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Giles, or Egidius, an Athenian by birth; but settling in France, with Cæfarius bishop of Arles, and dedicating himself to a religious life, he obtained the favour of the king, wbo made him abbot of Nismes. He died in the year 795.

+ Eunurchus, or Ævortius, bishop of Orleans in France; to which dignity it is said he was chosen by the miraculous appearance of a dove alighting upon his head, during the time of the election of a bishop of Orleans, and thus manifesting the approbation of Heaven in his favour. He died about the year 380.

I Nativity of the Virgin Mary. The Romish church believes that a concert of angels was heard at the birth of Christ's mother; for which reason they confecrated the day. Pope Innocent IV. appointed an octave to it, and Gregory XI. added a vigil.

|| Holy Crofs. A festival instituted in commemoration of the bringing back to Jerusalem, by the Emperor Heraclius, in the year 615, a great fragment of the holy cross which had been taken thence by Cotrhoes king of Persia, who plundered the holy city. Heraclius pursued and defeated him, and restored the fragment to its place.

Lambert, bishop of Utrecht, in the time of Pepin I. of France; a zealous prelate, who was assassinated by the contrivance of a loote woman, concubine to the king's grandfon, because he had reproved the prince for his connection with her. He was canonized shortly after his murder, but did not obtain the dedication of a day to his memory, till Robert bishop of Leeds procured an order for it, in a general chapter of the Cistertian order, A. D. $240.

9 St. Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, A. D. 248. An African, and heathen, but converted to the faith, which he set his seal to by becoming a martyr in the Decian persecution. It should seem by the Romith Breviary, however, that this day was confecrated to another St. Cyprian, of Antioch, a deacon and martyr. In his death (which was by frying in a pan) he had for his companion one Justina, a beautiful Christian virgin, and the object of his attachment. Unconquered by tortures, they died profelling their religion, A. D. 272.

+ St. Jerome. A celebrated Christian divine, born in Palestine; first monk, and then ordained presbyter, A.D. 378. He is remarkable for having translated all the canonical Scriptures of the Old Testament out of the Hebrew into Latin; all which books the Jews themselves received in his day as canonical. His learning was great, his application and diligence excesive, and his zeal ardcnt. He died A. D. 422, aged 80.


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* Remigius, bishop of Rheims in France. He is esteemed by many the Apostle of that country, having baptized Clovis, the king of that country; who, in the fimplicity of his heart, and ardour of a new convert, exclaimed, on hearing a sermon on the sufferings of Christ: “ If I had been " there with my Franks, it should not have happened.” He died at the advanced age of 96, A. D. 535.

Faith, Virgin and Martyr. Little is known of her, except that the was born at Pais de Gavre in France, and suffered a cruel martyrdom, A. D. 290.

1 St. Denys, or Dionysius the Areopagite, was converted to Christianity by St. Paul, (vide Acts xvï.); one of the judges of the famous Athenian court called the Areopagus, but afterwards bishop of Athens, and a mar. tyr. The French affert he was the first who preached the Gospel in their country, and therefore claim him as their tutelar faint.

| Translation of King Edward the Confeffor. The youngest son of King Ethelred, and succeeded to the English crown in 1042. The title of Confeffor was conferred on him by the Pope, for his agreeing to pay the Roman Pontiff a yearly tribute of acknowledgment, called Rome-Scot, or Peter-Pence. He merited more of his country, however, for collecting and digesting a body of useful laws. At the coronation of the Kings of England, his chair and crown, staff and spurs, are still used.

Etheldreda. Daughter of Anna, king of the East-Angles, and born A.D. 630, at a village in Suffolk. She married Toubert, an East-Anglian earl; and on his death took King Egfrid for her second husband. Upon the death of Toubert, the INe of Ely became her sole property, where the founded a convent, and built the conventual church. After a residence of zwelve years with her last husband, and having no children, the obtained permission to take the veil; which she did at Coldingham abbey, Yorkthire, under Ebba, daughter of King Ethelfred. She died abbess of Ely, June 23d, 679, and her name was afterwards corrupted into that of St. Audrey.

Crispin and Crispianus: martyrs and brothers, born at Rome towards the latter end of the third century. They travelled into France, in order to preach the Gospel, and that they might not be chargeable to their hearers, they worked as fhoemakers, and thus supported themselves. In consequence of this they are considered as the futelar faints of that trade. They were beheaded at Soissons about the year 303.

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xxx. only to verfe 18; and Ecclus. xlvi. only to verse 20.

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Leonard, a Frenchman, bishop of Lemilin. He obtained the enviable privilege from King Clovis, of liberating every prisoner whom lie went to see; and exercised his claim by visiting all those who were confined on account of religion, or any cause which had not involved crime in it. In consequence of this circumstance of his history, he has always been considered as the tutelary faint of prisoners. He died A. D. 500.

+ St. Martin. This Saint's name and history occurred under the month of July. This day is called alto, Martinmas-day, and vulgarly corrupted to Martlemas-day. Brand quotes the following remarks on this feast, from an ancient Romish Calendar in his poffeffion. “ The Mar" tinalia, a genial feast; wines are tasted of, and drawn from the lees. "The Vinalia, a feaft of the ancients removed to this day: Bacchus is " the figure of Martin."

I Britius, or Brice, bishop of Tours; the successor of Martin in that see. Being charged with an intrigue with his laundress, and with sorcery, in having worked a miracle to confute the calumny, he was driven from his bishopric, and remained at Rome for seven years. He was then restored to his dignity, and died in it, A. D. 444. The famous Gregory of Tours, the historian, succeeded him.

Machutus, or Maclovius, bishop of a city in Bretagne, from him called St. Maloes. His name is of great repute with the Roman Catholics, from the number of miracles he is laid to have wrought. He died in the beginning of the sixth century.

Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, was born in Burgundy; but invited into England by Henry II. to preside over a monastery of Carthufian monks, at Witteham in Somersetihirc. The King soon afterwards made him bishop of Lincoln; the cathedral of which place he rebuilt from the foundation. He died Noy. 17th, 1200, of a quartan ague; and his body was carried to the cathedral to be buried, on their shoulders, by John king of England, and William king of Scots, allifted by some of their lords. He was canonized at Rome, A. D. 1220.

Edmund, king of the East-Angles, who being attacked by the Danes, and unable to hold out, offered himself to them for a fiacrifice, if they would spare his subjects. Being in possession of his perfon, the Danes endeavoured to make him renounce his religion; but failing in this, they tortured him cruelly, and shot hiin to death with arrows. He was buried at St. Ędmund's-Bury, which received its name from him.

* Cecilia; a Roman virgin, faint, and martyr. She lived in the year 225, and was cruelly put to death, for refusing to renounce her religion, either by being thrown into boiling water, or shut up in a hot bath for twenty-four hours, and afterwards beheaded.

+ St. Clement, by birth a Roman, and made bishop of Rome (according to the fuffrage of antiquity) by one or both of the Apostles, St. Peter and St. Paul. According to Lardner, he is indisputably author of one of the two excellent epiftles ascribed to him. He sealed his faith by his martyrdom about A.D. 81: being thrown into the sea with a stone round his neck.

1 Catherine; an Alexandrian, converted to Christianity, A.D. 305, and martyred about the year 310, because she refused to sacrifice to idols, and reproved the bloody Emper Maxentius to his face. She was exe. cuted by means of a wheel armed with iron spikes, being rolled over her body. Henceit is that this instrument of torture is her usualaccompaniment.

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