## Elements of Arithmetic, Algebra, and GeometryAdam Black and William Tait, 1826 |

### From inside the book

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**guinea**5 X 21 105 21 3 of a pound . 7x20-140-28-4 Ex . 2. Reduce of half a**guinea**to the fraction of a crown . Here the fraction must evidently be multiplied by 21 , and divided by 10 , because 21 sixpences makes half a**guinea**, and ten ... Page 29

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**guinea**, 3s . 4d . = 81 half - pence ; and 1**guinea**= 504 half - pence ; hence , 3s . 4 d . = 27 9 81 504 168 56 - = of a**guinea**. 50. The converse of this problem is also easily managed , viz . given a fraction to find its value . Thus ... Page 30

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**guinea**, and 3 of a shilling . X 20 100 £ £ 0 12 6 8 8 8 8 X 21 169 G. - 0 18 8 9 ( No. 50. ) s . 3 = 3 X 12 36 009 £ 1 11 11 The preceding example might be solved , by reducing the given fractions to others of the same kind , for 30 ... Page 31

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**guinea**3 4 X 20 80 3 - = of a £ , and of a shil- 8 X 21 168 42 14 = 9 X 20 180 45 15 ling = 3 of a £ ( No. 48. ) Hence + G. + Sh . 8 4 8 = + £ £ 14 + £ 3 150 224 15 80 240 240 + + 9 150 + 224 +9 383 240 240 240 : £ 1 , 11s . 11d . as ... Page 32

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**guinea**. 7 £ = 11s . 8d . G. = 7s . 10 d . } ( No. 50. ) 3s . 9d . This example may be done in a way similar to that in which the last example of addition is solved . Hence £ -G . 2 = £ ; 3 X 21 63 of a**guinea**- of a ( No. 48. ) 8 X 20 ...### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

algebraic quantities angle ABC angle ACB angle BAC angle CAB angle EBA annex Arithmetic binomial Binomial Theorem bisected Book centre ciphers circumference coefficient consequently continued fraction cube root denominator diameter difference divided dividend divisor drawn equation example expressed exterior angle figure find the values fore fourth given circle given number greater greatest common measure guinea Hence improper fraction join least common multiple less manner merator minuend multiplied number of terms opposite angles parallel parallelogram perpendicular preceding prefixed PROP Q. E. D. Cor quotient ratio Reduce remaining angle Required the sum right angles rule Scholium sides square root straight line subtracted subtrahend surd tangent THEOREM third Transp triangle ABC units unity unknown quantity vulgar fraction Wherefore whole angle whole number

### Popular passages

Page 174 - Similar triangles are to one another in the duplicate ratio of their homologous sides.

Page 132 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 172 - But by the hypothesis, it is less than a right angle ; which is absurd. Therefore the angles ABC, DEF are not unequal, that is, they are equal : And the angle at A is equal to the angle at D ; wherefore...

Page 171 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 129 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the other, each to each, but the base of the one greater than the base of the other ; the angle also contained by the sides of that which has the greater base, shall be greater than the angle contained by the sides equal to them of the other.

Page 171 - C to the remaining angle at F. For, if the angles ABC, DEF be not equal, one of them is greater than the other : Let ABC be the greater, and at the point B, in the straight line AB, make the angle ABG equal to the angle (23.

Page 164 - If from a point without a circle there be drawn two straight lines, one of which cuts the circle, and the other meets it, and if the rectangle contained by the whole line which cuts the circle, and the part of it without the circle, be equal to the square on GEOMETRY.

Page 142 - EK, because EH is less than EK ; therefore the square of BH is greater than the square of FK, and the straight line BH greater than FK, and therefore BC is greater than FG.

Page 109 - When any number of quantities are proportionals, as one antecedent is to its consequent, so is the sum of all the antecedents to the sum of all the consequents.

Page 148 - From this it is manifest, that if one angle of a triangle be equal to the other two, it is a right angle, because the angle adjacent to it is equal to the same two ; and when the adjacent angles are equal, they ate right angles.