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Regarding acknowledgments:— The early history of the present undertaking has already been recorded (Vol. I, viïi-ix). In 1917 the United States entered the war. In this year, fortunately, Volume II was published before the editors were able to find their way into the service of the Government. Dr. C. R. Eastman was presently ordered to Washington and elsewhere, Mr. Arthur Henn enlisted for France and the writer "joined up” with the ordnance department. Then in September, 1918, occurred the lamentable death of Dr. Eastman (cf. Science, Feb. 7, 1919, pp. 139–141), which the writer believes was a direct result of his activities in the war. It was upon him, as we have noted, that the responsibility of editorship had fallen in earlier years (from 1914 to 1917), and it was under his care that Volumes I and II were published.

In 1919, Dr. Eugene Willis Gudger, long time Professor of Biology in the North Carolina College for Women, and our constant correspondent and adviser, consented to become the editor of the Bibliography, much to the satisfaction of his friends in the American Museum. His contributions to the Bibliography include the extensive Addenda; expanding and completing the Pre-Linnæan literature; adding the smaller sections of Bibliographies, Voyages and Travels, Fisheries Journals, and Errata and Corrigenda; certain parts of Morphological Section, and most of the groups in the Systematic Section. And it was by a second stroke of good fortune that we were able again to enlist the help of Mr. Arthur W. Henn on his return from active service: such an arrangement could not have been made without the generous coöperation of Director Holland of the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh, in whose faculty Mr. Henn had become curator of fishes. Mr. Henn, we should note, prepared the reference cards and developed the Subject Index; he also is responsible for most of the subjects given in the Morphological Section, and especially for all the encylopedic articles; and for the most complicated groups of the Systematic Section, i.e., Anguilla, Pleuronectidæ, and Salmonidæ. In addition, the staff of the Bibliography included Miss Francesca La Monte, who stuck to her task with the greatest devotion and who prepared the Finding Index.

We should note also that helpful comments were received from a number of our ichthyological friends who were so kind as to read sections of page-proof, notably Professor E. S. Goodrich of Oxford, whose comments on dermal skeleton, fins and integument are below included; also Professor J. Graham Kerr of Glasgow, whose advice was sought in the technicalia of dentition, growth and age, urinogenital system, and vertebral column.

Especial acknowledgment should be made to the President of the American Museum, Professor Henry Fairfield Osborn, who, firm in the faith of the ultimate value of our labors, stood our sponsor in obtaining the funds necessary to ensure the stipends of the editorial staff and to cover the large outlay for publication. Also to the Director of the Museum, Dr. Frederick A. Lucas, to its Librarian, Dr. R. W. Tower, and to our colleagues Mr. John Treadwell Nichols, and Professor W. K. Gregory, we are indebted for constant counsel and for help in many directions. Nor should we fail to mention the favors shown us by authorities of numerous libraries and universities, notably Dr. H. M. Lydenberg of the New York Public Library.

The author finally and gratefully records the constant inspiration received from his editorial colleagues with whom since 1919 he had weekly conferences. Entangled in other studies, he could only give the necessary time to mark his share of the copy for the Subject Index, to revise proof, and to review and decide discussions which concerned the conduct of the work.

The present volume terminates a task, infinitely painstaking, thankless, insistent, withal necessary, which has been upon our table for over thirty years. It seemed never to end, and we grew old with it; Quousque tandem! Our hope is only that the references we now provide will be of constant service to workers everywhere, for when all is said and done, an elaborate bibliography is the strongest scaffolding upon which any research can be built.

BASHFORD DEAN. American Museum of Natural History.

January 15, 1923.


A list of American libraries in which may be found certain of the rare books listed in the Pre-Linnaan section, together with the abbreviations herein used.

A. G. s. - American Geographical | J.P. M. - Library of J. P. Morgan, Society, New York City.

New York City. A. M. N. H. — American Museum of

L. C. - Library of Congress,
Natural History, New York

Washington, D. C.

N. Y. A. M. – New York Academy of A. P. S. - American Philosophical

Medicine, New York City. Society, Philadelphia, Pa.

N. Y. P. – New York Public LiA. T. M. - American Typographic

brary, New York City.
Library and Museum,
Jersey City, N. J.

N. W. - Northwestern UniverARN. --- Arnold Arboretum, Cam

sity, Evanston, III. bridge, Mass.

P. A. S. - Philadelphia Academy B. A. - Boston Athenæum, Bos

of Science, Philadelphia, Pa.

P.I. ton, Mass.

- Peabody Institute, BaltiC. P. - College of Physicians,

more, Md. Philadelphia, Pa.


- Princeton University, Col. - Columbia University,

Princeton, N. J.
New York City.

STAN. - Stanford University, CalCor. - Cornell University, Ith

ifornia. aca, N. Y.

SURG. - Surgeon General's Li- Harvard University,

brary, Washington, D. C. Cambridge, Mass.


- University of Chicago, H. E. H. - Library of Henry E.

Chicago, Ill.
Huntington, San Gabriel, U. PA. - University of Pennsyl-

vania, Philadelphia, Pa. H. W.

- Library of Henry U. R. - University of Rochester, Walters, Baltimore, Md.

Rochester, N. Y. J. C. - John Crerar Library, U.S.C. - University of South Chicago, Ill.

Carolina, Columbia, S. C. J. C. B. - John Carter Brown Li U.T.C. - Union Theological Semibrary, Providence, R. I.

nary, New York City. J. H. U. - Johns Hopkins Univer

- Yale University, New sity, Baltimore, Md.

Haven, Conn.

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I. For economy in publication, titles have been simplified; words and punctuation marks have been omitted where they appeared unnecessary for a clear understanding of references.

II. Rules of the American Library Association have been followed as to (1) alphabetizing, and (2) transliteration of Slavonic names, with vowels as in Italian and consonants as in English. In addition, initial capitals in foreign languages are unaccented, as for instance Abo for Abo, Etat for Etat, etc., and Danish and Norwegian nouns are not capitalized.

III. Additions to titles or inserted explanatory phrases are included in inferior brackets (1, parentheses being retained where they occur in titles.

IV. The number of the volume is printed in bold-faced type, immediately succeeding the numerals denoting year of publication.

V. Authors' titles are arranged chronologically as to years and alphabetically as to publications within the same year.

VI. Where titles have been taken from standard works of reference (e.g., British Museum Library Catalogue and the bibliographies of Agassiz, Bosgoed, Carus, and Englemann, etc.) the numbers for pages and volume have not as a rule been verified.

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