Medieval and Modern Times: An Introduction to the History of Western Europe from the Dissolution of the Roman Empire to the Opening of the Great War of 1914

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Ginn, 1918 - Europe - 777 pages
 

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Contents

The Hundred YearsWar
132
Popes and Emperors 28 Origin of the Holy Roman Empire
144
The Church and its Property
146
Powers claimed by the Popes
152
Gregory VII and Emperor Henry IV
153
The Hohenstaufen Emperors and the Popes
158
The Crusades
161
Origin of the Crusades
166
The First Crusade
170
The Religious Orders of the Hospitalers and Templars
174
The Second and Later Crusades
176
Chief Results of the Crusades
178
The Medieval Church at its Height 38 Organization and Powers of the Church
181
The Heretics and the Inquisition
187
The Franciscans and Dominicans
190
Church and State
195
Medieval Towns their Business and Buildings 42 The Towns and Guilds
203
Business in the Later Middle Ages
208
Gothic Architecture
215
The Italian Cities of the Renaissance
222
Early Geographical Discoveries
232
Books and Science in the Middle Ages 47 How the Modern Languages Originated
239
The Troubadours and Chivalry
244
Medieval Science
247
Medieval Universities and Studies
250
Beginnings of Modern Inventions
255
The Art of the Renaissance
264
Emperor Charles V and his Vast Realms 53 Emperor Maximilian and the Hapsburg Marriages
268
How Italy became the Battleground of the European Powers
274
Condition of Germany when Charles V became Emperor
280
Erasmus
284
How Martin Luther revolted against the Papacy
288
The Diet at Worms 15201521
299
The Revolt against the Papacy begins in Germany
302
Division of Germany into Catholic and Protestant Countries
306
The Protestant Revolt in Switzerland ami England 61 Zwingli and Calvin
311
How England fell away from the Papacy
314
England becomes Protestant
320
The Wars of Religion 64 The Council of Trent the Jesuits
325
Philip II and the Revolt of the Netherlands
331
The Huguenot Wars in France
337
England under Queen Elizabeth
345
The Thirty Years War
352
The Beginnings of our Scientific Age
358
Struggle in England between King and Par liament 70 James I and the Divine Right of Kings
365
Louis XIV and his Protestant Subjects
396
War of the Spanish Succession
398
Rise of Russia and Prussia Austria 81 Beginnings of Russia
402
Peter the Great
404
CHAPTER PAGE
407
How England became Queen of the Ocean
424
General Conditions in the Eighteenth Century
442
Modern Science and the Spirit of Reform
461
The Eve of the French Revolution
473
The French Revolution
487
Europe and Napoleon
527
CHAPTER PAGK
535
Europe after the Congress of Vienna
564
The Industrial Revolution
580
The Revolutions of 1848 and their Results
595
The Unification of Italy and Germany
608
The German Empire and the Third French
626
Great Britain and her Empire
643
CHAPTEK FAGE 134 The Cabinet
648
General Reforms in England
650
The Irish Question
657
India
661
Canada and Australasia
665
South Africa
669
The Russian Empire in the Nineteenth Century 140 The Reigns of Alexander I 18011825 and Nicholas I 18251855
674
The Freeing of the Serfs and the Growth of the Spirit of Revolution
678
The Struggle for Liberty under Nicholas II
683
Turkey and the Eastern Qiestion 143 The Emergence of Serbia and Greece
689
Revolts in the Balkan Peninsula
691
Extinction of Turkey in Europe
695
Imperialism
703
Relations of Europe with China
710
Japan becomes a World Power Intervention in China
712
Russia and Japan
716
Partition of Africa
720
The Disruption of the Spanish Empire
723
Origin of the War of 1914
727
The Hague Conferences Pacifism Socialism 73
730
National Rivalries
733
The NearEastern Question
736
The Outbreak of the War
741
BIBLIOGRAPHY
747
INDEX
765
SUPPLEMENTARY CHAPTER i
i
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Page xv - Our object now, as then, is to vindicate the principles of peace and justice in the life of the world as against selfish and autocratic power and to set up amongst the really free and self-governed peoples of the world such a concert of purpose and of action as will henceforth insure the observance of those principles.
Page 246 - ... the truest lover, of a sinful man, that ever loved woman; and thou wert the kindest man that ever struck with sword. And thou wert the goodliest person that ever came among press of knights. And thou wert the meekest man, and the gentlest, that ever ate in hall among ladies. And thou wert the sternest knight to thy mortal foe that ever put spear in the rest.
Page 382 - Parliament, composed of both houses, was assembled, which welcomed a messenger from the king and solemnly resolved that, " according to the ancient and fundamental laws of this kingdom, the government is, and ought to be, by king, lords, and commons.
Page 102 - Luther's time (1524-1525), and it was not until the beginning of the nineteenth century that the serfs were freed in Prussia.
Page 246 - And now, I dare say,' said Sir Bors, ' thou Sir Launcelot, there thou liest, that thou wert never matched of earthly knight's hands; and thou wert the courtliest knight that ever bare shield; and thou wert the truest friend to thy lover that ever bestrode horse; and thou wert the truest lover of a sinful man that ever loved woman; and thou wert the kindest man that ever...
Page 18 - He can no longer have God for his Father, who has not the Church for his mother.
Page 501 - The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.
Page 366 - that is no subject for the tongue of a lawyer, nor is it lawful to be disputed. It is atheism and blasphemy to dispute what God can do : good Christians content themselves with His will revealed in His word ; so it is presumption and high contempt in a subject to dispute what a king can do, or say that a king cannot do this or that ; but rest in that which is the king's will revealed in his law.
Page xxxii - No peace can last, or ought to last, which does not recognize and accept the principle that governments derive all their just powers from the consent of the governed, and that no right anywhere exists to hand peoples about from sovereignty to sovereignty as if they were property.
Page 656 - I am told that no Chancellor of the Exchequer has ever been called on to impose such heavy taxes in a time of peace. This, Mr Emmott, is a war budget. It is for raising money to wage implacable warfare against poverty and squalidness. I cannot help hoping and believing that before this generation has passed away we shall have advanced a great step towards that good time when poverty and wretchedness and human degradation which always follow in its camp will be as remote to the people of this country...

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