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Yoke-fellows in arms. (H. V. ii. 4.)

Companions whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love.

(Mer. Ven. iii. 4.)

Take to thy grace

Me thy vowed soldier, who do bear thy yoke

As 'twere a wreath of roses. (Two N. Kins. v. 1.)

74. Omnis medicina innovatio.

Every remedy is an innovation,


innovation, (Advt. vi. 3; Antitheta,

Changes fill the cup of alteration with divers liquors.

Hurly-burly innovation. (1 H. IV. v. 1.)

(2 H. IV. iii. 1.)

Their inhibition comes by the means of the late innovation.

(Ham. ii. 2.)

75. Auribus mederi difficillimum. (To cure the ears is most difficult.)

So that the whole ear of Denmark

Is by a forged process of

my death

Rankly abused. (Ham. i. 4)

A jest's prosperity lies in the ear of him that hears it; never in the tongue of him that makes it. with the clamour of their own dear

scorns, continue them. (L. L. L. v. 2.)

Then if sickly ears, deafed groans, will hear your idle

To punish you by the heels would amend the attention of your ears; and I care not if I do become your physician. (2 H. IV. i. 2.)

Your tale, sir, would cure deafness. (Temp. i. 1.)

O master! what strange infection

Is fallen into thine ear? (Cymb. iii. 1.)

It is the disease of not hearing and the malady of not marking that I am troubled with, &c. (2 Hen. IV. i. 2.)

76. Suspicio fragilem fidem solvit, fortem incendit. (Suspicion dissolves a weak faith and inflames a strong one.)

Corn. Seek out where thy father is, that he may be ready for our apprehension.


Edm. (aside). If I find him comforting the King it will stuff his suspicion more fully. (Lear, iii. 5.)

Trifles light as air

Are to the jealous confirmations strong.
The Moor already changes with my poison.
Dangerous conceits are in their natures poisons,
Which at the first are scarce found to distaste ;
But, with a little, act upon the blood,
Burn like mines of sulphur. (Oth. iii. 3.)

77. Pauca tamen suberunt priscæ vestigia fraudis.Virg. Eclog. iv. 31. (Yet some few traces of ancient wickedness shall remain.)

78. Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori.-Hor. Odes, iii. 2, 13. (It is sweet and becoming to die for one's country.)

I'll yield myself to prison willingly,

Or unto death, to do my country good. (2 H. VI. ii. 5.)

Had I a dozen sons, each in their love alike,

I had rather have eleven die nobly for their country. (Cor. i. 3.)

If any think brave death outweighs bad life,

And that his country's dearer than himself,
Let him alone, &c. (Cor. i. 6.)

79. Mors et fugacem persequitur virum.-Hor. Odes,
iii. 2, 13. (Death pursues even the man that flies from him.
Away! for death doth hold us in pursuit. (3 H. VI. ii. 5.)
I fly not death to fly his deadly doom. (Tw. G. Ver. iii. 1.)
Death and danger dog the heels of worth. (A. W. iii. 4.)
Edward and Richard, like a brace of greyhounds

Having the fearful flying hare in sight. ..

Are at our backs . . .

Away, for vengeance comes along with them. (3 H. VI. ii. 5.)
Death and destruction dog thee at the heels. (Rich. III. iii. 1.)

80. Danda est hellebori multo pars maxima avaris. (By far the largest portion of hellebore1 should be given to the covetous.)

1 Hellebore, a medicine for madness.


81. Minerall wyttes strong poyson, and they be not corrected.

A mortal mineral. (Cymb. v. 5.)

The thought. . . . doth like a poisonous mineral gnaw my inwards. (Oth. ii. 1.)

The other stream of hatred was of a deeper and more mineral nature. (Charge against Somerset.)

82. Aquexar. (To weary; to afflict.—Sp.)

(Compare f. 83, 1.)

Reason thus with life. . . . A breath thou art . .

That dost this habitation where thou keepest hourly afflict weary).

Look, who comes here? a grave unto a soul;

Holding the eternal spirit against her will

(M. M. iii. 1.)

