discharge of petroleum into or upon the navigable waters.
(b) "responsible party" and "navigable waters" shall have the meanings set forth in section 1001 of the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.).
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person is not liable for cleanup and removal costs or damages which result from actions taken or omitted to be taken in good faith in the course of rendering care, assistance or advice consistent with the national contingency plan or as otherwise directed by the federal on-scene coordinator or by the commissioner or his designee, in response to a discharge threatened discharge of petroleuin into or upon the navigable waters.
3. However, the provisions of subdivision two of this section shall not apply to: (i) a responsible party, (ii) liability for
injury or wrongful death, (iii) cleanup and removal costs and damages resulting from such person's gross negligence willful misconduct, (iv) negligence in the operation of a motor vehicle as defined in section one hundred twenty-five of the vehicle and traffic law, and (v) any, physical actions taken that are not in or near the area of cleanup and removal of a discharge or threatened discharge.
4. The provisions of subdivision two of this section shall not apply, to any response efforts undertaken by a person later than one hundred twenty days after a discharge has been stopped. Thereafter, such person shall not be strictly liable without regard to fault, but the liability, of such person for personal injury, or property damage shall be limited to acts or omissions of the person during the course of such
response efforts which
shown to be the result of negligence, gross negligence, or reckless, wanton or intentional misconduct. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, when (i) a verdict or decision on a claim for in jury, to persons or property caused by response efforts, occurring after such
hundred twenty day period has ended, is determined in favor of the claimant in an action involving such person's response
efforts and any other person or persons jointly liable, and (ii) the liability of the person related to such response efforts is found to be fifty percent or less of the total liability assigned to all persons liable, and (iii) the liability of the person related to such response ef; fort's is not based on a finding of reckless disregard for the safety of others or of intentional misconduct, then the liability of such person to
the claimant for injury to property and for non-economic loss relat; ing to injury to a person shall not exceed the equitable share of such person as determined in accordance with the relative culpability of each person causing or contributing to the total
liability. Provided, how
Lion 1% uded in chapte:
at its ve the removal
ever, the culpable conduct of
any person not a party to such action shall not be considered in determining any equitable share if the claimant was unable, with due diligence, to obtain jurisdiction over such person in said action. As used in this section, "non-economic loss" includes but is not limited to pain and suffering, mental anguish, loss of consortium or other damages for non-economic loss. However, nothing herein shall alter, modify, or abrogate the liability of any person for breach of warranty or to an employee of such person pursuant to the workers' compensation, law, or to relieve from liability any person who is responsible for a discharge in violation of section
hundred seventy-four of this article.
5. In addition to any other liability, a responsible party shall be liable for any cleanup and removal costs and damages that another person is relieved of under subdivision two or four or both of this section.
6. Nothing in this section affects (i) the obligation of a discharger to respond immediately and to cleanup and remove a discharge; (ii) the liability of a discharger under other provisions of this article or the environmental conservation law.
§ 5. Subdivision 3 of section 181 of the navigation law, as amended by chapter 672_of the laws of 1991, is amended to read as follows:
3. (a). The owner or operator of a major facility or vessel which has discharged petroleum shall be strictly liable, without regard to fault, subject to the defenses enumerated in subdivision four of this section, for all cleanup and removal costs and all direct and indirect damages paid by the fund. However, the cleanup and removal costs and direct and indirect damages which may be recovered by the fund with respect to each incident shall not exceed [fifty million dollars for each major facility or three hundred dollars per gross ton for each vessel, except that such maximum limitation]:
(i) for a tank vessel, the greater of:
of a vessel greater than three thousand gross tons, ten million dollars; or
(B) in the case of a vessel or* three thousand gross tons or less, two million dollars;
(ii) for any other vessel subject to the liability limits set forth in the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.), six hundred dollars per gross ton or five hundred thousand dollars, whichever is greater;
(iii) for any other vessel not subject to the liability limits set forth in the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33,V.S.C. 2701 et seq.), three hundred dollars per gross ton for each vessel;
(iv) for a major facility that is defined as an "onshore facility" and covered by the liability l'imits established under the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 V.S.C. 2701 et seq.), three hundred fifty million dollars. This liability limit shall not be considered to increase the liability above the federal limit of three hundred fifty million dollars per incidentif
(v) for major facility not covered in subparagraph (iv) of this paragraph, fifty million dollars.
