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faith unto the Jews, Behold your king! But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate faith onto them, Shall I crucify your king? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cefar. Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a scull, which is called in the Hebrew, Golgotha: where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Larin. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am the King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every foldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lors for it, whose it shall be: that the Scripture might be fulfilled, which faith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did caft lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. Now there ftood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's filter, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore faw his mother, and the disciple standing by whom he loved, he faith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy fon! Then faith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, faith, I thirit. Now there was fet a vessel full of vinegar; and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyffop, and put it to his mouth. When Jefus therefore had received the vinegar,
I thirf} Thirft always attends on continued torture. But Jefus proclaimed his thirst, with the pious design of fulfilling Pfalm lxix. 21.
he favid; It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the crofs on the fabbath-day, (for that sabbath-day was an high day) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the firit, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his fide, and forthwith came thereout blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he faith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture Mould be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again, another scripture faith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
death of thy blessed Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; so by continual mortifying our corrupt affections, we may be buried with him; and that through the grave and gate of death, we may pass to our joyful resurrection, for his merits, who died, and was buried, and rose again for us, thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen,
And water] Both the water in the pericardium, and the thin ferum. It is said that a great quantity of serum is always found in the thorax of persons who die of torture.
The Collect] This prayer for a joyful resurrection was composed at the last review 1662. Before that time no collect was appointed for the day. The introitus was pfalm lxxxviii. This holy-day was kept in the early church with the utmost folemnity; watchings, prayers, and illuminacions, both in the church and private houses.- Eufeb. Vit. Constant. This display of lighted torches was emblematical of Christ, the “ Sun of righteousness," who at this time was about to rise from the dead. The vigil, or watching, continued in the Eastern churches till the cock-crowing; the night being confumed in acts of devotion, and in baptizing the pofitiates,
The Epistle. Peter iii. 17. T is better, if the will of God be fo, that ye suffer for
well-doing, than for evil-doing. For Christ also hach once suffered for fins, the just for the unjust, (that he might bring us to God) being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: by which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison; which some time were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing; wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water. The like figure whereunto even Baptism doth also now save us, (not the putting away the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the refurre&tion of Jesus Christ, who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels, and authorities, and powers being made subject unto him.
The Gospel. St. Matt. xxvii. 57.
of Arimathea, named Jofeph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: he went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilare commanded the body to be delivered. And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchrc, and departed. And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, fitting over against the sepulchre. Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver faid, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the fepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. Pilate faid unto them, Ye have a watch, go your way, make it as sure as ye can. So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
us, &c.] tbefe Anthems fball be sung or said. YHRIST our paffover is facrificed for us: therefore
let us keep the feaft; not with the old leaven, bor with the leaven of malice and wickednefs; bot with the unleavened bread of fincerity and truth. 1 Cor. 1.7.
HRIST being raised from the dead, dieth no more;
death hath no more dominion over him. For in that he died, he died unto fin once: but in that he liveth, he liveth unto God. Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto fin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. Rom. vi. 9. THRIST is risen from the dead, and become the first
fruits of them that flept. For fince by man came death; by man came also the refarrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die: even fo in Christ Quall all be made alive. I Cor. xv. 20.
Glory be to the Father, &c. As it was in the beginning, &c. Easler-day] This is the highest of all feasts, says Epiphanius; and was obferved as such from the earliest ages of Christianity; commanded to be to, according to St. Augustine, either by the apostles, or the first general councils. The English name of it is derived from the Saxon after, a word ugnifying “to rile." In the primitive ages the Christians were ac customed on this festival to use the following falutation to each other on meeting in the morning, “ Christ is risen.” The reply to this was either, “Christ is risen, indeed;" or thus, “And hath appeared unto Simon." It is faid this practice is still retained in the Greek church. In reference probably to this custom, our church changes her usual invitatory psalm, * O come, let us fing,” &c. and appoints a series of sentences from scripture in licu thereof, which are all allulive to the glorious everre of Chrift's resurrection from the grave. The first of thefe fentences was added at the review 1062; the second, (which was the first in Edward the Vltb's prayer-book) was concluded with two hallelujahs; and the next vith one After which was inserted as follows:
The Priest. Shew forth to all nations the glory of God:
Let us pray. O God, who for our redemption didit give thine only-begotten Son to the death of the cross; and by his glorious resurrection haft delivered us from the power of our enemy; grant us fo to die daily from fin, that we may evermore live with him in the joy of his resurrection, through the fams Christ our Lord. Amen.
Jesus Christ hast overcome death, and opened unto us the gate of everlasting life; We humbly befeech thee, that as by thy special grace preventing us, thou dost put into our minds good desires; so by thy continual help we may bring the same to good effect, through Jesus Christ our Lord; who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end. Amen.
The Epistle. Coloff. iii. 1. then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ fitteth on the right hand of God. Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth: For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness which is idolatry: For which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobedience: In the which ye also walked some time, when
The Gospel. St. John xx. 1. "HE first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene
early, when it was yet dark, unto the supulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the fepulchre. Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and faith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the fepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. So they ran both together; and the other dif
The Collec?] This prayer for grace to will, and power to do good, is composed from a form in the Sacramentarium of Gregory; and another in the Gallic. Lit. Mabil. P: 336. The introitus at the first communion, in Edward's book, at which this collect was used, was psalm xvi. At the second communion, (at which the colle&t for the first Sunday after Easter was used) the introitus was the ijid pfalm: and the epistle and gospel, 1 Cor. v. 6, to verse 9; and Mark xvi. to verse 9.