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the book with the accustomed duty to the Priest and Clerk. And the Priest, taking the Ring, shall deliver it unto the Man, to put it upon the fourth finger of the Woman's left hand. And the Man holding the Ring there, and taught by the Prics, shall say, TITH this Ring I thee wed, with my body I thee

worship, and with all my worldly goods I thee endow: In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, an of the Holy Ghost. Amen.


Then the Man leaving the Ring upon the fourth finger of the Woman's left hand, they shall both kneel down, and the Minister shall say,

Let us pray:

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Eternal God, Creator and Preserver of all man.

kind, Giver of all spiritual grace, the Author of everlasting life; Send thy blessing upon these thy fervants, this man and this woman, whom we bless in thy Name;

Romans, and from them to the ancient Christians. The giving and receive ing of a ring was an ancient ceremony uf:d by the Romans at their efpuals, and adopted from them by the Christians, as highly emblematical. Selden Uxor. Heb. lib. ii. c. 14. ch. 2.5. P. 253.

It was made of geld to fignify the purity of the attachment. It was made round, the emblem of eternity) to point out the diration of conjugal love. In the old Romih ceremony the priest enquired whether the ring had been blessed, if not, he read a prayer, and blessed and crossed it.

Fourth finger, &c.] The Salisbury Manual gives a curious reason for preferring this finger;“ quia in medico est quxdam vena procedens usque au cor;” because, as medical men lày, there is a vein goes thence quite to the heart an opinion which was fanctioned by many great names in forEier times.

I thee well] After these words in Edw. Vith's fir7 book came the following, (adopted from the Sal. Manual

, where this declaration is in English) « this gold and silver I give thee;" on repeating which it was cultomary to give the woman a purse of money, as livery and seizen of the husband's estate. These words however were omitted in Edw. Vith's fecond book; and the custom appendant thereon was discontinued.

Worship! That is, honour ; or admit you to a participation of all the honours which are belonging to me, or due to my person. The Jews ana ciently used the same phraie,“ Be unto me a wite, and I according to the word of God will worship, honour, &c.”—Godwin's Jew. Customs.

Then the man] From this rubric to the end of the blering the service is exactly the same as in Edward Vith's first book. The blessing is adopted from the Salisbury Alanual.

that as Isaac and Rebecca lived faithfully together, so these persons may surely perform and keep the vow and covenant betwixt them made, (whereof this Ring given and received is a token and pledge;) and may ever remain in perfect love and peace together, and live according to thy laws; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Then shall the Priest join their right hands together,

and fuy,

Those whom God hath joined together, let no man

put asunder.


( Then shall the Minister speak unto the People. "Orasmuch as M. and N. have consented together in

holy wedlock, and have witnessed the same before God and this company, and thereto have given and pledged their troth either to other, and have declared the fame by giving and receiving of a Ring, and by joining of hands ; I pronounce that they be Man and Wife together, In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft. Amen.

And the Minister shall add this Blessing.
OD the Father, God the Son, God the Holy

Ghost, bless, preserve, and keep you; the Lord mercifully with his favour look upon you; and so fill you with all spiritual benediction and grace, that ye may so live together in this life, that in the world to come ye may have life everlasting. Amen. Then the Minister or Clerks going to the Lord's Table,

shall say or sing this Psalm following.
Beati omnes.

Psalm 128.
LESSED are all they that fear the Lord : and walk


in his ways.

Ifaac and Rebecca] After these words in Edw. VIth's first book, the following were inserted, “ after bracelets and jewels of gold given the one to the other, for tokens of their matrimony.” They were omitted in his second book.

Then the Minister, &c.] In Edward VIth's first book, the rubric is as follows: “ Then shall they go into the quire, and the ministers or clerks

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· For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: O well is thee, and happy shalt thou be.

Thy wife shall be as the fruitful vine : upon the walls of thine house.

Thy children like the olive-branches : round about thy table.

Lo, thus shall the man be blefsed: that feareth the Lord.

The Lord from out of Sion shall so bless thee: that thou shalt see Jerusalem in prosperity all thy life long ;

Yea, that thou shalt see thy children's children ; and peace upon Israel. ,

Glory be to the Father, &c.
As it was in the beginning, &c.

