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10 Wherefore do the heathen say: Where is now their God?
11 O let the vengeance of thy servants' blood that is shed: be openly shewed upon the heathen in our sight.
12 O let the sorrowful fighing of the prisoners come before thee: according to the greatnefs of thy power, preferve thou those that are appointed to die.
13 And for the blasphemy wherewith our neighbours have blafphemed thee : reward thou them, O Lord, sevenfold into their bofom.
14 So we, that are thy people, and sheep of thy pasture, shall give thee thanks for ever: and will alway be lhewing forth thy praise from generation to generation.
Psalın lxxx. Qui regis Ifrael.
Joseph like a sheep : shew thyself also, thou that fittest upon the Cherubims.
2 Before Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses : stir up thy strength, and come, and help us.
3 Turn us again, God: thew the light of thy countenance, and we shall be whole.
4 O Lord God of Hosts: how long wilt thou be angry with thy people that prayeth?
5 Thou feedest them with the bread of tears: and givest them plenteousness of tears to drink.
10 Heathen fay] If thou doft not interpofe for our relief, the idolatrous nations will declare that our God is not able to defend us, and thus they will reproach and blaspheme thee. Be thou therefore pleased to shew thy power in relieving us and avenging our cause, that thy enemies may know thee by the juftice of their punishment, and the might of thy hand.
Psalm lxxx. This is a complaint of the troubles of God's church and people, probably in time of captivity; or it is a prediction of it, and a prayer for deliverance.
I] We cannot avoid remarking here that he who leadeth Joseph like a flock, is he also that fitteth between the cherubim.
2 Before Ephraim] These tribes are particularly mentioned perhaps, because they immediately followed the ark and cherubim, the symbols of the divine presence. Numb. xi. 18.
3 Turn us] Restore us again. 4 Prayeth) “He may cover himself with a cloud, that their prayers wld not pass through." Lam. iii. 44.
6 Thon haft made us a very ftrife unto our neighbours : and our enemies laugh us to fcorn.
7 Turn us again, thou God of hosts : shew the light of thy countenance, and we shall be whole.
8 Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it;
9 Thou madeft room for it: and when it had taken root, it filled the land.
10 The hills were covered with the shadow of it: and and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedar-trees.
11 She stretched out her branches unto the sea : and her boughs unto the river.
12 Why halt thou then broken down her hedge: that all they that go by pluck off her grapes ?
13 The wild boar out of the wood doth root ic up: and the wild beasts of the field devour it.
14 Turn thee again, thou God of hosts, look down from heaven: behold, and visit this vine;
15 And the place of the vineyard that thy right hand hath planted : and the branch that thou madeft fo ftrong
16 It is burnt with fire, and cut down : and they fhall perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
17 Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand : and upon the son of man, whom thou madest fo stroog for thine own self.
18 And so will not we go back from thee: O let us live, and we fhall call upon ihy Name.
19 Turn us again, O Lord God of hosts : fhew the light of thy countenance, and we shall be whole.
Psalm 1xxxi. Exultate Deo. we merrily unto God our strength : make a cheerful noise unto the God of Jacob. 2 Take the pfalm, bring hither the tabret : the merry harp with the lute.
7] This is the choral part of this hymn, which hence feems to have been performed as a service.
Psalm lxxxi.] This psalm is a folemn invitation to all to fing praises to God for his great deliverances and mercies to his people, whole lins only turn away his favour, and occasion their misery.
3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon: even in the time appointed, and upon our solemn feast-day.
4 For this was made a statute for Israel : and a law of the God of Jacob.
5. This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony: when he came out of the land of Egypt, and had heard a strange language.
6 1 eased his shoulder from the burden: and his hands were delivered from making the pots.
7 Thou calledít upon me in troubles, and I delivered thee: and heard thee what time as the storm fell upon thee.
8 I proved thee also: at the waters of strife.
9 Hear, O my people, and I will assure thee, O Israel : if thou wilt hearken unto me,
10 There thall no strange god be in thee : neither shalt thou worship any other god.
n I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I lbal fill it.
