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Psalm 1. Deus deorum.
HE Lord, even the most mighty God hath spoken:

and called the world, from the rising up of the fup, unto the going down thereof.

2. Out of Sion hath God appeared : in perfeet beauty.

3 Our God thall come, and shall not keep filence: there fhall go before him a consuming fire, and a mighty tempest shall be stirred up round about him.

4 He shall call the heaven from above: and the earth, that he may judge his people.

5 Gather my faints together unto me: those that have made a covenant with me with sacrifice.

6 And the heaven shall declare his righteousness: for God is Judge himself.

7 Hear, O my people, and I will speak : I myself will testify against thee, O Israel; for I am God, even thy God.

8 I will not reprove thee, because of thy facrifices, or for thy burnt-offerings : because they were not alway before me. 9

I will take no bullock out of thine boufe: nor hegoat out of thy folds.

10 For all the beasts of the forest are mine : and so are the cattle upon a thousand hills.

u I know all the fowls upon the mountains : and the wild beasts of the field are in my light,

12 If I be hungry, I will not tell thee: for the whole world is mine, and all that is therein.

13. Thinkelt thou, that I will eat bulls' flela : and drink the blood of goats?

Psalm l.] The design of this pfalm is to shew that God has no pleasure in sacrifices, or the external rites of religion, but prefers a fincere and unaffe&ted piety, and the praifes offered up to him by a grateful heart, and these accompanied by the practice of justice and other virtues.

4]. The Almighty assembles the whole world by á falemn decree ta hear him judge his people: the dread tribunal is in Sion: the majefty of the approach of the Deity is expressed by imagery taken from his defcent on Mount Sinai. Heaven and earth are called upon as witnesses of the justice of God, and at last the Deity himself is introduced as pronouncing che sentence.-Lowth.

14 Offer unto God thanksgiving : and pay thy vows unto the most Highest;

15 And call upon me in the time of trouble: so will I hear thee, and thou shalt praise me.

16 But unto the ungodly said God: why dost thou preach my laws, and takest my covenant in thy mouth;

17. Whereas thou hatest to be reformed : and haft cast my words behind thee?

18 When thou sawelt a thief, thou consentedst unto him : and haft been partaker with the adulterers.

19. Thou haft let thy mouth speak wickedness: and with thy tongue thou hast set forth deceit.

20 Thou satest, and spakelt against thy brother : yea, and halt slandered thine own mother's son.

21 These things halt thou done, and I held my tongue: and thou thoughtest wickedly, that I am even such a one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set before thee the things that thou hast done.

22 O consider this, ye that forget God: lest I pluck you away, and there be none to deliver you.

23 Whoso offereth me thanks and praise, he honoureth me: and to him that ordereth his conversation right, will I thew the salvation of God.

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Psalm li. Miferere mei, Deus.
AVE mercy upon me, O God, after thy great good.

ness: according to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences.

2 Wash me throughly from my wickedness : and cleanse me from my fin.

3 For I acknowledge my faults : and my fin is ever before me.

4 Against thee only have I sinned, and done this evil in thy light: that thou mightest be justified in thy saying, and clear when thou art judged.

Pfalm li.) The occasion of this psalm is well known. It is a perfect nodel of penitential devotion.

4] So that thou shalt be justified in thy doings, and overcome when thou contendelt in a suit against me. I have nothing to plead in my defence.

5 Behold, I was shapen in wickedness: and in fin hath my mother conceived me.

6 But lo, thou requirest truth in the inward parts: and shalt make me to understand wisdom secretly.

7 Thou shalt purge me with hyffop, and I shall be clean: thou shalt wash me, and I fall be whiter than snow.

8 Thou shalt make me hear of joy and gladness: that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice.

9 Turn thy face from my sins: and put out all my misdeeds.

10 Make me a clean heart, O God: and renew a right spirit within me.

ni Caft me not away from thy presence: and take not thy holy Spirit from me.

12 O give me the comfort of thy help again: and Atablish me with thy free Spirit.

13 Then shall I teach thy ways unto the wicked : and finners shall be converted unto thee.

14 Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, thou that art the God of my health : and my tongue shall fing of thy righteousnefs.

