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132

SPEECH ON CONCILIATION, &c.

“ of admiralty, or vice-admiralty, authorized by “ the 15th chapter of the 4th of George III, in “such a manner, as to make the same more “ commodious to those who sue, or are sued, in “ the said courts; and to provide for the more decent maintenance of the judges of the same.

A

L ET TER

FROM

MR. BURKE,

TO

JOHN FARR AND JOHN HARRIS, ESQrs.

SHERIFFS OF THE CITY OF BRISTOL;

ON THE

AFFAIRS OF AMERICA.

1777.

A LETTER,

8c.

GENTLEMEN,

I HAVE the honour of sending you

the two last

acts which have been passed with regard to the troubles in America. These acts are similar to all the rest which have been made on the same subject. They operate by the same principle; and they are derived from the very same policy. I think they complete the number of that sort of statutes to nine. It affords no matter for very pleasing reflection to observe, that our subjects diminish, as our laws increase.

If I have the misfortune of differing with some of my fellow-citizens on this great and arduous subject, it is no small consolation to me that I do not differ from you. With you I am perfectly united. We are heartily agreed in our detestation of a civil war. We have ever expressed the most unqualified disapprobation of all the steps which have led to it, and of all those which tend to prolong it. And I have no doubt that we feel exactly the same emotions of grief and shame on all its miserable consequences; whether they

K 4

appear,

appear, on the one side or the other, in the shape of victories or defeats, of captures made from the English on the continent, or from the English in these islands; of legislative regulations which subvert the liberties of our brethren, or which undermine our own.

Of the first of these statutes (that for the letter of marque) I shall say little. Exceptionable as it may be, and as I think it is in some particulars, it seems the natural, perhaps necessary result of the measures we have taken, and the situation we are in. The other (for a partial suspension of the Habeas Corpus) appears to be of a much deeper malignity. During its progress through the house of commons, it has been amended, so as to express, more distinctly than at first it did, the avowed sentiments of those who framed it: and the main ground of my exception to it is, because it does express, and does carry into execution, purposes which appear to me so contradictory to all the principles, not only of the constitutional policy of Great Britain, but even of that species of hostile justice, which no asperity of war wholly extinguishes in the minds of a civilized people.

It seems to have in view two capital objects; the first, to enable administration to confine, as long as it shall think proper, those whom that act is pleased to qualify by the name of pirates. Those so qualified I understand to be the commanders

and

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