12 But my people would not hear my voice: and Israel would not obey me. 13 So I gave chem
up unto their own heart's lust: and let them follow their own imaginations.
14 () that my people would have hearkened unto me: for if Israel had walked in my ways,
15 I should soon have put down their enemies : and turned my hand against their adversaries.
16 The haters of the Lord should have been found liars : but their time should have endured for ever.
17 He should have fed them also with the finest wheat flour : and with honey out of the stony rock lould I have fatisfied thee.
6 Pots] “ The Egyptians made their lives bitter with hard bondage in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field.” Exod. l. 14. Their occupation consisted chiefly in making bricks for building.
16 Their time] Their is emphatical; the time of my people.
Judge among gods. 2 How long will ye give wrong judgment: and accept the persons of the ungodly?
3 Defend the poor and fatherless : see that such as are in need and necessity have right.
4 Deliver the out-cast and poor : save them from the hand of the uogodly.
5 They will not be learned, nor understand, but walk on still in darkness : all the foundations of the earth are out of course.
6 I have said, Ye are gods : and ye are all the children of the most Highest.
7 But ye shall die like men: and fall like one of the princes.
8 Arise, O God, and judge thou the earth : for thou fhalt take all heathen to thine inheritance.
Psalm lxxxiii. Deus, quis fimilis ?
refrain not thyself, O God. 2 For lo, thine enemies make a murmuring: and they that hate thee, have lift up their head. .
3 They have imagined craftily against thy people : and taken counsel against thy secret ones.
Psalm lxxxii.] This psalm is an admonition to observe justice, and an upbraiding iavective against the injustice of earthly tribunals, with an appeal unto God, the supreme and most just judge. 1 Accept] Favour any uprighteous person or cause. 6 Gods] Their power is derived from the God of heaven, but this does not exempt them from the common fate of all men, nor from the necessity of giving an account of their actions.
Psalm Ixxxiii.] This is the laft of the psalms composed by Asaph. It is a complaint addressed to God against the enemies of his people the Jews, and a prediction of God's fevere punishments that should be inflicted upon them. It is uncertain to what times it refers, but probably to those of the captivity under the Allyrians.
3 Secret ones] Secret ones signify either the people of Israel, or the fanctuary or temple of God, which in the Aflyrian invafion, if this be an allusion to it, was greatly injured.
4 They have said, Come, and let us root them out, that they be no more a people : and that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
5 For they have cast their heads together with one consent: and are confederate against thee;
6 The tabernacles of the Edomites, and the Ismaelites: the Moabites, and Hagarens;
7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek : the Philistines, with them that dwell at Tyre.
8 Affur also is joined with them : and have holpen the children of Lot.
9 Bur do thou to them as unto the Madianites : unto Sisera, and unto Jabin at the brook of Kison ;
10 Who perished at Endor: and became as the dung of the earth.
11 Make them and their princes like Oreb and Zeb: yea, make all their princes like as Zeba and Salmana ;
12 Who say, Let us take to ourselves: the houses of God in possession.
13 O my God, make them like unto a wheel :' and as the stubble before the wind;
14 Like as the fire that burneih up the wood : and as the flame that consumeth the mountains.
15 Persecute them even lo with thy tempeft: and make them afraid with thy storm.
16 Make their faces ashamed, O Lord : that they may seek thy Name.
17 Let them be confounded and vexed ever more and more : let them be put to shame, and perish.
8 Allur] The Assyrian. The children of Lot were the Moabites and Ammonites.
13 Like unto a wheel] Make them as the chaff when corn is broken with the wheel, Isaiah xxviii. 28, “ Corn is bruised, because he will not ever be threshing it, nor breaking it with the wheel of his cart.”
14 Like as the fire) At the conclusion of a threshing, the chaff is set on fire and is all consumed, left upon the change of the wind it should be blown back again upon the corn. I know not whether the flame that consumeth the mountains may be explained by a cufton), which is not per haps peculiar to the Africans, of burning the dry plants left in the beds of torrents on the mountains, in order to drive the wild beasts from their shelter. It is the last herbage in the country, the laft remains of moisture being retained in these excavations. Bruce describes the scene which such a practice produces, from personal observation.