(b) The liability limits established in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall not be considered to increase liability
above the federal limits for tank vessels or vessels as defined in the Federal Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C.
2701 et seq.).
(C) (1) The department shall establish, by regulation, a limit of lia-
(ii) The department shall establish, by regulation, a limit of liabil-
consent to know thing to connese cooperation and assistance requested by
110s" under the Peneral Oil Pollut íon Act of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 275: es Art.), loving, Into account facility size, storage capacity, throughou, proximity to environmentally sensitive areas, type of petrolece gazdied, and other 191, lors relevant to risks posed by the class or category of Thilly
11The prov 1910ns of paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall not ap1, lik Mer sparator sail be liable for the fuil amount of indicamente
removal costs and damages if it can be shown that bilih 4196 barze was the result of [la)) (1) gross negligence or wildtud misc,uct, within the knowledge and privity of the owner, operA10,1 06 per 3001 in charge, or (b] (ii) a gross or willful violation of Applicable sety, construction or operating standards or regulations. In addil ton, the provisions of paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall 001 apply 11 the owner or operator fails or refuses:
(1) 10 report the discharge required by section one hundred nevenly / Ive of this article and the owner operator knows or had (2)
all the ladderal on scene coordinator or the commissioner or his designee in conneel ton with cleanup and removal activities.
(o) (1) The owner or operator of a vessel shall establish and maintain will the department evidence of financial responsibility sufficient to
the amount of liability established pursuant to paragraph (a) of This subdivision. The owner or operator of any vessel which demonstrates Inanc ou osponsibility pursuant to the requirements of the Federal Oil Pollution dol of 1990 (33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq.), shall be deemed to have demonst int od financial responsibility in accordance with this paragraph.
(11) The commissioner in consultation with the superintendent of insaudi ance may promulgate regulat ions requiring the owner or operator of mujor incility other than a vessel to establish and maintain evidence of Inanc in 10sponsibility in an amount not to exceed twenty-five dollars, por incident
for each barrel of total petroleum storage capacity at the Tuciliusubject to a max imum of one million dollars per 'incident per tilling in an neprognto not to exceed two million dollars per facility; provided, however that if the owner operator establishes
to the Satt célon of the commissioner that a lesser amount will be sufficient 10 prosent the environment and public health, safety and welfare, the ( Toner Shall accept evidence of financial responsibility in such 10:30 amount. In determining the sufficiency of the amount of financial 16,5 NISIbilir
under this section, the commissioner and the 71/"!! Ini rindent et insurance shall take into consideration facility size, W0% capacity, throughput proximity to environmentally sensitive ****, ripe of priro iorum handled,' and other factors relevant to the
posed by the class or category of facility, as well as the availbility an attordability of pollution liability insurance. Any regula
pemul mitte ANITswant to this subparagraph shall not take effect until it topish uninths after the effective date of this section. (31:) linane in? responsibility under this paragraph may be established
* combination of the following methods acceptable to the ** poistner consultation with the superintendent of insurance, * eri Jessionnsurance, surely bonds, guarantee, letter of credit, qualifi**** S Sali - insurer, or other er idence of financial responsibility,
IN Tv:n verticaans which quality under the Federal Oil Pollution del VW (30.S.C.01 et seq.).
The 1:10:?:01 or a third-party insurer providing proof of finan, :of
person required to establisa and men den er rimancial responsibility under this section is in 16611 Erros* assume and the acount of corerage specified
AAAFi respons:6:1ity furnished to and approred 67 *11M***, retses or
Section, the tere "thiri-caror #xes log
Ar rrsurer, surety, guerantor, person form: Ang iterher group or person providing
bent of another person; it does or
Idinta:n evidence c: ::
This it shall tale effect immediately 152 (a should be color. )