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Nicholas, made bishop of Myra in Alia by Constantine the Great; and remarkable for his piety and generosity. One instance, however, is upon record, of his breach of charity, in giving Arius a box on the ear, in a theological controversy.

+ Conception of the Virgin Mary. This feast was instituted by Anfelm archbishop of Canterbury, in William the Conqueror's reign, in consequence of a vow made for the safety of William's fleet in a storm, It gave occasion to a greatly-agitated quettion amongst the Romanists, the immaculate conception, which was firit started by Peter Lombard, 1160.

1

Lucy. A Virgin of Syracuse, who lived in the beginning of the fourth century. Having refused the addresses of a noble Sicilian, he accused her to Pafchafius, the heathen judge, of profefling Chriftianity; in confequence of which she was first tortured, and then executed.

O Sapientia. This day is so called from the commencement of an anchem, in the Latin service, which used to be sung in honour of Christ's advent, from this day to Christmas eve,

Silvester, bishop of Rome, succeeded Miltiades in that dignity, A.D. 314. He died A.D. 334; and obtained a place in the Calendar in confequence of his being the author of several rites and ceremonies in the komill church.

D

or the Moveab'e and Immoveable FEASTS; together with the Days

of FASTING or ABSTINENCE throughout the Year.

Rules to know when the Moveable Feasts and Holy-Days begin. E is

after the Full Moon which happens upon or next after the Twentytirst Day of March; and if the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, Ealar-Day is the Sunday after.

Advent-Sunday is always the nearest Sunday to the Feast of St. Andrew, whether before or after. Septuagefima

Nine
Sexascima

Eight
Sunday is

Weeks before EASTER.
Quinquagefima
Quadragelima

Seven

Six Rogatim-Sunday Five Weeks Ascension-day

Forty Days

after EASTER. Whitsunday

Seven Weeks Trinity-Sunday Eight Weeks

A Table of all the Feasts that are to be observed in the Church of

ENGLAND througłout the Year.

ALL SUNDAYS IN THE YEAR.

The Days of the Feasts of

The Circumcision of our Lord

St. Peter the Apostle.
JESUS CHRIST.

St. James the Apostle.
The Epiphany.

St. Bartholomew the Apostle.
The Conversion of St. Paul.

St. Matthew the Apostle.
The Purification of the Blessed

St. Olichael and all Angels.
Virgin.

St. Luke the Evangelist.
St. Mzithias the Apostle.

St. Siinon and St. Jude the
The Annunciation of the Blessed
Virgin.

Apoftles.

All Saints.
St. Mark the Evangelist.

St. Andrew the Apostle.
St. Philip and St. James the

St. Thomas the Apostle.
Apostles.
The Atcenfion of our Lord

The Nativity of our Lord.
JESUS CHRIST.

St. Stephen the Martyr.
St. Barnabas.

St. John the Evangelift.
The Nativity of St. John Bapt.

The Holy Innocents.
Alonday and Tuesday in Easter-week.
Monday and Tuesday in Wřitsun-week.

The Days of the Feasts of

Esiter-day is the Sunday after) A great schism arose, in the early ages of Christianity, between the battern and Weiter churches, respecting the day on which Easter thould be celebrated; the former keeping this tealt on the day whereon the Jews celebrated the Paftover, viz. upon the 14th of their first month Nizan, (which month began at the new 12001 next to the Verna Equinox, on whatever day of the week the 14th might happe: otal; and the laiter keeping their Easter on the Sunday following the Jewith Passover The violence of the oppofite parties obliged Conitantine at length to interfere, who procure. i canon to be passed in the ge eral council of Nice, to this effect :-“That every where the

Of the VIGILS, FASTS, and DAYS of ABSTINENCE,

to be observed in the Year.

[ The Nativity of our Lord.
The Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary,
The Annunciation of the Bletled Virgin.
Easter-day:
Afcenfion-day.

Pentecost.
The Evens or

St. Matinias.

St. Icha Baptif.
Vigils before

St. Peter.
St. James.
St. Bartholomew.
St. Matthew.
St. Siinon and St. Jude.
St. Andrew.

St. Thonas.

(All Saints. Note, That if any of these Feast-days fall upon a Monday, then the Vigil or Fast-day thall be kept upon the Saturday, and not upon the Sunday next before it.

Days of Fasting or Alftinence. 1. The Forty Days of Lent. II . The Ember-Days at the Four The Feast of Pentecost.