15 Thou lhalt open my lips, O Lord: and my mouth fhali shew thy praise.

16 For thou desirest no sacrifice, else would I give it thee: but thou delightest not in burnt-offerings.

17 The sacrifice of God is a troubled spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, shalt thou not despise.

18 O be favourable and gracious unto Sion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.

19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the facrifice of righteousness, with the burnt-offerings and oblations: then shall they offer young

thine altar. Psalm lii. Quid gloriaris? HY boastest thou thyself, thou tyrant: that thou

canft do mischief; 2] The unclean person was sprinkled with a bunch of hyffop dipped in the water of separation. Numb. xix.

14] He here fupplicates as if he saw the murdered Uriah coming upon him for vengeance.

bullocks upon


2 Whereas the goodness of God: endureth yet daily?

3 Thy tongue imagineth wickedness: and with lies thou cutteft like a sharp razor.

4 Thou hast loved unrighteousness more than goodness: and to talk of lies more than righteousness.

5 Thou hast loved to speak all words that may do hurt: 0 thou false tongue.

6 Therefore thall God destroy thee for ever : he shall take thee, and pluck thee out of thy dwelling, and root thee out of the land of the living.

7 The righteous also shall see this, and fear : and shall laugh him to scorn.

8 Lo, this is the man that took not God for his strength: but trusted unto the multitude of his riches, and strengthened himself in his wickedness.

9 As for me, I am like a green olive-tree in the house of God: my trust is in the tender mercy of God for ever and ever.

10 I will always give thanks unto thee for that thou hast done: and I will hope in thy Name, for thy saints like it well.



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Psalm liii. Dixit insipiens.
HE foolish body hath said in his heart: There is no

God. 2 Corrupt are they, and become abominable in their wickednels : there is none that doeth good.

Psalm lii.] The occasion of this psalm was the cruel malice of Doeg the Edomite, who accused and slew Abimelech the high priest with all his family, and destroyed the city of the priests, for no other reason than that he had shewed respect and kindness to David. 1 Sam. xxii.

1) The pfalmift thought it strange that any man should value himself for being able to do mischief, when God esteemed it his glory to do good. Norris. 3) Thy tongue, like a sharp instrument, cuts before one is aware of it. 10] " For it is good before thy faints.” Bib. trans. It looks well before the friends of God to see me prailing him, and putting my trust in him.

Psalm liü.] This psalm does not differ much from the xivth, first composed by David on occasion of the general revolt in Absalom's rebellion. 1; is accommodated to some other event, perhaps the first captivity,

3 God looked down from heaven upon the children of men: to see if there were any that would understand, and seek after God.

4 Buc they are all gone out of the way, they are altogether become abominable: there is also none that doeth good, do not one.

5 Are not they without understanding, that work wick. edness: eating up my people as if they would eat bread? they have not called upon God.

6. They were afraid where no fear was : for God hath broken the bones of him that besieged thee; thou haft

put them to confusion, because God hath despised them. 7 Oh, that the falvation were given unto Israel out of Sion : Oh, that the Lord would deliver his people out of captivity!

8 Then should Jacob rejoice: and Israel thould be right glad:

Psalm liv. Deus, in Nomine. AVE me, O God, for thy Name's fake: and avenge

me in thy strength. z Hear my prayer, O God : and hearken unto the words of my mouth.

3 For strangers are risen up against me: and tyrants, which have not God before their eyes, seek after my foul.

4 Behold, God is my helper : the Lord is with them that uphold my soul.

5 He shall reward evil unto mine enemies : destroy thou them in thy truth.

6 An offering of a free heart will I give thee, and praise thy Name, O Lord : because it is fo comfortable. 7 For he hath delivered me out of all my trouble: and

bath seen his desire upon mine enemies.


mine eye

Psalm liv.] David, as it is fuppofed, when betrayed by the Ziphites, and furrounded by Saul, preferreth his prayer to God, and expreffes his ahurance of the divine favour, and the destruction of his enemies. Being delivered from his danger, he blesseth and praiseth God. 1 Sam. XXÜï.

s] Bring them in thy just judgment to utter destruction. 61 “ For it is good." Bib. trans.

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