The Merchant of Venice

Front Cover
The Heinemann Shakespeare series is designed specially for 11 to 16-year-old students. As well as the full text, Heinemann Shakespeare's offer you a complete guide to studying and enjoying the play.The complete text is presented clearly on right-hand pages. On facing pages you will find:
  • key areas of the text highlighted so you know where to concentrate your efforts;
  • summaries of the action on every page;
  • lively illustrations;
  • clear explanations of difficult words and phrases.
Heinemann Shakespeare's also offer:
  • activities after all main scenes to help you understand the play;
  • introductions to Shakespeare's theatre and language.
Set by AQA B and OCR for GCSE English. Set by AQA A for A-level English.

From inside the book

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Contents

using this book vi Shakespeares theatre viii Going to the theatre in Shakespeares day X The characters of the play
The story of the play
Background The Merchant of Venice 1 Characters
Act
Act
Act four
Act five
Keeping track
Usury
Women
Fairytale elements
Comedy or tragedy?
The setting and the mood
Ships and the
The caskets
Character activities

Drama activities
Shakespeares language
The title 215 Stereotypes and prejudice 216 Shylock
Money
Writing activities
Glossary
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1994)

William Shakespeare, 1564 - 1616 Although there are many myths and mysteries surrounding William Shakespeare, a great deal is actually known about his life. He was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, son of John Shakespeare, a prosperous merchant and local politician and Mary Arden, who had the wealth to send their oldest son to Stratford Grammar School. At 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, the 27-year-old daughter of a local farmer, and they had their first daughter six months later. He probably developed an interest in theatre by watching plays performed by traveling players in Stratford while still in his youth. Some time before 1592, he left his family to take up residence in London, where he began acting and writing plays and poetry. By 1594 Shakespeare had become a member and part owner of an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men, where he soon became the company's principal playwright. His plays enjoyed great popularity and high critical acclaim in the newly built Globe Theatre. It was through his popularity that the troupe gained the attention of the new king, James I, who appointed them the King's Players in 1603. Before retiring to Stratford in 1613, after the Globe burned down, he wrote more than three dozen plays (that we are sure of) and more than 150 sonnets. He was celebrated by Ben Jonson, one of the leading playwrights of the day, as a writer who would be "not for an age, but for all time," a prediction that has proved to be true. Today, Shakespeare towers over all other English writers and has few rivals in any language. His genius and creativity continue to astound scholars, and his plays continue to delight audiences. Many have served as the basis for operas, ballets, musical compositions, and films. While Jonson and other writers labored over their plays, Shakespeare seems to have had the ability to turn out work of exceptionally high caliber at an amazing speed. At the height of his career, he wrote an average of two plays a year as well as dozens of poems, songs, and possibly even verses for tombstones and heraldic shields, all while he continued to act in the plays performed by the Lord Chamberlain's Men. This staggering output is even more impressive when one considers its variety. Except for the English history plays, he never wrote the same kind of play twice. He seems to have had a good deal of fun in trying his hand at every kind of play. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, all published on 1609, most of which were dedicated to his patron Henry Wriothsley, The Earl of Southhampton. He also wrote 13 comedies, 13 histories, 6 tragedies, and 4 tragecomedies. He died at Stratford-upon-Avon April 23, 1616, and was buried two days later on the grounds of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. His cause of death was unknown, but it is surmised that he knew he was dying.

Bibliographic information