The firft Sunday in Lent. Seasons being the Wednesday,

September 14. Friday, and Saturday, after

December 13. III. The Three Rogation-Days, bring the Monday, Tuesday, and

Wednesday before Holy-Thursday, or the Afcention of our Lord. iv. All the Fridays in the Year, except Christmas-Day.

Certain Solemn Days for which particular Services are appointed. L. The Fifth Day of November, || III. The Twenty-ninth Day of

being the Day kept in memory May, being the Day kept in meof the Papifts Conspiracy.

mory of the Birth and Return of

King Charles II. II. The Thirtieth Day of Ya

nuary, being the Day kept in IV. The Twenty-fifth Day of Ocmemory of the Martyrdom of tober, being the Day on which King Charles I.

his Majesty began his happyreign.

great feast of Eafter should be observed on one and the same day; and that, not on the day

the Jewish Passover, but, as had been generally observed, upon the Sunday afterwards.' Explanatory of this general canon, the following rules were establithed :

ift. That the zist day of March thall be accounted the Vernal Equinox. 1926: That the full moon happening upon or next after the 211t day of March Thall be taken for the full moon of Nizan.

34. That the Lord's-Day next following that full moon be Eafter-day. 4th. But if the full moon happen upon a Sunday, Eatter-day thall be the Sunday after.”

A TABLE to find EASTER-DAY from the present Time, till the Year

1899 inclusive, according to the foregoing Calendar.

olunda Di Sunary Aumb. Month, Letter

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'HIS Table contains so much of the Calendar as с C D

find which, look for the Golden Number of the year E

in the first column of the Table, against which F

itands the day of the Pafchal Full Moon; then look G

in the third column for the Sunday-Letter, next A

after the day of the Full Moon, and the day of the B

month itanding against that Sunday-Letter is Eater

Day. If the Full Moon happen upon a Sunday, D

then (according to the first rule) the next Sunday E

after is Eajter-Day. F

To find the Golden Number, or Prime, add one B to the year of our Lord, and then divide by 19; the с

remainder, if any, is the Golden Number; but if no. D thing remaineth, then 19 is the Golden Number.

16 5

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F To find the Dominical or Sunday-Letter, accord-
Ging to the Calendar, until the year 1799 inclu-
A five, add to the year of our Lord its fourth CA
B part, omitting fractions, and also the Number IG
с 1: Divide the sun by 7; and if there is no 2F
D remainder, then A is the Sunday-Letter: But 3 E
E lif any number remaineth, then the Letter 40
F itanding against that number in the small an IC
Gnexed Table, is the Sunday-Letter. 14 в
A
B

For the next Century, that is, from the year 1800 с

till the year 1899 inclusive, add to the current year D

only its fourth part, and then divide by 7, and proE

cecd as in the last rule.
F
G

[Note, That in all Biffextile or Leap-Years, the Letter A

found as above will be the Sunday-Letter from the inB

tercalated day exclusive, to the end of the year. ] с

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 201 21 22 23 24 25

17 6

Golden Number] We have seen in the preceding note, that in order to settle Easterday, it was neceffaty to determine the time of the new and full moons. This was impertectly Jone at the time of establishing the Canons tor regulating Easter; and accordingly the Fathers of the succeeding century directed that the new and full moons should be found out hy the Cycle of the Moon, or a revolution of moons consisting of nineteen years. This cyce, from its utility in setting the moon's age, was called the Golden Number; and tor fome time was written in Calendars in letters of gold. Meton, an Athenian geoma. Strician tirit observed, that at the end of nineteen years the moon returns so as to have her changes on the same day of the Solar year and month whereon they happened nine

teen years before ; and hence this Lunar computation obtained the name of the Metonin Cycle. But still there was detect in it; tor, though at the end of every nineteen years the moon changes on the very fame day of the Solar months, on which it changed nineteen years before ; yet the fact is, what the change occurs nearly an hour and a halt tooner every lucceeding nineteen years than in the preceding Cycle. Hence in the course of years an Jalteration of leveral days had gradually taken place in the time of holding Easter; an error which Pope Gregory Xillth corrected in 1582, when he reformed the Calendar, and brought back the Vernal Equinox to the 21st of March. This retormation was adopted in the English Calendar in 1752, (and called changing style) by the suppression of 11 days between the 3d and 14th of Sept.; and bringing by these means the succeeding Vernal Equinox

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