Or this Psalm.
Psalm 67. Deus mifereatur.
OD be merciful unto us, and bless us: and shew us

the light of his countenance, and be merciful unto us. That thy way may be known upon earth: thy saving health among ail nations.

Let the people praise thee, O God: yea, let all the people praise thee.

O let the nations rejoice and be glad : for thou shalt judge the folk righteously, and govern the nations upon earth.

Let the people praise thee, O God: yea, let all the people praise thee.

Then shall the earth bring forth her increase: and God, even our own God, shall give us his blessing. fhall sing this pfalm following.” In the Salisbury Manual the rubric is, " that they shall enter the church and go to the foot of the altar, the spriest with the clerks, &c.” for in the Popilh times, it was customary for the couple who were to enter the holy Itate, to be placed at the church dnr, where the prieft joined their hands, and performed all this previous part of the matrimonial office. Selden's Uxor. Hebraic. L. V. c. 270 p. 203. The service from the above rubric to the end of the prayer "O God of Abraham,” was adopted at the Reformation from the Salifbury Manual ; and a passage in that prayer was continued in Edward Vith's first book, as follows : “ And as thou didst send thy angel Raphael to Thobie and Sarah the daughter of Raguel, to their great comfort, &c. At the review, 1551, this form of words was expunged, and the present adopted in its room.

God shall bless us : and all the ends of the world thall fear him.

Glory be to the Father, &c.
As it was in the beginning, &c:

The Psalm ended, and the Man and the Woman kneeling
before the Lord's Table, the Priest standing at the Table,
and turning his Face towards them, shall say,
Lord, have mercy upon us.
Anfo. Chrift, have mercy upon us.
Minist. Lord, have mercy upon us.
UR Father, which art in Heaven, Hallowed be

thy . Thy
done in Earth, as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our
daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we for-
give them that trespass against us. And lead us not into
temptation ; But deliver us from evil. Amen.

Alinit. O Lord, save thy servant, and thy hand-maid;
Anfo. Who put their trust in thee.
Minist. O Lord, send them help from thy holy place;
Anfw. And evermore defend them.
Minift. Be unto them a tower of strength,
Answ. From the face of their enemy.
Minist. O Lord, hear our prayer ;
Answ. And let our cry come unto thee.

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GOD of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacoba

bless these thy servants, and fow the sced of eternal life in their hearts; that whatsoever in thy holy Word they thall profitably learn, they may in deed fulfil the fame. Look, O Lord, mercifully upon them from heaven, and bless them. And as thou didst send thy blefling upon Abraham and Sarah, to their great comtort ; lo vouchsafe to send thy blessing upon these thy

that they obeying thy will, and alway being in


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safety under thy protection, may abide in thy love unto their lives' end, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. This Prayer next following shall be omitted, where the

Woman is past child-bearing.
Merciful Lord, and heavenly Father, by whose

gracious gift mankind is increaled ; We beseech thee, assist with thy blessing these two persons; that they may both be fruitful in the procreation of children, and also live together so long in godly love and honesty, that they may see their children christianly and virtuously brought up, to thy praise and honour, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. O GOD, who by thy mighty power haft made all

things of nothing; who also (after other things set in order) didst appoint, that out of man (created after thine own image and fimilitude) woman should take her beginning ; and knitting them together, didit teach that it should never be lawful to put asunder those whom thou by Matrimony hadft made one : 0 God, who hast confecrated the state of Matrimony to such an excellent mys. tery, that in it is fignified and represented the spiritual marriage and unity betwixt Christ and his Church; Look mercifully upon these thy servants, that both this man may love his wife, according to thy Word, (as Christ did love his spouse the Church, who gave himself for it, loving and cherishing it even as his own flesh ;) and also that this Woman may be loving and amiable, faithful, and obedient to her husband; and in all quietness, fobriety, and peace, he a follower of holy and godly

O Lord, bless them both, and grant them to inherit thy everlasting kingdom, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.


Love and honesty] Till the last review the concluding paragraph was as follows: " that they may see their children's children, unto the third and fourth generation to thy praise and honour, &c.

Her hupand] In all the old prayer-books, till the last review, the fol. lowing words came in after “ husband,” as Rachael wise, as Rebecca taithful, and obedient as Sarah.”

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