In the vile prison of afflicted (? wearied) breath. (John, iii. 4.) The weariest (? most afflicted) and most loathed life.

(See Mer. Ven. i. 1, 1.

(M. M. iii. 1, 129.)

Folio 84b.

83. Ametallado, fayned inameled.

I see the jewel best enamelled will lose his beauty, yet the gold bides still. (Com. Er. ii. 2.)

A fair enamelling of a terrible danger. (Let. to the Queen, 1584.)

84. Totum est majus sua parte. (The whole is greater than its part.) Against factions and private profit.

Among the soldiers this is muttered,—

That here you maintain several factions,

And, whilst a field should be despatch'd and fought,

You are disputing of your generals, &c.

King. Civil dissension is a viperous worm

(1 Hen. VI. i. 1.)

That gnaws the bowels of the commonwealth. . . .
Mayor. The bishop and the Duke of Glo'ster's men.
Banding themselves in contrary parts

Do pelt. . . . at one another's pate.

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King. O, how this discord doth afflict my soul. .

(1 Hen. VI. iii. 1.)

I have. . . . forsaken your pernicious faction,

And joined with Charles, the rightful King of France.

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(The weakening of power through faction and division seems

to be the keynote of 1 Hen. VI.)

You are deceived, my substance is not here,

For what you see is but the smallest part

And least proportion of humanity.

I tell you, madam, were the whole frame here,

It is of such a spacious lofty pitch

Your roof were not sufficient to contain it. (1 Hen. VI. ii. 2.)

All this divided York and Lancaster,

Divided in their dire division.

O! now let Richmond and Elizabeth,.

By God's fair ordinance conjoin together. (R. III. v. 4.) (Compare No. 1265a.)

85. Galen's compositions, not Paracelsus' separations.

To be relinquished of the artists-both of Galen and Paracelsus—of all the learned and authentic fellows. (All's Well, ii. 3.) (See Shakespeare's Medical Knowledge, by Dr. Bucknill, p. 102.)

86. Full musicke of easy ayres, without strange concordes and discordes.

I ever liked the Galenists, that deal with good compositions ; and not the Parcelsians, that deal with fine separations; and in music I ever loved easy airs, that go full at all the parts together, and not these strange points of accord and discord. (Letter to Sir Robt. Cecil, 1594.)

Music do I hear?

Ha, ha! keep time; how sour sweet music is
When Time is broke and no proportion kept

So is it in the music of men's lives.

And here have I the daintiness of ear

To check time broke in a disordered string.
But for the concord of my state and time,

Had not an ear to hear my true time broke. (R. II. v. 5.)

(See Tw. G. Ver. i. 2, 85-93; All's W., i. 1, 176; M. N. D. v. 1, 60; Sonnet viii.; and other places for discords and concords used metaphorically. Also compare with the second passage quoted at No. 84 from 1 Hen. VI. iv. 1.)

87 In medio non sistit virtus.


(Virtue is not set in a

It is no mean happiness to be seated in the mean. (Mer. V. i. 2.) True men are naturally given to superstition. The Protestant religion is seated in the golden mean. (Advice to Villiers.)

He were an excellent man that were made just in the middle between him and Benedick, &c. (M. Ado, ii. 1.)

(See 1469.)

88. Totum est quod superest. (What remains is the whole.)

For me, nothing remains. (1 Hen. VI. i. 1.)

What more remains. (R. II. iv. 1.)

Then no more remains. (M. M. 1. 1.)

89. A stone without foyle.

He that is only real, had need have exceeding great parts of virtue; as the stone had need to be rich that is set without foil. (Ess. Of Ceremonies.)

A base foul stone, made precious by the foil
Of England's chair, where he was falsely set.

(Said of Richard, R. III. v. 3.)

The sullen passage of thy weary steps
Esteem a foil, wherein thou art to set

The precious jewel of thy home-return. (R. II. i. 3.)

Like bright metal on a sullen ground,

My reformation glittering o'er my fault,

Shall show more goodly and attract more eyes

Than that which hath no foil to set it off. (1 Hen. IV. i. 2.)

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