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tion, to be enjoyed through Christ, as because it doth fer: vently kindle cheir love towards God : so, for curious and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit of Christ, to have continually before their eyes the sentence of God's predestination, is a most dangerous downfall, whereby the devil dost thrustthem either into desperation, orinto wretchedness of most unclean living no less perilous than defperation.
Furthermore, we must receive God's promises in such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture. And in our doings, that will of God is to be followed, which we have expressly declared unto us in the Word of God. XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvation only by the
Name of Christ
.. HEY also are to be had accursed, that presume to
fay, that every man shall be saved by the law or feet which he professeth ; so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law, and the light of nature. For boly Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved.
XIX. Of the Church. THE visible Church of Christ is a congregation of
faithful men, in the which the pure Word of God is preached, and the Sacraments be duly ministered, according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the fame.
As the Church of Jerusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their living and manner of ceremonies, but also in matters of faith.
XX. Of the Authority of the Church.
nies, and authority in controversies of faith: And yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's word written; neither may it so expound one place of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a witnefs and a keeper of holy Writ, yet as it ought not ta
decrec any thing against the fame, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for neceffity of salvation.
XXI. Of the Autbority (Ger:ral Councils. ENERAL Councils may not be gathered together
without the commandinent ad wil of princes. And when they be sathered together, icrasmuch as they be an assembly of men, whereof all be not gorersed with the Spirit and Word of God) they may ert, and sometimes have erred, even in things pertaining unto God. Wherefore things ordained by them as neceilary io salvation, have neither (trength nor authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of holy Scripture.
XXII. Of Purgatory. *HE Romih doctrine concerning Purgatory, pardons,
worshipping, and adoration, as well of images as of reliques, and also invocation of faints, is a foed thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranıy of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the Word of God.
XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congregation. T is not lawful for any man to take upon him the
office of public preaching, or miniftering the Sacraments in the congregation, before he be lawfully called and sent to exeoute the fame. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation to call and fend Ministers into the Lord's vineyard. XXIV. Of Speaking in the Congregation in such a tongue.
as the People understandeth. IT is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God,
and the custom of the primitive Church, to have public prayer in the Church, or to minister the Sacraments, in a tongue not understanded of the people.
XXV. Of the Sacraments. ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ, be not only badges or tokens of Christian men's profession; but
rather, they be certain fure witneffes, and effe&ual signs of grace, and God's will towards us; by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, buc also strengthen and confirm, cur faith in him.
There are two facraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
Those five, commonly called Sacraments, that is to fay, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel ; being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of the Apostles, partly are states of Jife allowed in the Scriptores : But yet have not like pature of Sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible fign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about; but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the fame, they have a wholesome effect or operation : But they that receive them unwortbily, purchase to them. felves damnation, as St Paul saith. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Ministers, which binders
not the effect of the Sacrament. LTHOUGH in the visible Church the evil be
ever mingled with the good, and sometimes the evil have chief authority in the miniftration of the Word and Sacraments; yet forasmuch as they do not the fame in their own Name, but in Chrift's, and do minister by his commision and authority, we may ufe their ministry, both in hearing the word of God, and in receiving of the facraments. Neither is the effe&t of Christ's ordi, nance taken away by their wickedness, nor the grace of God's gifts diminished from fuch, as by faith and rightly do receive the Sacraments ministered unto them; which be effectual, because of Christ's institution and promise, although they be ministered by evil men.
Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the discipline of the Church, that enquiry be made of evil ministers, and that
they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences; and finally, being found guilty, by just judg. ment be deposed.
XXVII. Of Baptism,
from others that be not christened; but it is also a sign of regeneration, or new birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises of the forgiveness of fin, and of our adoption to be the sons of God by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and sealed ; faith is confirmed, and grace increased by virtue of prayer unto God. The Baptism of young children is in any wise to be retained in the Church, as most agreeable with the institution of Chrilt.
XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. THE HE Supper of the Lord is not only a fign of the love
that Christians ought to have among themselves one to another, but rather is Sacrament of our Re. demption by Christ's death : infomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break is a partaking of the body of Christ, and likewise the cup of blessing is a partaking of the blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation, or the change of the fubstance of bread and wine in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by holy Writ; but is repugnant to the plain words of scripture, overthroweth the nature of a facrament, and hath given occasion to many superstitions.
The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only after an heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the supper is faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped,
XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat not the Body of Chrifl,
in the use of the Lord's Supper. HE wicked, and such as be void of a lively faith,
although they do carnally and visibly press with their teeth, as St. Augreji’ine faith, the Sacrament of the body and blood of Christ; yet in no wise are they parrakers of Christ, but rather to their condemnation do eat and drink the sign or facrament of fo great a thing.'
XXX. Of both Kinds. TH
'HE cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the Lay.
people; for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrameni, by Christ's ordinance and commandinent, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike,
XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished upon
the cross. HE Offering of Christ once made, is that perfect
all the sins of the whole world, both original and a&ual; and there is none other satisfaction for fin, but that alone. Wherefore the facrifice of maffes, in the which it was commonly said, that the priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead to have remiffion of pain or guilt, were blafphemous fables and dangerous deceits.
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
by God's law, either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage. Therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the fame to serve better to godlinefs. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how they are to
be avoided. 'HAT person, which by open denunciation of the
Church is rightly cut off from the unity of the "Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole inultitude of the faithful as an Heathen and Pub